• Title/Summary/Keyword: BDI SCALE

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The correlation between post-stroke depression and the recovery rate of motor functions (뇌졸중후 우울증의 정도와 운동기능의 회복과의 상관관계에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Se-Jin;Park, Sang-Dong;Lee, Jeong-Hun
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : The degree of post-stroke depression was observed and then correlated to the recovery rate of the motor functions of the above treated stroke patients. Methods : The BDI SCALE(Beck Depression Inventory Scale) and motor grades of 50 diagnosed stroke patients who were hospitalized in Dong-Seo Oriental Hospital between the period of May 2002 to September 2002 were measured. After a 1 month recovery period the BDI SCALE and motor grade of the above mentioned patients were again measured and a correlation was observed. Results : A lower BDI SCALE was observed in patients with a higher motor grade recovery rate. Conclusion : The treatment of post-stroke depression is imperative for positive effects on the motor functions of stroke patients.

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Self-care, Family Support and Depression in Elderly Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (노인 당뇨병 환자의 자가간호, 가족지지, 우울)

  • Park, Kee-Sun;Moon, Jung-Soon;Park, Sun-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the degree of self-care, family support and depression, and relationship among these variables for elder with diabetes mellitus. Method: Participants were 202 diabetic patients, 65 years or over, living in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected using the self-care tool for diabetic patients by Kim (1996), the family support tool for diabetic patients by Park (1984), and Korea's BDI scale by Lee (1995). Results: Of the patients, 43.1% showed HbAlc levels than higher 7%. The highest mean score was for self-care for medication compliance, and the lowest for blood glucose testing compliance. Factors affecting self-care were employment, education, HbAlc level, diabetic self-care education and complications. Factors affecting family support were living with family, diabetic self-care education, hospitalization and complications. Factors affecting depression were gender, living with family and complications. All of these factors were significant. Patients experiencing depression were 16.8% of patients. There was a significant positive correlation between self-care and family support, and significant negative correlations between self-care and depression, and family support and depression. Conclusion: For more effective management of diabetes mellitus in elders, improvement in self-care compliance, and family support are needed.

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Influencing Factors on Antenatal Depression (산전우울의 영향요인)

  • Kim, Hae-Won;Jung, Yeon-Yi
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study examined the influencing factors on antenatal depression among pregnant women. Methods: This was a cross sectional descriptive study with 255 pregnant women who visited a general hospital in a metropolitan city for their regularly scheduled check-up. Measurement tools employed were the Korean version of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the food habits, and the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Socio-demographic variables and the status of high risk pregnancy were identified. Influencing factors on antenatal depression were identified using a stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean score of antenatal depression was $7.2{\pm}5.0$; 18.4% with mild depression, 5.9% had moderate depression, with 0.8% identified with severe depression on BDI scale. Influencing factors on antenatal depression accounted for 47.8% of the total variance which consisted of quality of sleep, marital satisfaction, food habits, gestation periods, sexual satisfaction, high risk pregnancy, and age. Conclusion: Findings show that antenatal depression should be monitored on a regular basis during early pregnancy and in high risk pregnancy if possible, and quality of sleep and food habits should be incorporated in the management of antenatal depression.

Factors associated with Postpartum Depression and Its Influence on Maternal Identity (산후우울의 영향요인과 모성 정체성과의 관련성)

  • Jung, Yoen Yi;Kim, Hae Won
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the factors associated with postpartum depression and its influence on maternal identity of postpartum women. Methods: Research design was a cross sectional descriptive study with a total of 89 women within the six month postpartum period. Associations of eating habits, overall sleep quality and other factors with postpartum depression utilizing the Korean Beck Depression Inventory (K-BDI) were done. The influence of postpartum depression on maternal identity was analyzed. Variables yielding significant associations (p<.05) were included in an adjusted logistic regression and a stepwise multiple regression. Results: Mean scores of postpartum depression was $9.42{\pm}6.08$ and 31.5% (n=28) for mild depression, 11.2% (n=10) was moderate and 4.5% (n=4) was severe depression on the K-BDI scale. Perceived health status and overall sleep quality were predictors of postpartum depression. Postpartum depression and the husband's love were predictors of maternal identity. Conclusion: Awareness of poor health perception and sleep quality will be helpful to detect for postpartum depression. Strategies to increase maternal identity during the postpartum period would be tailored by level of depression.

Cytoprotective action of Rubi Fructus by modulation of Reactive Oxygen Species, peroxynitrite and $Ca^{2+}$ (복분자(覆盆子)의 세포내 ROS, $ONOO^-$ 생성 및 $Ca^{2+}$ 증가 억제에 의한 혈관내피세포 보호작용)

  • Lee, Cheol-Woong;Jeong, Ji-Cheon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.615-625
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : Poststroke depression is a frequent and specific entity that impaires the rehabilliation and functional recovery of patients with hemiplegia. The author evaluated the effect of Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) in patients with poststroke depression. Methods : 38 patients suffering from poststroke depression(determined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, revised. 3rd edition. and Beck Depression Inventory[BDI] cutoff $point{\geqq}10$) in Kyunghee Oriental hospital were randomized into two groups; treatment group(n=19) and control group(n=19). The treatment group was prescribed with Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) three times a day fur a week. Control troop was prescribed with other herbal medicines used for stroke Patients three times a day for a week. Patients were evaluated by use of BDI scale, Modified Barthel Index, Depression of Ki score, Yin syndrome score, and Yang syndrome score. Among 38 patients, 24 patients got BDI scores above 21, which is the cut-off score for depression in Korean. The same procedures and assessments described above were applied. Results : Treatment group did not significantly improve compared with control group. Results yielded only slight significance (P=0.086). Especially. patients with poststroke depression as yin syndrome improved more significantly on BDI than those classified as yang syndrome. When BDI cutoff point for depression was defined as being ${\geq}\;21$, treatment group did not significantly improve compared with control group(P=0.114). However, patients with poststroke depression classified as yin syndrome were also significantly improved on BDI than those classified as yang syndrome. Conclusions : This study suggests that Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) is significantly effective in patients with poststroke depression classified as yin syndrome.

