• Title, Summary, Keyword: Association rules

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A Study on the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission(CIETAC) Arbitration Rules (중국국제경제무역중재위원회(CIETAC)의 중재규칙에 관한 연구)

  • Woo, Kwang-Myung
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.121-151
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    • 2006
  • As globalisation extends its effect and particularly following China's accession to the World Trade Organization(WTO) in 2001, ever greater numbers of international transactions will feature a Chinese party. China has certainly made efforts in recent years to rectify law problem. While conducting business in China, foreign companies occasionally find themselves embroiled in disputes with Chinese individuals and companies. As foreign businesses invest in the extraordinary market opportunities in China, international arbitration has also become the preferred method for handling disputes with Chinese partners or with other foreign corporation over operations in China. The new Arbitration Rules of the International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission(CIETAC) came into force on 1 May 2005. The new rules represent a major overhaul of CIETAC arbitration procedures and are sure to enhance CIETAC's position as a leading player in the resolution of China-foreign business disputes. The changes are significant for all companies doing business in China. So, this article investigated some amendments on the basis of 2000 Rules.

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Electronic Discovery in International Arbitration -Focusing on the Establishment of Rules Regarding Electronic Discovery- (국제중재에서의 전자증거개시 -전자증거개시를 규율하는 규정의 제정을 중심으로-)

  • Ahn, Jeong-Hye
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.67-90
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    • 2010
  • Electronic discovery refers to the discovery of electronically stored information. The differences between producing paper documents and electronic information can be categorized into seven groups: massive volume, persistence, dynamic and changeable contents, metadata, environment-dependence, dispersion and searchability. Since these differences make the discovery more expensive and less expeditious, it is necessary to limit the scope of discovery. Accordingly, a number of arbitration institutions have already introduced rules, guidelines or protocols on electronic discovery. ICDR guidelines take a minimal approach and address only the proper form of electronic document. CIArb Protocol is intended to act as a checklist for discovery of electronic data. CPR Protocol offers four modes of discovery of electronic documents ranging from minimal to extensive among which the parties may choose the way of electronic discovery. IBA Rules on Evidence and ICC Rules are silent on the issue of electronic discovery, however, working parties of the ICC are considering updates to the rules to deal with electronic discovery. It is disputed whether rules, guidelines or protocols on electronic discovery is necessary or appropriate. Although some have suggested that existing rules can make adequate provision for electronic discovery, it is more desirable to prepare new rules, guidelines or protocols to make arbitrators and counsels be familiar with electronic discovery process, to provide an adequate standard for electronic discovery and to limit the time and cost of electronic discovery. Such rules on electronic discovery should include provisions regarding the form of electronic document production, conference between parties regarding electronic discovery, keyword search, bearing the expenses to reduce disputes over electronic discovery.

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Comparison of NIOSH Method 7400 A and B Counting Rules for Airborne Man-Made Vitreous Fibers (인조광물섬유에 대한 NIOSH 7400 방법의 A 및 B 계수규칙비교)

  • Sin, Yong Chul
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2006
  • There are many counting rules for analyzing man-made mineral fibers. The representatives are the NIOSH Method 7400 A and B counting rules. The two rules have different rules of length-to-width ratio(aspect ratio) and diameter. The A rule counts only fibers $>5{\mu}m$ in length, and only fibers with aspect ratio >3:1. The B rule counts only ends of fibers $>5{\mu}m$ in length and $<3{\mu}m$ in diameter, and only fibers with aspect ratio ${\geq}5:1$. The A counting rule had been used before the B counting rule was introduced. The purpose of this study is to compare the A and B counting rules for airborne fibers from various man-made mineral fibers(glass wool fibers, rock wool fibers, refractory ceramic fibers, and continuous filament glass fibers) industries. There were significantly differences between the paired counts of A and B rules in all types of fibers(p<0.05). A rule counts/B rule counts(A/B ratios) were 1.52 for glass fibers, 1.53 for rock wool fibers, 1.19 for RCF, and 1.82 for continuous filament glass fibers. The counting results by A and B counting rules were highly correlated in glass wool fibers, rock wool fibers and refractory ceramic fibers(RCF) samples (r=0.96 for all types of fibers) except continuous filament glass fibers(r=0.82). Regression equations to correct for the differences between counting rules were presented in this paper.

