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Binary CDMA 기술 소개

  • 류승문
    • The Proceeding of the Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2002
  • CDMA 시스템은 성능의 우수성에도 불구하고 신호처리의 복잡성과, 여러 채널의 신호를 동시에 전송시, 채널수가 증가할수록 신호의 PAPR(Peak to Average Power Ratio)가 증가하는 문제점을 갖고 있다. 본 논문에서는 멀티코드 CDMA의 특성과 구조를 유지하면서도 전송신호의 레벨이 항상 일정하여 기존의 TDMA 시스템 구조로도 멀티코드 CDMA 신호를 전송할 수 있는 Binary CDMA 기술에 대해 소개한다. Binary CDMA 기술은 적용 기술별로는 펄스폭 CDMA(PW/CDMA; Pulse Width CDMA), 다위상 CDMA(MP/CDMA; Multi Phase CDMA), 코드선택 CDMA(CS/CDMA; Code Select CDMA)로 구분되며, 사용자간의 상호간섭이 심한 환경에서 무선으로 실시간 멀티미디어를 보내는 소형 휴대형 장비에 적합한 무선 solution을 제공한다.

Performance Comparison on Non-linear Distortion for MC-CDMA and MC-DS/CDMA System in Mobile Satellite Quasi-synchronous Return Link (이동 위성 준동기 리턴링크에서 MC-CDMA와 MC-DS/CDMA 시스템의 비선형 왜곡에 대한 성능 비교 분석)

  • 안치훈;최영관;이호진;김동구
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2003
  • We analyze the performances of MC-CDMA and MC-DS/CDMA systems on quasi-synchronized mobile satellite return link. Quasi-synchronization is considered that chip offset between user terminals is within a few chips. Since the transmitted signals of MC-CDMA and MC-DS/CDMA systems have non-constant envelop, they are easily distorted by nonlinearity of transmit amplifier. Since the nonlinear amplifier input signal level of MC-CDMA system using Walsh code to employ frequency domain spreading is lower than that of MC-DS/CDMA system, performance of single user in MC-CDMA system is respectively 2.3dB and 1dB better than that of MC-DS/CDMA system when amplifier input backoff is 0dB and 6dB. However, since interference of MC-DS/CDMA is less than that of MC-CDMA with many subcarriers in quasi-synchronization and AWGN channel, MC-DS/CDMA system is much better than MC-CDMA system as the number of users increases.

Perfonnance Analysis of Binary CDMA systems in Multi-Path Fading Channel (다중경로 페이딩 환경에서의 바이너리 CDMA 시스템 성능 분석)

  • Ko Jae-Yun;Lee Yong-Hwan
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.30 no.9A
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    • pp.795-802
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    • 2005
  • Binary CDMA(B-CDMA) is a new modulation scheme that employs a constant envelope modulation scheme By quantizing the envelope of multi-codes CDMA signal into a small number of levels, the B-CDMA can reduce the peak-to-average power ratio, while preserving the advantages of CDMA signaling such as the soft capacity and robustness to interference. In this paper, we analyze the performance of B-CDMA systems in multi-path channel assuming that the spreading factor is not too small. Finally, the analytic results are verified by computer simulation.

Performance Analysis of Multicarrier Code Selection CDMA System for PAPR Reduction in Multipath Fading Channel (PAPR을 줄이기 위한 Multicarrier Code Select CDMA시스템의 다중 경로 페이딩 채널에서 성능 분석)

  • Ryu Kwan Woong;Park Yong Wan;Hong Een Kee;Kim Myovng Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.29 no.12A
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    • pp.1319-1332
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    • 2004
  • Multicarrier direct sequence code-division multiple access CDMA(MC DS-CDMA) is an attractive technique for achieving high data rate transmission even if the potentially large peak-to-average power ratio(PAPR) is an important factor for its application. On the other hand, code select CDMA(CS-CDMA) is an attractive technique with constant amplitude transmission of multicode signal irregardless of subchannels by introducing code selection method. In this paper we propose a new multiple access scheme based on the combination of MC DS-CDMA and CS-CDMA. Proposed scheme, which we called MC CS-CDMA, includes the sutclasses of MC DS-CDMA and CS-CDMA as special cases. The performance of this system is investigated for multipath Sequency selective fading channel and maximal ratio combining with rake receiver. In addition the PAPR of proposed system is compare with that of both MC BS-CDMA and CS-CDMA. Simulation results show that proposed system improves PAPR reduction than MC DS-CDMA at the expense of the complexity of receiver and the number of available non. Also, the numerical result shows that the proposed system is better performance than MC DS-CDMA due to the increasing processing gain and the number of time diversity gain.

Performance of MC-CDMA Based UWB System (MC-CDMA 방식을 적용한 UWB 시스템의 성능평가)

  • Kim Cheol-Soon;Kwak Kyung-Sup;Lee Hyung-Ki
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we evaluated Ultra Wideband MC-CDMA system which is the combination of DS-CDMA and OFDM systems, which have been drafting in current standardization for IEEE802.15.3a. Too many Rake Fingers are demanded in the DS-CDMA system to detect multi-path signals, which results in high system complexity. OFDM system fails to qualify for FCC certification unless frequency hopping is off. MC-CDMA has lower complexity compared to DS-CDMA and shows good performance against frequency selective fading. In addition, for a wide-band communication, less radio power per spectrum is allowed in the MC-CDMA system than in an OFDM system. The MC-CDMA system is analyzed by a numerical formula and compared with DS-CDMA and OFDM by a computer simulation.