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Effects of Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) on patients with poststroke depression (중풍후우울증에 대한 반하후박탕의 유효성 및 적응증 평가)

  • Jung, Jae-Han;Choi, Chang-Min;Hong, Jin-Woo;Kim, Tae-Hun;Rhe, Jun-Woo;Lee, Cha-Ro;Bahn, Geon-Ho;Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Bae, Hyung-Sup;Na, Byong-Jo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.563-574
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : Poststroke depression is a frequent and specific entity that impaires the rehabilliation and functional recovery of patients with hemiplegia. The author evaluated the effect of Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) in patients with poststroke depression. Methods : 38 patients suffering from poststroke depression(determined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, revised. 3rd edition. and Beck Depression Inventory[BDI] cutoff $point{\geqq}10$) in Kyunghee Oriental hospital were randomized into two groups; treatment group(n=19) and control group(n=19). The treatment group was prescribed with Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) three times a day fur a week. Control troop was prescribed with other herbal medicines used for stroke Patients three times a day for a week. Patients were evaluated by use of BDI scale, Modified Barthel Index, Depression of Ki score, Yin syndrome score, and Yang syndrome score. Among 38 patients, 24 patients got BDI scores above 21, which is the cut-off score for depression in Korean. The same procedures and assessments described above were applied. Results : Treatment group did not significantly improve compared with control group. Results yielded only slight significance (P=0.086). Especially. patients with poststroke depression as yin syndrome improved more significantly on BDI than those classified as yang syndrome. When BDI cutoff point for depression was defined as being ${\geq}\;21$, treatment group did not significantly improve compared with control group(P=0.114). However, patients with poststroke depression classified as yin syndrome were also significantly improved on BDI than those classified as yang syndrome. Conclusions : This study suggests that Banhahubak-tang(Banxiahoupotang) is significantly effective in patients with poststroke depression classified as yin syndrome.

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Beck Depression Inventory Score and Associated Factors in Korean Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (척주관협착증 환자의 Beck Depression Inventory 점수와 이와 관련된 요인들의 분석)

  • Kim, Ae Ra;Seo, Bo Byoung;Kim, Jin Mo;Bae, Jung In;Jang, Young Ho;Lee, Yong Cheol;Kang, Chul Hyung;Jung, Sung Won;Hong, Ji Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.138-142
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    • 2007
  • Background: Depression is a frequent comorbid disease of chronic pain patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of depression and to correlate associated factors and depression in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Methods: The data of this survey was collected from 97 patients that visited our pain clinic for the management of lumbar spinal stenosis. Depression was examined by a self-reported survey using the Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the life satisfaction scale score were also obtained. Demographic and clinical characteristics (including spouse status, employment status, smoking status, the number of patients with multiple painful areas, the number of patients with combined disease, pain duration, visual analogue scale, Roland 5-point scale and walking distance) were obtained from an interview with the patient. The patients were divided into group N ($BDI{\leq}14$, n = 43) and group 0 (BDI > 14, n = 54) according to the BDI scale. Of the 97 patients, 55,7% had a high BDI score. Results: The patients in group N had a higher rate of employment (48.0%, P < 0.05) and had higher life satisfaction scale scores ($9.4{\pm}2.5$, P < 0.01) as compared to group D patients. The BDI score showed a close correlation with employment status and the life satisfaction scale. Conclusions: Many lumbar spinal stenosis patients had high BDI scores. Employment status and the life satisfaction scale were closely correlated with the BDI score.

Comparison of Stress Perception and Depression between Gastric Cancer and Gastritis Patients (위암 환자들과 위염 환자들 간의 스트레스지각 및 우울의 비교)

  • Koh, Kyung-Bong;Lee, Sang-In;Lee, Jong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.88-97
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    • 1994
  • A comparison was made between gastric cancer and gastritis patients regarding stress Perception and depression, using Global Assessment Recent Stress(GARS) scale and Beck Depression Inventory(BDI). 50% of gastric cancer patients and 38% of gastritis patients were found to be depressed on scores of BDI scale, respectively. There was no significant difference in scores of stress perception between both the groups. However, gastric cancer patients tended to be more depressed than gastritis patients, although the difference is statistically not significant. In the gastric cancer patients, severity of psychic distress showed significantly positive correlation with depression, whereas in the gastritis patients, severity of physical symptoms showed significantly positive correlation with depression. It suggested that depression of gastric cancer patients was more likely to be related to the extent of psychic distress than that of physical symptoms. In each of both the groups, female patients showed significantly higher stress perception than male patients, and age was found to have significantly negative correlation with stress perception. In conclusion, severity of pathology of the same organ was not related to extent of stress perception and of depression in which denial of gastric cancer patients might play a role. Thus, it is emphasized that psychosocial approach is more needed for gastric cancer patients than for gastritis patients.

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