• Title, Summary, Keyword: Balance test

Search Result 1,734, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

The Effect of Balance Training With Upper Extremity Exercise on the Improvement of Balance Performance After Stroke

  • Song, Ju-Min;Kim, Soo-Min;Kim, Jin-Sang
    • Physical Therapy Korea
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.75-83
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance training with upper extremity exercise on the improvement of balance performance in people who have had a stroke. Eighteen candidates who have all experienced a stroke, were living in Dong-Gu, Ulsan and were participating in a community based rehabilitation program, have been included in this study. The program was conducted three times weekly, 1 hour per session, for 7 consecutive weeks. Subjects were tested with 7 m and 100 m Timed Gait Test (sec), Timed Get Up and Go Test (sec), Functional Reach Test (cm) and 5 items of Berg's Balance Test at pre-training and post-training. Total balance index and balance ratios were measured by K.A.T. 3000. The balance training program performed by sitting on a chair and gymnastic ball and standing on stable and unstable surfaces during upper extremity exercises such as Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) upper extremity pattern, picking a ball up from floor, throwing and catching it. After seven weekends of balance training, subjects showed a significant difference in balance test results. The exceptions were three items of Berg's Balance Test (p<.05). Balance index score and affected and unaffected side balance ratio had a larger improvement than pre-training (p<.05). The result of this study showed that intervention of this balance training program could improve the balance performance in people who have had a stroke.

  • PDF

The Correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index the Berg Balance Scale and Timed Up & Go Test in people with stroke (뇌졸중 환자에서 Dynamic Gait Index와 Berg Balance Scale 및 Timed Up & Go 검사간의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Hwang, Byoung-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-8
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) scores, Timed Up & Go Test(TUG), and subject characteristics. The subjects were fifteen stroke with hemiplegia were chosen in the Konyang University Hospital. Dynamic balance was measured Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), and balance was measured using Berg Balance Scale(BBS). Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) was used to evaluate functional mobility. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation. There was significant correlated among Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Timed Up & Go Test(TUG)(p<.01). The correlation among subject characteristics and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in r = -.527 from Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and pathogenesis(p<.05). There were no significant statistical differences among the types of spasticity and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG). The comparison among the sex, type of hemiplegia, pain, pathogenesis and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in pathogenesis(p<.05). The results of this study showed that there was high correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and balance test of people with stroke.

  • PDF

Reliability and Concurrent Validity of the Balance Evaluation using Space Balance 3D and Tinetti Mobility Test in Subacute Stroke Patients (아급성 뇌졸중 환자에서 Space Balance 3D와 Tinetti Mobility Test를 이용한 균형 능력 평가의 신뢰도 및 동시타당도 연구)

  • Choi, Ji-Min;Lee, Jong-Hoon;Ha, Hyun-Geun;Kim, Yang-Gu;Kim, Yun-Hee;Bae, Young-Hyeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.8
    • /
    • pp.264-273
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability and the concurrent validity between tinetti mobility test (TMT), berg balance scale (BBS) and space balance 3D which is one of the computerized measurement and visual feedback balance assessment system in subacute stroke patients. Twenty three ambulatory acute stroke subjects were measured the TMT, BBS and space balance 3D. The test-retest reliability(intra-class correlation coefficient: ICC) indicated that the static and dynamic balance in space balance 3D considered moderate reliability and TMT, BBS were good reliability. In case of concurrent validity, there were moderate validity (p<.01) between static balance test with space balance 3D and each TMT, BBS. But there were only poor validity (p<.05) between center to forward-left, center to backward-left phase in dynamic balance test with space balance 3D and each TMT, BBS. These findings suggest that in subacute stroke patients the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity using the space balance 3D and TMT were valuable in balance test but there was limitation to evaluate dynamic balance test.

