• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chronic low back pain

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Effects of the Pelvic Control Method on Abdominal Muscle Activity and Lumbopelvic Rotation Angle during Active Straight Leg Raising in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통환자의 능동 하지직거상 동작 시 골반조절 방법에 따른 복부 근활성도와 요골반부 회전각도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dae-Hyun;Park, Jin
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of different methods of pelvic control on abdominal muscle activity and lumbopelvic rotation angle during active straight leg raising (ASLR) in patients with chronic back pain. Methods: The study participants were patients with low back pain (n = 30). They were instructed to perform ASLR with pelvic control, ASLR with pelvic belt, and ASLR only. Surface electromyography data were collected from the ipsilateral rectus femoris (IRF), ipsilateral internal oblique (IIO), contralateral external oblique (CEO), and ipsilateral rectus abdominal (IRA) muscles, and lumbopelvic rotation angle was measured using a motion analysis device. Results: Activation of all abdominal muscles was greater in the ASLR with pelvic control group than in the ASLR with pelvic belt and ASLR groups. The lumbopelvic rotation angle was lower in the ASLR with pelvic control group than in the other two groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that ALSR with pelvic control is an effective means of increasing abdominal muscle activity and reducing unwanted lumbopelvic rotation in patients with chronic low back pain. Controlling the pelvis using the opposite leg is an effective form of ASLR exercise for patients with chronic low back pain.

The Immediately Effects of Thoracic Mobilization by Segment on Pain and Range of Motion in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients (분절별 등뼈 관절가동술이 만성허리통증환자의 통증과 관절가동범위에 미치는 즉시적 효과)

  • Sim, Jae-Heon;Jeong, Ui-Cheol;Choi, Hee-Yang;Kim, Cheol-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: This study aims to identify the immediate effects of thoracic mobilization according to segment on disabling low-back pain and the range of motion in patients with chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The participants were divided randomly into two groups: a group (N=12) with pain and disability between the 5th and 9th thoracic vertebrae (T5-T9) and a group (N=12) with pain and disability between the 10th and 12th thoracic vertebrae (T10-T12). The same experiment was conducted in both groups: 10 minutes of thoracic mobilization and 10 minutes of functional massage. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of motion measurements were applied to the participants in both groups. All participants were measured again immediately after the program was completed. RESULTS: In both groups, the VAS and range of motion measurements showed statistically significant improvement after the experiment (p<.05). No statistically significant difference was revealed between the two groups (p>.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study confirmed positive and immediate effects of thoracic mobilization of patients with chronic low-back pain. But, no significant difference in the thoracic mobilization by segment between the two groups. Based on these results, thoracic mobilization could help to improve pain control and functional activity in patients with chronic low-back pain.

Comparison of the Relationship Between Impairment, Disability and Psychological Factors According to the Difference of Duration of Low Back Pain (요통기간에 따른 손상, 장애, 심리적 요인들의 상관성 비교)

  • Won, Jong-Im
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.76-84
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations between pain intensity, physical impairments, disability, and psychological factors according to the difference in duration of low back pain. This study was a cross-sectional survey of 102 participants with low back pain, divided into two groups equal in number: The first group consisted of patients with acute and subacute low back pain, while the second group consisted of patients suffering from chronic low back pain. The results showed that gender, age, pain intensity, physical impairment, disability and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs (FABs) for work activities were not significantly different between two groups. FABs for physical activities of the first group were significantly more prevalent than in the second group. More than moderate correlations were found between pain intensity, physical impairment, and disability in the first group. Less than moderate correlations were found between pain intensity, physical impairment, disability, FABs, and depression in the second group. These findings suggest that we must consider psychological factors in the treatment of patients with chronic low back pain. Regression analyses revealed that pain intensity and FABs for work activities significantly contributed to the prediction of disability in the first group. Also, pain intensity and FABs for physical activities significantly contributed to the prediction of disability in the second group. Pain intensity was most important predictor of disability in two groups.

