• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bifidobacterium lactis

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Characterization of Functional Kimchi Using Bifidobacterium lactis (Bifidobacterium lactis를 이용한 기능성 김치의 특성)

  • Kim, Tae-Woon;Park, Ae-Kyung;Kim, Gum-Ran;Lee, Jung-Min;Chung, Dae-Kyun;Kim, Hae-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.924-927
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to investigate the application of bifidobacteria on kimchi. Among several Bifidobacterium species, we selected Bifidobacterium lactis (DSM 10140), which is resistant to oxygen, acid and salt. Bifidobacterium lactis was cultured in a supplemented deMan, Rogosa and Sharpe (SMRS) medium under aerobic conditions. Its acid-tolerance and salt-tolerance were pH 3.0 and 3.5% (NaCl), respectively. The viability of Bifidobacterium lactis added to kimchi was confirmed by PCR, using specific primers on Bifidobacterium lactis. In sensory evaluation, kimchi containing Bifidobacterium lactis showed similar scores in overall acceptability with the control kimchi. Consequently, these results showed that it would be possible to prepare functional kimchi using Bifidobacterium.

Identification of the ${\beta}$-Glucosidase Gene from Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis and Its Expression in B. bifidum BGN4

  • Youn, So Youn;Park, Myeong Soo;Ji, Geun Eog
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.12
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    • pp.1714-1723
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    • 2012
  • ${\beta}$-Glucosidase is necessary for the bioconversion of glycosidic phytochemicals in food. Two Bifidobacterium strains (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis SH5 and B. animalis subsp. lactis RD68) with relatively high ${\beta}$-glucosidase activities were selected among 46 lactic acid bacteria. A ${\beta}$-glucosidase gene (bbg572) from B. lactis was shotgun cloned, fully sequenced, and analyzed for its transcription start site, structural gene, and deduced transcriptional terminator. The structural gene of bbg572 was 1,383 bp. Based on amino sequence similarities, bbg572 was assigned to family 1 of the glycosyl hydrolases. To overexpress bbg572 in Bifidobacterium, several bifidobacteria expression vectors were constructed by combining several promoters and a terminator sequence from different bifidobacteria. The maximum activity of recombinant Bbg572 was achieved when it was expressed under its own promoter and terminator. Its enzyme activity increased 31-fold compared with those of its parental strains. The optimal pH for Bbg572 was pH 6.0. Bbg572 was stable at $37-40^{\circ}C$. It hydrolyzed isoflavones, quercetins, and disaccharides with various ${\beta}$-glucoside linkages. Bbg572 also converted the ginsenosides Rb1 and Rb2. These results suggest that this new ${\beta}$-glucosidase-positive Bifidobacterium transformant can be utilized for the production of specific aglycone products.

Statistical optimization of culture media contained soy proteins and hypocotyl for the growth of Bifidobacterium lactis BL 740 and production of soy isoflavone aglycones (대두 단백질 및 배아를 이용한 Bifidobacterium lactis BL740의 균체성장 및 이소플라본 비배당체 생산를 위한 통계적 배지 최적화)

  • Lee, Choong-Young;Lee, Yoon-Bok;Lee, Keun-Ha;Park, Myeong-Soo;Hwang, Seock-Yeon;Hong, Seung-Bok;Yoo, Yung-Choon;Yu, Byung-Yeon;Kim, Chung-Ho
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.126-131
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    • 2010
  • In order to maximize the growth of Bifidobacterium lactis BL 740 and soy isoflavone agycones production, we investigated the optimization of a culture medium containing soy hypocotyls, which are the byproducts of the soy manufacturing process, and soy proteins. The ingredients of the medium containing soy materials (S-medium) were selected by fractional factorial design (FFD) and central composite design (CCD) within a desirable range. The FFD was applied by six factors: glucose, cellobiose, fructooligosaccharide, soy peptone, soy protein, and soy hypocotyl. Soy protein, soy peptone, and soy hypocotyl were found to be significant factors from the result of FFD for both the growth of B. lactis BL 740 and aglycone production. The CCD was then applied with three variables found from FFD at five levels each and the optimum values were determined for the three variables: soy peptone, soy protein, and soy hypocotyl. In the case of the growth of B. lactics BL740, the proposed optimal media contained 12.73 g/L of soy protein, 29.55 g/L of soy peptone, and 130.67 g/L of soy hypocotyl. To produce isoflavone aglycones, optimized media was composed of 2.06 g/L, soy protein, 1.25 g/L of soy peptone, and 60.02 g/L of soy hypocotyl.

