• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle-foot orthosis

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The Effect of Ankle-Foot Orthosis and Trunk Orthosis on Movement patterns used in a Supine to Stand Rising task (누운자세에서 똑바로 일어서기 운동형태에서 족관절보조기와 체간보조기의 영향)

  • kwon mi-ji
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.22-32
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of ankle-foot orthosis and lumbosacral orthosis on movement patterns used to rise from the supine position to erect stance. Thirty-two healthy adults participated. Subjects were videotaped while rising from a supine position on a floor mat. Each subject performed 10 trials each of three condition;general condition, right ankle-foot orthosis, lumbosacral orthosis. subjects rose most commonly using a symmetrical push pattern of the upper extremities, a symmetrical squat pattern in the lower extremities, a symmetrical in the trunk under each of three conditions. Changes in the incidence of movement patterns occurred in lower extremities of the ankle-foot orthosis and lumbosacral orthosis condition and trunk of the ankle-foot orthosis condition. From a dynamic pattern theory perspective, ankle motion is a control variable for the supine position to erect standing movement.

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Analysis of the Assist Characteristics for Torque of the Ankle Plantarflexion in Elderly Adults Wearing the Ankle-Foot Orthosis (족관절 보조기를 착용한 고령자의 족관절 족저굴곡 토크 보조특성 분석)

  • Kim, Kyung;Kang, Seung-Rok;Piao, Yong-Jun;Jeong, Gu-Young;Kwon, Tae-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2010
  • Ankle-foot orthosis with a pneumatic rubber actuator, which is intended for the assistance and the enhancement of ankle muscular activities was developed. In this study, the effectiveness of the system was investigated during plantarflexion motion of ankle joint. To find a effectiveness of the system, the subjects performed maximal voluntary isokinetic plantarflexion contraction on a Biodex-dynamometer. Plantarfexion torque of the ankle joint is assisted by subject's soleus muscle that is generated when ankle joint do plantarflexion motion. We used the muscular stiffness signal of a soleus muscle for feedback control of ankle-foot orthosis as physiological signal. For measurement of this signal, we made the muscular stiffness force sensor. We compared a muscular stiffness force of a soleus muscle between with feedback control and without it and a maximal plantarflexion torque between not wearing a ankle-foot orthosis, without feedback control wearing it and with feedback control wearing it in each ten elderly adults. The experimental result showed that a muscular stiffness force of a soleus muscle with feedback control was reduced and plantarflexion torque of an ankle joint only wearing ankle-foot orthosis was reduced but a plantarflexion torque with feedback control was increased. The amount of a increasing with feedback control is more higher than the amount of a decreasing only wearing it. Therefore, we confirmed the effectiveness of the developed ankle-foot orthosis with feedback control.

A Study on Change in Gait Parameters Related to the Cop and Velocity Resulting from the Use of Ankle Foot Orthosis in Spastic Diplegia (경직성 양하지마비아의 발목 보조기 착용에 따른 체 중심및 보행속도에 의한 보행인자 변화연구)

  • Park, Mi-Sook;Kim, Yong-Seong;Hwang, Tae-Yeon;Kim, Yong-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : The objectives of this study were to examine changes in gait parameters related to the COP and gait velocity resulting from the use of ankle foot orthosis, and to provide information for the prescription of ankle foot orthosis and gait rehabilitation training. Methods : We sampled a control group of 14 normal children of the same age as the spastic diplegia (spastic diplegia used ankle foot orthosis) and measured their COP at barefoot gait and their gait parameters at three gait velocities. Change in the COP according to the use of ankle foot orthosis measured one-way ANOVA and Gait parameters according to gait velocity used repeated measures ANOVA. Results : As a result of analyzing change in the COP it became close to that of normal children, and changes in gait parameters such as step width, stride length and stride time also became close to those of normal children. Conclusion : In conclusion, when spastic diplegia used ankle foot orthosis, their balancing ability was improved as a result of decreased change in the COP, and their changes in gait parameters also became close to those of the control group. These results show that the use of ankle foot orthosis improves spastic diplegia gait functions.

