• Title/Summary/Keyword: Byeokyeoksinbang

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A Study on 'Dokyeok(毒疫)' of Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方) (『피역신방(辟疫神方)』의 독역(毒疫)에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Sang-Hyun;Jang, Woo-Chang;Baik, You-Sang;Lyu, Jeong-Ah;Jeong, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : Through the study on Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方), it would be expected to analyze Dokyeok(毒疫)'s characteristic and to comprehend how the changes in viewpoints of epidemic febrile disease were made. Methods : It has been done to analyze the original text of Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方), and to compare the theory of Onbyeongjobyeon(溫病條辨) associated with the signature symptom of Dokyeok(毒疫). Results : Heo Jun(許浚) experienced a specific epidemic disease called 'Dokyeok(毒疫)', on which he made observations and analyzed its features and wrote Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方). In Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方), 'Dokyeok(毒疫)' is characterized by rash[疹], its pathogenesis is warm temperature, thus its treatment principle is removing interior and exterior heat. The book's pragmatic perspective is highly appreciated, as HeoJun improved and solidified existing medical knowledge up to date. In addition, Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方) is significant in that it differentiated between macula[癍疹] and rash[疹], much earlier than the febrile disease school of the Qing dynasty. Conclusions : Between Byeokyeoksinbang(辟疫神方) and Onbyeongjobyeon(溫病條辨), there are differences in treatments and patterns of rash[疹]. Based on this, it will be able to compare each disease that is written in two books. And a study on comparing the development between epidemic febrile disease[瘟疫學] of the Joseon dynasty and febrile disease[溫病學] of the Qing dynasty will be carried out with a follow-up study.

Infectious Disease Prevention Act Written on Medical Books in Joseon Dynasty (조선시대 피역의서에 나타난 역병(疫病) 예방법)

  • Chough, Won-Joon
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2008
  • There were many books on infectious disease prevention act, and still remained 5 books including Ganuibyeokonbang. Epidemics were seriously ill and widely contagious, so it was important to prevent them. Therefore, they wrote various preventive measures from epidemics on those books. They emphasized medication, and used not only compound prescriptions but also singular ones. They wrote 5 compound prescriptions including Sohaphyangwon and many singular ones on Ganuibyeokonbang, and they used folk medicine such as red-beans준 for practical use on that book. On Sinchanbyeokonbang, they emphasized Hyangsosan and presented many prescriptions to specialize in epidemics. Heojun presented various prescriptions for Dangdokyeok on Byeokyeoksinbang, and he excluded incantation methods to cope with epidemics medically. Since Ganuibyeokonbang they had tried to improve personal hygiene such as boiling clothes of patients.

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A Study on 'Dangdokyeok' Epidemics in the Early 17C of the Joseon -Focusing on Heojun's 『Byeokyeoksinbang』- (17세기 초 조선에서 유행한 '당독역'에 대한 연구 -허준의 『벽역신방』을 중심으로-)

  • Chough Won Joon;Kim Young Ik;Yeom Kee Bok;Lim Hyo Jong;Jeong Woo Yeal;Jean Byung Hun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.311-343
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    • 2004
  • Various aspect of epidemics broke out continually from the middle of Joseon Dynasty due to the famine and drought caused by abnormal climate of the sixteenth century and the war. Thus the Dynasty performed sacrificial rites, isolated the patients and published plenty of medical books related epidemics in order to cure of the patients, and Heojun edited 『Byeokyeoksinbang』 as 'Dangdokyeok' broke out at Gwanbuk(關北) districts in 1613, Heojun explained the cause of Dangdokyeok as meteorology under the feudal conditions, and concluded Simhwa(心火) by fever toxin, Therefore he selected the method of puting out Simhwa by attack of fever toxin. In addition he presented emergency treatment that can maintain the airway by bleeding. To treat Dangdokyeok, Heojun presented lots of prescriptions so as Seungmagalgeuntang(升麻葛根湯), Cheongyeolhaedoksan(淸熱解毒散), Yeongyopaedok-san(連翹敗毒散), Bangpungtongsaongsan(防風通聖散), Jowiseunggitang(調胃升氣湯) and Hwangryeonhaedoktang(黃連解毒湯) etc. And he proposed Samdueum (三豆飮), Realgar(石雄黃) and so on to prevent infection from that. They presume from 120 to 150 years as the period of human adaptation to the first epidemics. Dangdokyeok put a large number of people to death at first, but it wasn't referred at the history any more after Byeokyeoksinbang. So we can say that the treatment of Heojun may be effective. Common cold and dyspeptic cold broke out in our country differently from 'Shanghan(傷寒)' in the China, so we had settled 'pestilence infectious epidemic disease(瘟疫)' while 'epidemic febrile disease(溫病)' of the China. Dangdokyeok of Heojun is similar to 'Scalet fever' belonging to 'virulent heat pathogen(溫毒)', 'newly epidemic febrile disease(新感溫病)'. As a cure of Dangdokyeok, the Korean medicine uses the treatment of removing fever state whereas the western medicine uses the antibiotics to kill the streptococcus. The symptoms of Dangdokyeok are remarkably similar to those of the Scarlatina, so this occupies a high position on the world history of medicine in aspects of the period and details of symptoms. These days we have the problems that the tolerance of antibiotics increases and disease of unknown cause is prevalent. It means the western medicine get to limits. So if we progress epidemiography based on Heojun's medicine, we may contribute to the world history of medicine.

The Characteristics of Epidemiology Examined through Translated Medical Books in the 16th~17th Century in the Chosun Dynasty (16 ~ 17세기 조선의 벽역의서(闢疫醫書)를 통해 살펴본 온역학(瘟疫學)의 특징)

  • Cho, Won joon
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.29-47
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    • 2006
  • Because the size of population was directly related to the power of the nation in the Chosun Dynasty, various efforts were exerted to maintain the size stable and the keys to the efforts were a high birth rate and a low death rate. However, in addition to wars, epidemic diseases had an enormous effect on the death rate. Particularly during the mid Chosun Dynasty, epidemic diseases were more prevalent than ever due to the abnormal climate called the little ice age. To cope with them, the government executed several medical relief policies and published medical books. In Chinese epidemiology, infectious diseases mean sicknesses caused by hot weather, but in Korean epidemiology, they indicate large-scale infectious sicknesses caused by both hot and cold weather. Therefore, as treatment methods for diseases from the cold were not applicable to the pathology of epidemic diseases, China developed separate epidemiology. In Korea, however, the main concern was how to prevent epidemic diseases, whether from hot or cold weather, that drove many lives into death. The characteristics of Korean epidemiology are as follows. First, whenever epidemic diseases were prevalent, in order to cope with them, translated medical books were promptly published including Ganibyeokonbang, Bunmunonyeokihaebang, Sinchanbyeokonbang, Byeokyeoksinbang and Byeokonsinbang. Second, those books were annotated in Korean so that people could read easily and accurately. Third, as an extension of the Hyangyak movement from the late Koryo Dynasty, Danbang was used a lot to treat and prevent epidemic diseases with less financial burden, and things obtainable easily according to individuals' situation were mentioned for anybody to overcome the emergent situation of epidemic diseases. Fourth, methods for praying to God were suggested for practitioners to work with sincere spirit and to keep themselves from epidemic diseases.

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