• Title, Summary, Keyword: Biceps brachii

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The Study of Muscle Activity for the Upper Extremity over Morto-Seoinage(Two-handed shoulder throw) in Judo (유도 양손 업어치기 시 상지근의 근 활성도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Tae;Cho, Young-Je;Lee, Deck-Young
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is Muscle Activity for the Upper Extremity and Morto-Seoinage(Two-handed shoulder throw) according to performance levels and elite judo players (G1) and non-elite judo players, namely university players (G2). To achieve this purpose, three players in G1 whose main special skill was Morote-Seoinage and three university judo players(G2) were selected as comparative group. After analysing this study, conclusions were derived as follows. 1. Muscle activity of musculi membri superious to group of Kuzushi to Tsukuri was the highest in left biceps brachii and right biceps brachii in order. On the other hand, G2 was the highest in left biceps brachii and left flexer carpi randialis in order. 2. Intergral electromyogram of according to the phase showed right triceps 1P of left flexer carpi radialis. G1 and G2 of showed left biceps brachii was the highest in 1P and 2P. As a result, extra training of left flexer carpi radialis and left biceps brachii is needed.

Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Muscle Irradiation Patterns of the Affected Side of in Stroke Patients: A Preliminary Study (뇌졸중 환자에서 고유수용성신경근촉진법이 환측 근육의 방사형태에 미치는 영향: 사전연구)

  • Kim, Won-Ho
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the irradiation pattern of muscles on the affected side in stroke patients after application of diagonal 2 extension (D2 ex) proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in the unaffected upper extremity. Seven stroke patients participated. Electromyographic activities were recorded in the iliopsoas, biceps brachii, and triceps brachii were recorded by surface electrodes at rest, D2 ex with knee extension, and D2 ex with knee 90 flexion, normalized by maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) values. The medial frequencies of biceps brachii in both sides were also measured to compare muscle type recruited. %MVIC of biceps brachii and triceps brachii were significantly higher in D2 ex than at rest (p<.05). There was no difference in median frequency of biceps brachii between the affected and unaffected side (p>.05). This suggests that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation using D2 ex may improve muscle activities of the paretic side and that the irritation pattern of the affected side may respond to maintain body equilibrium according to movement of the sound side.

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Comparative Analysis of Muscle Activities for Upper Extremity During Resistance Exercises Using Variable and Elastic Loads (가변부하 및 탄성부하를 이용한 저항성 기구 운동 시 발현되는 상지근육의 근 활동치 비교분석)

  • Lim, Young-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2006
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze and compare EMG activities of the pectoralis major, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and brachioradialis muscles during biceps curls using a VRT device and an elastic tubing. Fifteen male college students were recruited as subjects and they performed 10-RM and 20-RM biceps curls. For each load and device condition, the mean and peak normalized EMG levels during different phases of a biceps curl were computed. For each load and phase, paired t-test (p.05) was used to find the significant difference between two devices. ANOVA with repeated measures was also used to find the significant difference among phases in terms of EMG values for each muscle. For each load and device condition, the peak and mean EMG levels during different phases of a biceps curl were computed The significant differences between devices were found in biceps brachii for EA, MD, LD phases, and triceps brachii muscles for all phases, respectively. However, no differences were found among phases for any muscle. This indicated that elastic band could have a similar characteristics of VRT. High antagonistic muscle activity as a function of injury prevention which found particularly in VRT device may suggest that elastic tubing can be a safer training device than VRT. This also imply that elastic tubing could be very effective as a home exercise tool for rehabilitation patients and elderly people.

An Analysis of Muscular Activity of the Long and Short Heads of Biceps Brachii Muscle According to the Elbow Flexion Angle (위팔두갈래근의 긴갈래와 짧은갈래의 팔굽관절 굽힘 각도에 따른 근활성도 분석)

