• Title/Summary/Keyword: Antioxidant enzyme

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The Relationship between Some Blood Parameters and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in Korean Postmenopausal Women (일부 폐경 후 여성에서 영양상태 및 골대사 관련 일부 혈액 지표와 항산화효소 활성과의 관련성 분석)

  • Lee, Haeng-Shin;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Lee, Da-Hong;Sung, Chung-Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.476-484
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    • 2006
  • To elucidate the relationship between blood parameters related bone metabolism and antioxidant enzyme activity in postmenopausal period 60 women residing in Iksan area were recruited. Food and nutrient intake of each individual subject were estimated by 24-hour recalls of 3 non-consecutive days. The biochemical markers including total protein, albumin, osteocalcin (intact bone gla protein; BOP), calcium, phosphorus and hemoglobin were measured in fasting blood. In addition, parameters of antioxidative capacity including the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) , catalase (CAT) and total antioxidant capacity (TA) were monitored in blood, also. The mean age, height, weight, and BM! of subjects were 64.8 years, 151.1 em, 59.5 kg $26.0\;kg/m^2$, respectively. The mean SOD, GPx, and CAT activities were 138.5 U/ml, 1,273.8 U/ml and 314.3 kU/l respectively, and TA was 1.16 mmol/l without significant difference among different age groups. BMI was positively correlated with SOD activity (p < 0.01). SOD activity and CAT activity showed positive correlation with serum albumin (p < 0.05) and hemoglobin (p < 0.01). In conclusion, this study revealed that antioxidant enzyme activity holds a significant relationship with the blood parameters like as serum albumin and hemoglobin in postmenopausal women and further systematic research is needed to investigate the their relation mechanism.

Effects of Dietary Peroxidizability Index Values on Hepatic TBARS and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in 7,12-dimethylbenz[$\alpha$]anthracene-treated Rats

  • Kang Min Jeong;Shin Myoung Suk;Park Tung Nan;Lee Sang Sun
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2006
  • Breast cancer may be the consequence of free radical damage, which is partially caused by the excessive intake of dietary fat and imbalances in antioxidant scavenger system;. In this experiment, we examined! the effects of dietary peroxidizability index (PI) values on hepatic thiobmbituric acid reaction substances (TBARS) and antioxidant enzyme activities in rats treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[$\alpha$]anthracene (DMBA). Female Sprague-Dawley rats were used and 7,12-DMBA (20 mg/kg body weight) was gastrically intubated at seven weeks of age in order to induce mammary tumors (MT). The levels of dietary PI were 36, 81, 126 and 217 (LPI, MLPI, MHPI and HPI), while dietary polyunsaturated/saturated fatty acids ratio was maintained at the same level (1.0). Fat used in the experiment was mixed with soybean oil, com oil, palm oil, perilla oil, sesame oil, fish oil, and beef tallow. Experimental diets were given for the following 20 weeks. We measured tumor numbers and weights, and then assayed the hepatic TBARS levels and antioxidant enzyme activities such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR). The incidence of Mr was the lowest in the MHPI group. The hepatic TBARS level was significantly raised with increasing dietary PI value. The hepatic SOD and GR activities were differed significantly by dietary PI value. The hepatic SOD activity was negatively correlated with dietary PI value and GR activity was the highest in the rats fed the MHPI diet. When the dietary P/S ratio is kept at 1.0, adequate dietary PI value (PI value of 126) may reduce the incidence and growth of Mr, but this benefit may be lost with higher dietary PI value. These results suggest that the awareness of dietary PI values may help to decrease breast cancer incidence and growth.

Antioxidant Enzyme, Chlorophyll Contents and Stomatal Changes of Five Tree Species under Ozone Stress (저농도 오존처리에 따른 다섯 가지 유묘의 기공 변화, 엽록소 함량 및 항산화 효소 활성)

  • Ryang, Soo Zin;Woo, Su Young;Je, Sun Mi
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.96 no.4
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    • pp.470-476
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    • 2007
  • This study is conducted to identify responses of plants to low $O_3$ concentration, Five species, Liriodendron tulipifera, Cornus officinalis, Ginkgoba biloba, Zelkova serrata, and Acer palmatum, were exposed to low ozone concentration from June 9 to July 8 in the phytotron, We measured chlorophyll contents, leaf diffusion resistance, leaf transpiration, and antioxidant enzyme activities; ascorbate peroxidase(APX), Especially, Liriodendron tulipifera and Cornus officinalis showed sensitive responses to ozone treatment as visible injuries, while other four species relatively showed tolerant responses. However, we noticed that almost all species under ozone treatment were lower physiological activities such as chlorophyll contents, leaf diffusion resistance, leaf transpiration, and antioxidant enzyme activities with time even without any visible injury.

