• Title, Summary, Keyword: Composite plates

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An experimental study on the ballistic performance of FRP-steel plates completely penetrated by a hemispherical-nosed projectile

  • Chen, Changhai;Zhu, Xi;Hou, Hailiang;Zhang, Lijun;Shen, Xiaole;Tang, Ting
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.269-288
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    • 2014
  • Experiments were carried out to investigate the ballistic performance of fiber reinforced plastic(FRP)-steel plates completely penetrated by hemispherical-nosed projectiles at sub-ordnance velocities greater than their ballistic limits. The FRP-steel plate consists of a front FRP laminate and a steel backing plate. Failure mechanisms and impact energy absorptions of FRP-steel plates were analyzed and compared with FRP laminates and single steel plates. The effects of relative thickness, manufacturing method and fabric type of front composite armors as well as the joining style between front composite armors and steel backing plates on the total perforation resistance of FRP-steel plates were explored. It is found that in the case of FRP-steel plates completely penetrated by hemispherical-nosed projectiles at low velocities, the failure modes of front composite armors are slightly changed while for steel backing plates, the dominate failure modes are greatly changed due to the influence of front composite armors. The relative thickness and fabric type of front composite armors as well as the joining style of FRP-steel plates have large effects whereas the manufacturing method of front composite armors has slight effect on the total perforation resistance of FRP-steel plates.

Bending Analysis of Anisotropic Sandwich Plates with Multi-layered Laminated Composite faces (다적층 복합면재를 갖는 비등방성 샌드위치판의 휨해석)

  • Ji, Hyo-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2012
  • This study presents a governing equations of bending behavior of anisotropic sandwich plates with multi-layered laminated composite faces. Based on zig-zag models for through thickness deformations, the shear deformation of composite faces is included. All edges of plate are assumed to be simply supported. Results of the bending analysis under lateral loads are presented for the influence of various lay up sequences of antisymmetric angle-ply laminated faces. The accuracy of the approach is ascertained by comparing solutions from the sandwich plates theory with composite faces to the laminated plates theory. Since the present analysis considers the bending stiffness of the core and also the transverse shear deformations of the laminated faces, the proposed method showed higher than that calculated according to the general laminated plates theory. The information presented might be useful to design sandwich plates structure with polymer matrix composite faces.

Shape Optimization in Laminated Composite Plates by Volume Control (최적 제어를 통한 복합적층판의 형상최적화)

  • 한석영;백춘호;박재용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.277-282
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    • 2003
  • The growth-strain method was applied to cutout optimization in laminated composite plates. Since the growth-strain method optimizes a shape by generating the bulk strain to make the distributed parameter uniform, the distributed parameter was chosen as Tsai-Hill value. In this study, of particular interest is to see whether the growth-strain method developed for shape optimization in isotropic media would work for laminated composite Plates. In volume control of the growth-strain method, it makes Tsai-Hill value at each element uniform in laminated composite plates under the predetermined volume. The shapes optimized by Tsai-Hill fracture index were compared with those of the initial shapes for the various load conditions and predetermined volumes of laminated composite plates. As a result, it was verified that volume control of the growth-strain method worked very well for cutout optimization in laminated composite plates.

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Dynamic characterization of a CNT reinforced hybrid uniform and non-uniform composite plates

  • Lakshmipathi, Jakkamputi;Vasudevan, Rajamohan
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.31-46
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    • 2019
  • In the present study, the various dynamic properties of MWCNT embedded fiber reinforced polymer uniform and tapered composite (MWCNT-FRP) plates are investigated. Various configurations of a tapered composite plate with ply-drop off and uniform composite plate have been considered for the development of the finite element formulation and experimental investigations. First order shear deformation theory (FSDT) has been used to derive the kinetic and potential energy equations of the hybrid composite plates by including the effect of rotary inertia, shear deformation and non-uniformity in thickness of the plate. The governing equations of motion of FRP composite plates without and with MWCNT reinforcement are derived by considering a nine- node rectangular element with five degrees of freedom (DOF) at each node. The effectiveness of the developed finite element formulation has been demonstrated by comparing the natural frequencies and damping ratio of FRP composite plates without and with MWCNT reinforcement obtained experimentally. Various parametric studies are also performed to study the effect of CNT volume fraction and CNT aspect ratio of the composite plate on the natural frequencies of different configurations of CNT reinforced hybrid composite plates. Further the forced vibration analysis is performed to compare the dynamic response of the various configurations of MWCNT-GFRP composite plate with GFRP composite plate under harmonic excitations. It was observed that the fundamental natural frequency and damping ratio of the GFRP composite plate increase approximately 8% and 37% respectively with 0.5wt% reinforcement of MWCNT under CFCF boundary condition. The natural frequencies of MWCNT-GFRP hybrid composite plates tend to decrease with the increase of MWCNT volume fraction beyond 2% due to agglomeration of CNT's. It is also observed that the aspect ratio of the CNT has negligible effect on the improvement of dynamics properties due to randomly orientation of CNT's.