Leuconostoc mesenteroides CJNU 0147 and Lactobacillus casei CJNU 0588 Improve Growth of a Bifidobacterium lactis Strain in Co-cultures

  • Eom, Ji-Eun;Moon, Gi-Seong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.386-389
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    • 2011
  • Previous studies have confirmed that fermented whey produced by Leuconostoc mesenteroides CJNU 0147 or Lactobacillus casei CJNU 0588 display bifidogenic growth stimulator (BGS) activity. The present study sought to determine if the strain itself can improve the growth of bifidobacteria in co-cultures. In reinforced clostridial medium (RCM), both strains stimulated the growth of a Bifidobacterium lactis strain during the exponential phase and also stimulated the growth during almost all growth phases in whey broth. Fermented whey containing viable Leu. mesenteroides CJNU 0147 and L. casei CJNU 0588 cells maintained viability of the B. lactis strain stored at $10^{\circ}C$ in MRS broth. Viable cell count of the B. lactis strain without the fermented whey was decreased to 5.6 log cfu/mL after 15 days, whereas that of the strain with the fermented whey was slightly increased to 7.1 log cfu/mL as compared with initial viable cell count of 6.9 log cfu/mL.

Molecular Characterization of Bile Salt Hydrolase from Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Bi30

  • Jarocki, Piotr
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.838-845
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    • 2011
  • The present work describes the identification, purification, and characterization of bile salt hydrolase (BSH) from Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis. The enzyme was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by hydrophobic chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography and ultrafiltration. SDS-PAGE analysis of putative BSH and gel filtration revealed that the analyzed protein is presumably a tetramer composed of four monomers each of about 35 kDa. The purified enzyme was analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled to LTQ FT ICR mass spectrometry and unambiguously identified as a bile salt hydrolase from B. animalis. The isoelectric point of the studied protein was estimated to be around pH 4.9. The pH optimum of the purified BSH is between 4.7 to 6.5, and the temperature optimum is around 50oC. The BSH of B. animalis could deconjugate all tested bile salts, with clear preference for glycine-conjugated bile salts over taurine-conjugated forms. Genetic analysis of the bsh showed high similarity to the previously sequenced bsh gene from B. animalis and confirmed the usefulness of bile salt hydrolase as a genetic marker for B. animalis identification.

Studies on the Selective Media for Bifidobacterium infantis Maeil-K9 Using Various Carbon Sources and Antibiotics (Bifidobacterium infantis Maeil-K9 균주의 당 발효 특성 및 항생제 내성을 이용한 선택배지 개발연구)

  • 정병문;김응률;정후길;전호남
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2004
  • To differentiate commercial bifidobacteia for Bifidobacterium lactis Bb-12, Bif. longum Bb-536 and Bif. infantis Maeil-K9, we studied the various carbon source, the nitrogen sources and antibiotics. Amygdalin and fructose were good candidates for carbon sources, and tryptone was suitable for nitrogen sources to design a new selective media for three commercial bifidobacteria. In the case of the amygdalin-containing medium as carbon sources, Bif. lactis Bb-12 and Bif. infantis Maeil-K9 showed good growth, and in fructose-containing medium, Bif. longum Bb-536 showed good growth. In antibiotics resistance study, the addition of 1 mg/L doxycyclin was very effective for differentiation of each bifidobacteria. Doxycyclin did not affect the growth of Bif. lactis Bb-12 and Bif. infantis Maeil-K9, but Bif. longum Bb-536 was completely inhibited by doxycyclin. Finally to confirm the selection capability of newly designed selective media, temperature-shocked bifidobacteria were cultured on them. As the results, fructose or doxycyclin containing medium showed for high growth for temperature-shocked bifidobacteria, but amygdalin containing medium showed low growth of temperature-shocked bifidobacteria.

Effect of Oral Probiotics (Bifidobacterium lactis AD011 and Lactobacillus acidophilus AD031) Administration on Ovalbumin-Induced Food Allergy Mouse Model

  • Kim, Ji-Yeun;Choi, Young-Ok;Ji, Geun-Eog
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.1393-1400
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    • 2008
  • Recent study has demonstrated an increasing prevalence of food allergy in Korean children. Specific probiotic bacteria may promote potentially anti-allergenic processes through induction of Th1-type immunity and enhance the regulatory lymphocyte. This study investigated whether orally administrated probiotics could suppress allergic responses in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergy mouse model. Thus, female C3H/HeJ mice were orally sensitized with OVA and cholera toxin for 4 weeks. Lactobacillus acidophilus AD031, Bifidobacterium lactis AD011, and L. acidophilus AD031 plus B. lactis AD011 were fed to mice from 2 weeks before the sensitization. The OVA-induced mice that were not treated with probiotics had significantly increased serum levels of OVA-specific IgE and IgG1, and OVA-specific IgA in feces. However, the mice treated with probiotics suppressed production of the OVA-specific IgE, IgG1, and IgA. The level of IL-4 was significantly lower, and the levels of INF-$\gamma$ and IL-10 were significantly higher in the mice treated with probiotics than that in the non-treated mice. The groups treated with probiotics had decreased levels of degranulated mast cells, eosinophil granules, and tail scabs. These results indicate that L. acidophilus AD031 and B. lactis AD011 might be useful for the prevention of allergy.

