• Title, Summary, Keyword: Biceps brachii

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The Immediate Effect of Maitland Cervical Spine Mobilization on Tone and Stiffness of Upper Limb Muscles in Chronic Stroke Patients (메이틀랜드 목뼈 가동술이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 팔 긴장도 및 뻣뻣함에 미치는 즉각적인 영향)

  • Park, Shin-jun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2018
  • Background: After a stroke, the patient may have abnormal muscle tone due to abnormal alignment. Physical therapists have used stretching, neural mobilization other methods to treat patients after stroke. In addition, joint mobilization is also used to stimulation in pathway of cervical segmental region and to normal cervical spine alignment. Objects: The purpose of this study was to determine whether Maitland cervical spine mobilization has an immediate effect on muscle tone and stiffness of upper extremity. Methods: Thirty subjects were divided into a experimental group ($n_1=10$), a placebo group ($n_2=10$), and a control group ($n_3=10$). The Maitland cervical spine mobilization was applied in the supine position. Immediately after the intervention, muscle tone and stiffness of biceps brachii, brachioradialis, deltoid, and pectoralis major were measured using Myoton(R)PRO. In the placebo group, sham mobilization was applied to the fifth and sixth cervical vertebra, and the control group was instructed to control breathing. Results: In the experimental group, significant differences were found in muscle tone and stiffness of biceps brachii and brachioradialis in comparison with the affected side and the non-affected side before the intervention (p<.05), whereas there was no significant difference after the intervention (p>.05). Muscle tone of biceps brachii on the non-affected side and pectoralis major on the affected side was significantly decreased before and after the intervention (p<.05). The placebo and control group showed no changes on the non-affected and affected side, and no significant differences were detected before and after the intervention. All the groups revealed no significant differences in muscle tone and stiffness of upper extremity before and after the intervention. Conclusion: This study suggests that the application of Maitland cervical spine mobilization enhanced muscle tone of upper extremity on the involved side symmetrically, and influenced a decrease in muscle tone.

Tenodesis of Long Head of the Biceps Brachii Tendon with Bioabsorbable Interference Screw (체내 흡수성 간섭 나사를 이용한 상완 이두건 장두건 고정술의 임상적 결과)

  • Yum, Jae-Kwang;Sin, Yong-Woon;Lee, Sang-Jin
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.78-83
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study reports the clinical results of the tenodesis of long head of the Biceps brachii tendon with bioabsorbable interference screw by minimal open procedure. Materials and Methods: Ten cases of 10 patients (7 male, 3 female) were included in this study. The average age was 45.8 years old and the average period from the symptom onset to operation was 13.7 months. Average preoperative ASES score was 38.5. The causes of injury was; sports activities in 4 patients, unknown in 4 patients, industrial accident in 1 patient and traffic accident in 1 patient. The average follow up period was 12.1 months. Tenodesis with bioabsorbable interference screw by minimal open precedure was performed in all cases. Results: The ASES score improved to 87.5 at last follow up period and 6 cases had full range of motion of the shoulder. 4 cases had mild limited range of motion of the shoulder without any problem in normal daily activity. Conclusion: It was assumed that tenodesis of long head of the biceps brachii tendon with bioabsorbable interference screw by minimal open precedure was one of the good methods with good clinical results.

The reliability of dual rehabilitative ultrasound imaging measurements for muscle co-activation

  • Hahn, Joohee;Ha, Hyun-Geun;Lee, Hwang-Jae;Lim, Seungyeop;Lee, Wan-hee
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the dual rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (D-RUSI) when simultaneously measuring muscle thickness changes at rest and during co-contraction of the biceps brachii (BB) and triceps brachii (TB). Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: This study included 36 healthy participants (23 men, 13 women). The participants sat on a chair in a comfortable position with a cushion placed under their elbow to maintain a 90-degree elbow flexion angle. The muscle thickness of the biceps brachii and triceps brachii was measured twice using the D-RUSI by two examiners during resting and co-contraction states. One week later, the same procedure was performed once again. Results: The intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) for intra-rater reliability ranged from 0.887 to 0.989 and the confidence interval was within an acceptable range of 0.778 to 0.994. The standard error of measurement (SEM) values ranged from 0.303 to 0.866 and the minimal detectable change (MDC) values ranged from 0.84 to 2.40. The ICCs for inter-rater reliability ranged from 0.758 to 0.925. The SEM values ranged from 0.702 to 1.486 and the MDC values ranged from 1.95 to 4.12. Conclusions: The use of the D-RUSI of the BB muscle had a very good intra-rater reliability and very good inter-rater reliability at the resting state, and a, good inter-rater reliability at the co-activation state. ICC values showed very good intra-reliability and inter-reliability for the TB muscle. the D-RUSI is a useful tool for simultaneously measuring the thickness of two muscles when the BB is an agonist and the TB is an antagonist during co-activation of the upper arm.

Electromyographic Analysis of the Biceps Brachii during Provocative Tests (상완 이두 건 병변에 대한 유발 검사시의 근전도 분석)

  • Lee Young-Soo;Shin Dong-Rae;Cho Sang-Hyun;Nam Ki-Sun;Kim Sung-Jae
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.170-177
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    • 1999
  • The electromyographic activity of four muscles(biceps, supraspinatus, infraspinatus and subscapularis) was mea­sured from non-dominant shoulders of 12 volunteers by six different provocative test for the biceps pathology. The provocative tests were Speed, Yergason, Ludington, Heuter, O'Brien and the abduction-extension test. Each test was performed in a force of 30% of maximal voluntary contraction. The levels of activity of the biceps were higher than those of the other rotator cuff muscles only in Speed's test: 28% in the biceps, 26% in the infraspinatus, 25% in the supraspinatus and 21 % in the subscapularis. The levels of activity of the biceps as a percent of MMT(maximal manual test) were higher in Speed's(42%) and O'Brien's test with the arm supinatecl(42%). Speed's test can isolate the activity of biceps better than the other tests but it is a nonspecific test by which the biceps tendon was also activated within other rotator cuff muscles.

