• Title/Summary/Keyword: Anxiety Disorder

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Molecular Genetics of Anxiety Disorder (불안장애의 분자유전학적 이해)

  • Kim, Jung-Jin
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.3-7
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    • 2007
  • Anxiety disorder is likely caused by an interaction of multiple loci in brain, rather than a single locus. Hyperactive neurotransmitter circuits between the cortex, thalamus, amygdala, and hypothalamus are responsible for production of anxiety symptoms. Familial studies performed on anxiety disorder suggested that anxiety disorder should be caused by genetic etiology. Numerous linkage and association studies showed different genetic loci of anxiety disorder. Candidate genes have been focused on important neurotransmitters, neuropeptide, or genes affecting neuronal growth, development, protection or apoptosis. Anxiety disorder has various symptoms and comorbid diseases in family or proband. Therefore, further studies focused on symptomatic dimension of anxiety disorder or responses to drugs are required.

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Characteristics of Subsyndromal Anxiety Disorder and Its Clinical Importance (Subsyndromal Anxiety Disorder의 특징과 임상적 중요성)

  • Kang, Nam-In;Yang, Jong-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2011
  • Subsyndromal anxiety disorder indicates mental states of having anxiety symptoms not fulfilling criteria for anxiety disorders. Despite of the lack of previous objective findings of the subsyndromal anxiety disorder, its clinical importance has increased. It can cause many kinds of clinical anxiety symptoms and functional disabilities. But the early intervention and early treatment make it possible not only to attenuate the anxiety symptoms and functional disabilities but also to prevent disease progression to a full syndromal anxiety disorder. In this article, we will review the previous studies about the subsyndromal anxiety disorder and discuss its clinical characteristics and importance.

Report on Two Cases of Treatment of Anxiety Disorder with Panic Attacks-on the Basis of Breath-Counting Meditation (Anapanasati)

  • Yoo, Song-Wun;Kim, Dong-Uk;Park, Se-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of breath-counting meditation on anxiety disorder patients with panic attack. Methods: Two anxiety disorder patients with panic attack were treated with Breath-counting Meditation, acupunctures, and herb-medications. The patients have been predicted for anxiety disorder with panic attack through Dignosis and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV), Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS), BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), and BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory) on their 1st and 6th treatments. Results: After the treatments, both the physical and psychological symptoms have decreased. Conclusions: This study suggests that the breath-counting meditation is an effective way for treating patients who are suffering from anxiety disorder with panic attack.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder (사회불안장애의 인지행동치료)

  • Lee, Jae-Hon
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2016
  • The therapeutic effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for patients with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is supported by evidence from numerous studies. This article provides an overview of cognitive models and major techniques (i.e., cognitive restructuring and exposure) of CBT for SAD, developed by the study group of SAD in the Korean Academy of Anxiety Disorder. Korean-culture specific factors and new trends such as a third wave of CBT are also described.

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Comparison of Clinical Characteristics among Anxiety Disorder, Depressive Disorder, and Co-morbid of Anxiety Disorder and Depressive Disorder with MMPI-2-RF (MMPI-2-RF로 살펴본 불안장애, 우울장애, 불안장애와 우울장애 공병 환자군의 임상적 특성)

  • Lee, JuYeon;Choi, Junho;Kim, Eunkyeong
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to explore comparison of clinical characteristics among Anxiety disorder, Depressive disorder, and Co-morbid of Anxiety disorder and Depressive disorder. Methods : Since January, 2017 to May, 2019, patients were recruited from the department of psychiatry of Hanyang University Guri Hospital. Participants were diagnosed Anxiety disorder, Depressive disorder, and Co-morbid of Anxiety disorder and Depressive disorder using DSM-5 criteria by board certified psychiatrists or clinical psychologists. And each of participants tested with MMPI-2 and clinical psychologists were converted MMPI-2 to MMPI-2-RF. The data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. Results : The results indicated EID, RC2, HLP, SAV, and INTR-r were the highest in Co-morbid of Anxiety disorder and Depressive disorder group. And BXD, RC4, JCP, and AGGR-r were the highest in Depressive disorder group. Conclusions : The results indicated that Co-morbid of Anxiety disorder and Depressive disorder group were more severe internalizing dysfunction like lower positive emotion, helplessness, social avoidance and discomfort than single-diagnosed group. Single Depressive disorder group were more serious externalizing dysfunction like anger and aggression than single Anxiety disorder and Co-morbid of Anxiety disorder and Depressive disorder. The implications and limitations were discussed.

