• Title/Summary/Keyword: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia

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A Case Report of Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia (만성 호산구성 폐렴 1예)

  • Ahn, Jin Cheoul;Choi, Woo Jin;Yang, Dae Won;Kang, Yun Kyoung;Jeon, Woo Ki;Yum, Ho Kee
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.798-804
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    • 1996
  • Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is a very rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by striking systemic and pulmonary manifestations such as fever, weight loss, dyspnea, blood eosinophilia, and fluffy peripheral opacities on chest radiograph. A number of these patients developed asthma before or with the onset of illness. The roentgenographic lesion rapidly resoluted with corticosteroid and recurrence was occasionally occured in the same location. Histopathologic features of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia include dense aggregates of eosinophils, histiocytes, and multinucleated giant cells within alveolar spaces, interstitium, and bronchioles associated with scattered lymphocytes and plasma cells. We report a case of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia diagnosed by clinical, radiographic, and histologic findings with review of the literature.

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Acute Respiratory Failure Accompanied with Eosinophilia (호산구 증가를 동반한 급성 호흡 부전증)

  • Um, Hyeon-Seok;Jang, Jie-Jung;Lee, Suk-Young;Kim, Chi-Hong;Kwon, Soon-Seog;Kim, Young-Kyoon;Kim, Kwan-Hyoung;Moon, Hwa-Sik;Song, Jeong-Sup;Park, Sung-Hak;Lee, Kyo-Young
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.314-318
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    • 1993
  • Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is an idiopathic condition characterized by chronic infiltration of the lung with eosinophils, weight loss, dyspnea, and pulmonary infiltration. Recently, we have experienced one case of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia presenting as the acute respiratory failure. A 34-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with one month's history of coughing, dyspnea, mucoid sputum, weight loss and one day's history of subcutaneous emphysema. The radiographic lung lesion and dyspnea rapidly progressed to a critical condition of acute respiratory failure. The combination of blood eosinophilia, lung infiltration on the chest x-ray, sign of acute rapiratory failure, rapid response to steroid therapy, and the finding of the transbronchial lung biopsy permit the diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia.

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Clinical Investigation of 11 Cases of Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia Reported in Korea (국내에서 보고된 만성 호산구성 폐렴 11예에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • Woo, Ka-Eun;Chang, Jung-Hyun;Choi, Young-Ah;Joo, Mi-Soon;Seo, Ki-Youl;Shin, Tae-Rim;Cheon, Sean-Hee;Cho, Young-Joo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 1998
  • Background: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia(CEP) presents with profound systemic symptoms, including fever, malaise, night sweats, weight loss, and anorexia together with localized pulmonary manifestations such as cough, wheeze, and sputum. It is an illness occurring predominantly in women. The chest radiogragh shows fluffy opacities that often have a characteristic peripheral configuration. The hallmark of CEP is the peripheral blood eosinophilia and a prompt response to oral corticosteroid therapy. We investigated characteristics of eleven patients of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, reported in Korea. Method: There were eleven reports of CEP from 1980 to 1996, including three cases experienced in our hospital. The journals were analysed in respects of clinical history, laboratory, and radiographic findings. Results: 1) Male vs. female ratio is 3 : 8. The peak incidence occurred in forty and fifty decades. The atopic diseases were present in 6 cases. Asthma was the commonest manifestation 2) The presenting symptoms were as follows: cough, dyspnea, sputum, weight loss, fever, general weakness, night sweats, urticaria with the descending incidence. 3) Peripheral blood eosinophilia was present in all patients(mean ; 38.4%) and serum IgE level was elevated in nine patients(mean ; 880IU/ml). Conclusion: The diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is based on classic symptoms, including fever, night sweats, weight loss with a typical roentgenogram of peripheral pulmonary infiltrates and peripheral blood eosinophilia, and that is confimed by lung biopsy and/or bronchoalveolar lavage. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia is responsive to corticosteroid promptly and recommended at least 6 months of therapy to prevent relapse.

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Acute and Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia; Clinical and Laboratory Findings (급성 및 만성 호산구성 폐렴의 임상적 고찰)

