• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cleft lip and palate

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Global Charity Operations of Cleft Lip and Palate by Korean Cleft Lip and Palate Association ; Charity Operations in Kenya, east Africa (대한구순구개열학회의 글로벌 자선 수술 활동 : 케냐에서의 자선 수술 활동)

  • Choung, Pill-Hoon;Park, Joo-Young;Park, Joo-Young;Ahn, Kang-Min;Baek, Jin-Woo;Cho, Il-Hwan;Choi, Cheol-Min;Choi, Seon-Hyu;Chung, Il-Hyuk;Gao, En-Feng;Hong, Jong-Rak;Hyun, Seung-Don;Jang, Hyon-Seok;Jun, Sang-Ho;Jung, Sung-Uk;Kang, Na-Ra;Kang, Young-Ho;Kim, Byung-Ryul;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Eun-Seok;Kim, Ho-Sung;Kim, In-Soo;Kim, Ji-Hyuck;Kim, Jong-Ryoul;Kim, Joong-Min;Kim, Myung-Jin;Kim, Soung-Min;Ko, Bong-Hwa;Koh, Sung-Hee;Lee, Bu-Kyu;Lee, Eui-Seok;Lee, Jong-Ho;Lee, Ui-Lyong;Lee, Won;Lee, Won-Deok;Min, Byong-Il;Nam, Il-Woo;Paeng, Jun-Young;Park, Jong-Chul;Park, Jung-Seok;Park, Sung-Hee;Park, Young-Wook;Pyo, Sung-Woon;Rim, Chae-Hong;Rim, Jae-Suk;Seo, Byoung-Moo;Suh, Je-Duck;Yoon, Jeong-Ho;Yoon, Jung-Ju;Yun, Hyung-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2006
  • Korean Cleft Lip and Palate Association (KCLPA) was founded in 1996. The first overseas charity operation was in Karachi, Pakistan, 2002 and our association has visited fourteen times in six countries for the free cleft surgery: Pakistan, Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, Jordan and Vietnam. The cumulated number of operated patients reaches to 280. Before our association, many Korean oral and maxillofacial surgeons have performed charity operations individually since 1964. It was started from Vietnam but the activity is now carried on in Africa, middle-east Asia, south-east Asia, China, and Korea as an official team. LG electronics, a Korean company helped to propagate our team's activity to middle-east Asia to Africa. This paper is a report concerning about the results of our association's charity activities especially in Kenya, east Africa. We provided free cleft surgery for 30 patients in 2004 and 27 patients in 2005, in Nairobi. As the blood test for HIV of the cleft patients was not allowed before and during surgery, our surgeons and nurses were cautious about every movement during the surgeries. Thus the operation time for each patient was longer than any other time. The attitude of the local hospital and the doctors seemed to be accustomed to this situation. They helped us in case of needle injuries. Safety of medical staff and patients is more important than the number of the patients operated in charity operation. This belief should be approached being parallel and multidisciplinary as an international cooperation, focusing on international funding for medical support and continuous education for local doctors who are willing to devote to their people.

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RECENT TRENDS IN INCIDENCE AND MANAGEMENT OF CLEFT LIP AND PALATE (구순열과 구개열의 발생요인 및 치료 경향)

