• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bacillus subtilis

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Studies on Physiological Activity of Bacillus subtilis JM-3 Isolated from Anchovy Sauce (멸치액젓으로부터 분리한 Bacillus subtilis JM-3의 생리활성기능에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Soo;Kim, Sang-Moo;Shin, Il-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.684-689
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    • 2003
  • In previous paper, we isolated the bacteria, Bacillus subtilis JM-3, with proteolytic and fibrinolytic activity for candidate microorganisms that have rapid fermenting and physiological functions from anchovy sauce. This study was carried out to search physiological functions of Bacillus subtilis JM-3, such as antimicrobial, antioxidative, antimutagenic, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, and anticarcinogenic activity in vitro. The cell free culture of Bacillus subtilis JM-3 showed strong antibacterial activity against Listeria monocytogenes, antioxidative activity with 87% of inhibition rate against linoleic acid, 50% of antimutagenic activity against N-nitrosodimethylamine and N-nitrosomorpholine, and 88.9% of growth inhibition rate against SNU-1 cell line (stomach cancer cell of human). However, Bacillus subtilis JM-3 did not show angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition activity.

Effects of Phytophthora Blight-antagonistic Microorganisms Bacillus subtilis AH18 and Bacillus licheniformis K11 on the Soil Microbial Community (고추역병 길항미생물 Bacillus subtilis AH18과 Bacillus licheniformis K11의 토양미생물 생태에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kee-Choon;Lim, Jong-Hui;Kim, Sang-Dal;Yi, Young-Keun
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.121-125
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    • 2009
  • We measured the influence of antifungal antagonists Bacillus subtilis AH18 and Bacillus licheniformis K11 on soil microbial community in microcosms. Both antifungal antagonists were confirmed to suppress hot pepper phytophthora blight. Phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) were analyzed to investigate the soil microbial community. B. subtilis AH18 changed the total PLFA composition and bio-indicators of PLFA, compared with other treatments. B. subtilis AH18 decreased the proportion of bacteria and gram negative/gram positive bacteria, and increased the fungi/bacteria and anaerobic/aerobic microorganisms. In addition cy19:0/18:$1{\omega}7c$, which means adaptation to unfavorable environmental conditions, was increased by the application of B. subtilis AH18. On the other hand the inoculation of B. licheniformis K11 or combined inoculation of both antifungal strains did not affect soil microbial community. The suppression of phytophthora blight and preservation of indigenous soil microbial community may be achieved by the combined application of B. subtilis AH18 and B. licheniformis K11.

Application of Bacillus subtilis 168 as a Multifunctional Agent for Improvement of the Durability of Cement Mortar

  • Park, Sung-Jin;Park, Jong-Myong;Kim, Wha-Jung;Ghim, Sa-Youl
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.1568-1574
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    • 2012
  • Microbiological calcium carbonate precipitation (MCCP) has been investigated for its ability to improve the durability of cement mortar. However, very few strains have been applied to crack remediation and strengthening of cementitious materials. In this study, we report the biodeposition of Bacillus subtilis 168 and its ability to enhance the durability of cement material. B. subtilis 168 was applied to the surface of cement specimens. The results showed a new layer of deposited organic-inorganic composites on the surface of the cement paste. In addition, the water permeability of the cement paste treated with B. subtilis 168 was lower than that of non-treated specimens. Furthermore, artificial cracks in the cement paste were completely remediated by the biodeposition of B. subtilis 168. The compressive strength of cement mortar treated with B. subtilis 168 increased by about 19.5% when compared with samples completed with only B4 medium. Taken together, these findings suggest that the biodeposition of B. subtilis 168 could be used as a sealing and coating agent to improve the strength and water resistance of concrete. This is the first paper to report the application of Bacillus subtilis 168 for its ability to improve the durability of cement mortar through calcium carbonate precipitation.