Changes in Antioxidant Enzyme Activity and Physiological Responses to Cadmium and Tributyltin Exposure in the Ark Shell, Scapharca Broughtonii

  • An, Myung-In;An, Kwang-Wook;Choi, Cheol-Young
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.273-282
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    • 2009
  • Cadmium (Cd) and tributyltin (TBT) are common contaminants of marine and freshwater ecosystems, and can induce the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These ROS can, in turn, cause oxidative stress. In the present study, we investigated time-related effects of Cd (0.05 and 0.1 ppm) and TBT (5 and 10 ppb) treatment on antioxidant enzyme activity, i.e., the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in the gills and digestive glands of the ark shell, Scapharca broughtonii. In addition, hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) concentrations, lysozyme activity, and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) and glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) levels were measured in the hemolymph. We found that Cd and TBT treatment significantly increased antioxidant enzyme mRNA expression and activity in the digestive glands and gills in a time-dependent manner. In response to the Cd and TBT treatments, antioxidant enzymes mRNA expression and activity increased up to day 5 in the digestive glands and then decreased by day 7. In the gills, antioxidant enzymes mRNA expression and activity increased up to day 3 and then decreased by day 5. Likewise, $H_2O_2$ concentrations significantly increased up to day 5 and then decreased by day 7. Finally, lysozyme activity decreased during the experimental period, whereas GOT and GPT levels were significantly increased in a time-dependent manner. These results suggest that antioxidant enzymes play an important role in decreasing ROS levels and oxidative stress in ark shells exposed to Cd and TBT.

Antioxidant Enzyme Activity and Meat Quality of Meat Type Ducks Fed with Dried Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) Powder

  • Park, J.H.;Kang, S.N.;Shin, D.;Shim, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2015
  • One-day-old Cherry valley meat-strain ducks were used to investigate the effect of supplemental dried oregano powder (DOP) in feed on the productivity, antioxidant enzyme activity, and breast meat quality. One hundred sixty five ducks were assigned to 5 dietary treatments for 42 days. The dietary treatment groups were control group (CON; no antibiotic, no DOP), antibiotic group (ANT; CON+0.1% Patrol), 0.1% DOP (CON+0.1% DOP), 0.5% DOP (CON+0.5% DOP), and 1.0% DOP (CON+1.0% DOP). Upon feeding, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of oregano extracts was higher than that of tocopherol, although it was less than that of ascorbic acid. As a result of in vivo study, DOP in the diet showed no effects on final body weight, feed intake, or feed conversion ratio. However, dietary 0.5% and 1% DOP supplementation caused a significant increase in the serum enzyme activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) compared with CON and ANT, while glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in tissue was increased as compared to ANT (p<0.05). Cooking loss from ducks fed with DOP decreased compared with the control ducks. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) values of duck breast meat at 5 d post slaughter was found to be significantly reduced in ducks whose diets were supplemented with 0.5% and 1% DOP (p<0.05). These results suggest that diets containing 0.5% and 1% DOP may beneficially affect antioxidant enzyme activity of GPx and SOD, improve meat cooking loss, and reduce TBARS values in breast meat at 5 d of storage in ducks.

Changes in the antioxidant enzyme activities of rock bream Oplrgnathus fasciatus administrated with Zn-supplemented diets (아연(Zn) 첨가사료의 투여에 따른 돌돔, Oplegnathus fasciatus의 항산화효소활성의 변화)

  • Kim, Young-Sug;Kang, Ju-Chan
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase, SOD; glutathione, GSH; glutathione peroxidase, GPx) activities in liver and gill of rock bream, Oplegnathus fasciatus fed the experimental diets for 40 days. The experimental diets were prepared by adding with 30, 60 120 and 240 mg/kg to a commercial diet. In the liver, there were significant increases in SOD at 30~240 mg/kg. GPx activities of liver also were significantly increased at 30~120 mg/kg. The increased activities of SOD and GSH in the gills were observed in the 120 and 240 mg/kg, hence, GPx activity of gill exposed to lower concentrations of zinc (60~240 mg/kg) showed significant augmentation.

Effect of glutathione on tetraploid embryo development in the pigs

  • Kim, Hwa-Young;Lee, Sang-Hee;Hwangbo, Yong;Lee, Seung Tae;Lee, Eunsong;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to investigate to influence of glutathione (GSH) on development and antioxidant enzyme activity in tetraploid porcine embryos. Tetraploid embryos were produced using parthenogenetic 2-cell embryo by electrofusion method. Tetraploid embryo development was observed every 24 hours and intracellular antioxidant enzyme activity was measured at 120 hours after electrofusion. The 4-cell to 16-cell stage tetraploid embryos was increased in 100 and $500{\mu}M$ GSH-treated groups compared control group at 48 hours (P < 0.05) but cleavage rates were not significantly different among the GSH treatment groups at 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours. Blastocyst formation was significantly increased by 300 and $500{\mu}M$ GSH at 120 hours in tetraploid embryos (P < 0.05). But blastocyst cell number were not significantly different among the GSH treatment groups ($16.4{\pm}0.8$, $16.8{\pm}2.6$, $18.5{\pm}2.8$ and $17.5{\pm}1.8$). The intracellular antioxidant enzyme level was increased in $500{\mu}M$ GSH compared to 0 and $100{\mu}M$ GSH (P < 0.05). We suggest that GSH may be improve development of tetraploid embryo in pigs.