An Aqueous Extract of a Bifidobacterium Species Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Invasiveness of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells

  • Ahn, Joungjwa;Kim, Hyesung;Yang, Kyung Mi
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.885-892
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    • 2020
  • Chemotherapy regimens for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have various adverse effects on the human body. For this reason, probiotics have received attention regarding their potential value as a safe and natural complementary strategy for cancer prevention. This study analyzed the anticancer effects of aqueous extracts of probiotic bacteria Bifidobacterium bifidum (BB), Bifidobacterium longum (BL), Bifidobacterium lactis (BLA), Bifidobacterium infantis 1 (BI1), and Bifidobacterium infantis 2 (BI2) on NSCLC cell lines. When the aqueous extracts of probiotic Bifidobacterium species were applied to the NSCLC cell lines A549, H1299, and HCC827, cell death increased considerably; in particular, the aqueous extracts from BB and BLA markedly reduced cell proliferation. p38 phosphorylation induced by BB aqueous extract increased the expression of cleaved caspase 3 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), consequently inducing the apoptosis of A549 and H1299 cells. When the p38 inhibitor SB203580 was applied, phosphorylation of p38 decreased, and the expression of cleaved caspase 3 and cleaved PARP was also inhibited, resulting in a reduction of cell death. In addition, BB aqueous extracts reduced the secretion of MMP-9, leading to inhibition of cancer cell invasion. By contrast, after transfection of short hairpin RNA shMMP-9 (for a knockdown of MMP-9) into cancer cells, BB aqueous extracts treatment failed to suppress the cancer cell invasiveness. According to our results about their anticancer effects on NSCLC, probiotics consisting of Bifidobacterium species may be useful as adjunctive anticancer treatment in the future.

Comparison of Bifidobacteria Selective Media for the Detection of Bifidobacteria in Korean Commercial Fermented Milk Products

  • Kim, Eung-Ryool;Cho, Young-Hee;Kim, Yong-Hee;Park, Soon-Ok;Woo, Gun-Jo;Chun, Ho-Nam
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to compare the efficacy and selectivity of TOS and BS media for enumeration of bifidobacteria in commercial fermented milk products. First, bifidobacteria was isolated from 20 fermented milk products, and all isolated bifidobacteria were identified by genomic technology as Bifidobacterium lactis. The two media significantly differed from each other with regard to the recovery of B. lactis, that is, the recovery of this organism was as much as 6 logs lower on BS medium than on TOS. When the concentration of BS solution (mixture of paromomycin sulfate, neomycin, sodium propionate, and lithium chloride) used in BS medium was reduced to 50% (BS50), a relatively high percentage recovery of bifidobacteria from pure cultures was achieved. Susceptibility tests to antibiotics and tests for selective agents for the isolated bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria were conducted. The BS solution inhibited some lactic acid bacteria and Bifidobacterium species, while mupirocin (MU) suppressed the growth of all tested lactic acid bacteria but not Bifidobacterium. As compared with BS50 medium, TOS with or without MU showed good bifidobacteria recovery and readily distinguishable colonies; in particular, TOS supplemented with MU had a high selectivity for bifidobacteria. In conclusion, all results suggested that TOS medium with or without MU was found to be suitable for selective enumeration of bifidobacteria from mixed cultures in fermented milk, and better in that capacity than BS medium.

Preparation and Characteristics of Curd Yogurt from Milk Added with Purple Sweet Potato (자색고구마를 첨가한 호상요쿠르트의 제조와 특성)

  • 이주찬;이가순;이종국;한규흥;오만진
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.442-447
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    • 1999
  • A curd yogurt was prepared by fermenting milk added with skim milk powder and purple sweet potato by culture of 5 types of lactic acid bacteria(Lactobacillus delbruekii sub. sp. lactis, Streptococcus lactis, acidity, number of viable cell, stability of purple sweet potato's pigment and keeping qualify. Among the organisms tested, the acid production and number of viable cell by the culture of L bulgaricus remarkably increased for the first 12 hem which showed 1.04${\times}$10$\^$9/ CFU/mL in number of viable cell and 4.22 In pH where as fermentation by the culture of B. bifidum was slow. After 36 hours of incubation which showed 3.3 ${\times}$ l0$\^$8/ CFU/mL in number of viable cell and 5.1 in pH. In stabilities of purple sweet potato anthocyanin pigment n fermentation, yogurt by B. bifidum was found to be most stable followed by Leuc. lactis, L. delbruekii sub. sp. lactis, L bulgaricus, but yogurt by St. lactis was not stable. When curd yogurt added with Purple sweet Potato was kept at 2∼3$^{\circ}C$ for 14 day, its keeping quality(pH, titratable acidity, number of viable cell) was relative good except product by L. bulgaricus was found to be decreased most of viable cell. After 2 weeks of keeping, pigment of yogurt was decreased by B. bifidum, stable by L. delbruekii sub. sp. lactis.

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