  • Hyun, D.S.;Yeo, D.S.;Kim, J.W.;Lee, S.H.;Lee, S.Y.;Kim, S.C.;Seo, J.Y.;Song, S.H.;Kim, C.H.;Moon, H.S.;Song, J.S.;Park, S.H.
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.795-804
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    • 1998
  • Background: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia(CEP) is interstitial lung disease characterized by multiple infiltration on radiographic study, accumulation of eosinophils in the alveolar space and interstitium of the lung, chronic persistent symptoms and possible relapse. Acute eosinophilic pneumonia(AEP) is a recently described illness, characterized by rapid clinical course, acute respiratory insufficiency and no relapse. Method : To better characterize acute and chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, we studied the clinical and laboratory features of 16 patients(AEP : 7 patients, CEP : 9 patients), which were clinico-pathohistologically diagnosed and not to be associated with organic disorders producing peripheral blood eosinophilia. Results: The mean age was higher for patients with CEP than for patients with AEP ($55.4{\pm}15.1$ vs. $24.6{\pm}7.9$ years, p<0.05). High fever(above $38^{\circ}C$) was presented in all patients of AEP and in one patient(11%) of CEP. All patients of AEP and eight patients (89%) of CEP showed bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and 6 patients(86%) of AEP and 2 patients(22%) of CEP showed pleural effusion in chest radiograph. The mean white blood cell count of AEP and CEP were $17,186/mm^3$ and $12,867/mm^3$, respectively. The mean peripheral blood eosinophil count of AEP and CEP were $939/mm^3$ and $2,104/mm^3$, respectively. The mean eosinophil fraction of BAL fluid of AEP and CEP were 32.4% (range: 18~47%) and 35.8% (range: 15.3~88.2%), respectively. The mean $PaO_2$ was lower for patients with AEP than for patients with CEP ($44.1{\pm}15.5$ vs. $62.7{\pm}6.9$mmHg, p<0.05). All patients of AEP and CEP were initially treated with antibiotics. All patients of CEP and one patients of AEP were finally required systemic steroid therapy. 6 patients of AEP were improved without steroid therapy. Relapse was observed in 3 patients(33%) of CEP. Conclusion : Compair with of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, acute eosinophilic pneumonia was characterized by relatively young age, acute onset, high fever, severe hypoxemia, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates with pleural effusion, steroid therapy is effective but spontaneous improvement with conservative therapy was frequent.

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A Case of Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia after Ingestion of Wild Rats (들쥐 생식 후에 발생한 만성 호산구성폐렴 1예)

  • Choi, Hyung-Seok;Kim, Ho-Jung;Lee, Hyuk-Pyo;Shim, Tae-Sun;Cho, Sang-Heon;Kim, Young-Whan;Shim, Young-Soo;Kim, You-Young;Kim, Tae-Jin;Kim, Young-Il
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.194-201
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    • 1991
  • The Pulmonary Infiltration and Eosinophilia Syndrome (PIE Syndrome) includes a wide spectrum of clinical disorders with pulmonary infiltrates and peripheral eosiophilia. It is poorly understood and ill-defined group of disorders. Often its etiology is poorly delineated. There may exist an eosinophilic type of alveolitis in the category of PIE syndrome. It shows characteristic clinical picture, peripheral eosinophilia and especially dramatic improvement following therapy with corticosteroids. We report a case of the syndrome in 43-year-old man with brief review of contemporary literature. In this case, the diagnosis was confirmed by open lung biopy which showed characteristic eosinophilic alveolitis accompanied by periphiral eosinophilia. Corticosteroid was administered with rapid clinical improvement in this case.

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A Case of Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia (급성 호산구성 폐렴 1예)

  • Lee, Ki-Hoon;Cho, Chul-Ho;Koh, Kwang-Kon;Moon, Tai-Hoon;Jang, Dong-Seob;Park, Chan-Sup;Kim, Jin-Joo;Kim, Joon-Mee
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 1995
  • Most cases of eosinophilic pneumonia reported previously have followed a chronic course. The case presented here was acute in onset, suggesting a acute eosinophilic pneumonia. A model of criteria for acute and chronic eosinophilic pneumonia was made by Umeki in 1992. A previously healthy young man presented with cough, sputum, fever, and multiple small nodules on the chest radiograph. We confirmed eosinophilic pneumonia with bronchoalveolar lavage analysis and transbronchial lung biopsy. This case examplifies the recently descrived acute eosinophilic pneumonia.

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A Case of Churg-Strauss Syndrome with Multiple Tracheobronchial Mucosal Lesions (기관과 기관지내 다발성 점막 병변을 동반한 Churg-Strauss 증후군 1예)

  • Boo, Sun-Jin;Lee, Kwangha;Ra, Seung Won;Jin, Young-Joo;Park, Gyung-Min;Hong, Sang-Bum
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.65 no.5
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    • pp.405-409
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    • 2008
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare form of systemic necrotizing vasculitis that occurs exclusively in patients with asthma, and is associated with blood and tissue eosinophilia. The classic pathology findings in the lung include a combination of eosinophilic pneumonia, granulomatous inflammation and necrotizing vasculitis. However, there are few reports of tracheobronchial mucosal lesions in Churg-Strauss syndrome. We report a case of Churg-Strauss syndrome with multiple tracheobronchial mucosal lesions in a 33-year-old man with a history of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. He had been diagnosed with community acquired pneumonia at another hospital and was treated with antibiotics. However, the chest radiographic findings were aggravated and showed multifocal consolidations in the whole lung fields. He was transferred to the Asan Medical Center. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed multiple nodular mucosal lesions of the trachea and bronchi. The histopathology of the mucosal lesions revealed necrotizing bronchial inflammation with eosinophilic infiltration. Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery was performed. The wedge resected lung tissue revealed chronic eosinophilic pneumonia that was consistent with Churg-Strauss syndrome. Methylprednisolone (1 mg/kg q 8 hr) was prescribed and his symptoms resolved gradually. The chest radiographic findings improved significantly, and a follow-up fiberoptic bronchoscopy performed eight days later showed that the tracheobronchial mucosal lesions had resolved. The patient was prescribed oral prednisolone for 20 months after discharge. Currently, the patient is not taking steroids and is being followed up.