• Title/Summary/Keyword: Bisphenol A

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Effect of Bisphenol A, Nonylphenol, Pentachlorophenol on the Proliferation of MCF-1 and PC-3 Cells (Bisphenol A, Nonylphenol, Pentachlorophenol이 MCF-7 및 PC-3 세포 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • 이수민;최형기;유경희
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.424-428
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    • 2003
  • In the present study, we have analyzed effects of the endocrine distruptors, such as bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol, on cell proliferation in the human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and the human prostate cancer cell line, PC-3, with MTT method. A dose dependent analysis of the cell proliferation of MCF-7 cells after administration of bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol revealed a significant induction of cell proliferation. Maximum induction of cell proliferation was observed at concentrations between 10$\^$-7/ and 10$\^$-6/ M. Whereas, these chemicals had little effect on proliferation of PC-3 cells. These results demonstrated that bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol do not induce proliferation of PC-3 cells but exhibit a significant induction of MCF-7 cell proliferation, suggesting all these chemicals are a estrogen mimic.

Evaluation of Bisphenol A-Epichlorohydrin Exposure Workers in Apartment Building Construction: Pilot Study (아파트 건축 작업장에서 사용되는 에피클로로하이드린-비스페놀A의 노출 평가: 파일럿 연구)

  • Shin, Wonho;Moon, Chan-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.396-403
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The study is to evaluate biological monitoring and risk assessment for epichlorohydrin-bisphenol A resin exposed from waterproofing or finishing work in the apartment building construction. Methods: Subjected workers were working on spray-painting and waterproofing work for 8 hours per day every 20 days. The urine samples were collected at the end of 20 days working period. For urinary bisphenol A as metabolite from epichlorohydrin-bisphenol A exposure, urine samples were analyzed with liquid chromatography mass-mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS/MS). Results: Geometric means of urinary bisphenol A(BPA) with no hydrolysis and with enzymic hydrolysis(BPA-EH) in the workers were $1.10{\mu}g/L$ and $2.90{\mu}g/L$. BPA-EH was 4 times higher than that of control group. The factors for working period and ages did not affect the variation of BPA and BPA-EH. The levels for BPA and BPA-EH were not higher than 95th percentile for exposure on human-life environment. Conclusions: The BPA and BPA-EH were therefore effective biological markers for epichlorohydrin-bisphenol A exposure workers, but not seem to hazardous exposure level. Waterproofing work in construction workshop is required to measuring work environment and health care management for the workers.

A Survey of Disinfection Methods for Formula Bottle (국내 젖병소독법의 실태조사)

  • Lee In-Hae;Shin Yeong-Hee;Lee Eun-Sil
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.108-116
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: There has been a number of reports on elution of bisphenol-A, an endocrine disrupting chemical, from milk bottles, all concerning the potential health effect of the substance. In this study, we measured the elution of bisphenol-A from milk bottles during boiling-water sterilization, to suggest a safe sterilization method. Method: Through the survey of 200 mothers, 78.5% of them expressed their concern on the possible harmful effect of bisphenol-A, which might be eluted from the bottles. And it was found that most mothers use boiling-water to sterilize bottles; duration of boiling bottles could be divided into three groups of 3, 5, and 10 minutes. We measured the elution of bisphenol- A from three different brands of bottles, subject to various mode of sterilization found in the survey. Result: In all the measurements, the concentration of the eluted bisphenol-A was in the range of 0.3 - 0.7 ppb, far below 2.5ppm, the level set up by Korea Food %amp; Drug Administration(KFDA) for a potential harmful effect. Conclusion: Although trace amount of bisphenol -A can be eluted from polycarbonate milk bottles during sterilization, and bottle feeding, the amount is found to be too small to cause any health related impact for infants.

