• Title/Summary/Keyword: Bisphenol A

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Biodegradation of Endocrine-disrupting Bisphenol A by White Rot Fungus Irpex lacteus

  • Shin, Eun-Hye;Choi, Hyoung-Tae;Song, Hong-Gyu
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.1147-1151
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    • 2007
  • Biodegradation of endocrine-disrupting bisphenol A was investigated with several white rot fungi (Irpex lacteus, Trametes versicolor, Ganoderma lucidum, Polyporellus brumalis, Pleurotus eryngii, Schizophyllum commune) isolated in Korea and two transformants of T. versicolor (strains MrP 1 and MrP 13). I. lacteus degraded 99.4% of 50 mg/l bisphenol A in 3 h incubation and 100% in 12 h incubation. which was the highest degradation rate among the fungal strains tested. T. versicolor degraded 98.2% of 50 mg/l bisphenol A in 12 h incubation. Unexpectedly, the transformant of the Mn-repressed peroxidase gene of T. versicolor, strain MrP 1, degraded 76.5% of 50 mg/l bisphenol A in 12 h incubation, which was a lower degradation rate than wild-type T. versicolor. The removal of bisphenol A by I. lacteus occurred mainly by biodegradation rather than adsorption. Optimum carbon sources for biodegradation of bisphenol A by I. lacteus were glucose and starch, and optimum nitrogen sources were yeast extract and tryptone in a minimal salts medium; however, bisphenol A degradation was higher in nutrient-rich YMG medium than that in a minimal salts medium. The initial degradation of endocrine disruptors was accompanied by the activities of manganese peroxidase and laccase in the culture of I. lacteus.

Relationship between Risk Assessment Based on Urinary Bisphenol A Concentration and Allergic Diseases in Children (어린이의 요 중 비스페놀 A 농도에 근거한 위해성 평가와 알레르기 질환과의 관련성)

  • Choi, Jihee;Hong, Soyoung;Kim, KyooSang
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.18-29
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between urinary bisphenol A concentration and allergic diseases in children. Methods: This study was conducted in Seoul, South Korea. We collected urine samples from 231 children from a single elementary school in June 2014. Among these, 69 children with urinary creatinine levels outside the normal range were excluded. Information on allergic diseases was obtained from the parents of the children. Urinary bisphenol A was analyzed using a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometer. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine if allergic disease was affected by urinary bisphenol A concentration. Results: Girls had a significantly higher concentration of urinary bisphenol A than did boys (p<0.05). Children of 10-12 years old had a significantly higher concentration of urinary bisphenol A than did children 7-9 years old (p<0.01). Concentration of urinary bisphenol A was increased from underweight to overweight (p<0.05). As the concentration of urinary bisphenol A was increased by $1{\mu}g/L$ or $1{\mu}g/g$ creatinine, the risks of lifetime symptoms of atopic dermatitis in children was 1.22 times (95% CI; 1.05-1.41) or 1.08 times (95% CI; 1.01-1.15). Conclusion: Concentration of urinary bisphenol A was associated with gender, age, body mass index, and allergic disease. Particularly, urinary bisphenol A concentration was associated with lifetime symptoms of atopic dermatitis. The findings of this study could contribute to the management of health effects among sensitive groups such as children.

Microbial Metabolism of the Environmental Estrogen Bisphenol A

  • Yim, Soon-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Ik-Soo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.805-808
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    • 2003
  • Preliminary microbial metabolism studies of bisphenol A (BPA) (1) on twenty six microorganisms have shown that Aspergillus fumigatus is capable of metabolizing BPA. Scale-up fermentation of 1 with A. fumigatus gave a metabolite (2) and its structure was established as bisphenol $A-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranoside$ (BPAG) based on spectroscopic analyses.

