• Title, Summary, Keyword: Balance performance

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The Effect of Eye Movement on Balance Improvement by Plegia Side of Adult Hemiplegic Patient (안구운동이 성인 편마비 환자의 마비측에 따른 균형증진에 미치는 영향)

  • Koo Bong-Oh;Bae Sung-Soo;Kim Han-Soo;Lee Dong-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to identify influence that eye movement have an effect on postural control and balance performance by plegia side of the impaired patients of central nervous system. Subjects are patients with the impairment of central nervous system and experimental and control groups are forty people and thirty people seperatively, Total subjects were selected to seventy persons, but twelve persons of experimental group quit during the experimental periods and eight persons of control group did not measure after exercise. Therefore, twenty eight persons of experimental group and twenty two persons of control group were selected in this study and experimental group peformed eye movement for eight weeks according to the exercise program of this study. The measurement of dependent variable is right static balance, left static balance, bilateral static balance, and bilateral dynamic balance before exercise and after eighth week of exercise, examiner again measured and analyzed the results. The results were as follows: 1. As the result of comparing balance performance ability after test of the experimental and control group with right hemiplegia and control group, all of static balance performance ability of right side (p < 0.01), static balance performance ability of left side (p < 0.01), static balance performance ability of bilateral side(p < 0.01), dynamic balance performance ability of bilateral side(p < 0.05) of experimental group were statistically greater improved than those of the control group. 2. As the result of comparing balance performance ability after test of the experimental and control group with left hemiplegia and control group, all of static balance performance ability of right side (p < 0.01), static balance performance ability of left side (p < 0.01), static balance performance ability of bilateral side(p < 0.05), dynamic balance performance ability of bilateral side(p < 0.05) of experimental group were statistically greater improved than those of the control group.

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Effects of Dual Task Training on Balance and Functional Performance in High School Soccer Players with Functional Ankle Instability

  • Kwak, Kwang-Il;Choi, Bum-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.254-258
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of dual task training on balance and functional performance in high school soccer players with functional ankle instability. Methods: Twenty high school soccer players with functional ankle instability were randomly assigned to a single task training group and a dual task training group. One participant who did not participate regularly in the training was excluded. The single task training group (n=9) received balance training on an unstable surface. The dual task training group (n=10) received balance training on an unstable surface and had to catch thrown balls during the balance training. Both groups were trained for 4 weeks, 3 days a week. The balance and functional performance of both groups was measured before and after training. Balance was measured using an anterior-posterior and medio-lateral balance. Functional performance was measured based on a figure-of-8 hop test, up-down hop test, and a single hop test. All data were analyzed by repeated two-way ANOVA tests. Results: A time by group interaction effect was not observed in the medio-lateral balance test, figure-of-8 hop test, or single hop test (p>0.05). A time by group interaction effect was observed in the anterior-posterior balance and up-down hop test (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that dual task training improved balance and functional performance better than single task training for some items.

The Effect of Balance Training With Upper Extremity Exercise on the Improvement of Balance Performance After Stroke

  • Song, Ju-Min;Kim, Soo-Min;Kim, Jin-Sang
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance training with upper extremity exercise on the improvement of balance performance in people who have had a stroke. Eighteen candidates who have all experienced a stroke, were living in Dong-Gu, Ulsan and were participating in a community based rehabilitation program, have been included in this study. The program was conducted three times weekly, 1 hour per session, for 7 consecutive weeks. Subjects were tested with 7 m and 100 m Timed Gait Test (sec), Timed Get Up and Go Test (sec), Functional Reach Test (cm) and 5 items of Berg's Balance Test at pre-training and post-training. Total balance index and balance ratios were measured by K.A.T. 3000. The balance training program performed by sitting on a chair and gymnastic ball and standing on stable and unstable surfaces during upper extremity exercises such as Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) upper extremity pattern, picking a ball up from floor, throwing and catching it. After seven weekends of balance training, subjects showed a significant difference in balance test results. The exceptions were three items of Berg's Balance Test (p<.05). Balance index score and affected and unaffected side balance ratio had a larger improvement than pre-training (p<.05). The result of this study showed that intervention of this balance training program could improve the balance performance in people who have had a stroke.