The Study about Correlations of Heart Sizes in Patients with Anxiety Disorder (불안장애로 진단된 환자의 심(心) 대소(大小) 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Chan-Su;Gug, Yun-Jai;Choi, Sung-Youl;Kang, Hyung-Won;Lyu, Yeoung-Su;Kim, Tae-Heon
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2005
  • Objective : The relations of the heart size and seven emotions were described in Dong Yi Bo Gam, and we aimed to identify the correlations of the patients with anxiety disorder and their heart sizes. Methods : The subjects were 15 patients with anxiety disorder and 20 control groups. Chest radiography were performed. We measured patients' heart sizes and compared with control groups. Results : 1. The signigicant difference of somatization, anxiety, depression scale and Panic anxiety scale in SCL-90-R in patients with anxiety disorder from controls was confirmed. 2. The difference of thoracic sizes in patients with anxiety disorder and controls had no correlations. 3. The difference of heart sizes in patients with anxiety disorder and controls had no correlations. 4. The difference of cardiothoracic ratio in patients with anxiety disorder and controls had negative correlations. Conclusions : Based on these results, the patients with anxiety disorders and their heart sizes had no correlations. But in cardiothoracic ratio had negative correlations. So heart size and seven emotions have significant correlation.

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Clinical Report of One Case with Insomnia, Depression and Anxiety Disorder Improved by Traditional Korean Medical Treatment and Breathing Meditation (한방치료와 호흡명상으로 호전된 불면 및 우울증을 동반한 불안 장애 환자 치험 1례)

  • Oh, Kyong-Min;Kim, Bo-Kyong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.297-307
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Insomnia, depression and anxiety disorder are widespread in elderly patients. Mood disorder and insomnia share complex theoretical and clinical relationships. We investigated if traditional Korean medical treatment and breathing meditation are effective in patient with insomnia, depression and anxiety disorder. Methods : We treated one patient with traditional Korean medical treatment such as accupuncture, herb-medication, moxa and breathing meditation Results : After Treatment, the chief complaint and accompanying symptoms were improved, and the score of BAI, SADS, BDI, PSQI, IQ were decresed. Conclusions : According to this study traditional Korean medical treatment is effective for the cure of insomnia, depression and anxiety disorder and breathing meditation forifies the traditional Korean medical treatment.

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The effect of oral sound Daseureum of Jindo Ssitgimgut on anxiety disorder: Soul therapist Byung-cheon Park oral sound, Daseureum is revived on YouTube (https://youtu.be/k98ENbsIp7o?list=RDk98ENbsIp7o)

  • Ko, Kyung-Ja
    • CELLMED
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.19.1-19.3
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    • 2016
  • Jindo Ssitgimgut has been known as a funeral ritual for a long time in Korea. However, there is no study for music therapy on anxiety disorder. The aims of this study were to argue that Oral sound Daseureum of Jindo Ssitgimgut may have meaningful effect on anxiety disorder. Jindo Ssitgimgut is literally a cleansing soul. Jindo Ssitgimgut is designated as the Intangible Cultural Property No. 2 by the Korean government. Jindo Ssitgimgut is transmitted from generation to generation, not the descent of God. So, the accent is on art and one's sincere sympathy. So, with careful listening Youtube, this music Daseureum exhibits an exquisite balance between the human voice and the sounds do the instruments. The author think a good combination of his voice, Jing (Korean gong), and Ajaeng (Korean cello) can help with anxiety disorder.

The Effect of Venlafaxine in One Patient with Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder : A Case Report (Venlafaxine 투여로 회복을 보인 공황장애와 범불안장애가 병발한 환자의 치료 1예)

  • Choi, Hong;Yoon, Se-Chang
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.56-60
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    • 2006
  • Panic disorder is a relatively common psychiatric illness (life time prevalence 3.5%), and it is known that 91% of patients with panic disorder have at least one other psychiatric disorder. And patients with panic disorder, who have coexisting generalized anxiety disorder, tend to have more severe symptoms and less favorable outcome and respond less well to psychological and pharmacologic treatment. The authors report a 51-year old male who was previously diagnosed as panic disorder in the out-patient clinic, showed poor response to antipanic treatment. However, he showed great improvement after he was treated for panic disorder and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder. This case report showed that more effort to identify comorbid conditions is needed in panic disorder patients and the effectiveness of venlafaxine in the treatment of panic disorder with generalized anxiety disorder.

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Anxiety Disorder (불안장애)

  • Jung, Han-Yong
    • The Journal of the Korean life insurance medical association
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2010
  • Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental disorders in the general population. Anxiety disorders can be viewed as a family of related but distinct mental disorders, which include following as classified in the text revision of fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorders(DSM-IV-TR): (1) panic disorder with or without agoraphobia; (2) agoraphobia with or without panic disorder; (3) specific phobia; (4) social phobia; (5) obsessive-compulsive disorder; (6) posttraumatic stress disorder; (7) acute stress disorder; (8) generalized anxiety disorder. An acute intense attack of anxiety accompanied by feeling of impending doom is known as panic disorder. The term phobia refer to an excessive fear of a specific object, circumstance, or situation. Obsessivecompulsive disorder is represented by a diverse group of symptoms that include intrusive thoughts, rituals, preoccupations, and compulsions. Posttraumatic stress disorder is a condition marked by development of symptoms after exposure to traumatic life events. Generalized anxiety disorder is defined as excessive anxiety and worry about several events or activities for most days during at least a 6-month period.

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