Effect of Acupuncture Treatment on Ryodoraku Score of the Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain Due to the Kidney Deficiency (만성(慢性) 신허요통(腎虛腰痛) 환자의 침치료가 양도락 점수에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Myung-Jin;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study was done for reporting the effect of acupuncture treatment on Ryodoraku score of the patients with chronic low back pain due to the kidney deficiency Methods : We investigated 37 cases of patients with chronic low back pain due to the kidney deficiency, and devided patients into two groups : We specially treated one group by acupuncture treatment, which was not applied to the other group we analyzed of each group the Ryodoraku score(F3) of each group before and after acupuncture treatment and compared it. Results : 1. In acupuncture treatment group compared with baseline, at final, Ryodoraku score(F3) was significantly increased. 2. At final, acupuncture treatment group showed significant increase on Ryodoraku score(F3) score compared with non acupuncture treatment group. Conclusions : It is suggested that Ryodoraku score(F3) should be available for diagnosing kidney deficiency-induced chronic low back pain as a promising diagnostic index and a outcome measurement.

Quantitative analysis of lumbar multifidus atrophy with low back pain patients using Magnetic Resonance Image (자기공명영상(MRI)을 통한 요통환자의 다열근 위축에 대한 정량적 분석)

  • Yang, Dae-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.615-621
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare chronic LBP patients and asymptomatic subjects on measures of multifidus size (cross-sectional area;CSA, thickness) and symmetry (proportional difference of relatively larger side to smaller side). Methods : Data were obtained from 12 asymptomatic subjects without a prior history of LBP (8 females, 4 males), and a retrospective audit was undertaken of records from 12 chronic low back pain patients (8 females, 4 males). CSA and Thickness of the lumbar multifidus muscles was measured from axial T1-weighted magnetic resonance images(MRI). Results : The results of the analysis showed that chronic LBP patients had significantly smaller multifidus CSA and thickness than asymptomatic subjects at L4-5 vertebral levels(p<.05). The asymmetry between sides was seen at L4- L5 vertebral level in patients with chronic low back pain presentations(p<.05). Conclusions : MRI provided a quantitative measure of change between asymptomatic subjects and chronic low back pain patients of multifidus muscle. MRI identified significant differences in cross-sectional area and thickness and helps to evaluate clinically and plan the treatment modalities of LBP.

Comparison of the Activity and Proprioception of Trunk Muscles According to Different Types of Bridge Exercises in Subjects with and without Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Kong, Yong-Soo;Hwang, Yoon-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.400-406
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine joint position senses and muscle activity in subjects with and without chronic low back pain and to determine the effects of different types of bridge exercises on their trunk muscle activity. Methods: Thrity-eight subjects with chronic low back pain and thrity healthy controls participated in the experiment. Joint position senses and trunk muscle activity levels were measured during the different bridge exercise methods. Results: The joint position senses of the healthy group and chronic low back pain group showed significant differences during lumbar flexion, lumbar extension, lumbar lateral flexion, and lumbar rotation. The muscle activity levels of the transversus abdominis (TrA), internal oblique (IO), and external oblique (EO) were highest in the prone bridge exercise (PBE) group, followed by the supine bridge swiss ball exercise (SBSE) group and supine bridge exercise (SBE) group in order of precedence. The muscle activity level of the erector spinae (ES) was highest in the SBSE group, followed by the SBE and PBE groups in order of precedence. Conclusion: Overall, the results suggest that chronic low back pain is associated with declines in joint position senses and that PBEs increase trunk muscle activity more than conventional bridge exercises.

Relationship of trunk muscle atrophy and provocation position in patients with chronic low back pain

  • Shin, Doo Chul;Song, Chang Ho
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.28-32
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare chronic low back pain patients' pain provocation position so as to identify the relevance with lumbar stabilizing muscles atrophy and pain provocation position. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Fifty five chronic low back pain patients were participated in this study. Subjects were eligible for study participation if they were 35-55 years old and had experienced low back pain for more than 3 months. Subjects were questioned about pain and pain provocation test were done. And then they were inspected their cross sectional area (CSA) of lumbar muscles (erector spinae, iliopsoas, and multifidus) by using computed tomography. Analyze the relevance through the result data with painful area, aspect of pain and pain provocation position. Results: CSA of erector spinae showed significant decrease on ipsilateral extension position (p<0.05). Iliopsoas muscle showed significant decrease on contralateral position (p<0.05). Multifidus showed significant decrease on the position of contralateral extension and contralateral flexion (p<0.05). Conclusions: Based on the results of our study, it may be possible to evaluate muscle atrophy by assessing causing position.