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Residue Study for Bisphenol A in Agricultural Reservoirs (농업용 저수지에서 Bisphenol A의 잔류실태조사)

  • Cho, Il Kyu;Nam, Hyo Song;Jeon, Yongbae;Park, Jun sung;Na, Tae Wong;Kim, Back Jong;Kan, Eunsung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.270-277
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    • 2016
  • BACKGROUND: Significant amount of bisphenol A has been released from the manufacturing process of plastics, epoxy resins, dental material and flame retardants. Bisphenol A has been detected at trace levels in wastewater, surface water, landfill leachate and drinking water. However, the residual survey of bisphenol A has not been performed in agricultural reservoir beside agricultural environment cultivating crops. This study was conducted to monitor the residual bisphenol A in national agricultural reservoirs and understand a level of contamination of bisphenol A in the agricultural environment in Korea. METHODS AND RESULTS: The water and water sediment were collected at agricultural reservoirs in Chungnam, Chungbuk, Kyunggi, Jeonnam, Jeonbuk, Kyungnam and Kyungbuk province. Bisphenol A was analyzed by the LC-MS/MS with triple quad 4500. The recovery of water and water sediment in the agricultural reservoirs showed the level of 95.7~97.2% and 91.5~100.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Bisphenol A was detected at the level of $0.05{\mu}g/L{\sim}0.18{\mu}g/L$ and $0.1{\mu}g/kg{\sim}34{\mu}g/kg$ in water and water sediment of the reservoirs, respectively. Based on the results, the residue of bisphenol A will be tried in the crops surrounding these agricultural reservoirs where bisphenol A detected above $10{\mu}g/kg$ of bisphenol A.

Optimization of Bisphenol A Biodegradation by Trametes versicolor (Trametes versicolor에 의한 Bisphenol A 생분해의 최적조건)

  • Kang, Ae-Ri;Choi, Hyoung-Tae;Song, Hong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2008
  • Optimal conditions for the biodegradation of endocrine-disrupting bisphenol A (BPA) were examined for the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor isolated in Korea. T. versicolor degraded 100% of 50 mg/L bisphenol A during 12 hr in yeast extract-malt extract-glucose (YMG) medium. When BPA was added to the 5-day preincubated fungal culture in YMG medium, all BPA was removed in 2 hr. T. versicolor could efficiently degrade BPA at $35^{\circ}C$, pH 6 in YMG medium. T. versicolor could more easily remove BPA of $1{\sim}25\;mg/L$ than that of higher concentrations ($50{\sim}100\;mg/L$) in YMG medium. T. versicolor degraded 100% of 50 mg/L BPA for 36 h in a minimal medium, which is lower degradation rate than that in YMG medium. Optimal conditions for BPA biodegradation in the minimal medium were similar to those in YMG medium. When BPA (50 mg/L) was added into domestic wastewater, it could be completely removed by T. versicolor. During the biodegradation of BPA by T. versicolor in YMG medium, its estrogenic activity decreased.

Determination of bisphenol-A using GC/MS in Can Materials (기체크로마토그래피/질량분석법을 이용한 캔 물질에서의 bisphenol-A 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Cheol;Kim, Yang-Hee;Choi, Ok-Kyung;Ko, Hoan-Uck;Yim, Jun-Rae;Choi, Kyo-Hong;Cho, Hyun-Woo;Kim, Hye-Young;Kim, Myungsoo;Myung, Seung-Woon
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.499-503
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    • 2001
  • A new simple, rapid and sensitive gas chromatographic technique for the determination of bisphenol-A in can materials, which is the major material of epoxy resin and polycarbonate polymer, is proposed. This method is characterised by derivatization of the bisphenol-A with a acylating reagent forming the acetate derivative to optimize the chromatographic property. The detection of bisphenol-A is performed based on GC/MS (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry). Several beverages were analyzed by the proposed method for the determination of bisphenol-A Bisphenol-A was assayed the range of $0.11{\sim}11.40{\mu}g/can$ from the can materials.