  • Yoon, Chun-Ju;Ryu, Sun-Youl
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.295-309
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    • 2006
  • The present study was aimed to evaluate the incidence, etiological factors, and management of cleft lip and palate. Two hundred and twenty patients with cleft lip and/or cleft palate who were treated at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chonnam National University Hospital, during the period between January 1994 and December 2003 were reviewed. The ratios of cleft lip : cleft lip with cleft palate : and cleft palate were 0.4:1.1:1. Males were more common than females in cleft lip (1.3:1) and cleft lip and palate (2.5:1), while females were more common than males in cleft palate (1:1.3). In the cleft side, left clefts were more prevalent than right clefts (cleft lip 1.3:1, cleft lip and palate 1.6:1). Unilateral clefts were more common than bilateral clefts in cleft lip (79:21). Cleft lip and cleft palate were more common in those with blood type A (34.5%) than those with other types. There was no significant relationship between birth season and frequency of clefts. The clefts were common in the first-born (48.8%), and in mothers aged between 25 and 29 (51.7%). Medication (24.7%) and stress (16.7%) during the first trimester were noted. Positive familial history was noted in 13 cases (5.9%). Thirty-two cases (15%) were associated with other congenital anomalies, in which tonguetie (40.6%) and congenital heart disease (21.9%) were most common. Among 100 patients with cleft palate, 77 patients had middle ear disease (77%), which occurred predominently in the incomplete cleft palate. Seventy-six among the 77 patients received myringotomy and ventilation tube insertion, and the remaining one received antibiotic medication only. Cleft lips were treated primarily at 3 to 6 months, and cleft palates were at 1 to 2 years. Treatment regimens included modified Millard method mainly in the cleft lip, and Wardill V-Y, Dorrance method, and Furlow method in the cleft palate. The percentage of palatal lengthening as type of cleft palate was greater in the incomplete cleft palate group (11.2%) than in the complete cleft palate group (9.6%). The percentage of palatal lengthening as operating method was no difference between the Furlow method (10.9%) and the push back method (10.7%). As postoperative complications, hypertrophic scar was most frequent in the cleft lip, and oronasal fistula in the cleft palate. In summary, it was shown that medication and stress during the first trimester of pregnancy were frequently associated with cleft lip and cleft palate, adequate timing and selection of method of operation are important factors to obtain morphologically and functionally good results. Furthermore prevention and treatment of middle ear disease are important in cleft palate patients because of its high co-occurrence.

CLINICAL STUDY OF SURGICAL TREATMENTS ON CLEFT LIP AND CLEFT PALATE (순열 및 구개열 환자의 외과적 치료방법에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Shin, Byung-Chol;Lee, Dong-Keun;Sung, Gil-Hyun
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.529-545
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    • 1996
  • In order to find the distribution, causes and treatments of cleft lip and/or palate, I analyzed 113 patients of cleft lip and/or palate who were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chunbuk, KOREA from September 1984 to August 1995. The obtained results were as follows. 1. In total 113 patients of cleft lip and/or palate, male patients were 63 cases (56%) and female patients were 50 cases (44%). 2. In distribution of cleft lip and/or palate, cleft lip patients were 30 cases (27%), cleft palate patient were 23 cases (20%) and cleft lip and palate patients were 60 cases (53%). 3. Unilateral cleft lip patients (78 cases: 87%) were larger than bilateral cleft lip. In unilateral cleft lip patients, lip side cleft lip patients (45 cases: 50%) were larger than right side cleft lip patients (33 cases: 37%). 4. Possible causes of cleft lip and/or palate were related with familial tendency, drug intoxication, malnutrition, old maternal age, stress and hypoxia during 4-8 weeks of pregnancy period. 5. The favorite treated method of cleft lip was Millard rotation-advancement method. Probably the most popular operated period was 3 months. 6. The useful operating technique of cleft palate was Wardill V-Y flap method. The most popular period has been 18 to 24 months. 7. In 11 patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency, hypernasality decreased by superior based pharyngeal flap pharyngoplasty. 8. Cleft alveolus was treated with autogenous and allogeneic bone graft. The most appropriate operation period was 9 to 11 years.

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Cleft Palate Speech - Language Management based on the Multidisciplinary Approach (다학문적 접근법의 구개열 말-언어 관리)

  • Yang, Ji-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2005
  • Cleft lip and palate is a congenital deformity which needs a professional and consistent management from the birth and along with the physical growth of patients. The patients with cleft lip and palate can have general speech problems with resonance disorders, voice disorders and articulation disorders after the successful primary surgical management and the physical growth. Speech problems of Cleft lip and palate are characterized hypernasality, nasal air emission, increased nasal air flow, and aberrant speech marks which decrease intelligibility. These speech problems of cleft lip and palate can be treated with the secondary surgical procedure, the application of temporary prosthesis and the effective and well-timed speech therapy. The speech and language problems of cleft lip and palate, the general procedures and schedules of the speech assessment and therapy based on the multidisciplinary approach are introduced for the patients with cleft lip and palate, their family and the other members of the cleft palate treatment team.