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Does transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation affect pain, neuropathic pain, and sympathetic skin responses in the treatment of chronic low back pain? A randomized, placebo-controlled study

  • Yaksi, Elif;Ketenci, Aysegul;Baslo, Mehmet Baris;Orhan, Elif Kocasoy
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2021
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in chronic low back pain and neuropathic pain. Methods: Seventy-four patients aged 18-65 with chronic low back pain were included in the study. Baseline measurements were performed, and patients were randomized into three groups. The first group received burst TENS (bTENS), the second group conventional TENS (cTENS), and the third group placebo TENS (pTENS), all over 15 sessions. Patients' visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were evaluated before treatment (preT), immediately after treatment (postT), and in the third month after treatment (postT3). Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions (DN4), the Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (MOS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and sympathetic skin response (SSR) values were also evaluated preT and postT3. Results: A statistically significant improvement was observed in mean VAS scores postT compared to preT in all three groups. Intergroup comparison revealed a significant difference between preT and postT values, that difference being assessed in favor of bTENS at multiple comparison analysis. Although significant improvement was determined in neuropathic pain DN4 scores measured at postT3 compared to preT in all groups, there was no significant difference between the groups. No statistically significant difference was also observed between the groups in terms of MOS, BDI, or SSR values at postT3 (P > 0.05). Conclusions: bTENS therapy in patients with low back pain is an effective and safe method that can be employed in short-term pain control.

The Effect of the Core Stabilization Exercise and Thoracic Manipulation on the Respiratory Function of Chronic Low Back Pain Patients (척추 안정화 운동과 등뼈 가동성 운동이 만성 허리 통증 환자의 호흡 기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sunja;Kim, Youngmi;Han, Jiwon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the change of the respiratory function of chronic low back pain patients after the thoracic manipulation and the trunk stability exercise on chronic low back pain patients. Methods : For this study, the group of the experiment was consisted of 44 patients suffering from the low back pain chronically. The participants were divided into two groups: the control group, which was assigned for core stabilization exercise (CSE), and the experimental group, which was randomly assigned for core stabilization exercise after thoracic manipulation (CSE+TM). Both groups carried out each assigned treatment on three times a week for 8 weeks. To study the change related to measurement variable from each test groups before and after intervention, paired t-test was performed. Further, the statistics for an intergroup comparison was analyzed by covariance analysis, ANCOVA. The measurement was conducted by the respiratory function, the respiratory function was measured by forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). Results : As a result, forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) showed significant differences not only by each groups but also between those groups before and after the test. Conclusion : In conclusion, both experiments, the core stabilization exercise and the core stabilization exercise conducted after thoracic manipulation, on chronic low back pain patients resulted in the significant level of difference in the respiratory function. This result indicates that the thoracic manipulation is an efficient treatment for improving the respiratory function for chronic low back pain patients.

Comparison of Ranges of Motion in The Thoracolumbar Region for Clinical Diagnoses of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통 환자의 질환명에 따른 흉요추부의 관절가동범위 비교)

  • Lee, Sang-Wook;Kim, Suhn-Yeop
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.363-373
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare differences in thoracolumbar ranges of motions by comparing ratios among 4 type diagnosis for patient with chronic low back pain. Methods : The subjects were 58 chronic low back pain patients. A motion analysis program (Global Postural System) was used after photography for posture measurement. To analyze differences in mobility percentages and ratios of thoracolumbar ranges of motion, one-way ANOVA was used. Results : Regional difference spinal posture and movement were found to diagnosis patients with chronic low back pain. Comparison of thoracolumbar ranges of motion revealed significant differences in the thoracic region during forward-bending of the trunk (p<.05). In the upper thoracic region, the herniated intervertebral lumbar disc (HILD) group was significantly larger than the spinal stenosis/herniated intervertebral lumbar disc (SS/HILD) group (p<.05). In the lower thoracic region, chronic sprains (CS) were significantly greater than in the spinal stenosis (SS) group and in the (SS/HJLD) group (p<.05). Comparative analysis of thoracic/lumbar mobility ratio showed the CS group's ratio during forward bending was largest: 1.66, while the HILD group's ratio was smallest: 84 a significant difference between the two groups (p<.01). Diagnosis was not associated with difference in thoracolumbar backward-bending range of motion (p>.05). Conclusion : Theses results indicate the clinical efficacy of diagnosing for chronic low back pain by evaluating spinal mobility.