Mechanical buckling analysis of hybrid laminated composite plates under different boundary conditions

  • Belkacem, Adim;Tahar, Hassaine Daouadji;Abderrezak, Rabahi;Amine, Benhenni Mohamed;Mohamed, Zidour;Boussad, Abbes
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.66 no.6
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    • pp.761-769
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we study the Carbon/Glass hybrid laminated composite plates, where the buckling behavior is examined using an accurate and simple refined higher order shear deformation theory. This theory takes account the shear effect, where shear deformation and shear stresses will be considered in determination of critical buckling load under different boundary conditions. The most interesting feature of this new kind of hybrid laminated composite plates is that the possibility of varying components percentages, which allows us for a variety of plates with different materials combinations in order to overcome the most difficult obstacles faced in traditional laminated composite plates like (cost and strength). Numerical results of the present study are compared with three-dimensional elasticity solutions and results of the first-order and the other higher-order theories issue from the literature. It can be concluded that the proposed theory is accurate and simple in solving the buckling behavior of hybrid laminated composite plates and allows to industrials the possibility to adjust the component of this new kind of plates in the most efficient way (reducing time and cost) according to their specific needs.

Tensile Failure and Buckling Load Improvement of Composite Plates With A Central Hole (원공이 있는 복합재료 평판의 인장파단 및 좌굴 하중 개선)

  • 이호형
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.242-245
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    • 1999
  • In aerospace industry improvement of structural performance of flight structure without increasing weight has great advantage. In this study, an innovative design method to increase the buckling load and tension failure load at the same time without increasing the weight was investigated by using the curvilinear fiber format in composite plates with central hole. It was investigated how much gain can be obtained with curvilinear fiber format for the plates with different hole size and different stacking sequence.

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Detection of delamination damage in composite beams and plates using wavelet analysis

  • Bombale, B.S.;Singha, M.K.;Kapuria, S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.699-712
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    • 2008
  • The effectiveness of wavelet transform in detecting delamination damages in multilayered composite beams and plates is studied here. The damaged composite beams and plates are modeled in finite element software ABAQUS and the first few mode shapes are obtained. The mode shapes of the damaged structures are then wavelet transformed. It is observed that the distribution of wavelet coefficients can identify the damage location of beams and plates by showing higher values of wavelet coefficients at the position of damage. The effectiveness of the method is studied for different boundary conditions, damage location and size for single as well as multiple delaminations in composite beams and plates. It is observed that both discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and continuous wavelet transform (CWT) can detect the presence and location of the damaged region from the mode shapes of the structures. DWT may be used to approximately evaluate the size of the delamination area, whereas, CWT is efficient to detect smaller delamination areas in composites.

Buckling and vibration of symmetric laminated composite plates with edges elastically restrained

  • Ashour, Ahmed S.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.3 no.6
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    • pp.439-450
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    • 2003
  • The finite strip transition matrix technique, a semi analytical method, is employed to obtain the buckling loads and the natural frequencies of symmetric cross-ply laminated composite plates with edges elastically restrained against both translation and rotation. To illustrate the accuracy and the validation of the method several example of cross play laminated composite plates were analyzed. The buckling loads and the frequency parameters are presented and compared with available results in the literature. The convergence study and the excellent agreement with known results show the reliability of the purposed technique.

Optimal design of hybrid laminated composite plates (혼합 적층 복합 재료판의 최적설계)

  • 이영신;이열화;나문수
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1391-1407
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    • 1990
  • In this paper, optimization procedures are presented considering the static and dynamic constraints for laminated composite plate and hybrid laminated composite plate subject to concentrated load on center of the plates. Design variables for this problem are ply angle or ply thickness. Deflection, natural frequency and specific damping capacity are considered as constraints. Using a recursive linear programming method, the nonlinear optimization problems are solved. By introducing the design scaling factor, the number of iterations is reduced significantly. Composite plates could be designed optimally combined with FEM analysis under various conditions. In the optimization procedure, verification for both analysis and design of the laminated composite plates are compared with the results of the others. Various design results are presented for the laminated composite plates and hybrid laminated composite plates.

Frequency optimization for laminated composite plates using extended layerwise approach

  • Topal, Umut
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.541-548
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    • 2012
  • This paper deals with the applicability of extended layerwise optimization method (ELOM) for frequency optimization of laminated composite plates. The design objective is the maximization of the fundamental frequency of the laminated plates. The fibre orientations in the layers are considered as design variables. The first order shear deformation theory (FSDT) is used for the finite element solution of the laminates. Finally, the numerical analysis is carried out to show the applicability of extended layerwise optimization algorithm of laminated plates for different parameters such as plate aspect ratios and boundary conditions.