• Title/Summary/Keyword: Bisphenol A

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Toxicity Evaluation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Using Human HepG2 Cell Line, Lumbricus rubellus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (HepG2 인간 세포주, Lumbricus rubellus 및 Saccharomyces cerevisiae를 이용한 내분비교란물질의 독성평가)

  • Sohn, Ho-Yong;Kim, Hong-Ju;Kum, Eun-Joo;Cho, Min-Seop;Lee, Jung-Bok;Kim, Jong-Sik;Kwon, Gi-Seok
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.919-924
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    • 2006
  • Toxicity evaluation systems for various chemicals and their metabolites have been developed during last decades. In this study, the acute toxicity of endocrine disrupting chemicals, such as endosulfan, bisphenol A, vinclozolin, and 3,5-dichloroaniline, was evaluated using HepG2 cell line, Lumbricus rubellus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, respectively. The extents of toxicity of the chemicals in different bioassay systems varied substantially, such as endosulfan>3,5-dichloroaniline> bisphenol A in HepG2 cell line system, endosulfan>bisphenol A>3,5-dichloro aniline in L. rubellus system, and 3,5-dichloroaniline>endosulfan>bisphenol A in S. cerevisiae system. Meanwhile, no cytotoxicity was observed by treatment of vinclozolin in the evaluation systems. Our results suggest that earthworm and yeast are useful to evaluate acute toxicity of endocrine disrupting chemicals, and direct comparison of toxicity data from different bioassay systems is unattainable. Based on our results, we propose that the bioassay system with earthworm or yeast, a rapid, simple and economic system, could be applied as pre-test for the toxicity evaluation using human cell line or animals.

Estrogeicity of Genistein and Bisphenol A (콩류식품의 주성분인 Genistein과 식품포장재 및 용기에 사용되는 Bisphenol A의 에스트로젠 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 강경선;이영순;신광순
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.106-111
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    • 1998
  • This study has been focused on both estrogenic and proliferating activity of genistein (GEN) and bisphenol A (BPA). GEN and BPA enhance the proliferation of estrogen-dependent MCF-7 human breast cancer cells at concentrations as low as 100 nM of GEN and 8 ng/ml of BP A achieving similar effect to that of estradiol at 1 nM. Expression of the estrogen responsive gene, pS2 was also induced in MCF-7 cells by treatment with genistein at dose as low as 1 nM and BPA at dose as low as 4 ng/ml. Using 21 day-old ovariectomized nude mice, we examined end-bud formation and mammary gland development after treatment with bisphenol A or genistein. Compared with untreated control, mammary gland development and end-bud formation were significantly increased in mice fed genistein or bisphenol A (p<0.05). Taken together, it is concluded that GEN and BP A can act as an estrogen agonist resulting in cell proliferation and induction of the estrogen responsive pS2 gene in MCF-7 cells in vitro and in athymic mice in vivo, respectively. Therefore, it is suggested that GEN and BP A might modulate human endocrine system and these compounds might be considered as a endocrine modulator at the low levels of doses.

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