• Title/Summary/Keyword: Anthropometric measurement

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Development of a Precise Made-to-Measure System for Korean Air Force Winter Uniform Slacks (불량률을 최소화한 대한민국 공군 동약정복 하의 맞춤 제작 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Dong Hyun;Kim, Sungmin;Park, Chang Kyu
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2015
  • A precise made-to-measure (MTM) system for producing Korean Air Force winter uniform slacks was recently developed and introduced in 2012 to reduce the rate of defects. However, a further reduction in defects with the conventional MTM system has become increasingly difficult. In this study, it was hypothesized that the major causes of defects were closely related to anthropometric factors. Hence, various statistical analyses were performed to solve this problem. Body scan data from a large number of soldiers were analyzed to categorize the shapes of the lower body. Defective garments were then analyzed to determine the anthropometric measurement associated with most defects, after which they were manually adjusted to fit the subject. Subsequently, by using a simple regression analysis, the relationship between the adjustment and related anthropometric measurement was investigated. Finally, an automated anthropometric data adjustment system was developed to provide appropriate size data to the automated pattern generation system.

Somatotype Classification for Children's Clothing Bodice Pattern (유아복 길 원형 설계를 위한 체형 분류)

  • Kim, Hyon-Jin;Hong, Jung-Min;Lee, Young-Ju
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2004
  • The anthropometric measurement and the photometric measurement for have been conducted 358 children from 4 years old to 6 years old to design children's clothing. The characteristics of body type were grasped among total 44 measurement items according to the aging, being extracted seven factors from factor analysis. From cluster analysis among the seven factors the three body types were classified. Type 1 shows low fat body with a small figure and short upper body. The body has a round belly and waist. Type 2 shows the fattest body with an average height. The body has been backed with lower shoulders. Type 3 shows common fat body with a high height and a big figure. The body shows crooked round back with a big upper body and rising shoulders.

A Study of Middle Aged Men′s Body Shapes - Analysis of direct Anthropometric Measurement - (중년 남성의 체형연구 - 직접측정치 분석-)

  • 성옥진;김애린
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to measure middle-aged men's bodies around the ages of thirty-five through fifty-five, whose age-group undergoes drastic changes on their body shapes, and to reveal their physical characteristics by comparing the measurements. Sixty Body measurements were taken on 168 subjects. Statistics analysis of data used Oneway Anova, Correlation, Fator Analysis, Cluster Analysis, Crosstabs. Body shapes are grouped based on the measurements, and TypeI is characterized by small and middle-sized body shapes. Tall and obese body shapes belong to TypeII. Lastly, TypeIII is characterized by body shapes with very tall height and obesity, especially around the abdomen area.

Development of Three Dimensional Scanner for Anthropometric Measurement (인체측정용 3차원 스캐너 제작)

  • Kim, Min-Hyo;Nam, Yun-Ja
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2001
  • A three dimensional body scanner for anthropomentric measurement has been developed. In this study, the slit laser beam projection method followed by digital image processing was used to provide accurate spatial data with the typical optical triangulation method to overcome the many difficulties in traditional in accurate and time-consuming tactic measurement method using rulers and gauges. Compared with other commercialized scanners. this system can obtain a relatively wide range of data at a much lower cost by the specially designed scanning process such as the simultaneous acquisition of vertical and horizontal body cross-section profiles.

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Anthropometry, Blood Pressure, Salt Threshold and Salt Preference of Children of Orphan in Seoul and Kangnung (사회복지시설 아동의 성장발달, 혈압, 짠맛에 대한 역치 및 최적염미도에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.181-191
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    • 1994
  • This study was designed to evaluate anthropometric measurement, blood pressure, salt threshold and salt preference of children living at orphan home in Seoul and Kangnung. Anthropometric data of the subjects were slightly lower than the Korean standards, and those of children in Seoul were slightly higher than those of children in Kangnung. There were no differences in salt threshold and salt preference between Seoul and Kangnung. Blood pressure had positive correlation that partialled out of age with various anthropometric measurements(body weight, mid-arm circumference, girth of chest, BMI and body surface area), but did not correlated to salt threshold and salt preference.

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A Comparative Study on the Measurement of Korean Adult Hand for Glove Pattern-Making (장갑 설계를 위한 한국인 성인 남녀의 손 계측 비교)

  • Suh Mi-A;Ryu Kyung-Ok
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.897-907
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    • 2004
  • The aim of this study is provide fundamental data on the glove size and pattern-making. The study was conducted targeting 60 men and 271 women whose age were within the limits 18-35 in Seoul and the neighboring districts. A total of 90 features in the right hand wew used for the anthropometric measurement and analysis using anthropometry and photometry. The result show that there was a difference between men and women' hand. And the result of correlation analysis between hand factors, length factor related to length and depth factors, breadth factor related to breadth and circumference factors. The sailing glove size in Korea was not suitable to Index finger circumference at 1st Phalanx and Middle finger length.