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The Development of an Automatic Dynamic Inspection System of a Balance Shaft Module (밸런스 샤프트 모듈 자동 동적검사 시스템 개발)

  • Seong, Eun-Je;Kang, Dae-Gyu;Jeong, Chan-Yong;Han, Chang-Soo;Kim, Myung-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1231-1236
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    • 2007
  • Balance Shaft Module is module parts that is installed to vehicles engine to reduce noise and vibration of vehicles engine. Balance Shaft Module's performance exerts important influence on performance of engine. Therefore, must be able to warrant quality and performance of Balance Shaft Module. Existing product found and revised error at continuous process of production, and estimated failure mode in Balance Shaft Module. Previous method hard to secure product that performance is excellent, and bring a lot of damages economically. Therefore, development of inspectin system for quality inspection of parts and performance test of assembly is essential in Balance Shaft Module. In this study, represented development process of automatic dynamic inspection system to test performance and detect breakdown of Balance Shaft Module that is producing in Dongbo.

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The Effect of Vision and Audition on Balance Performance According to Age (연령에 따른 시각과 청각이 균형수행력에 미치는 영향)

  • Song Ju-Min;Park Rae-Joon;Kim Jin-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried out to know correlation between age and balance performance. factors to effect on balance and prepare the basic data in balance performance evaluation clinically. 180 adults without neurosurgical and orthopedic disability from 20 to 79 years of age participated in this study voluntarily. The subjects performed One Legged Stance Test in five conditions 1) eye open 2) eye close 3) eye open & ear close 4) eye & ear close 5) on sponge. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The mean balance performance time by one legged stance test was 25.97 seconds in eye open, 10.45 seconds in eye close, 23.14 seconds in eye open & ear close, 10.18 seconds in eye & ear close and 23.15 seconds in on sponge. 2. The balance performance declined according to age increasing. 3. The visual factor effected on balance performance greatly. 4. The auditory factor effected less than visual factor on balance performance 5. The compliant surface effected on balance performance in over-fifty age group greatly.

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The study of correlations between clinical balance scales and balance performance monitor parameters in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (청소년기 특발성 척추측만증 환자의 임상적 균형 평가지수와 균형 수행 모니터 측정값의 상관성 연구)

  • Shin, Seung-Sub
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between clinical balance scales and Balance Performance Monitor parameters in patient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods : Twenty AIS subjects (age, $14.26{\pm}1.93yrs$; height, $160.56{\pm}7.98cm$; weight, $47.54{\pm}6.94kg$)were participated in this study. Postural sway(mean balance, sway angle, sway area, sway path, maximal sway velocity) were were evaluated by balance performance monitor. Measurements for clinical balance scales were Functional reach test (both side), the Lateral reach test (both side) and One leg standing test (both legs). Results : The results were as follows. There were positive strong correlation between major curve direction and left-right sway angle, sway path, maximal sway velocity. There were negative strong correlation between the functional reach and left-right sway angle, sway area, sway path, maximal sway velocity. And the lateral reach were also showed negative strong correlation parameters of balance performance monitor. One leg standing were negatively correlated with left-right sway angle, sway path, maximal sway velocity. Conclusion : The clinical balance scales will be useful tools for balance measurements, and basic tools for clinical setting for patient with AIS.

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The Effect of Modified Reverse-Six Taping on the Balance and Gait Performance in Pes Planus - Pilot study (수정된 리버스 식스 테이핑 적용이 편평족의 균형과 보행에 미치는 영향 - 사전연구)

  • Yang, Seong-hwa;Shin, Young-il;Lee, Jun-young
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2016
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of modified reverse-six taping on the balance and gait performance in Pes Planus. Methods: A total of twelve subjects (4 males, 8 females) in Pes Planus participated in this study. Navicular drop test was used to evaluate Pes Planus. Balance performance(anterior-posterior; A-P, medial-lateral; M-L), overall) was evaluated using the Biodex balance system in two difference condition(no-taping, with reverse-six taping). Gait performance (cadence, velocity) was evaluated using GAITRite System in two difference condition (no-taping, with reverse-six taping). Results: There were significant improvements of A-P and overall in the balance performance after using reverse-six taping (p<.05). there was no significant improvements of M-L balance performance. and, there were no statistical difference of cadence and velocity in the gait performance after using reverse-six taping. Conclusions: This study found that modified reverse-six taping in Pes Planus was improve the balance performance. but dose not affect the gait performance.

