• Title/Summary/Keyword: Autogenic Training

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The Effects of Autogenic Training on Heart Rate Variability (자율훈련법이 심박변이도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyok;Lee, Jin-Gyu
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 2007
  • Objective : The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of Autogenic Training on autonomic nervous system for normal subjects with Heart Rate Variability(HRV). Then HRV of total subjects were analyzed by Sasang constitution, MBTI type and relaxation therapy experience. Method : Autogenic Training was applied on 39 subjects individually. Then HRV was examined each 5 minutes before and after Autogenic Training application. Results : 1. Mean HRV, SDNN, SDSD were significant different in HRV between before and after Autogenic Training application in total subjects. 2. SDNN, SDSD were significant different in HRV between before and after Autogenic Training application in Soeumin. Mean HRV, SDNN, SDSD were significant different in HRV between before and after Autogenic Training application in Taeeumin. Conclusion : The results suggest that Autogenic Training application have shown anti-stress effects. Autogenic Training application to Soeumin and Taeeumin have shown more anti -stress effects than application to Soyangin.

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Effect of Autogenic Training for Stress Response: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (아우토겐 트레이닝이 스트레스반응에 미치는 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰 및 메타분석)

  • Seo, Eunju;Kim, Soukyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.361-374
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of autogenic training on stress responses through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic search was conducted using eight core electronic databases (Embase, CENTRAL, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, DBpia, KISS, and RISS). To estimate the effect size, a meta-analysis of the studies was performed using RevMan 5.3.5 program. Results: A total 21 studies out of 950 studies were included in the review, and 11 were included for meta-analysis. These studies showed that autogenic training decreased anxiety and depression, and increased the high frequency of heart rate variability. Calculations to understand the effect of autogenic training on anxiety, through a meta-analysis, observed a reduction effect of anxiety score by 1.37 points (n=85, SMD=-1.37: 95% CI -2.07 to -0.67), in the studies on short-term intervention targeting healthy adults. On the other hand, similar calculations to understand the effect of autogenic training on depression observed, a reduction effect on the depression score by 0.29 point (n=327, SMD=-0.29: 95% CI -0.50 to -0.07), in the studies on long term intervention targeting the patient group. Conclusion: Autogenic training is effective for adults' stress management, and nurses will be able to effectively perform autogenic training programs for workers' stress relief at the workplace.

One case of combination therapy of acupuncture, herbal medication, counseling and autogenic training on convulsion of conversion disorder (한방정신요법 및 자율훈련법을 사용한 경련을 주증상으로 하는 전환장애 1례)

  • Seo, Deok-Won;Ahn, Hyo-Jin;Ryu, Ho-Sun;Lee, Su-Bin;Ko, In-Sung;Park, Se-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to suggest that psychotherapy must be considered when treating conversion disorder patient with convulsion. Methods : We treated the patient with counseling and autogenic training in psychotherapies, not only traditional methods. Results : In this study, we found difference between when counselling and autogenic training is combined and when they are not practiced. Conclusions : Counseling and autogenic training is good treatment at patient with convulsion of conversion disorder.

A Case of Autogenic training and Acupuncture treatment on facial tremor by neurofeedback (자율 훈련법과 침치료를 시행하여 뉴로피드백 지표를 통해 관찰한 진전환자(震顫患者)의 증례)

  • Yoo, John-Ho;Kim, Geun-Woo;Koo, Byung-Soo;Kim, Hun-Il
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate how much acupuncture treatment and autogenic training can affect to physical, mental relaxation through neurofeedback(Alpha/Theta training). I measured the numerical value of Alpha/H-Beta on the patient with facial tremor due to anxiety during acupuncture treatment and autogenic training, and when that patient wasn't relaxed I gave her feedback. The result shows that autogenic training is always more effective than aucupuncture in making the patient relaxed. On this case, the symptom was not much improved after having the treatments 10 times, but the frequency and intensity of the tremor decresed little. In according to the number of treatments, relaxtion didn't ascend regularly. I think it depends on the patient's condition or surroundings. I am unsatisfied I had only one case in this study and the number of treatments wasn't enough. In the future, much more clinical and statistical studies on herbal, musical, aroma therapies should be needed.

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The effects of music listening, autogenic training, and music-assisted autogenic training on the quality of life, relaxation responses, and daily living of migraine patients

  • Lee, Suyeon
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.67-85
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of music listening, autogenic training, and music-assisted autogenic training on the quality of life, physiological and psychological relaxation responses, and daily living in a population of migraine patients. Forty migraine patients, ranging 20 to 60 years, were referred to the researcher by their physicians and participated in the study. A convenience control-group pretest-posttest design was employed. The participants were randomly assigned to one of four groups: music listening (ML), autogenic training (AT), music-assisted autogenic training (MAT), or a control group participants, with n = 10 participants per group. The participants in experimental groups received four 30-minute sessions with an assigned treatment, once a week during a 4-week experiment period. The participants in the control group continued their regular medical treatment as prescribed by the doctor without receiving any other relaxation treatment. However, they were still aware of the research and their responsibilities for the study. The Migraine Assessment (MIDAS) and Migraine-Specific Quality of Life (MSQOL) questionnaire were used to investigate a migraine patients' quality of life collected before and after the 4-week experiment for all subjects. The physiological and psychological relaxation responses of migraine patients were measured by relaxation levels and forehead temperature recorded before and after each treatment session for the participants in three treatment conditions. The effect of the relaxation treatments on daily living of migraine patients was examined through the frequency and intensity of migraine headaches, and the amount of medication taken for migraine headaches during the 4-week experiment as recorded in participants' diary for all participants. The results found significant differences from pre- to posttest on the MIDAS, MSQOL, and relaxation levels while no significant was found among the groups. The analysis of forehead temperature showed no significant difference from pre- to posttest and among the groups. A one-way ANOVA was performed on the frequency, intensity, and amount of medication taken for migraine headaches during the 4-week experiment period. While results yielded no significant difference among the groups, the data indicate that the participants in the three treatment groups reported fewer migraine headaches, lower degrees of headache intensity, and less medication taken for migraine headaches than participants in the control group. A conclusion drawn from this study is that music listening itself as a relaxation treatment, or as an adjunct to other relaxation techniques can be effective in the treatment of migraine headaches.