Isolation and Characteristics of Composting-promoting-bacteria (부숙촉진 미생물 분리 및 분리균의 특성)

  • Lee, Young-Han;Park, Sang-Ryeol
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.394-400
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    • 2001
  • This experiment was conducted to determine the safety and feasibility of using compost-promoting-bacteria. Compost-promoting-bacteria was isolated from livestock compost containing sawdust. The isolated bacteria was identified as Bacillus subtilis LYH201 by the method of the composition of the fatty acid with MIDI system and Bergey's manual. This Bacillus subtilis LYH201 had the following characteristics : Gram-positive, straight rod ($0.5{\sim}0.7{\mu}m$ width, $2.5{\sim}3.0{\mu}m$ length), facultatively aerobic and product of xylanase, CMCase, catalase, oxidase, protease and $0.5{\sim}0.7{\mu}m$-amylase. Growth of Bacillus subtilis LYH201 at saccharose as carbon source(0.5%) was faster than other carbon source. Activity of cellulase. $0.5{\sim}0.7{\mu}m$-amylase and protease from Bacillus subtilis LYH201 after 24 hours at $50^{\circ}C$ by agar diffusion method was higher than that of low temperature. Optimum growth condition of Bacillus subtilis LYH201 was $50^{\circ}C$ and pH 6.

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Characterization of Endogeneous Plasmids from Two Bacillus Isolates (Bacillus 속 분리균 2종의 내재형 Plasmids 특성분석)

  • 윤기홍
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.364-369
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    • 1999
  • In order to obtain the suitable plasmids for constructing plasmid vectors of Bacillus species, endogeneous plasmid DNAs were screended from thermo-tolerant soil bacteria. Based on agarose gel electrophoresis patterns of the isolated plasmid DNAs, two strains harboring small-size plasmids were selected. The isolated were identified to belong to the genus Bacillus on the basis of their morphological and biochemical properties, and named Bacillus sp. 3-3 and 77-8, respectively. The restriction endonuclease maps were determined for four plasmids including two plasmids from each Bacillus isolates. It is interesting that Bacillus sp. 3-3 and 77-8 have an identical plasmid according to the restriction maps. The three kinds of hybrid plasmids constructed by introducing each plasmid of two isolates into a Escherichia coli plasmid vector. pUCCm18 containing chloramplenicol resistance gene active in Bacillus strains, could be replicated in B. subtilis and B. licheniformis. These plasmids are very stable in B. subtilis, suggesting that the Bacillus plasmids identified in this work would be useful for development of new cloning vectors for Bacillus strains.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Grapefruit Seed Extract (자몽 종자 추출물의 항균성)

  • Park, Heon-Kuk;Kim, Sang-Bum
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.526-531
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    • 2006
  • Minimum inhibition concentration(MIC), growth inhibition activity, and colony forming inhibitory activity of grapefruit seed extract against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterifidis and Serratia marcescens were tested. MIC of grapefruit seed extract against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis and Serratia marcescens was 12.5, 12.5, 12.5, 50, 50, 100ppm, respectively. Growth inhibition concentration of grapefruit seed extract against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis and Serratia marcescens was below 1.0, 6.25, below 1.0, 6.25, 25, 25ppm, respectively. Colony forming inhibitory activity of grapefruit seed extract against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis and Serratia marcescens was 93.9, 94.0, 99.9, 4.4, 82.7, 86.4%, respectively. Colony forming inhibitory activities of grapefruit seed extract against Gram positive bacteria were higher than that against Gram negative bacteria.