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A cephalometric comparison of Skeletal Class III malocclusion and Cleft lip and palate patients (골격성 제 III급 부정교합환자와 구순구개열환자의 두부방사선계측치의 비교)

  • Baik Hyoung-Seon;Yu Hyung-Seog;Jeon Jai-min
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2003
  • A cephalometric study was performed to reveal differences between skeletal Class III malocclusion patients and cleft lip and palate patients, The material for this study consisted of 16 males (mean age 19.8, range 17-29) and 9 females(mean age 19.4, range 16-27) with cleft lip and palate, and 222 Skeletal Class III malocclusion patients(males 106, females 116), Cephalometric tracing and measurements were done by one investigator. Results were followed: 1. Cleft lip and palate group had more retrusive maxilla than the skeletal Class III malocclusion group. 2, Cleft lip and palate group had smaller effective maxillary and mandibular length than skeletal Class III malocclusion group, and the difference was more prominent in the mandible than in the maxilla. 3. Dental compensation was not observed in the upper incisors of cleft lip and palate group and in the lower incisors it was smaller than skeletal Class III group. 4, In the Gonial angle and lower anterior facial height values, there was no significant difference between cleft lip and palate and skeletal Class III malocclusion group. These results can be used in orthodontic treatment planning and orthognathic surgery for the cleft lip and palate patients.

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Clinical Experience of Cleft Lip and/or Palate Repair in Complex Congenital Heart Disease (선천성 복잡심장병 환아의 구순 구개열의 치험례)

  • Koh, Kyung Suk;Lee, Sang Hyuk;Eom, Jin Sup
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.385-388
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    • 2005
  • In cleft lip and/or palate patients with the complex congenital heart diseases, surgical repair of the cleft lip and/or palate has been postponed after the open heart surgery because the heart problem of the patient might cause more complications associated with anesthesia and surgery. There has been little report about experiences in the surgical management of these patients and optimal time of surgical intervention. Authors are introducing the experiences of performing corrective surgery of cleft lip and/or palate in the patients with congenital heart diseases before and after the open heart surgery. We managed five patients from May 1992 to March 2004. Two patients were male and the rest were female. One of them had cleft lip alone and others had cleft lip and palate. Two of them underwent delayed cleft lip and/or palate surgery after open heart surgery, and the rest had immediate intervention for cleft lip and/or palate. There was no complication during the operation and postoperative period. There would be no need to delay the corrective surgery of the cleft lip and/or palate after the open heart surgery, if solid medical team approach was available with the pediatric cardiologist and the anesthesiologist.

A STUDY ON THE MAXILLARY DENTAL ARCH AND PALATE OF UNILATERAL CLEFT LIP AND PALATE INDIVIDUALS (편측성(片側性) 순(脣), 구개열자(口蓋裂者)의 상과치열궁(上顆齒列弓) 및 구개(口蓋)에 관(關)한 연구(?究))

  • Son, Woo Sung;Yang, Won Sik
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 1984
  • A comparative study was undertaken to investigate the collapse of maxillary dental arch and palate in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals. The material for this study consisted of 39 subjects with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate (30 males, 9 females). The measurements of unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals were compared with the measurements of normal individuals (30 males, 30 females). All the subjects were in the mixed dentition stage and the mean age was almost the same. The following conclusions were obtained. 1. A large number of the maxillary dental arch of the unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals showed ${\Omega}$-shape, and the arch length was shorter than that of normal individuals. The intermolar width did not show significant difference between cleft group and group, but the intercanine width was mcuh smaller than that of normal individuals. 2. The palate of the unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects showed shorter and shallower form than that of normal subjects. 3. The palatal area of the unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects was smaller than that of normal subjects, and the cleft side area was much smaller than the opposing side area. 4. There was no significant sexual difference in measurements of maxillary dental arch and palate of the unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects.