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Short-Term Results of Subpectoral Tenodesis of the Proximal Biceps Tendon Using by Interference Screw (간섭나사를 이용한 흉근하 상완 이두근 건 고정술의 단기 추시 결과)

  • Kim, Jeong-Woo;Kang, Hong-Je
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Our purpose was to retrospectively analyze clinical results of subpectoral tenodesis of the proximal biceps tendon using an interference screw. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 23 cases of patients receiving tenodesis of the proximal biceps tendon between January 2008 and January 2009 for whom we had follow-up data for at least 1 year. Twenty-three cases were operated on using subpectoral tenodesis; 16 of these cases had a rotator cuff tear. The results were judged using a visual analog scale (VAS), ASES, tenderness on the biceps groove, fixation failure and the degree of deformity (BAD). Results: VAS and ASES scores were significantly improved in all patients by the time of the final observation. There were no significant complications or fixation failures. The patients without a tear of the rotator cuff had a better result than patients with a tear of the rotator cuff, but the difference between the two groups was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: In patients with pathology of the long head of the biceps brachii, benefits of subpectoral interference screw tenodesis include pain relief, maintenance of functional biceps, muscle strength, and cosmesis. Subpectoral biceps tenodesis using interference screw fixation appears to be a promising, reproducible, reliable technique for addressing anterior shoulder pain related to pathology of the long head of the biceps brachii.

Diagnostic Consistency between Sonoelastography and Conventional Sonography of Long Head of the Biceps

  • Yoon, Sunghyun;Seo, Joong-Bae;Yoo, Jae-Sung;Ryu, Jee-Won
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2014
  • Background: Sonoelastography (SE) is a new technique that can assess differences in tissue stiffness, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of SE to assess the long head of biceps tendon alteration. Methods: Forty shoulders of 36 consecutively registered patients with clinical symptoms and conventional ultrasonography findings of biceps tendinitis or tendinosis, and 40 asymptomatic shoulders of 20 healthy volunteers were assessed with SE. Transverse and longitudinal images of long head of biceps tendon were obtained using SE. SE images were performed by one orthopedic surgeon and evaluated by two orthopedic surgeons using an experimentally proven color grading system. Results: The transverse images of SE showed a sensitivity of 87.5%, a specificity of 95.0% and a accuracy of 91.3%, the longitudinal images of SE showed a sensitivity of 92.5%, a specificity of 90.0% and a accuracy of 91.3%. Inter-observer reliability of SE was in 'almost perfect agreement' with a weighted kappa coefficient of 0.83. Conclusions: SE is valuable in the detection of the intratendinous and peritendinous alterations of biceps tendon, and has excellent accuracy and excellent correlation with conventional ultrasound findings.

Characteristics of Median Frequency According to the Load During Fatiguing Isometric Exercise (등척성 운동시 운동강도에 따른 중앙주파수의 특성)

  • Lee, Su-Young;Shin, Hwa-Kyung;Cho, Sang-Hyun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.141-149
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    • 2003
  • Median frequency can be regarded as a valid indicator of local muscle fatigue. As local muscle fatigue develops, the muscle fiber conduction velocity decreases, the fast twitch fibers are recruited less, and consequently the median frequency shifts toward the lower frequency area. The aim of this study was to test the characteristics of the median frequency according to exercise load (30% and 60% of MVC on the biceps brachii, 40% and 80% of MVC on the vastus lateralis) during the fatiguing isometric exercise. Thirteen healthy male volunteer students of Yonsei University were recruited. After the testing maximal voluntary isometric contraction, three variables (initial median frequency, regression slope, fatigue index) from the regression line of MDF data were measured in each exercise load. The results showed that the regression slope and fatigue index were significantly different for the biceps brachii, but not for the vastus lateralis initial MDF was not significant difference according to the exercise load on both muscles. The regression slope and fatigue index could monitor physiologic muscle change during fatiguing isometric exercise. The results showed that two MDF variables reflect the local muscle fatigue according to the exercise load.

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A measurement method of muscle fiber conduction velocity for surface EMG signal of muscle diseased patient (근 질환자의 표면 근전도 신호에 대한 근섬유 전도속도 측정방법)

  • Lee, J.;Jung, J.K.;Shin, S.H.;Park, I.S.;Ko, H.Y.;Kim, S.H.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1997 no.11
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    • pp.35-38
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    • 1997
  • A new approach to the measurement of muscle fiber conduction velocity by surface electro-myography(EMG) is developed, based upon a robust time-delay estimation algorithm. Unlike previously reported methods, it does not require the Gaussian assumption of raw EMG signal, and can be applied accurately in non-gaussian impulsive EMG signal. For ive healthy subjects the conduction velocity in the biceps brachii and vastus medialis was measured and compared with various other techniques. As a result, the average muscle fiber conduction velocity was $4.59{\pm}0.20m/s$ in case of biceps brachii and $5.67{\pm}0.33m/s$ in vastus medialis.

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