• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chrysanthemum zawadskii K.

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Volatiles of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum K.

  • Chang, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.234-238
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    • 2012
  • The volatile aroma constituents of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum K. were separated by hydro distillation extraction (HDE) method using a Clevenger-type apparatus, and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The yield of C. zawadskii var. latilobum K. flower essential oil (FEO) was 0.12% (w/w) and the color was light green. Fifty-five volatile chemical components, which make up 88.38% of the total aroma composition, were tentatively characterized. C. zawadskii var. latilobum K. FEOs contained 27 hydrocarbons, 12 alcohols, 7 ketones, 4 esters, 1 aldehyde, 1 amine, and 3 miscellaneous components. The major functional groups were terpene alcohol and ketone. Borneol (12.96), (${\pm}$)-7-epi-amiteol (12.60), and camphor (10.54%) were the predominant volatiles. These compounds can be used in food and pharmaceutical industries due to their active bio-functional properties.

Ecology of Bupleurum euphorbioides Population (등대시호(Bupleurum euphorbioides Nakai) 개체군의 생태)

  • So, Soonku;Kim, Muyeol;Park, Hyerim;Seo, Eunkyoung;Kwon, Hyejin;Song, Hokyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.86-94
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    • 2006
  • This study was to analyze vegetation and soil characteristic, and ordination of Bupleurum euphorbioides community located in Mt. Seorak area, Mt. Sobaek area, and Mt. South Deogyu area. Bupleurum euphorbioides community was classified into Carex lanceolata subcommunity and Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. alpinum subcommunity, and Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. alpinum subcommunity was classified into Calamagrostis arundinacea and Carex breviculmis group. In the study sites, soil organic matter, nitrogen, available phosphorous, changeable potassium, changeable calcium, changeable magnesium concentration, cation exchange capacity, and soil pH were ranged from 9.0~15.2%, 0.32~0.47%, 3.0~8.6ppm, 0.3~0.9me/100g, 0.5~1.5me/100g, 0.2~0.6me/100g, 11.4~16.1me/100g, and 4.3~4.6, respectively. And, soil texture was sandy loam or loam. The Carex breviculmis group of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. alpinum subcommunity was found in area of high elevation and had high exchangeable K, Ca, and Mg concentration. The Calamagrostis arundinacea group of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var.alpinum subcommunity was found in area of low elevation and had lower exchangeable K, Ca, and Mg concentration than in the other subcommunity. The Carex lanceolata subcommunity was found in area of medium elevation and had medium exchangeable K, Ca, and Mg concentration. The Carex lanceolata subcommunity was located in a path of top the mountain peak, and has been destroyed. We need any action to protect the subcommunity.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Chrysanthemum indicum L., Chrysanthemum boreale M. and Chrysanthemum zawadskii K. Powdered Teas (감국, 산국 및 구절초꽃 분말 차의 항산화활성과 품질특성)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Hwang, In-Guk;Nho, Jin-Woo;Chang, Young-Deug;Lee, Chul-Hee;Woo, Koan-Sik;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.824-831
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    • 2009
  • In order to investigate the quality characteristics of powdered teas using Compositae species flower, the samples of Chrysanthemum indicum L. (CI), Chrysanthemum boreale Makino (CB), and Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum (Maxim.) Kitam (CZ) were extracted with hot water and concentrated, and then mixed with different forming agents of dextrin (D) and maltodextrin (MD). The mixing ratio of D and MD was ranged from 9:1 (DMD91) to 8:2 (DMD82) or D and MD only. The solubility of the powdered tea was higher in added dextrin. The highest total polyphenol and flavonoid content of the powdered tea were 6.75 and 3.24 mg/g at CBDMD91, respectively. Total antioxidant activities of C. indicum, C. boreale, and C. zawadskii powdered tea ranged at $2.51{\sim}2.63$, $4.37{\sim}4.50$, and $3.44{\sim}3.55\;mg$ AA eq/g, respectively. In sensory evaluation, the C. indicum and C. zawadskii powdered teas obtained higher sensory score of all evaluation items than C. boreale powdered tea. The optimal mixing ratio at 36% of D and 4% of MD in forming agent was selected to enhance the sensory characteristics and antioxidant activities of powdered tea.

Induction of Quinone Reductase, an Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, by Extract from Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum K.