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Orthodontic treatment and management of adult patient with cleft lip and palate (성인 구순구개열환자의 교정치료 및 관리)

  • Kim, Seong Sik
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.53 no.7
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 2015
  • Patients with cleft lip and palate require interdisciplinary treatment to achieve successful rehabilitation. However, there are special difficulties in orthodontic treatment of adult cleft lip and palate patients: 1. Lack of Tissue, Bone, and Soft tissue; 2. Heavy Scar Tissue, Vestibule, and Palate; 3. Severe Anteroposterior discrepancy and Impaired Maxilla; 4. Distortion of Alveolar Ridge; 5. Abnormal Eruption Path and Malalignment of Tooth. Solving these problems, orthodontist should have differential diagnosis on extent of cleft site and residual deformities of adult cleft lip and palate patient. The tooth missing area in cleft site was commonly treated with a removable or fixed prosthesis, but this method is not stable to retain maxillary arch shape. To establish the more stable arch shape in cleft lip and palate, endosseous implants in the alveolar clefts with bone graft is helpful for management of adult cleft lip and palate patient.

IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL DETECTION OF GROWTH FACTORS AND EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS IN THE DEGENERATING TISSUES OF PRE-AND POSTNATAL HUMAN CLEFT LIP AND PALATE (태생 및 생후 구순.구개열에 나타나는 조직변성에 대한 성장인자와 세포외 기질 단백의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Min, Bong-Gi;Lee, Suk-Keun;Park, Young-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.421-433
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    • 2002
  • In order to elucidate the pathogenesis of cleft lip and palate, first of all, it is necessary to understand the developmental mechanisms of growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins in the tissues of cleft lip and palate. We have performed immunohistochemical studies on human cleft lip and palate tissues to elucidate the pathogenetic implications of cleft lip and palate. 16 specimens from postnatal human cleft lip and palate subjects and 17 specimens from autopsy of prenatal human cleft lip and palate were fixed in 10% buffered formalin, embedded in paraffin. The sections were routinely stained by hematoxylin and eosin, also stained by PAS, and followed by immunohistochemical stainings using the antiseras of growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins such as PCNA, S-100, c-erb-B2, MMP-3, MMP-10, HSP-70, transglutaninase-C, E-cadherin, VEGF, vWF. Both the prenatal and postnatal specimens of cleft lip and palate showed dysplastic proliferation of the basal cell layer, increased infiltration of melanocytes into mucosal epithelium, sebaceous gland hyperplasia ingrowing into the muscular tissue of lip and palate, and fatty infiltration into the submucosal deep connective tissue. The strong reactions of MMP-3 and HSP-70 were detected in the tissues of cleft lip and palate, especially increased in degenerating muscle bundles, while the immunostainings of PCNA and c-erb-B2 were weakly positive in the tissues of cleft lip and palate. These data suggest that the retrogressive tissue degeneration around the cleft areas persistently exist during the prenatal and postnatal period after cleft formation, and the sebaceous gland hyperplasia and fatty infiltration with the intense expression of MMP-3 and HSP-70 is closely related to the muscular degeneration around the cleft area.

A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY ON THE POSITION OF THE HYOID BONE IN CLEFT LIP AND PALATE INDIVIDUALS (순구개열자의 설골 위치에 관한 두부방사선 계측학적 연구)

  • Cho, Il Je;Rhee, Byung Tae
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.197-207
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    • 1990
  • This comparative study was undertaken to investigate the position of the hyoid bone in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals. The materials for this study consisted of 35 subjects with surgically repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate (25 males, 10 females) and 40 subjects with normal facial morphology (20 males, 20 females). Cephalometric measurements of unilateral cleft and palate individuals were compared with those of non-cleft individuals. The conclusions of this study were obtained as follows: 1. To the anterior cranial base, the hyoid bone in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals was located downward as compared with non-cleft individuals. 2. To the mandible, the hyoid bone in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals was located backward as compared with non-cleft individuals. 3. The distance between the dorsum of the tongue and the inferior border of the hard palate in unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals was longer than that in non-cleft individuals. 4. Unilateral cleft lip and palate individuals showed no significant difference in the distance between the hyoid bone and the dorum of the tongue as compared with non-cleft individuals.

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