Effects of a Plastic Ankle Foot Orthosis on Balance and Gait of Adult with Poststroke Hemiplegia: A Systematic Review of Forcusing on Korea's Thesis (플라스틱 단하지보조기 중재가 뇌졸중 후 편마비 성인의 보행과 균형에 미치는 효과: 국내 학위 논문을 중심으로 고찰)

  • Cho, Byeongmo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2016
  • Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of plastic ankle foot orthosis on adult post-stroke hemiplegic patients walking ability and balance. Method : The searched for the case controlled clinical trials about the effects of plastic ankle foot orthosis(pAFO) for walking ability and balance using quantitative gait analysis in adult post-stroke patients. Ten trials were selected from Riss4U databases published until June 2016 in Korea. The selected trials contained a control group with pre-test and post-test design, measured walking ability and balance as a dependent variable. Result : The selected ten trials involved a total of 180 patients. The walking speed, cadence, the portion of double limb supporting, stride length on affected side were improved by plastic ankle foot orthosis. Conclusion : The plastic ankle foot orthosis has some evidence to improve the walking ability and balance in post-stroke hemiplegic patients.

Immediate Effect of Fabric Ankle-Foot Orthosis on Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters in Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy (패브릭 발목 보조기가 경직성 뇌성마비 아동의 시공간적 보행 변수에 미치는 즉각적인 효과)

  • Sim, Yon-Ju;Lee, Dong-Ryul;Yi, Chung-Hwi
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of fabric ankle-foot orthosis on spatiotemporal gait parameters, compared to a barefoot condition in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Eleven children with spastic cerebral palsy participated in this study. Spatiotemporal gait parameters were measured with the GAITRite system. Fabric ankle-foot orthosis significantly improved Timed Up and Go test time and gait velocity. There was no significant difference in cadence. The step time significantly improved in both the more and less affected foot compared to the barefoot condition. The step length of the affected foot also significantly improved, but there was no significant difference in the step length of the less affected foot. There was significant improvement in the stride length of both the affected and less affected foot, but no significant difference in single stance or double stance. The fabric ankle-foot orthosis could improve stability, and selective control of the joint and promote better walking in children with cerebral palsy. Consequently, the fabric ankle-foot orthosis might be an alternative assistive device for neurological populations as a primary role instead of the typical ankle-foot orthosis.

Evaluation of Plantarflexion Torque of the Ankle-Foot Orthosis Using the Artificial Pneumatic Muscle (인공공압근육 엑츄에이터를 이용한 족관절 보조기의 족저굴곡 토크 평가)

  • Kim, Kyung;Kwon, Tae-Kyu;Kang, Seung-Rok;Piao, Yong-Jun;Jeong, Gu-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.82-89
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    • 2010
  • Ankle-foot orthosis with an artificial pneumatic muscle which is intended for the assistance of plantarfelxion torque was developed. In this study, power pattern of the device in the various pneumatics and the effectiveness of the system were investigated. The pneumatic power was provided by ankle-foot orthosis controlled by user‘s physiological signal, that is, muscular stiffness in soleus muscle. This pneumatic power can assist plantarflexion torque of ankle joint. The subjects performed maximal voluntary isokinetic plantarflexion motion on a biodexdynamometer in different pneumatics, and they completed three conditions: 1) without wearing the orthosis, 2) wearing the orthosis with artificial muscles turned off, 3) wearing the orthosis activated under muscular stiffness control. Through these experiments, we confirmed the effectiveness of the orthosis and muscular stiffness control using the analyzing isokinetic plantarflexion torque. The experimental results showed that isokinetic torques of plantarflexion motion of the ankle joints gradually increased in incremental pneumatic. The effectiveness of the orthosis was -7.26% and the effectiveness of the muscular stiffness control was 17.83% in normalized isokinetic plantarflexion torque. Subjects generated the less isokinetic torques of the ankle joints in wearing the orthosis with artificial muscles turned off, but isokinetic torques were appropriately reinforced in condition of wearing the orthosis activated under muscular stiffness control(17.83%) compared to wearing the orthosis(-7.26%). Therefore, we respect that developed powered orthosis is applied in the elderly that has weak muscular power as the rehabilitation equipment.

Pedobarographic Analysis in Functional Foot Orthosis (기능성 족부 보조기 착용에 따른 족저압 변화)

  • Han, Seung-Hwan;Jung, Min;Lee, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pressure distribution on the foot with the use of custom made foot orthosis and evaluate influential factors in young people using custom orthosis. Materials and Methods: 22 individuals comprised of young males and females were evaluated by radiograph, pedobarograph, and satisfaction rate and VAS score. The data was analyzed statistically to find influential factors for satisfaction after wearing the foot orthosis. Results: Around 50% of participants were satisfied in wearing the custom made foot orthosis. Initial VAS score of satisfaction of $36.2{\pm}19.7$ improved to $73.1{\pm}15.6$ after application of foot orthosis. There was a statistically significant difference. Talo-second metatarsal angle on AP radiograph after orthosis application was significantly related to satisfaction. On analysis of pedobarograph data, total contact area was increased and weight distribution was transferred medially on ambulation with the orthosis applied. Conclusion: Before designing the foot orthosis, individual foot factors such as foot anatomy and foot pressure distribution should be evaluated for foot comfort and better patient satisfaction.