Adsorption of Bisphenol A Using Dried Rice Husk: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

  • Balarak, Davoud;Mostafapour, Ferdos Kord;Lee, Seung Mok;Jeon, Choong
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.316-323
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    • 2019
  • The adsorption of bisphenol A from an aqueous solution onto dried rice husk was investigated. Batch adsorption experiments were performed as a function of the pH, contact time, bisphenol A concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature. The concentration of Bisphenol A was measured by HPLC. The results showed that bisphenol A removal was highest at a solution pH value of 3, adsorbent dose of 4 g/L, and contact time of 75 min. The bisphenol A removal percentage decreased from 99.1 to 66.7%, when the bisphenol A concentration increased from 10 to 200 mg/L. The Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second order kinetics provided the best fit for the experimental data. Thermodynamic parameters such as ${\Delta}G^0$, ${\Delta}H^0$ and ${\Delta}S^0$ were also evaluated and it was found that the sorption process was feasible, spontaneous and exothermic in nature. Overall, the studied absorbent can be used as an effective and low cost material to treat the industrial wastewater and aqueous solution containing phenolic compounds.

Risk Assessment of Soil through Earthworm Toxicity Test of Nonylphenol and Bisphenol A (Nonylphenol과 Bisphenol A의 지렁이 독성시험 및 토양 중 생태 위해성평가)

  • Lee Chul Woo;Park Soo Young;Yun Jun Heon;Choi Kyung Hee;Chung Young Hee;Kim Hyun Mi
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2005
  • Earthworm (Eisenia fetida) acute toxicity test was carried out and ecological risk assessment in soil was performed with national monitoring data. 14 day - $LC_{50}$ of nonylphenol and bisphenol A were 288.1 mg/kg and 90.1 mg/kg, respectively. And NOECs of nonylphenol and bisphenol A were 250 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg, respectively. Significant weight decrement was appeared at 70 mg/kg of bisphenol A, however, nonylphenol at concentrations tested did not severe adverse effect on the weight decrement. The environmental monitoring has been carrying out by NIER since 1999. Exposure levels of nonylphenol in soil were ND$\sim$10.55 $\mu$g/kg and those of bisphenol A were ND$\sim$15.50$\mu$g/kg in National Monitoring data which had been performed from 2000 to 2004. The measured soil exposure level was applied to evaluate the environmental risk assessment. The values of PNEC for bisphenol A and nonylphenol were determined as 0.5 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg, respectively using the safety factors which were suggested in EU and OECD. The values of HQ (PEC/PNEC) were determined to be below I for bisphenol A and nonylphenol when the maximum exposure levels for bispheol A (15.50$\mu$g/kg) and nonylphenol (10.55$\mu$g/kg) were applied. Conclusively, the environmental risk assessment of bisphenol A and nonylphenol was not critical in soil.

Analysis of chromosome aberration, sister chromatid exchange, micronuclei and single cell gel electrophoresis in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to Bisphenol A and Diethylstilbestrol (비스페놀 A 및 Diethylstilbestrol의 유전독성 평가를 위한 염색체이상, 자매염색분체교환, 소핵형성, 단일세포 겔 전기영동법의 활용)

  • 김병모;정해원
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2001
  • Endocrine disruptors have been implicated in carcinogenesis in animal studies, but carcinogenetic effects on human remain controversial. In order to examine the genotoxicity of two common endocrine disruptors, Bisphenol A and Diethylstilbestrol, cytogenetic endpoints including chromosome aberration (CA), sister chromatid exchange (SCE), micronuclei (MN) analyses and DNA damage by single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) were assessed. The effects of Bisphenol A and Diethylstilbestrol on the frequencies of CA and MN were increased in a dose-dependent manner and that of Bispheol A was more significant by Kendall'$\tau$test. Bisphenol A and Diethylstilbestrol also increased the frequency of SCE. Bisphenol A and Diethylstilbestrol induced DNA damage in a dose-dependent manner and the DNA damage induced by Diethylstilbestrol in human blood lymphocytes was more significant.