  • Kim, Jeong-Wook;Park, Min-Chull
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the impact of resistance on the muscle activities of the long and short heads of the biceps brachii, according to the elbow angle in supination, and the difference in muscle activity between the long and the short heads. Methods: This study was conducted with 22 men in their 20s who voluntarily agreed to participate. With the glenohumeral joint neutral in a position of supination, the elbow angle was randomly moved to 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90°. Using an 8-channel surface EMG while the participants held a 2-kg. dumbbell, the muscle activities of the long and the short heads of the biceps brachii were measured. The measured data were statistically processed using SPSS for Windows 12.0. For the activities of the short and the long heads according to the angle, a one-way ANOVA was conducted, and subsequently, to check the results of an analysis of the difference between groups, an LSD post-hoc test was conducted. An independent t-test was used to compare the activities of the long head and the short head according to the angles. Results: The analysis of the impact of the load of the dumbbell at each elbow angle on the muscle activities of the long and short heads of the biceps brachii revealed significant differences in both heads (p < 0.05). The result of the post-hoc analysis showed significant differences in both heads at angles between 0° and 30°, between 0° and 60°, and between 0° and 90°. Analysis of the impact of the load of the dumbbell in supination on the muscle activities of the long and short heads showed a significant difference at the angle between 0° and 30° (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The long head of the biceps brachii mainly acts in supination; however, in supination at elbow-bending angles of 60° and 90°, there was no difference in muscle activity between the short head and the long head.

Three Cases of Rare Anatomic Variations of the Long Head of Biceps Brachii

  • Kwak, Sang-Ho;Lee, Seung-Jun;Song, Byung Wook;Lee, Min-Soo;Suh, Kuen Tak
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2015
  • In general, the long head of the biceps brachii originates from the superior glenoid labrum and the supraglenoid tubercle, crosses the rotator cuff interval, and extends into the bicipital groove. However, rare anatomic variations of the origins of the long head have been reported in the past. In this report, we review the clinical history, radiologic findings, and arthroscopic identifications of 3 anatomic variants of the biceps tendon long head. As the detection of long head of biceps tendon pathology during preoperative radiologic assessment can be difficult without prior knowledge, surgeons should be aware of such possible anatomic variations.

Effects of Tire Pressure on Biceps Brachii and Triceps Brachii Activity When Operating a Manual Wheelchair

  • Lee, Sang-Yeol;Lee, Su-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.55-58
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: This study was measured the differences in the flexor and extensor muscle activities of the elbow joints based on the tire pressure of wheelchairs during propulsion, investigating the optimal tire pressure for improving occupants' propulsion and avoiding related injury. METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers (10 men aged $23.1{\pm}1.9years$, weight: $67.9{\pm}3.4kg$, height: $175.1{\pm}2.7cm$) took part in the study. The mean values used in the statistical process were obtained from values measured while a subject sitting on a wheelchair propelled himself forward for 10 meters on a flat floor at maximum speed. The tire pressure of the wheelchairs was set at 100 psi, 50 psi, and 25 psi. All of the subjects performed wheelchair propulsion for each pressure. This study was measured the activation of the biceps brachii and triceps brachii muscles on the dominant side during wheelchair propulsion. The measured data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) via the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 12.0 for Windows to compare the muscle activity. RESULTS: The muscle activities of the biceps brachii and triceps brachii were significant differences between each pressure group. The post hoc test found statistically significant differences between 100 psi and 50 psi and 100 psi and 25 psi for the biceps brachii and triceps brachii muscles, respectively. CONCLUSION: The maintaining proper tire pressure in a wheelchair may help to prevent overuse syndrome in the occupant's elbow joints.

A Study on Muscle Architectural and Tissue Compliance of Biceps Brachii in Stroke Patient Based on Elbow Joint Angle (뇌졸중 환자에서 주관절 각도 변화에 따른 상완이두근의 근구조 및 탄성 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Sea-Hyun;Jeong, Chan-Joo;Kim, Kyung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.5867-5874
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study was to find on muscle architectural and tissue compliance of biceps brachii in stroke patient based on elbow joint angle. The subjects of this study were twelve hemiplegic adults after stroke with passive range of motion in the elbow from $10^{\circ}$ to $90^{\circ}$ and Modified Ashworth Scale score 1 to 3 were recruited. Ultrasonography and Myotonometer was used to measure biceps brachii muscle pennation angle, fascicle length, and tissue compliance at the rest condition and pennation angle, fascicle length, and tissue compliance of the biceps brachii muscle were measured in the affected and unaffected sides of people after stroke at 9 different elbow angles ranging from $10^{\circ}$ to $90^{\circ}$ at the rest condition. The results of this study, comparisons found that the pennation angles of the affected biceps brachii muscle were significantly larger(p<.05) than the unaffected muscle in the most extended positions($<40^{\circ}$), whereas the affected fascicle lengths were significantly shorter(p<.05) than the unaffected muscle in most flexed positions($>20^{\circ}$), and the affected tissue compliance were significantly lower(p<.05) than the unaffected muscle in most extended positions($<50^{\circ}$) Therefore, pennation angles, fascicle lengths, and tissue compliance were found to be joint-angle-dependent in both the affected and unaffected sides at the rest condition. Suggest that, the results data can be used as a muscle architectural changes and clinical treatment research in stroke patients.

