• Title, Summary, Keyword: Biceps brachii

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Comparison of Ultrasonography on Both Sides of the Upper Extremity Muscle of Hemiplegic Patient (편마비환자 양측 상지근에 대한 초음파 영상 비교)

  • Seo, Sam-Ki;Lee, Jeong-Woo;Yoon, Se-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2007
  • This study aims to comparison of ultrasonography on both sides of the upper arm of hemiplegic patient. The biceps brachii and deltoid muscle of ten subjects(4 men, 6 women) with stroke were scanned with ultrasonography at the muscle belly at rest at elbow angles of 90 deg. The echogenicity(densit, white area index; WAI) and muscle thickness of ultrasonography was examined using real-time B-mode ultrasonography with 7.5 MHz linear-array prob. In the biceps brachii muscle, MHz there were significant differences of thickness, density, and WAI between affected side and non-affected side. In the deltoid muscle, there were significant differences of thickness, density, and WAI between affected side and non-affected side. Both of the muscles, thickness of the affected side was thin than non-affected side and echogenicity(density, WAI) of the affected side was higher than non-affected side. This study showed that change of skeletal muscle architecture properties occurred in the upper arm of the affected side muscle of hemiplegic patient.

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Reproducibility analysis of surface EMG spike variables during isometric voluntary contraction of the biceps brachii muscle (이두박근의 등척성 자의 수축시 표면근전도 신호에서 검출한 스파이크 변수들의 재현성 분석)

  • Lee, Jin
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.1246-1254
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    • 2009
  • The reproducibility of initial value and change over time of surface EMG spike variables(MSA, MSF, MSS, MSD) was investigated in the biceps brachii muscle of 11 healthy subjects. Surface EMG signals were recorded during sustained isometric voluntary contractions for 30 seconds at three contraction levels, 20%, 50%, and 80%MVC, respectively. Each contraction was repeated three times in each of three different days for a total of nine contractions and 99 contractions per %MVC level across the eleven subjects. A total of 297 EMG signals across the different trials, days, subjects, and %MVC levels was saved for the subsequent analysis. The degree of reproducibility was investigated using the intraclass correlation coefficient(ICC) and the standard error of the mean(SEM) based upon the analysis of variance(ANOVA), Results for intercept showed higher reproducibility of the spike variables with about 60%-98% ICC than the variable(ARV, MNF) which had been analyzed before in other researches. And results for slope showed poor reproducibility of the spike variables with about 30%-70% ICC and they were comparable with the variables of other researches.

A study on coupling effect during lifting (들기 작업시 손잡이의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 장성록;배동철
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2003
  • Despite rapid technological advance and increased automation facilities, many jobs and activities in our living require manual materials handling(MMH). These include wide variety of activities such as moving things, lifting bags. boxes or cartons, etc. Many studies found that handle could affect on maximum acceptable weight of lifting, but there were few studies f3r the effects of work posture and coupling in lifting tote box. This study performed that ten male college students were required to lift a tote box with and without handle for three postures (bending, straight, right angle posture). From the experiment, following results were obtained. (1) MVC reduced maximum 23% by type of handle. (2) MVC was highest in straight posture, but was lowest in right angle posture. (3) As a result of ANOVA, MVC paid attention to posture and coupling. (p<0.01) (4) To all handle types, biceps brachii activity was increased in right angle posture. but reduced in straight posture. (5) To all posture, biceps brachii activity was most lively in no handle. The results of MVC measurement, subjective rating, EMG analysis, statistic analysis showed that maximum acceptable weight of lifting was influenced by type of handle and straight posture was more comfortable than other postures. Based on these results, it was concluded that acceptable weight of lifting has to differ for work posture and coupling.

Change of Isometric Contractile Force and Muscle Activity Applying Heat according to the Time on Biceps Brachii Muscle

  • Jeon, Jae Keun;Kim, Sang Soo;Kang, Da Haeng;Kim, Bo Kyoung;Koo, Ja Pung;Moon, Ok Kon;Lee, Joon Hee
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.505-509
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    • 2013
  • This study has investigated the effect of isometric contractile force and muscle activity applying sperficial heat according to the time from the biceps brachii muscle. In this study, 20 university students participants without musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. By applying a hot pack 5min, 10min, 20min and 30min respectively. After that measurement are skin temperature, contractile force and muscle activity. Skin temperature of the hot 5 min applied that rapidly changing. Increasing the time it takes to apply a variance has been reduced(p<.001). Isometric contractile force was not statistically significant but highest when applying the hot pack 5 minutes and lowest when applying the hot pack 30 minutes(p<.001). Muscle activity and median frequency was highest when applying the hot pack 5 minutes. To analyze the above results, it was found that isometric contractile force and muscle activity changed according to the applying time. These result lead us to the conclusion that this study will be more evidence for changes in muscle contraction to apply hot pack on clinic.

