• Title, Summary, Keyword: Complex Antenna System

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Microstrip Antenna for SAR Applications with Microwave Composite Laminates and Honeycomb Cores (복합재료 하니콤 샌드위치 판넬을 이용한 SAR 시스템용 마이크로스트립 안테나 개발)

  • 유치상;이라미;황운봉;박현철;박위상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 2000
  • Microstrip antenna for SAR applications is designed with microwave composite laminates and Nomex honeycomb cores, which becomes an aircraft's structural panel. This study demonstrated fabrication, design procedures and structural and electrical performances of complex antenna system presented. For validating structural rigidity, 3-point bending test is performed, and simulation results for the complex antenna array are compared with measurements for its electrical performance. The results show that this antenna system can be applied in dual polarized synthetic aperture radar and has a good flexural stiffness with comparison of previous sandwich constructions.

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Development of UHF Band Tag Antenna using Radio Frequency Identification Multipurpose Complex Card (RFID 다기능 복합 카드용 UHF 대역 소형 태그 안테나 개발)

  • Byun, Jong-Hun;Sung, Bong-Geun;Choi, Eun-Jung;Ju, Dae-Geun;Yoo, Dae-Won;Cho, Byung-Lok
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.34 no.12B
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    • pp.1452-1458
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, Our proposed Multipurpose Complex Card UHF band RFID small-size Tag antenna. Multi purpose Complex Card UHF band RFID small-size Tag antenna that is to minimize the low efficiency of RFID Tag Read Range that generates space limitation and a conductor surrounded by inducing fingerpring system with dual(HF, UHF) Card is presented. Our proposed UHF band RFID small-size Tag antenna is for the Multipurpose Complex Card that is mounted on the fingerpring system as well as the HF Tag. It also enables to minimize and facilitates Tag chip matching by adjusting Tapered, Meander line and Loop structure. Given the card substance properties and periphery circuit, the proposed small-size Tag antenna, in this report, is designed with PET film with size of $50{\times}15mm^2$. The RFID small-size Tag method for measurements is used by EPCglobal Static Test instrument in Anechoic Chamber, which is tested with dual Card, within the car and in wallet. It is found that Read Range is 3.8m from the EPCglobal Static Test, Maximum Read Range within the car from the field test results in 7.6m. Proposed Tag antenna is will be used in the parking control security system.

Analysis of Complex Ground Systems using Electromagnetic Simulation Method (전자계 시뮬레이션 도구를 이용한 복합 형상의 접지 시스템 해석)

  • Kim, Youngjin;Kim, Jaehyung;Kim, Sungju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2016
  • This paper deals with analysis of complex grounding system using electromagnetic simulation method. Electrical devices could be damaged by transient voltage such as a lightning surge. Therefore the measures to protect the equipments from transient, such as a lightning are required. The ground system is important in this respect. The representative parameter of grounding system performance is earth ground resistance. Precise prediction of earth resistance is required, because it is difficult to modify and change after the completion of the grounding system construction. Numerical modeling is often used in numerical analysis to identify the electrical characteristics of the grounding system. However complex systems are difficult to predict grounding characteristics by numerical analysis. If the total electric field of the earth in general is similar to the antenna model, in that the incident electric field and expressed as a sum of the scattering field. In this study, the electromagnetic field simulation tool "ANSYS HFSS" module containing the antenna model was used to analyze performance of ground system. Both the simple and complex grounding system were analyzed by simulation tool and experimental method. As a result simulation method is effective to predict performance of a complex ground system.

A Study on the Optimum Weight Vector of Linearly Constrained Conditions (선형 제한 조건의 최적 가중 벡터에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Ho-Sub
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2011
  • The optimum weight vector is studied to remove interference and jamming signals in adaptive array antenna system. The optimum weight vector is calculated to apply a minimum variance algorithm and cost function in linearly constrained conditions, and accurately estimates target's signal. Adaptive array antenna system is the system which improves signal to noise ratio(SNR) and decreases interference and jammer power. Adaptive array antenna system delays at tap output of antenna array element. Each tap finally makes the complex signal of one in multiplier complex weight. In order to obtain optimum's weight calculation, optimum weight vector is used in this paper. After simulation, resolution is increased below $3^{\circ}$, and sidelobe is decreased about 10 dB.

Design of Microstrip Antenna with Composite Laminates and its structural rigidity (복합재료 평면 안테나 구조의 제작 및 기계적 특성 평가)

  • 전지훈;유치상;김차겸;황운봉;박현철;박위상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 2002
  • Two types of conformal load-bearing antenna structure (CLAS) were designed with microwave composite laminates and Nomex honeycomb cores, to give both structural rigidity and good electrical performance. One is 4$\times$8 array for Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) system and the other is $5\times2$ array for wireless LAN system. Design was based on wide bandwidth, high polarization purity, low loss and good structural rigidity. We studied the design, fabrication and structural/electrical performances of the antenna structures. The flexural behavior was observed under a 3-point bending test, an impact test, and a buckling test. Electrical measurements were in good agreement with simulation results and these complex antenna structures have good flexural characteristics. The design of this antenna structure is extended to give a useful guide for sandwich panel manufacturers as well as antenna designers.