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Anthropometric Measurement for the Nipple Areola Complex (한국 여성의 유두유륜 복합체의 생체계측학적 통계)

  • Lee, Jung Hun;Yang, Jung Dug;Chung, Ki Ho;Chung, Ho Yun;Cho, Byung Chae
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.461-464
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Although the demand for the mammoplasty including reduction or reconstruction is remarkably increasing, the anthropometric measurement for the breast, especially about the nipple areola complex(NAC) of Korean women has not been reported recently. Therefore, the anthropometric measurement about the NAC was performed to suggest the standard size of NAC for Korean women. Methods: Two hundred and twenty five female volunteers in 20's through 50's were included for the study. Questionnaires including the diameter of NAC, the diameter, height of nipple, age, marital status, delivery and lactation history were distributed to the volunteers and collected. Results: The mean values of our study are as follows: the areola diameter is $30.93{\pm}10.07mm$, the nipple diameter is $10.21{\pm}4.14mm$ and the height of nipple is $6.54{\pm}3.74mm$. The diameter of nipple areola complex(NAC) is bigger in old ages. If the volunteers have the history of marriage, delivery and lactation, it is bigger, as well. The height of nipple closely related to individual characters except the correlation between height of nipple and age. Conclusion: It is important to have standard data for the nipple areola complex in order to have good aesthetic results of mammoplasty. Despite the importance, there are a few measurement data for the nipple areola complex(NAC) of Korean women. The result of our study is not the absolute parameter for breast surgery, however it can be used as the standard size for NAC in the Korean female during breast surgery.

A Study of Body Anthropometry and Dietary Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Density in Korean Pre- and Postmenopausal Women (우리나라 일부 폐경전.후 여성의 골밀도와 그에 영향을 미치는 체형 및 식이인자에 관한 연구)

  • 승정자;백수경;이행신;김미현;최선혜;이소연;이다홍
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2001
  • The objective of this study is to examine the factors affecting bone mineral density in pre- and postmenopausal women. The subject were 30 Korean premenopausal women with mean ages of 33.6 years, and 30 Korean post menopausal women with mean ages of 63.3 years without diagnosed diseases. Data for food and nutrient intake were obtained by the24-hour recall method. BMD of lumbar spine and femoral neck were measured by the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Anthropometric measurement were made, and a blood sample was taken for assay osteocalcin. The results are summarized as follows: 16.67% of the subjects in the premenopausal women and 87.33% of the subjects in the postmenopausal women was less than the korean RDA level exceping phosphorus and vitamin C. In the premenopausal women, BMD of lumbar spine is correlated significantly with anthropometric measurement such as weight, waist circumference, BMI, and body fat mass BMD of femoral neck for the premenopausal women is correlated significantly with weight, BMI, waist circumference, body fat mass, hip circumference, and BMDs of both site are negatively correlated with lean body mass, total body water, but they are not related with intake of nutrients in this study. In the postmenopausal women group, BMDs of both site are not significantly correlated with anthropometric measurement, but BMD of lumbar spine showed positive relation with intake of energy, protein, and carbohydrate. In conclusion, adequate nutrient intake, especially energy, protein have been suggested to prevent the loss of bone mineral density in the postmenopausal women. Also, adequate body weight and BMI have been suggested in the premenopausal women.

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Lower Body Shapes of Chinese Males in Their 20s (Report 1) - Centered on the Ningbo Area of Zhejiang Province - (중국(中國) 20대(代) 남성(男性)의 하반신(下半身) 형태(形態) 연구(硏究)(제1보)(第1報) - 절강성 영파 지역(浙江省 寧波 地域)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Lee, So-Young;Shim, Boo-Ja
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.105-121
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    • 2006
  • Body measurement was first made with the subjects of 193 males in their 20s residing in the Ningbo area, Zhejiang Province in China. In this first report, lower body shapes were classified and discriminated by using anthropometric measurement indices and lower body analysis. The following sums up the research: 1. Compared with the average values of Korean males in their 20s, the Chinese subjects were characterized with thinner waist, more flat hip, and smaller midthigh. 2. The subjects of Chinese males in their 20s showed three types of lower bodies: H-Round Type (25.91%)-thick waist-abdomen, round cross-section waist-abdomen, and small waist-hip difference. A-Trapezoid Type (34.72%)-small width of omphalion waist-abdomen, average cross-section waist-abdomen, and large waist-hip difference. A-Balance Type (39.38%)-average width of omphalion waist-abdomen, flat cross-section waist-abdomen, and large waist-hip difference. 3. Seven useful variables for the categorization of the subjects' lower body types were chosen through stepwise discriminant analysis, and the hit ratio of discrimination was 96.89%.