Muscle Activity Analysis According to Shoulder Injury of Golf Drive Swing (어깨 손상에 따른 골프 드라이버 스윙의 근활성도 분석)

  • Park, Jong-Yul
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.301-309
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    • 2015
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to describe the correlation between the activity of the muscles of upper and lower limbs of a golf driver swing according to shoulder injury. Method : The subjects were 18 professional golfers (7 male in KPGA and 11 female in KLPGA). Using surface electromyography, we evaluated muscle activities during the golf drive swing. Surface electrodes were used to record the level of muscle activity in the left Deltoid(MD), Triceps Brachii(TB), Pectoralis(PM), Trapezius(UT), Rectus Femoris(RF), Vastus Medialis Obilique(VMO), Biceps Femoris(BF), Gastrocnemius(GCM) muscles during the golfer's swing. The golf swing was divided into five phases: take away, forward swing, acceleration, early follow through, late follow through. Results : The results can be summarized as follows: MD, VMO had statistically significant difference in take away phases, GCM had statistically significant difference in acceleration phases, MD, PM, VMO had statistically significant difference in early follow through phases, PM had statistically significant difference in late follow through phases, Conclusion : Muscle activity of the 8 muscles(Deltoid, Triceps Brachii, Pectoralis, Trapezius, Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis Obilique, Biceps Femoris, Gastrocnemius) along the shoulder damage or absence of has shown that they are organically connected to each of the phases.

Muscle activity in relation to the changes in peripheral nerve conduction velocity in stroke patients: Focus on the dynamic neural mobilization technique

  • Kang, Jeong IL;Moon, Young Jun;Jeong, Dae Keun;Choi, Hyun;Park, Joon Su;Choi, Hyun Ho
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1447-1454
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the dynamic neural mobilization program on the changes in muscle activity and nerve conduction velocity (NVC) in stroke patients. The participants were sampled and randomly divided into experimental group I (n=12) who underwent arm neural mobilization and experimental group II (n=13) who underwent arm dynamic neural mobilization. As the pretest, peripheral NVC of the radial, median, and ulnar nerves were measured using the Viking Quest; the biceps brachii, brachioradialis, flexor carpi radialis, and extensor carpi radialis activities were measured with sEMG. Each intervention program consisted of 10 trials per set and three sets per session. The intervention programs were performed once daily for four weeks (four days/week). Posttest measurements were taken equally as the pretest measurements. Significant differences in peripheral NVC in all sections of the radial and median nerves and wristbelow elbow and below elbow-above elbow areas of the ulnar nerve, as well as in muscle activity of all muscles except the biceps brachii. These findings indicate that dynamic neural mobilization was effective in increasing peripheral NVC and altering the muscle activity.

Clinical Results of Treatment of Distal Biceps Rupture (이두박근 원위부 파열의 임상적 치료 결과)

  • Chung, Duke-Whan;Hwang, Jung-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: To report the clinical results of patients treated for a rupture of the distal tendon of biceps brachii Materials and Methods: Between February 1987 and March 2004, we treated 16 patients with a rupture of the distal tendon of biceps brachii. 9 of 16 patients underwent surgical treatment. All cases were male, median age was 26.3(range, 16-48) years. The mean interval between injury and surgery was 4.7 days (range, 1~36 days). Operative correction was performed anatomically, using the two-incision technique(3 cases) or one-incision technique(6 cases). Clinical outcomes were evaluated one year after operation by assessing the review about the physical examination finding and radiologic findings with surgical findings, range of motion, muscle strength, subjective satisfaction, activity and return to previous occupation. and via telephone interview in cases of conservative treatment. Results: In cases of surgical treatment, 85.8%, 86.3% of flexion-extension and supination-pronation motion than healthy side were measured respectively. 75% of flexion power than healthy side was measured. Eight of nine(89%) were very satisfied. Eightl of nine returned to original job. In cases of conservative treatment, 65% of flexion power than pre-injury state was reported. Four of seven were satisfied, two were dissatisfied, one was very dissatisfied. Three of seven returned to original job. Conclusion: Early anatomic reconstruction can restore more strength and endurance for supination and flexion range and power. Conservative management may be considered for partial injuries, but operative repair must be considered in complete rupture, athletes, patient with high activity.