Surface EMG Verification according to the Electrode Location in Biceps Brachii during Arm Curl Isometric Exercise (암컬 등척성 운동 시 상완이두근에서의 EMG 전극 위치에 따른 근 활성 검증)

  • Park, Hyo Eun;Hong, Ah Reum;So, Jae Moo
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the muscle activity by electrode location in the biceps brachii during the arm curl isometric exercise and to provide the basic data needed to develop the proper electrode location of the biceps brachii based on the study results comparing the muscle activity by the angle of the elbow joint. Method: 17 adult males (Age: 21.50±4.63 yrs, height: 175.29±5.97 cm, weight: 63.79±15.31 kg, upper-arm length: 30.10±1.22 cm) participated in the study. In the arm curls isometric exercise, the experiment was divided into 1st and 2nd steps to compare muscle activity according to electrode location in the biceps brachii and muscle activity according to elbow angle change. In the first experiment, the surface electrode was attached at one-third point on the line from medial acromion to cubital fossa, according to the measurement method indicated by SENIAM. The elbow angle was set to 90°. In the second experiment, according to the proposed method of this study, the electrodes were separated at one finger's width in the left and right direction at one-third point on the line from medial acromion to cubital fossa, attached at the long head and short head. From the long head electrode, in about a width of two fingers in proximal direction, a total of three electrodes were attached at the myotendinal junction of the long head. The elbow angles were set as 70°, 90°, and 110°, and the isometric exercise (100% MVC) for 5 seconds was maintained with keeping the forearm and the rope to be 90° for the first and second experiments. Results: During the arm curl isometric exercise, there was no significant difference in SH and SENIAM proposition location proposed by this researcher. LH was shown to be lower than the muscle activity of the location proposed by SENIAM and there were significant (p<.01) differences. MJ appeared lower than the muscle activity of the location proposed by SENIAM and there were significant (p<.001) differences. The muscle activity by the elbow joint angle of SH in the biceps brachii was shown in large order of 70°<90°<110°, but there was no significant difference. The muscle activity by the elbow joint angle of LH was shown in large order of 90°<70°<110°, but there was no significant difference. The muscle activity by the elbow joint angle of MJ was shown in large order of 110°<90°<70°, but there was no significant difference. Conclusion: During the arm curl isometric exercise of the biceps brachii, it is judged appropriate to attach surface electrodes to the location proposed by SENIAM.

Effects of Mental Practice on the Muscle Strengthening of the Hemiplegic Patients (상상연습이 편마비 환자의 근력증가에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun-Young;Chung, Bo-In
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mental practice on biceps brachii muscle strengthening in 3 poststroke hemiplegia patients along with multiple baseline design across subjects. The mental practice adopted for this experiment involved imagery training to practice elbow flexion, which last 12 to 16 sessions with 30 minutes each session. Maximal muscle activities was measured pre- and post-mental practice to evaluate the strength of biceps brachii. The strength of biceps brachii was measured by surface-EMG. The results were: In the subject 1, 73.92 mV (pre-) and 127.56 mV (post-); in the subject 2, 147.60 mV (pre-) and 202.85 mV (post-); and in the subject 3, 20.75 mV (pre-) and 27.92 mV (post-). The results indicate that a simple mental practice is a useful method to strengthen biceps brachii muscle in hemiplegic patients.

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The Effects of Angular Velocity on Muscle strength of Biceps brachii (등속성 운동 시 각속도의 변화가 위팔두갈래근의 근력에 미치는 영향)

  • Bang, Hyun-Soo;Kim, Jin-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2009
  • Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of angular velocity on muscle strength of biceps brachii. Methods:Subjects was classified into two groups, which were $60^{\circ}/sec$ angular velocity group(n=15) and $240^{\circ}/sec$ angular velocity group(n=15). Each group was applied to perform the isokinetic exercises on flexion muscle group for each 10 times in 3 set(3 days per a week for 2 weeks). Muscle strength was measured using peak torque of biceps brachii. Results:The results were as follows: The peak torque was significantly increased after $60^{\circ}/sec$ angular velocity isokinetic exercise application(p<.05), however, it was not significantly after $240^{\circ}/sec$ angular velocity isokinetic exercise application(p>.05). Conclusions:This study showed that $60^{\circ}/sec$ angular velocity isokinetic exercise application were effective treatment strategy on increase of muscle strength. Therefore, it could be considered as a treatment method in the athlete and patients with musculoskeletal disease.

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