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Performance Analysis of Quasi-synchronous MC-CDMA and MC-DS/CDMA in Mobile Satellite Return Link (이동위성 리턴링크에서 준동기 MC-CDMA와 MC-DS/CDMA 성능 분석)

  • 안치훈;최영관;이호진;김동구
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2003
  • We analyze the performance of MC-CDMA and MC-DS/CDMA system on quasi-synchronized moble satellite return link. Quasi-synchronization is considered that chip offset between terminals is within a few chips. In 10-3 BER, performance of MC-DS/CDMA system with walsh code is 0.3dB better than that of MC-CDMA system when the number of user is 5 from -0.5 $T_{c}$ to 0.5 $T_{c}$ quasi-synchronization of MC-DS/CDMA system and from -5/64 $T_{c}$ $^{MC}$ to 5/64 $T_{c}$ $^{MC}$ quasi-synchronization of MC-CDMA system. MC-DS/CDMA system with walsh code is over 0.2dB better than that of MC-DS/CDMA system with extended m code and gold code. MC-CDMA system with walsh code is over 1.2dB better than that of MC-CDMA system with gold code when the number of user is 5 and lower than from -5/32 $T_{c}$ $^{MC}$ to 5/32 $T_{c}$ $^{MC}$ quasi-synchronization.

Performance Evaluation of CDMA_ALOHA Techniques for Wireless Data Communications (무선 데이터통신을 위한 CDMA_ALOHA 기법의 성능 분석)

  • 허정석;양성용;이정태
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.1272-1281
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    • 1994
  • CDMA technique has been largely focused for Wireless Data Network and PCN. ALOHA protocol also has been proven to be effective for Packet Radio Network regardless of low throughput due to channel colisions. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of CDMA_ALOHA scheme, denoted as S_CDMA_ALOHA(Soltted_CDAM_ALOHA) and MS_CDMA_ALOHA(Minislotted_CDMA_ALOHA) system, by analytic and simulation method. The superiority of the CDMA_ALOHA systems over conventional Slotted ALOHA system are clearely demonstrated for throughput, delay and stability performances. The MS_CDMA_ALOHA scheme provides better delay and throughput performance than the S_CDMA_ALOHA scheme.

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Performance analysis of multiple access mechanism based on error adaptation in CDMA cellular system (CDMA 셀룰러 시스템용 오율 적응 다중 엑세스 기법의 성능분석)

  • 송상호;조동호
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.713-720
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    • 1996
  • In recent, the demand of mobile communication system is increasing rapidly. However, since wireless resources is limitted, the protocol to utilize wireless resource efficiently is needed. Up to now, Slotted CDMA_ALOHA(S_CDMA_ALOHA) and Mini-Slotted CDMA_ALOHA(MS_CDMA_ALOHA) methods are proposed as a CDMA_ALOHA mechanism, and it is turned out that MS_CDMA_ALOHA offers betterperformance than S_CDMA_ALOHA mechanism. Also, IS-95 multiple access mechanism has been proposed as common air interface(CAI) protocol of CDMA digital cellular system. However, in former study, the performance evaluations were made without considertion of chnnel characteristics of wireless communication environment. In this paper, a new access mechanism for improring the performance in the DS/CDMA digital cellular environment is suggested. This mechanism is adaptive to the channel condition and based on the conventional MS_CDMA_ALOHA mechanism. Also, the performance of new access mechanism is compared with that of conventional mechanisms, through computer simulation. According tot h simulation results, it is shown that the proposed NA_CDMA_ALOHA(Noise-Adaptation CDMA_ALOHA) mechanism offers better performance than conventional three CDMA_ALOHA mechanisms in view of mean delay time and system throughput characteristics. This phenomenon is due to the fast that NA_CDMA_ALOHA mechanism controls the access attempts efficiently based on the channel condition in heavy traffic environments.

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Performance Comparison of UWB DS-CDMA/OFDM/MC-CDMA System in S-V Channel Environment (S-V채널 환경에서 UWB DS-CDMA/OFDM/MC-CDMA 시스템 성능 비교)

  • Lee Hyung-Ki;Kwak Kyung-Sup
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.42 no.11
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, we analyze the performance of UWB MC-CDMA system and compareit with DS-CDMA and OFDM systems, which have been drafting in standardization even now. Too many Rake Fingers are needed in the DS-CDMA system to separate multi-path signals, which results in highsystem complexity. OFDM radio power fails to qualify for FCC certification unless frequency hopping. From this reason, MC-CDMA system considered is proposed in this paper. It has lower complexity compared with DS-CDMA and shows good performance against frequency selective fading. In addition, for a wide-band communication, less radio power per spectrum is allowed in the MC-CDMA system than in an OFDM system. Simulation result show that the DS-CDMA system has better performance with single user, but MC-CDMA system shows best performance in case of multi user environment.

Peformance Comparisons of CDMA, OFDM, and MC-CDMA with Inaccurate Channel Estimates and Low-SNR Environments (신호대잡음비가 낮고 부정확한 채널추정값을 가질 때의 CDMA, OFDM, MC-CDMA의 성능 비교)

  • Rim Minjoong
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.30 no.1A
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2005
  • Mobile communication systems are required not only to support high-data-rate transmissions in favorable channel conditions but also to be able to tolerate hostile environments possibly encountered by cellular communications. This paper compares CDMA(Code Division Multiple Access), OFDM(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), and MC-CDMA(Multi-Carrier CDMA)with inaccurate channel estimates and low SNR environments. The equations and simulation results show that the performance losses in CDMA systems due to imprecise channel estimates are not considerable while frequency-hopping of OFDM systems can result in more than l0dB SNR losses. Also, this paper show that frequency-spreading of MC-CDMA can be very helpful for channel compensation performances than frequency-hopping or time-spreading of OFDM.