Characterization of Subtilein, a Bacteriocin from Bacillus subtilis CAU131 (KCCM 10257)

  • Park, Sung-Yong;Yang, Yong-Jae;Kim, Young-Bae;Hong, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Chan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2002
  • Bacillus subtilis CAU131 (KCCM 10257) isolated from a fermented shrimp product produces subtilein, tentatively named as a bacteriocin, which exhibited a bactericidal effect against closely related species such as Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, and several other strains of Bacillus sp. The purification of the subtilein was achieved by applying a mono-Q anion exchange chromatography on FPLC and $C_18$ reverse-phase chromatography on HPLC. After purification, specific activity of subtilein was increased about 3,000-fold compared with culture broth and its molecular mass was about 5,000 Da on SDS-PAGE. The antimicrobial activity of subtilein was well maintained at acidic and neutral pHs between 3 and 8. Subtilein was relatively heat stable, and its antimicrobial activity remained for 2 h at $80^{\circ}C$. However, the activity was reduced after heating at $100^{\circ}C$, and about $80\%$ of the activity was found after 1 h incubation at $100^{\circ}C$. The treatment of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 with subtilein led to morphological changes in stationary-phase cells and most cells appeared to be lysed.

The Antioxidant Effect of Cheonggukjang, Fermented Using the New Strain, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NBF11-1 (신 균주 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NBF11-1을 이용하여 발효한 청국장의 항산화효과)

  • Kim, Han Soo;Yun, Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.5343-5350
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to compare and analyze the antioxidant effect of Cheonggukjang's traditional fermentation strain, Bacillus subtilis NG24 which was a control of the study, in order to see the biological activity effect of the new strain, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NBF11-1 that was first found in the surface of the bamboo stem, but hasn't been insufficiently researched. In the antioxidant activity experiment of the Cheonggukjang extract, the B.amyloliquefaciens NBF11-1 sample showed a significant increase in the total polyphenol extract content, compared to B.subtilis NG24(p=0.032). Also, compared to B.subtilis NG24, the sample containing B.amyloliquefaciens NBF11-1 showed a significant increase in SOD-like Activity, DPPH radical scavenging, and NO radical scavenging, as the concentration rose(p<.05). Additionally, $IC_{50}$ in each antioxidant activity experiment significantly decreased in the B.amyloliquefaciens NBF11-1 sample like SOD-like Activity(p=0.045), DPPH radical scavenging(p=0.041), and NO radical scavenging(p=0.019), compared to B.subtilis NG24.

Characteristics of Cadmium-Resistant Bacillus subtilis DT134 (Bacillus subtilis DT134의 카드뮴 저항성)

  • 윤경표
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.383-390
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    • 1998
  • Bacillus subtilis DT134 was resistant to 50-fold higher concentration of cadmium ions (Cd2+) than cadmium-sensitive B. subtilis BD224 in Luria Broth (LB) medium. Minimal inhibition concentration test in LB agar plates also showed similar results. The elevated cadmium resistance of B. subtilis DT134 strongly suggested a possible existence of cadmium resistance gene in it. Southern blot with Staphylococcus aureus cadA gene fragment (757 bp NlaIV-XmnI cadA DNA fragment) as probe was carried out to test the existence and similarity of the gene. In high stringency condition, there was no detectable signal, but in low stringency, a strong signal specific to the cadA probe could be detected. These results strongly suggested that there was some similarity between total DNA of B. subtilis DT134 and S. aureus pl258 in terms of cadmium resistance gene and the resistance mechanism might be an efflux mechanism. The subsequent efflux experiment showed that the cadmium resistance mechanism of B. subtilis DT134 was also due to the efflux of cadmium.

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Production of Biosurfactant Using Bacillus spp (Bacillus spp.를 이용한 Biosurfactant 생산공정)

  • Hur, Sung-Ho;Yang, Ji-Seok;Hong, Jeong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.389-393
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    • 2002
  • Among the bacterial strains isolated from chungkook-jang, Bacillus subtilis CH-1, Bacills circulans K-1 and Bacillus subtitis (natto) N-1, Bacillus subtitis CH-1 showed the highest productivity of biosufactant. A-medium was selected for the basal medium in the large scale production of biosurfactant, and modified to synthetic medium which containing 2% glucose, 0.3% soy peptone, and mineral salts. The surface tension was reduced to maximal value after 96 hr after fermentation, about the 43% of initial tension. Temperature and initial pH of medium was not critical factor for the biosurfactant production. The yield of crude biosurfactant was 6 g/L under the optimum condition.