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ACUTE AND DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY OF BISPHENOL A TO Daphnia magna

  • Hwang, Gab-Soo;Kim, Kang-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.124-126
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    • 2005
  • Aquatic ecotoxicity of bisphenol A, a well known endocrine disrupter in mammals, was studied using lab. reared Daphnia magna as a test organism. The static acute 48h $LC_{50}$ of bisphenol A was 12.9mg/L and 110-hr $LC_{50}$ values of bisphenol A for daphnid embryos of different ages after deposition into the brood chamber increase with ages in the range of 1.55mg/L-8.91mg/L. Bisphenol A showed the ability to inhibit embryonic development. The lethal response and developmental inhibition all showed good concentration-response relationship.

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Suppressive Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Toxicity of Bisphenol A in Rats

  • Yoo, Min;Min, Byung-Tae
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-30
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    • 2001
  • We have examined if lactic acid bacteria could suppress the toxic effect of bisphenol A. Lactobacillus casei YA-70 was chosen as representative. Thirty rats were divided into two groups (immature and mature) according to the weight. Each group was divided again into the control group (only alcohol treatment), bisphenol A treated group, and bisphenol A plus Lactobacillus casei YA-70 treated group. When 500 ppm of bisphenol A was fed everyday, 83% of immature group and 50% of mature group died within 3 weeks. Their internal organs, mainly livers and lungs, were changed in color and severely damaged. In the intestine of 5 ppm-fed group tumor-like nodules were observed. However, their number and size were markedly decreased when Lactobacillus casei YA-70 was supplemented in diet. This study strongly indicates that Lactobacillus casei YA-70 might play an important role to suppress the toxic effect of endocrine disruptor.

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A Survey of Disinfection Methods for Formula Bottle (국내 젖병소독법의 실태조사)

  • Lee In-Hae;Shin Yeong-Hee;Lee Eun-Sil
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.108-116
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: There has been a number of reports on elution of bisphenol-A, an endocrine disrupting chemical, from milk bottles, all concerning the potential health effect of the substance. In this study, we measured the elution of bisphenol-A from milk bottles during boiling-water sterilization, to suggest a safe sterilization method. Method: Through the survey of 200 mothers, 78.5% of them expressed their concern on the possible harmful effect of bisphenol-A, which might be eluted from the bottles. And it was found that most mothers use boiling-water to sterilize bottles; duration of boiling bottles could be divided into three groups of 3, 5, and 10 minutes. We measured the elution of bisphenol- A from three different brands of bottles, subject to various mode of sterilization found in the survey. Result: In all the measurements, the concentration of the eluted bisphenol-A was in the range of 0.3 - 0.7 ppb, far below 2.5ppm, the level set up by Korea Food %amp; Drug Administration(KFDA) for a potential harmful effect. Conclusion: Although trace amount of bisphenol -A can be eluted from polycarbonate milk bottles during sterilization, and bottle feeding, the amount is found to be too small to cause any health related impact for infants.

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Effect of Bisphenol A, Nonylphenol, Pentachlorophenol on the Proliferation of MCF-1 and PC-3 Cells (Bisphenol A, Nonylphenol, Pentachlorophenol이 MCF-7 및 PC-3 세포 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • 이수민;최형기;유경희
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.424-428
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    • 2003
  • In the present study, we have analyzed effects of the endocrine distruptors, such as bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol, on cell proliferation in the human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and the human prostate cancer cell line, PC-3, with MTT method. A dose dependent analysis of the cell proliferation of MCF-7 cells after administration of bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol revealed a significant induction of cell proliferation. Maximum induction of cell proliferation was observed at concentrations between 10$\^$-7/ and 10$\^$-6/ M. Whereas, these chemicals had little effect on proliferation of PC-3 cells. These results demonstrated that bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol do not induce proliferation of PC-3 cells but exhibit a significant induction of MCF-7 cell proliferation, suggesting all these chemicals are a estrogen mimic.