• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cerium pyrophosphate

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Cerium Pyrophosphate-based Proton-conducting Ceramic Electrolytes for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

  • Singh, Bhupendra;Kim, Ji-Hye;Im, Ha-Ni;Song, Sun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.248-259
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    • 2014
  • Acceptor-doped cerium pyrophosphates have shown significant proton conductivity of > $10^{-2}Scm^{-1}$ in the range of $100-300^{\circ}C$ and are considered promising candidates for use as electrolytes in proton-conducting, ceramic electrolyte fuel cells (PCFCs). But, cerium pyrophosphates themselves do not have structural protons, and protons incorporate into their material bulk only as impurities on exposure to a hydrogen-containing atmosphere. However, proton incorporation and proton conduction in these materials are expected to be affected by factors such as the nature (ionic size and charge) and concentration of the aliovalent dopant, processing history (synthesis route and microstructure), and the presence of residual phosphorous phosphate ($P_mO_n$) phases. An exact understanding of these aspects has not yet been achieved, leading to large differences in the magnitude of proton conductivity of cerium pyrophosphates reported in various studies. Herein, we systematically address some of these aspects, and present an overview of factors affecting proton conductivity inacceptor-doped $CeP_2O_7$.

Studies on Ionic Conduction in Ce0.95Eu0.05P2O7 at Intermediate Temperatures

  • Wang, Hongtao;Sun, Lin;Luo, Chunhua;Fan, Suhua
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.1465-1468
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    • 2014
  • In this study, an intermediate temperature ionic conductor, $Ce_{0.95}Eu_{0.05}P_2O_7$, was prepared by solid state reaction. The variation of conductivities with the pressure $pH_2O$ or time were studied. The highest conductivity of $Ce_{0.95}Eu_{0.05}P_2O_7$ sample was observed in dry air atmosphere at $300^{\circ}C$ to be $1.1{\times}10^{-4}S{\cdot}cm^{-1}$ and in wet air atmosphere ($pH_2O=7.4{\times}10^3Pa$) at $100^{\circ}C$ to be $1.4{\times}10^{-3}S{\cdot}cm^{-1}$, respectively. The log ${\sigma}$ ~ log ($pO_2$) plot result indicated that $Ce_{0.95}Eu_{0.05}P_2O_7$ was almost a pure ionic conductor under high oxygen partial pressure and a mixed conductor of ion and electron under low oxygen partial pressure.