Effects of Dual Task Training on Balance and Functional Performance in High School Soccer Players with Functional Ankle Instability

  • Kwak, Kwang-Il;Choi, Bum-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.254-258
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of dual task training on balance and functional performance in high school soccer players with functional ankle instability. Methods: Twenty high school soccer players with functional ankle instability were randomly assigned to a single task training group and a dual task training group. One participant who did not participate regularly in the training was excluded. The single task training group (n=9) received balance training on an unstable surface. The dual task training group (n=10) received balance training on an unstable surface and had to catch thrown balls during the balance training. Both groups were trained for 4 weeks, 3 days a week. The balance and functional performance of both groups was measured before and after training. Balance was measured using an anterior-posterior and medio-lateral balance. Functional performance was measured based on a figure-of-8 hop test, up-down hop test, and a single hop test. All data were analyzed by repeated two-way ANOVA tests. Results: A time by group interaction effect was not observed in the medio-lateral balance test, figure-of-8 hop test, or single hop test (p>0.05). A time by group interaction effect was observed in the anterior-posterior balance and up-down hop test (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that dual task training improved balance and functional performance better than single task training for some items.

Effect of Traditional Balance Training on Balance in Older Adults (전통적 균형훈련이 노인의 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seung-Eun;Bae, Sung-Soo;Kim, Soo-Min;Kim, Chul-Yong;Song, Joo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.77-92
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose : This study was to evaluate the effect of traditional balance training on balance in older adults. Methods : The subjects of this study were thirty elderly over 65 years old. Thirty subjects ranging aged from 66 to 85($74.0{\pm}5.83$) completed the study and participated three times a week for 5weeks. Subjects were assessed by utilizing two different balance measure : Static standing balance was measured by balance performance monitor(BPM). Dynamic balance was measured by timed up and go test(TUG). The scale for static standing balance was measured by using frequence(Hz), sway area($mm^2$), sway path(mm), max sway velocity(mm/s), ant/post sway angle($^{\circ}$), left/right sway angle($^{\circ}$), and sway number. Results : The change in frequency were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test(P<.05), 2. The change in sway area were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test (P<.05), 3. The change in sway path were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test(P<.05), 4. The change in max sway velocity were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test (P<.05), 5. The change in ant/post sway angle were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test (P<.05), 6. The change in left/right sway angle were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test(P<.05), 7. The change in sway number were statistically significant on pre-test and post-test(P<.05), 8. The score on timed up and go test shows statistically significant increase on pre-test and post-test (P<.05). Conclusion : This study suggest that traditional balance training have an effect on balance performance ability for elderly people. Therefore, the traditional balance training is recommended for older adults to improve balance performance ability.

  • PDF

Effect of Balance Performance in the Elderly by the Strengthening Exercise (근력강화운동이 노인의 균형수행력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim On-Ju;Lee Han-Suk;Kim Jong-Youl;Bae Sung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.149-161
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of study wan to compare the effect of balance performance in the elderly by the strengthening exercise. Thirty-one health elderly women aged 60 to 79 years participated in this study. Participants were divided into exercise(21) and control group(10). Exercise participants received strengthening exercise for 45 minutes in three times a week for 6 weeks while control subjects continued their normal activities, Exercise included resisted hip flexion, extension, abduction and adduction, knee flexion and extension, ankle dorsiflexion and plantrarflexion. All subjects were assessmented clinical test of sensory interaction and balance. one leg stance test, Berg balance test. Exercise and control subjects were teated before, midway through, and at the end of the trial. These collected data were analyzed by using oneway and repeated ANOVA, scheffe's test, 1-test and correlation. The results of this study were as fellows. 1. There were statistically significant difference in balance performance clinical teat of sensory interaction, and balance(p<.01), one leg stance test(p<.05), Berg balance test(p<.05) by the strengthening exercise. 2. There was correlation between static balance and dynamic balance(p<.01). 3. There was correlation between static balance and weight(p<.05), dynamic balance and height(p<.01), and weight(p<.01).