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The Kinematic Factors of Physical Motions During Air Pistol Shooting

  • Kim, Min-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the kinematic factors of motion during air pistol shooting. Method: This study aimed to investigate changes in forces during movement and determine the factors that affect changes in force during the first, middle, and last periods of shooting an air pistol. Two ground reaction force systems (force platform), SCATT (a shooting training system), and EMG (electromyogram) to measure the action potentials in the muscles of the upper body were used in this study. Four university air pistol players (age: 19.75 years, height: 175.50 cm, body mass: $69.55{\pm}11.50kg$, career length: $6.25{\pm}6years$) who are training to progress to a higher rank were enrolled. Results: In terms of the actual shooting results, the mean score in the middle section was $42.48{\pm}1.74$ points, higher than those in the first and the last periods when using SCATT. The gunpoint moved 13.48 mm more vertically than horizontally in the target trajectory. With respect to action potentials of muscles measured using EMG, the highest action potentials during the aiming-shooting segments, in order higher to lower, were seen in the trapezius (intermediate region), trapezius (superior region), deltoid (lateral), and triceps brachii (long head). The action potentials of biceps brachii and brachioradialis turned out to be high during grasping motion, which is a preparatory stage. During the final segment, muscle fatigue appeared in the deltoid (lateral), biceps brachii (long head), brachioradialis, and trapezius (intermediate region). In terms of the ground reaction force, during the first period of shooting, there was a major change in the overall direction (left-right $F_x$, forward-backward $F_y$, vertical $F_z$) of the center of the mass. Conclusion: The development and application of a training program focusing on muscle groups with higher muscle fatigue is required for players to progress to a higher rank. Furthermore, players can improve their records in the first period if they take part in a game after warming up sufficiently before shooting in order to heighten muscle action potentials, and are expected to maintain a consistent shooting motion continuously by restoring psychological stability.

Analysis of Activation and Contribution of Muscles of the Elderly During Arm Flexion and Extension Resistance Exercise with Increased Load (노인의 팔 굽힘/폄 저항 운동 시 하중 증가에 따른 근육의 활성도 및 기여도 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Dong;Hwang, Sung-Jae;Son, Jong-Sang;Kim, Han-Sung;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to assess activation and contribution of muscles of the elderly according to increased loading during the arm flexion extension resistance exercise. Surface electromyographic signals were acquired from biceps brachii, triceps brachii, deltoid posterior, pectoralis major and latissimmus dorsi to determine the difference of the activation of specific muscles between the elderly and young. Five elderly and five young males with no musculoskeletal disease volunteered for the study. Electromyographic activities in the muscles were measured during resistance exercise and normalized to the maximum EMG activity recorded in the maximal voluntary static contraction (MVC). Against the increased loading during arm flexion/extension resistance exercises, the young uses muscles evenly but the elderly uses one specific muscle frequently. Contribution of triceps brachii during extension and deltoid posterior during flexion was principal in the elderly.

Changes in Surface EMG Parameters during Dynamic Wheelchair Propulsion (휠췌어 추진시 근전도 신호의 특성 변화)

  • Choi, Hwa - Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.777-789
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using surface electromyographic signals as a measure of muscle fatigue during the wheelchair propulsion. Subjects performed wheelchair exercise tests on a motor-driven treadmill with a constant-velocity of 1.25 m/sec. During each test, the raw EMC signals were acquired from the surface electrodes attached on the belly of five muscle groups: biceps brachii, pectoralis major. deltoid, triceps brachii, and trapezius. The median power frequency(MPF), and the root mean square(RMS) amplitude were calculated for each cyclic contraction in order to quantify muscle fatigue. During the wheelchair propulsion, the MPF decreased and the RMS increased in the trapezius and deltoid. However, the decreasing MPF and the increasing RMS also fluctuated severly during dynamic muscle contractions. Therefore, the MPF and RMS values should be estimated with well-designed methods and used with caution to quantify muscle fatigue during wheelchair propulsion.

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