Ripening Characteristics and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Ilmi under Heat Stress Condition

  • Hwang, Woon-Ha;Jeong, Jae-Hyeok;Lee, Hyeon-Seok;Choi, In-Bae;Ahn, Seung-Hyeon;Jeong, Han-Young;Yoon, Jong-Tak;Choi, Kyung-Jin
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2018
  • Heat stress during the ripening stage reduces the yield and quality of rice. Considering the adverse effects of global warming, it is necessary to breed heat stress tolerant rice cultivars and analyze their stress tolerance characteristics. We investigated the ripening characteristics and antioxidant enzyme activity of Ilmi under heat stress condition during the ripening stage. Ripening rate, 1000 brown grain weight, and rice quality of Ilmi were not significantly changed by heat stress during the ripening stage. Leaf chlorophyll, chlorophyll a/b ratio, and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents of Ilmi leaves were also less changed than those of Ilpum. These results strongly suggested that Ilmi has heat tolerance characteristics during the ripening stage. Analysis of antioxidant enzyme activity of Ilmi revealed that peroxidase (POX) activity was significantly higher than that of Ilpum, and showed a significant correlation with the change in chlorophyll a/b ratio and hydrogen peroxide content of flag leaves of Ilmi. These data suggest that the high POX enzyme activity of Ilmi could be considered one of its major heat tolerance characteristics.

Effect of Myricetin Combined with Vitamin C or Vitamin E on Antioxidant Enzyme System in Murine Melanoma Cells (B16F10 세포에서 Flavonoid인 Myricetin과 Vitamine C, Vitamine E의 병용 투여가 항산화 효소계에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Ji-Sun;Kim, An-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.357-363
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    • 2004
  • Flavonoids are class of polyphenolic compounds widely distributed in the plant kingdom, which display a variety of biological activities, including antiviral, antithrombotic, antiiflammatory, antihistaminic, antioxidant and free-radical scavenging abilities. To determined flavonoid, myricetin in the presence of other antioxidants - vitamin C and vitamin E - can exert antioxidative properties not only directly by modulating the AOE system but also scavenging free radical, we investigated cell viability, antioxidant enzyme activities and ROS level in B16F10 murine melanoma cell. B16F10 cells were exposed to medium containing myricetin in the presence or absence of vitamin C or vitamin E for a period of 24 hr. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. In co-treating myricetin with other antioxidants, CAT activities were increased, compared with control, but SOD and GPx activities were decreased, compared with each antioxidant treated groups . In the group of myricetin or myricetin present with other antioxidants, ROS levels were decreased dose-dependently. Especially, myricetin present of other antioxidants were decreased compared with myricetin.

Effects of Acorn Supplementation on Lipid Profiles and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats (고지방 식이로 유도된 비만흰쥐의 체내 지질패턴 및 항산화효소 활성에 도토리 급여의 효과)

  • 강명화;이지현;이정숙;김주현;정혜경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2004
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of acorn supplementation on the lipid profile and redox antioxidant enzyme activities in obese rat. Obesity in the rats was induced by feeding diet contained 10% lard and 0.5% cholesterol for 4 week. After 4 weeks, rats were divided into the following 5 groups; high fat diet (Control), high fat diet plus 10% Acorn powder (APlO%), high fat diet plus 20% Acorn powder (AP20%), high fat diet plus 0.2% Acorn extract (AE0.2%), high fat diet plus 0.5% Acorn extract (AE0.5%). Total food intake and food efficiency ratio (FER) was not significantly different by acorn powder and extract supplementation. But, body weight was decreased by 20% acorn powder. Acorn powder and extract supplementation for 4 weeks tend to decrease total cholesterol and triglyceride level on the serum and hepatic tissue. There was no significant difference in hepatic glutathione (GSH) content among all the groups. The hepatic GST activity in acorn supplemented groups was lower than that of control. Glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities were higher in acorn supplemented groups than that of control. Hepatic TBARS levels of experimental groups were also significantly lower than that of control group. Our finding suggest that acorn powders and extract might have potential role for improving lipid profiles and antioxidant enzyme activities in obese rats.