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Autogenic Training and Psychotherapy in Oriental Medicine (자율훈련법(自律訓練法)과 한방정신요법(韓方精神療法))

  • Whang Wei-Wan;Kim Jong-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2001
  • In many aspects, autogenic training was similar to qigong, yoga and Zen applied in the psychotherapy of oriental medicine. And AT and oriental psychotherapy were much alike in methods in the view of composed of systematic training. If we wanted to get more available effects at AT, we needed to attach the qigong's concepts of control mind, posture, and respiration. Therefore, oriental psychotherapy like qigong and AT were useful methods for treat psychosomatic and stress-related disease.

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Effect of Meditation According to Emotional State and Meditation Subgroup Evaluated by HRV(Heart Rate Variability) (심박변이도(HRV : Heart Rate Variability) 측정을 통한 정서 상태 및 명상의 종류별 명상 효능 평가)

  • Suh, Jin-Woo;Hwang, Eun-Young;Chung, Sun-Yong;Whang, Wei-Wan;Kim, Jong-Woo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.133-147
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study has the object to evaluate the effect of meditation at the clinical field and to classify the profer meditation by the emotional states of patients. Methods : Thirty volunteers have been recruited using local advertisement. They devided into two groups(patient group, normal group). Emotional states and stressors (STAI, STAXI, BDI, SCL-90-R, Stress Response inventory, Life event stress) have been evaluated. After that test HRV(Heart Rate Variability) has been tested and subjects took a 5-minute rest. After that, one of meditation has been chosed and has been demonstrated for 10 minutes by practiced trainer(Autogenic Training, Fruit Imaginary Meditation, Random assignment). After 5 minutes resting time, HRV has been measured again with meditation that had been administered. Results : 1. The higher the scale of emotional index, the more sensitively react has been occured according to the meditation. 2. The rate of HRV index that means stable state is higher in Fruit Imaginary Meditation group who thought to be administered meditation well. 3. The Fruit Imaginary Meditation is more effective immediately than Autogenic Training assessed by HRV scale and VAS scale of well-administered meditation especially in patients group. 4. Subjects of Highly suffered emotional problem have more effect in Fruit Imaginary Meditation Group compared to Autogenic Training Group. Conclusions : Suitable beginner meditation course considered patient's emotional problem needs to be programmed.

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Practice in Relaxation Techniques (이완요법의 실제)

  • Joe, Sook-Haeng
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2001
  • The relaxation response is a state of profound rest, creates physiological responses directly opposite to the stress response. The relaxation response can be used to counteract the harmful effects of stress. The relaxation response can be elicited by a number of techniques such as diaphragmatic breathing, meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training, biofeedback, etc. These relaxation methods in any mental or physical conditions associated with distress and even in normal people have useful benefits for stress control and health enhancement. These relaxation techniques are but one part of a comprehensive stress management program, through regular and continuous practice appropriate for each person, they will make an effective role in stress management. In this review, author reviewed how to practically use meditation, progressive muscle relaxation and autogenic training, in more detail. In the treatment of various stress-related disease, especially in psychiatric disorders, the relaxation technique may be a useful complement to conventional treatment and serves as an intervention between stress and disease.

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The Effects of Suggestion on Cerebral blood flow velocity (암시가 정상인의 뇌혈류 속도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Hee-Chul;Sun, Seung-Ho;Lee, Seung-Gi;Choi, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the change of cerebral blood flow velocity by different types of suggestion in normal subject. Methods : Suggestion of ascending qi inducement and descending qi inducement which were recomposed from autogenic training, was operated on 60 normal subjects individually. Then cerebral blood flow velocity was examined by Transcranial doppler ultrasonography(TCD) each 5 minutes before and after suggestion. Results : The result shows that cerebral blood flow(CBF) velocity was increased significantly in suggestion of ascending qi inducement and CBF velocity was decreased significally after 1 minute in suggestion of descending qi inducement. Conclusion : Suggestion could have affected to CBF velocity, and also different types of suggestion could have affected to the change of brain blood flow. Various clinical studies should be completed on patients in the future.

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Mind-Body Approach in the Area of Preventive Medicine: Focusing on Relaxation and Meditation for Stress Management (예방의학 영역에서 심신의학적 접근의 적용 가능성: 스트레스 관리를 위한 이완과 명상 기법을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Yune-Sik
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.445-450
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: Emotional support and a stress management program should be simultaneously provided to clients as effective preventive services for healthy behavioral change. This study was conducted to review various relaxation and meditation intervention methods and their applicability for a preventive service program. Methods and results: The author of this paper tried to find various relaxation and meditation programs through a literature review and program searching and to introduce them. The 'Relaxation Response' and 'Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)' are the most the widely used meditative programs in mainstream medical systems. Abdominal breathing, Progressive Musclular Relaxation (PMR), Relaxative Imagery, Autogenic Training (AT) and Biofeedback are other well-known techniques for relaxation and stress management. I have developed and implemented some programs using these methods. Relaxation and meditation classes for cancer patients and a meditation based stress coping workshop are examples of this program. Conclusions: Relaxation and meditation seem to be good and effective methods for primary, secondary and tertiary preventive service programs. Program development and standardization and further study are needed for more and wider use of the mindbody approach in the preventive service area of medicine.