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The Bisphenol A: A Modulator of Pregnancy in Rats

  • Kim, Pan-Gyi;Lee, Na-Rae;Hwang, Seong-Hee
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2003
  • Bisphenol A is used in the manufacture of epoxy, polycarbonate, and corrosion-resistant unsaturated polyester-styrene resins required for food packaging materials in industrial processing. Some reports indicated the possibility of harmful effects on rats. In this study was used a method for the determination of bisphenol A in blood according to the OSHA High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) guideline. The method involved blood extraction using methylene chloride. And it was evaluated developmental and teratogenic effects in pregnant rats and second generation. The results obtained were as follows. There was a significant increase in the body weights and treated groups F1 female in liver, spleen, kidney, but according to dose-response. F1 female rat's relative body weight and absolute body weight are not different. There was a significant increase liver, spleen, kidney organ weight and reproductive organ weight epididymis, prostate gland in F1 male rats. There was a proestrous in pregnant rat, group 200 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, 20,000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg. The effect on rat treated with bisphenol A decrease organ weight and reproductive organ weight. Identification and quantitation were performed with using HPLC C18 column and using at retention time 5.5 min. The results of the detection of bisphenol A were at 20,000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg in average 1 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 200 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg average in 0.9 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml blood samples. From those results, it could be concluded that the effects of pregnant rat and second generation(F1) by bisphenol A treatment during lactational period were estrogenic and bisphenol A was remained in serum at low level.

Bisphenol A and other alkylphenols in the environment - occurrence, fate, health effects and analytical techniques

  • Zhu, Zhuo;Zuo, Yuegang
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.179-202
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    • 2013
  • Bisphenol A and other alkylphenols are widely used in plastic and other industrial consumer products. Release of these compounds into the aquatic environment during their manufacture, use and disposal has been a great scientific and public concern due to their toxicity at high concentrations and endocrine disrupting effects at low concentration on aquatic wildlife and human beings. This paper reviews the published data and researches on the environmental occurrence, distribution, health effects and analytical techniques of bisphenol A and alkylphenols. The aim is to provide an overview of the current understanding about bisphenol A and alkylphenols in the environment and the difficulties faced today in order to establish standard and systematic environmental analysis and assessment process for these endocrine disruptor compounds.

Embryotoxicity of Bisphenol A in Daphnia magna (물벼룩에 있어 bisphenol A의 embryo독성)

  • Hwang Gab-Soo
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2006
  • Embryotoxicity tests were performed in Daphnia magna to assess aquatic ecotoxicity of bisphenol A, a well known industrial compound showing estrogen-like activity in vivo, and to examine their effectiveness in the toxicological assessment. The whole embryonic developmental period was classified into 6 stages and developmental abnormality was checked to evaluate the embryotoxicity. In the present study, bisphenol A showed the ability to interfere with embryonic development, suggesting its antiecdysteroidal activity. The rates of mortality, delayed development, deformity and immobility all showed good concentration-response relationship, demonstrating their possibility as useful toxicological indices in daphnid embryotoxicity tests that have been rarely performed so far. It seemed favorable to the test sensitivity that embryos are removed from maternal daphnids around 7 hr after deposition from the ovaries to the brood chamber. These results suggest that daphnid embryotoxicity tests can be one of useful tools available for the assessment of ecotoxicity of various chemicals in the aquatic environment.

Effects of Subacute Oral Administration of Bisphenol A on the IgM-PFC and Proliferation of Splenocytes in Mice (마우스에서 Bisphenol A의 아급성노출이 IgM-PFC형성능과 비장세포 증식능에 미치는 영향)

  • 변정아;표명윤
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 2003
  • To determine whether or not bisphenol A affects the Immune system, female ICR mice were treated bisphenol A (BPA) orally at the doses of 100, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg for 30 consecutive days. Four days before enumerating Plaque -forming cells (PFCs) mice were immunized intraperitoneally with sheep red blood cells (SRBCs). The spleen cellularity and PFC/spleen were significantly reduced by 30-day exposure to BPA (1,000 mg/kg/day), but the PFC/10$\^$6/ spleen cells was slightly decreased.. When splenocytes isolated from the mice exposed to BPA for 30 days were cultured in the presence of LPS, Con A or PHA with IL-2, the lymphocyte proliferation ex vivo was not significantly suppressed by BPA. Our present results indicated that 30-day exposure of mice to BPA might have mild immunotoxic potential.