A Personalized Clothing Recommender System Based on the Algorithm for Mining Association Rules (연관 규칙 생성 알고리즘 기반의 개인화 의류 추천 시스템)

  • Lee, Chong-Hyeon;Lee, Suk-Hoon;Kim, Jang-Won;Baik, Doo-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2010
  • We present a personalized clothing recommender system - one that mines association rules from transaction described in ontologies and infers a recommendation from the rules. The recommender system can forecast frequently changing trends of clothing using the Onto-Apriori algorithm, and it makes appropriate recommendations for each users possible through the inference marked as meta nodes. We simulates the rule generator and the inferential search engine of the system with focus on accuracy and efficiency, and our results validate the system.

A Music Recommendation System based on Context-awareness using Association Rules (연관규칙을 이용한 상황인식 음악 추천 시스템)

  • Oh, Jae-Taek;Lee, Sang-Yong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.375-381
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    • 2019
  • Recently, the recommendation system has attracted the attention of users as customized recommendation services have been provided focusing on fashion, video and music. But these services are difficult to provide users with proper service according to many different contexts because they do not use contextual information emerging in real time. When applied contextual information expands dimensions, it also increases data sparsity and makes it impossible to recommend proper music for users. Trying to solve these problems, our study proposed a music recommendation system to recommend proper music in real time by applying association rules and using relationships and rules about the current location and time information of users. The accuracy of the recommendation system was measured according to location and time information through 5-fold cross validation. As a result, it was found that the accuracy of the recommendation system was improved as contextual information accumulated.

A Fast Algorithm for Mining Association Rules in Web Log Data (상품간 연관 규칙의 효율적 탐색 방법에 관한 연구 : 인터넷 쇼핑몰을 중심으로)

  • 오은정;오상봉
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Industrial Systems Conference
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    • pp.621-626
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    • 2003
  • Mining association rules in web log files can be divided into two steps: 1) discovering frequent item sets in web data; 2) extracting association rules from the frequent item sets found in the previous step. This paper suggests an algorithm for finding frequent item sets efficiently The essence of the proposed algorithm is to transform transaction data files into matrix format. Our experimental results show that the suggested algorithm outperforms the Apriori algorithm, which is widely used to discover frequent item sets, in terms of scan frequency and execution time.

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A Study of the Relationship Analysis between Mobile Application by Using An Association Rules (연관성 규칙을 이용한 모바일 앱 간 관계 분석에 관한 연구 - 모바일 게임 앱을 중심으로)

  • Shin, Yong-Jae;Yim, Myung-Seong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2012
  • In accordance with the advent of smartphone and the growth of the Mobile App market, the Mobile game industry is being reorganized. So, This study is to be know the association rules between mobile game apps and mobile apps. Accordingly, To promote the Mobile Game App based on advertisement effectiveness that can be obtained from the characteristics of the game by finding out what to investigate.

A Study on Outworn Aircraft Management Scheme Using Market Basket Analysis (장바구니 분석을 이용한 노후 항공기 관리방안 연구)

  • Jung, Chi-Young;Lee, Jae-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we proposed new outworn aircraft management procedure. ROKAF has both good management skill and information system, AMMIS, regarding aircraft maintenance based on all kinds of aircraft's defects. To optimize and secure aircraft's operation, management of the outworn aircraft is very important for ROKAF. With respect to these outworn aircraft's defects and maintenance, we analyzed defects occurrence pattern of outworn aircraft by using AMMIS data and Market Basket Analysis, and found the specified association rules for each defect. By using these association rules, we developed new management procedure for outworn aircraft based on the results of affinity analysis. The management procedure in this paper will also be used to optimal operation and maintenance of other aircraft and weapon systems.