  • Kim, Ju-Ryoung;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Lim, Hyun-Ae;Jang, Chan-Ho;Kim, Jang-Hoon;Kwon, Chong-Suk;Kim, Young-kyun;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.340-343
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    • 2005
  • Induction of NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase (QR) which promotes obligatory two electron reduction of quinones and prevents their participation in oxidative cycling and thereby the depletion of intracellular glutathione, has been used as a marker for chemopreventive agents. Induction of phase II enzyme is considered to be an important mechanism of cancer prevention. In our previous study, we assessed the quinone reductase QR-inducing activities of 216 kinds of medicinal herb extracts in cultured murine hepatoma cells, BPRc1 and hepalc1c7 cells. Among the 216 herbal extracts tested in that study, extracts from Chrysanthemum zawadskii showed significant induction of QR. In this study, we examined QR-inducing activity of solvent fractions of the herbal extract. The dichloromethane fraction of the herb showed the highest QR induction among the samples fractionated with four kinds of solvents with different polarity. The fraction also significantly induced the activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST), one of the major detoxifying enzymes, at $4{\mu}g/mL\;and\;2{\mu}g/mL$ in hepalc1c7 and BPRc1 cells, respectively. In conclusion, dichloromethane-soluble fraction of Chrysanthemum zawadskii which showed relatively strong induction of detoxifying enzymes merits further study to identify active components and evaluate their potential as cancer preventive agents.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Chrysanthemum indicum L., C. boreale M., and C. zawadskii K. Flowers Candies (감국, 산국 및 구절초꽃 캔디의 항산화활성과 품질특성)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Hwang, In-Guk;Lee, Ha-Kyoo;Shin, So-Lim;Chang, Young-Deug;Lee, Chul-Hee;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1406-1413
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    • 2009
  • In order to investigate the quality characteristics of candies prepared with Compositae species flower extracts, the samples of Chrysanthemum indicum Linne (CI), C. boreale Makino (CB), and C. zawadskii var. latilobum (Maxim.) Kitam (CZ) were extracted with hot water and concentrated, and then added with various concentrations of 5$\sim$20% for candy preparation. L-value of candy color was decreased, but a- and b-value were increased with increasing amount of added extracts. pH was decreased, but total acidity was increased with increasing amount of added extracts. Moisture content of CI, CB, and CZ candies were 2.61$\sim$4.11, 2.46$\sim$4.57, and 2.27$\sim$4.43%, respectively. Hardness of candies were decreased with increasing amount of added extracts. CZ candy of 20% added extract showed the highest total polyphenol, flavonoid content, electron donating ability and anol, flavonaid content at 2.71 mg/g, 0.86 mg/g, 76.24%, and 3.17 mg AA eq/g, respectively. In sensory evaluation, the CI and CZ candies of 10% added extract obtained higher sensory scores.

Induction of Quinone Reductase, an Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, by Medicinal Herb Extracts

  • Kwon, Chong-Suk;Kim, Ji-Hyeon;Son, Kun-Ho;Kim, Young-Kyoon;Lee, Jeong-Soon;Lim, Jin-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.358-366
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    • 2002
  • To search for novel cancer preventive agents, we assessed the quinone reductase (QR)-inducing activities of medicinal herb extracts in cultured murine hepatoma cells (hepalclc7 cells). Among 216 herb extracts tested in this study, 8 kinds of herbal extracts were found to induce QR activity in hepalclc7 cells by more than 2-fold when used at the concentration of 25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$. The methanol extracts of Aster koraiensis NK and Pulsatilla koreana Nakai induced QR by 252 and 223 % , respectively, at the concentration of 25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$. Most of the herbal extracts with QR inducing-activity increased the enzyme activity in a typical dose-dependent manner. The QR activity in BP$^{r}$ cl cells was induced move than 50 % by the extracts of Pulsatilla koreana Nakai, Inula helenium, Physalis alkekengi var, francheti (Masters) Makino, Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum Kitamuva, Auemisia keiskeana Miquel, Chfsanthemum boreale Makino. In conclusion, hlsatilla koreana Nakai, Aster koraiensis N.K, and Chfsanthemum zawadskii var. iatilobum Kitamura, which showed relatively high QR induction, merit further animal study to evaluate their potential as cancer preventive agents.

Screening of Biologically Active Compounds from Weeds I (잡초(雜草)에 함유(含有)된 생리활성물질(生理活性物質) 탐색(探索) I)

  • Kim, C.J.;Kang, B.H.;Lee, I.K.;Ryoo, I.J.;Park, D.J.;Lee, K.H.;Lee, H.S.;Yoo, I.D.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 1994
  • Ninty three species of domestic weeds were collected and screened for antimicrobial, antitumor, antioxidant and herbicidal activities. Among them, few showed antifungal activities. Cuscuta japonica showed inhibitory activity against Alternaria mali, Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Geranium sibiricum against Phytophthora capsici, Aster yomema and Aster pilosus against Phytophthora parasitica. Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Artemisia princeps, Artemisia capillaris, Ludwigia prostrata, Chrysanthemum zawadskii, Bidens frondosa, and Geranium sibiricum showed broad antibacterial activities. Carex chordorhiza, Artemisia capillaris, Persicaria nodosa, Senecio koreanus, Pariicum bisulcatum, Geranium sibiricum showed antiblebbing activity on human chronic leukemia K562 cell, among them, Persicaria nodosa was the strongist. Angelica decursiva, Equisetum arvense, Cimicifuga heracleifolia, Persicaria nodosa, Geranium sibiricum, Oenothera odorata, Cyperus sanguinolentus showed antioxidant activities. Ludwigia prostrata and Peucedanum terebinthaceum showed strong herbicidal activities.

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