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A study on effect in hemiplegic patients in the Hinged Plastic Ankle Foot Orthoses and Solid Plastic Ankle Foot Orthosis (관절형 및 고정형 플라스틱 단하지 보조기가 편마비환자의 정적${\cdot}$동적 균형에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim Ho-Yong;Ahn Yeon-Jun;Kim Yeong-Rok;Park Seung-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.161-175
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of HPAFO(Hinged Plastic Ankle Foot orthosis) and SPAFO(Solid Plastic Ankle Foot Orthosis) on standing balance and step moving in hemiplegia patients. Twenty hemiplegic patients were either inpatient or outpatient at the Rehabilitation medicine, MokPo J General Hospital and JeonJu J Medical Center from July 15, 2002 to September 15, 2002. Patients were able to ambulate independently for at least 10 meters and to stand independently for at least 10 minutes with balance measurement tool. The static balance and dynamic activity measurement was determined by SAKAI active balancer(Japan) with wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO. The static balance and dynamic activity analysis was analyzed by independent t-test. The results were as follows: 1. There were no significant difference in body weight bearing percent between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.05). 2. There were significant difference in whole path length between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p<0.05). 3. There were significant difference in Effective Value Area between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.001). 4. There were significant difference in repeated functional time between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.001). 5. There were significant difference in cadence between wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO(p>0.001). The result of this study showed that wearing HPAFO and wearing SPAFO gave fair amount of improvement to static standing balance and dynamic movement ability of hemiplegic patients. The comparison result showed significant differences in between HPAFO and SPAHFO. The result of this study had a general limitation due to the restricted number of cases. The future study needs more detailed research and comparison with various variance between these two orthoses.

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The effect of gait training with an elastic ankle-foot orthosis on balance and walking ability of persons with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial

  • Chi, Ming Hao;Yim, Jong Eun;Yi, Dong hyun
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.222-229
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treadmill exercise on the posture and walking speed of chronic stroke survivors with an ankle-foot orthosis. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Twenty-four chronic persons with chronic stroke admitted to Bobath Memorial Hospital in Seongnam city were divided into two groups by random blind method. Treadmill exercise with an elastic ankle-foot orthosis was performed in the experimental group and treadmill exercise was performed in the control group. The experiment was carried out for 6 weeks, and the experiment was carried out three times a week for 20 minutes per session. To measure the effect, static balance was measured using the MTD system before and after training, and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was used to measure functional balance. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in the BBS measurement results for confirming the functional balance (p<0.05). Also, there was a significant difference between the 2 groups in single limb support time, step time and step length (p<0.05). Conclusions: In this study, it was found that treadmill exercise with an elastic ankle-foot orthosis in persons with chronic stroke was effective in maintaining functional balance, walking ability, step length, and step time. Therefore, it is necessary to use a flexible ankle-foot orthosis with proper treadmill exercise as a method of improving balance and walking speed of chronic stroke survivors.

Development of an Active Controlled Ankle-Foot-Orthosis for Paralysis Patients (마비 환자를 위한 능동형 달하지 보조기의 개발)

  • Hwang, Sung-Jae;Kim, Jung-Yoon;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.193-195
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we developed an active controlled ankle-foot orthosis(AAFO) which can control the dorsiflexion/plantarflexion of the ankle joint during gait to prevent foot drop and toe drag for paralysis patients. To prevent dropping foot after heel strike, ankle joint was actively controlled to minimize forefoot collision with the ground. It was also controlled to provide toe clearance and to help push-off during late stance. The 3D gait analysis was performed on two healthy subjects equipped with the developed AAFO to compare with the normal gait and the conventional AFO gait. In the developed AAFO gait, differently from the conventional AFO gait, significant push-off was observed during pre-swing and the maximum flexion moment during pre-swing phase was similar to that of normal gait. A remarkable dorsiflexion also occurred during initial swing. These results indicated that the developed AAFO could have certain clinical benefits to prevent foot drop for paralysis patients, compared to conventional AFOs.

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