An Analysis of the Effect of Cognitive Gaps on Purchasing Behavior Using Association Rules - Foucused on Users of Machine Translation Program (연관성규칙을 이용한 사용자의 인지차이가 구매행동에 미치는 영향 분석 - 기계번역 프로그램 사용자를 중심으로)

  • Lee, In-hye;Cho, Sung-bin
    • Journal of the Korea Management Engineers Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.179-195
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    • 2018
  • So far, the evaluation of machine translation has used a numerical approach, but there is evidence that it is not sufficient to reflect the characteristics or behavior of machine translation users(Hutchins, 2007; Wu et al., 2016; Park et al., 2013). Therefore, this study focused on the purpose of use and purchasing behavior of machine translation users. At this time, the indirect comparison method introduced by Morgan and Hunt(1994) was used to measure cognitive gaps and analyze the purchasing behavior of users. According to the analysis of association rules using cognitive gaps, the smaller the cognitive gap, the more positive the purchase behavior. In addition, procedural knowledge derived from language knowledge is activated in situations involving responsibility, and in routine situations, procedural knowledge trained from pragmatic knowledge works.

A Study on the Communication of the Functional Family (기능적인 가족의 커뮤니케이션에 관한 이론적 접근)

  • 조윤경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.131-150
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    • 1984
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the family as an interaction system, concentrating on the mutual influences between communication and family development; (1) how Communication patterns affect family relationships, and (2) how relationships among family members affect communication. In order to do this Galvin, Brommel used the following frame work; family is a system in which communication regulates cohesion and adaptability by a flow of message patterns through a defined network of evolving interdependent relationships. A family system consists of members, the relationships among them, the family attributes, the members attributes and an environment in which family functions. Within the framework of common cultural communication patterns, each family has the capacity to develop its own communication code based on the experiences of individual members and the collective family experience. Most of us develop our communication skills within the family context learning both the general cultural language and the specific familial communication code. Communication may be viewed as a symbolic, transactional process as the process of creating and sharing meanings. To say that communication is a process implies a continuous interaction of an indefinite large numbers of variables with a concomitant,. continuous change in the values taken by these variables. Finally the process implies change, Family functions include the primary functions of cohesion and adaptability, and supporting functions of family images, themes, boundaries, and biosocial issues. The primary functions reveal concepts integrated family interaction and supporting function, along with those of cohesion and adaptability, give shape to family life. the characteristics of developed relationships of richness, uniqueness efficiency, substitutability, pacing , openness spontaneity, and evaluation are reflected in the verbal and nonverbal behaviors with which family members negotiated a set of common meanings and develop thier own unique message system. The message system is the major element of communication process and influences both the form and the content of thier relationship and in create and share meanings. Family systems need to provide order and predictability for thier members, specifically focusing on communication rules and the networks by which messages are transmitted. Most rules emerge as a result of multiful interactions. There are basic rules and rules about rules, or metarules. Perceiving the rules of family system is very difficult because often family members don't think about the basic rules, much less the metarules. Breaking the rule may result in the creation of a new set because the system may recalibrate itself to accept more variety of behavior. Families develop communication networks to deal with the general issue. Family adaptability may be seen through the degree of flexibility in forming and reforming networks and networks become a vital part of the decision- making process and relate to the power dynamics operating within the family. Networks also play an integral part in maintaining the roles and rules operating with the family system. Thus networks and rules have mutual influence. The family -of -origin issues influence all aspects of family communication and account for many of the communication patterns, rules and networks and the role of the family -of-origin influences as a primary force for communication on behavior of newly forming systems. Each family system develops its own communication meanings. There is not one right way to communicate within a family but may be indefinitly large change of family life and communication behavior. Study on functional family communication helps to gain a better understanding of dynamics of family communication and ability of a new insight into the family.

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