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Effects of Short-Term Intensive Balance Training for the Performance Ability of Lower Extremities in the Elderly (노인의 단기집중 균형훈련이 하지수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Soon-Mi;An, Duk-Hyun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study was to discern the effects of a balance training program on the performance of lower extremities in order to improve strength (muscle power, flexibility, walking power), balance control and walking ability in the elderly. The subjects selected were aged 65 years and over, with no known relevant medical history that may disturb their balance, and have also been visiting the Gimhae Senior Welfare Center. The variable group consisted of 30 subjects, of whom were people who had been participating in balance training programs (One Leg Standing; OLS, Functional Reach; FR, Timed Get Up and Go; TUG) as an intervention for 8 weeks 3 times per a week. They were examined in order to identify their balance control before and after. The control group consisted of thirty subjects who preferred to exercise without any intervention relating to balance training program. The subjects were measured before and after balance training in order to determine the effectiveness of exercise and the effectiveness of exercise combined with the aid of a Balance Performance Monitor. 1. Mean time on OLS test with left and right sided extremities in the experimental group was 35.44 sec, 42.10 sec longer than control group respectively. In FR tests applied to the left and right side, mean reaching distance was increased up to 5.56 cm, 6.73 cm in experimental group respectively. Mean time on TUG test from a chair in experimental group was decreased to 2.33 sec. 2. Mean value of decline in the level balance control, both left and right side, decreased to 2.24% as examined by the Balance Performance Monitor. Mean scores for sway level after balance training decrease to .98% and for balance control both anterior and posterior directions decreased to mean 1.07% and 1.44%, respectively.

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The Effects of Shoes Heel Height on EMG and Balance Performance (높은 굽이 균형 수행과 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, J.K.;Kim, M.J.;Kim, S.R.;Oh, T.Y.
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high heeled shoes on the static & dynamic balance performance and electromyography(EMG) of back and lower extremity muscles. Materials & Methods : Sixteen women participated in this study. Subjects were composed two groups with LL shoes group and higher heel shoes group. We carried out Romberg's test and muscle activity of left and right Paraspinalis, Quadriceps femoris, Tibialis anterior, Gastrocnemius muscles by EMG in order to determine static balance performance according heel height. Using by Biorescue(Incenierie company), we trained subject to transfer of COG each direction(Anterior, posterior, Right, Left), we carried out this test for distance, surface, distance/surface in order to determine dynamic balance performance according heel height. The data were analyzed by independent t-test between lower and high heel height using SPSS(ver. 17.0)/PC program. Results : There was significant difference of distance(p<.05) of weight perturbation between lower and high group in dynamic balance performance and EMG value of left Gastrocnemius(p<.05), both Tibialis anterior(p<.05) muscle in static balance performance. Conclusions : Height of heel has effect on dynamic balance performance in distance of the Anterior, posterior direction. EMG of Gastrocnemius and Tibialis anterior muscles were affected by Romberg's test.

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An Effect of Work and Life Balance of Startup: Focus on Organizational Pride and Job Satisfaction (창업기업의 일과 삶의 균형 효과: 조직 자부심과 업무 만족)

  • Park, Jun-Gi;Shim, Jae-Sub
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.95-112
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    • 2019
  • It is important for the Startup team to enhance their employee's work & life balance in recent ages. this study is to research the effect of work & life balance on organizational pride, job satisfaction and performance. Also, we explore how the organizational climate which compose with autonomy, leader's support and trust affects work & life balance. This study analyzed the path effect with PLS method using data from 151 Startup teams. The results of analysis are as follows. First, it was confirmed that supervisor's support, trust of team climate positively influence work & life balance but autonomy is not confirmed to have the relationship with work & life balance. Second, work & life balance have a positive effect on organizational pride and job satisfaction. In addition, this study shows that organizational pride and job satisfaction have the relationship between work & life balance and team performance. Also, Startup team managing the work & life balance will get better performance and retain the competition.