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λ/64-spaced compact ESPAR antenna via analog RF switches for a single RF chain MIMO system

  • Lee, Jung-Nam;Lee, Yong-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Chun;Kim, Tae Joong
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.536-548
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    • 2019
  • In this study, an electronically steerable parasitic array radiator (ESPAR) antenna via analog radio frequency (RF) switches for a single RF chain MIMO system is presented. The proposed antenna elements are spaced at ${\lambda}/64$, and the antenna size is miniaturized via a dielectric radome. The optimum reactance load value is calculated via the beamforming load search algorithm. A switch simplifies the design and implementation of the reactance loads and does not require additional complex antenna matching circuits. The measured impedance bandwidth of the proposed ESPAR antenna is 1,500 MHz (1.75 GHz-3.25 GHz). The proposed antenna exhibits a beam pattern that is reconfigurable at 2.48 GHz due to changes in the reactance value, and the measured peak antenna gain is 4.8 dBi. The reception performance is measured by using a $4{\times}4$ BPSK signal. The measured average SNR is 17 dB when using the proposed ESPAR antenna as a transmitter, and the average SNR is 16.7 dB when using a four-conventional monopole antenna.

A Study on the Radiation Pattern Measurement Technique of Shipboard Antenna (함정 탑재 안테나의 복사패턴 측정기법 연구)

  • 정회인
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.177-187
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    • 2001
  • It is important to test and evaluate the variation degree of ship-mounted antenna radiated power with respect to all directions in order to use more effectively antennas that installed on naval ships. The naval ship has various sensors for navigation, communication and electronic warfare, etc. And the performance of these sensors extremely depends on the various characteristics of antenna system to transmit and receive electromagnetic wave. The radiated power pattern of the antenna differs from all aspect angles of the ship because of complex superstructures. It is important to know the weak point(direction) of antenna radiation for appropriate operation. Therefore, the ARP(Antenna Radiation Pattern) of shipboard antennas is measured for the all aspect angles. The results of ARP measurement are utilized as reference for antenna arrangement of newly-built same class warship. This study also describes the development results for the ARP measurement technique, software design and test procedures to measure the radiation pattern of communication equipment antennas using the fixed test site.

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A Technology on the GPS CRPA Pattern Control Using the I/Q Vector Modulator (I/Q 벡터 모듈레이터를 이용한 GPS CRPA 패턴 제어기술)

  • Kim, Jun-O;Bae, Jun-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 2006
  • This paper describes the antenna based GPS anti-jamming technology called CRPA(Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna), which used $2{\times}2$ array elements. In this system, the main functions are the antenna complex weight control and the GPS digital I/Q VM(Vector Modulator). To update the VM's I/Q complex weights, the PC based DAC(Digital to Analog Converter) module was also used and the two analog output voltages were applied to the $2{\times}2$ array elements to synthesize the null pattern. In the study, we also simulated the $2{\times}2$ GPS array null patterns to compare the null depth with experimental results. The VM was also modified at the frequency of 1.575GHz for the GPS L1 and controlled by the PC based VM software.

Small Broadband Phased Array Antenna with Compact Phase-Shift Circuits (간결한 위상 변위 회로를 갖는 소형 광대역 위상 배열 안테나)

  • 한상민;권구형;김영식
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.1071-1078
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, the planar, compact, and broadband phased array antenna system for IMT-2000 applications has been investigated. Two methods far designing a low-cost and low-complex beam-farming network are proposed. First, a new compact and broadband phase shifter with continuously controlled phase bits is designed by using parallel coupled lines. Second, its equivalent phase delay line is suggested to be capable of replacing the complex phase shifter with a reference phase bit on a phased array antenna. For the purpose of achieving the broadband system, in addition to the broadband phase shifter, a wide-slot antenna with a ground reflector is utilized as an element antenna. Therefore, the phased array antenna system has achieved compact size, broad bandwidth, and wide steering angle, although it has low complexity and low fabrication cost. The 3${\times}$1 phased array antenna system has a compact size of 1.6 λ${\times}$ l.6 λ, which is the sufficient ground plane of the wide-slot antenna. Experimental results present that the S$\_$11/ has less than 15 dB within the band and its radiation patterns on an E-plane have the capability of steering an antenna beam from -29$^{\circ}$to +30$^{\circ}$.

A Study on the DBS Receive Tracking Antenna Apparatus on a Ship by the Az/El Mount (Az/El 마운트에 의한 선박용 DBS 수신추적안테나 장치에 관한 연구)

  • 최조천;양규식
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.209-220
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    • 1997
  • DBS offers actual services to mass-media and communication system of very broad region in information society. Especially, the DBS is the only system to access TV broadcasting service on a sailing ship. But the ship's DBS receiver is required a complex antenna tracking system because ships are under complex moving such as pitch, roll, and yaw etc. This study is motivated to develop a tracking antenna system to receive the koreasat on small silo ship. Therefore, this system is researched to small size, light weight, simple operation, and low cost of the product. The mount structure have been a compact size and easy operation to the Az/El 2-axis type which is operated by step motor. And it is very useful on a ship in the around sea of korean peninsula. The antenna has a plate type of micro-strip array, and is a domestic production. The vibration sensor is selected to gyro sensor of ultra-sonic rate type for ship's moving control. Tracking method is used the step-tracking algorithm, and the ship's moving compensation is adapted to the closed loop control method by ship's moving detection of gyro sensor. Tracking test is operated by the ship's moving simulator, we examined the actual receiving state on sailing shipboard in the near sea of korean peninsular.

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