  • PDF

The Relationship between Balance Test and Fear of Falling in Community Dwelling Elderly (지역 거주 노인의 균형 능력과 낙상 공포감의 관계)

  • Jung, Mi-Suk;Park, Ji-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-28
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between the faller and the non-faller in the test for balance and fear of falling. This was also done to determine whether the balance and the fear of falling are correlated in the elderly. Method: Forty eight subjects participated in this study, who attended the senior center in Daegu. Prior to the test, demographic data was collected. As for the balance test, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up & Go (TUG), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Functional Reach Test (FRT), and One Leg Stance (OLS) were used. For measuring the fear of falling, Falls Efficacy Scale (FES) and Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) were used. Independent t-test and Pearson's correlation was performed using PASW 18.0 for windows. Result: All balance tests, except OLS, and fear of falling could discriminate between the faller and the non-faller. There existed a significant correlation between some balance test and fear of falling (r=0.64~0.86). Conclusion: The findings indicate that assessing the falling in the elderly, there needs to be a consideration of multiple aspects including the fear of falling and not only the balance test.

Effect of Action Observation Training Using Y-Balance on Balance Capability in Young Adults

  • Son, Sung Min;Kang, Kyung Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.65-69
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of action-observation training using the Y-Balance on the balance ability of young adults. Methods: Thirty-four healthy adults were randomized into an action-observation group (n=17) or a control group (n=17). All subjects performed the Y-Balance test before and after watching the video. The action observation group watched a video of someone performing a Y-Balance test, and the control group watched a video of scenery unrelated to the training. The subjects were measured through a Y-Balance test for both the length of the legs extended in three directions and the Y-balance composite score. Results: A significant difference in the Y-balance composite score was observed between the two groups. A part of the direction of the extended leg in the action observation group was increased significantly (posteromedial direction of the right leg, posterolateral direction of the right leg, posteromedial direction of left leg) compared to the control group. Conclusion: These results suggest that action observation training only could help improve balance.

The study of correlations between clinical balance scales and balance performance monitor parameters in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (청소년기 특발성 척추측만증 환자의 임상적 균형 평가지수와 균형 수행 모니터 측정값의 상관성 연구)

  • Shin, Seung-Sub
    • PNF and Movement
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.39-47
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between clinical balance scales and Balance Performance Monitor parameters in patient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods : Twenty AIS subjects (age, $14.26{\pm}1.93yrs$; height, $160.56{\pm}7.98cm$; weight, $47.54{\pm}6.94kg$)were participated in this study. Postural sway(mean balance, sway angle, sway area, sway path, maximal sway velocity) were were evaluated by balance performance monitor. Measurements for clinical balance scales were Functional reach test (both side), the Lateral reach test (both side) and One leg standing test (both legs). Results : The results were as follows. There were positive strong correlation between major curve direction and left-right sway angle, sway path, maximal sway velocity. There were negative strong correlation between the functional reach and left-right sway angle, sway area, sway path, maximal sway velocity. And the lateral reach were also showed negative strong correlation parameters of balance performance monitor. One leg standing were negatively correlated with left-right sway angle, sway path, maximal sway velocity. Conclusion : The clinical balance scales will be useful tools for balance measurements, and basic tools for clinical setting for patient with AIS.

  • PDF

Validating the Berg Balance Test for Patients with Parkinson's Disease (파킨슨병 환자에서 낙상군과 비낙상군에 대한 버그균형검사의 타당도)

  • Cho, Gyu-Hang;Woo, Young-Keun;Hwang, Su-Jin
    • PNF and Movement
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.31-39
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the criterion-related validity of the Berg balance test between fallers and non-fallers in individuals with Parkinson's disease. Methods : Thirty-one patients were recruited for this study. Their initial diagnosis had been made on average $30.1{\pm}10.1$ years earlier. Score of Berg balance test showed significant correlations with indicators of motor functioning and daily living capacity. Berg balance test score was inversely associated with the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale-motor score, and Schwab and England activities of daily living rating scale. Results : In all 3 correlations, lower scores on the Berg balance test correlated with higher unified Parkinson's disease rating scale-motor scores. Results support the criterion-related validity of the Berg balance test. Conclusion : Our research results agree with other published research in suggesting that the Berg balance test may be used as a screening tool and ongoing assessment tool for patients with Parkinson's disease.

  • PDF