• Title/Summary/Keyword: Construction Productivity

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Direction and Strategy of Experts-Knowledge Management System Development for Enhancing CM Services (CM업무 고도화를 위한 전문가 지식관리 시스템 개발 방향 및 전략)

  • Kim, Sun-Kuk;Kim, Ah-Young
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2007
  • Construction managers who are placed on the top of the construction production organization should exhibit its best knowledges concerning all aspects and control related members at every position properly. In case of CM firms in developed countries, they are equipped with a practical system of technology and management knowledge, and efficiently use the knowledge not only for novices but also experts. However, the domestic CM firms which are now at the lower level than those in developed country are not supported with the sufficient and systematic knowledge for CM tasks due to various reasons. Therefore, the objective of this study is to suggest the direction and strategy for the development of an experts-knowledge management system to enhance the construction productivity at the viewpoint of CM firms which conduct, manage and supervise various tasks of construction projects. Domestic CM firms would play a great role to enhance productivity and secure competitive advantage of project management as much as the firms in developed countries if experts-knowledge and information are supported by a computerized system.

A preliminary study of the construction project productivity data platform development (건설 프로젝트 생산성 정보 플랫폼 구축방안 기초연구)

  • Kang, Goune;Lee, Gyu;Lee, Kyo-sun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • 2018.05a
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    • pp.296-297
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    • 2018
  • Due to the decrease in infrastructure investment and stagnation of overseas construction, it is concerned the instability of the construction market. Enhancing the Korean construction competitiveness, productivity improvement could be the breakthrough. In addition, defining construction contents utilizing virtual reality technology is drawing attention along with the trend of the fourth industrial revolution technology development toward the labor productivity improvement. This study conducted a survey to figure out the present state of the productivity management in field and comprehend the factors influence on construction productivity for further Korean construction productivity data platform.

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The Productivity and Importance Factors of Workers in Construction Site (국내 건설근로자의 생산성 관련 중요 요인 도출 및 중요도 조사)

  • Jung, Young-Chul;Moon, Joon-ho;Kim, Jin-Dong;Kim, Gwang-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • 2011.11a
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    • pp.73-74
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    • 2011
  • Compared to the other industries, construction industry depends many parts of production activities on manpower. And also 3D perception on construction industry and the shortage of motivation in construction workers are the biggest reason to reduce construction productivity. So to solve this problem, the research of factors which affect more to improve the construction workers attitude in construction site will be needed. This research has investigated that the productivity and important factors was divided to economic factors, social factors, psychological factors. The result show that economic factors remain pre-eminent in influencing productivity, but that social factors and psychological factors appear to be of increasing importance in this construction industry.

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An Analysis of the International Competitiveness of Productivity in the Korean Construction Industry (한국 건설 산업 생산성의 국제경쟁력 분석)

  • Won, Jong-Sung;Lee, Ghang
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2008
  • In the previous comparative studies of international competitiveness conducted before 2003, Korean construction productivity had been estimated to be lower (or poor) than that of developed countries such as US, UK, and Japan. However, the amount of international contracts Korean has won increased substantially, and Korean construction has progressed with creating two skyscrapers such as Petronas Tower and Burj Dubai. At this point we need to reevaluate what we are capable of. In this paper, we evaluated international competitiveness of our construction industry comparing to advanced countries by analyzing labor productivity. For evaluating construction competitiveness we measured labor productivity using the value of construction work in US dollar per hour based on domestic and foreign statistical data and analyzing completion days per a story and the ratio of underground floors to ground floors of buildings in Korea and Japan. As a result, although our construction productivity is not yet competitive with the US and Japan yet, we excel the UK.

A Study on the Moment and Shear Resisting Performance of Steel Girder - R/C Column Connection (철골 보 - 철근콘크리트 기둥 접합부의 휨 및 전단 저항성능에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kwang Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.12 no.4 s.47
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    • pp.429-436
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    • 2000
  • The composite system, which is consisted of the steel girder and reinforced concrete column has some advantages in the structural efficiency and the construction productivity by complementing the shortcomings between the two materials. This research is aimed at the development of the composite beam-column connection system by which the steel beam can be connected to the R/C column with smooth stress transfer. And, to ensure safety of this system, the tests of moment and shear resisting performance have been carried out for actual size specimen. From the test, the connection system has been preyed to take good resistance and stress transfer between steel girder and reinforced concrete column.

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Method of RFID Network System Application for Improving of Construction Productivity in Construction Site (건설생산성 향상을 위한 건설현장 내 RFID 네트워크 시스템 적용 방안)

  • Kim, Shin-Gu;Lee, Choong-Hee;Lee, Sung-Hyung;Kim, Jae-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.35 no.8B
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    • pp.1224-1231
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    • 2010
  • We study the RFID network system in a construction site, and study the connection method between the RFID network system and the integrated information system of construction material. Moreover, we developed a prototype of the construction site RFID server for the management of construction materials and performed the pilot application in a construction site. Through the pilot application, it was known that the proposed RFID network system can be more usefully applied in the construction sites. The results of the pilot application show that the RFID network system is faster, more accurate, and more reliable than the existing system of information management and achieves improvement in construction productivity.

Quantified Impact Analysis of Construction Delay Factors on Steel Staircase Systems

  • Kim, Hyun-Mi;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Shin, Young-Keun;Kim, Young-Suk;Han, Seungwoo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.636-647
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    • 2012
  • Construction projects have become so large, complicated and incredibly high-tech that process management is currently considered one of the most important issues. Unlike typical manufacturing industries, most major construction activities are performed in the open air and thus are exposed to various environmental factors. Many studies have been conducted with the goal of establishing efficient techniques and tools for overcoming these limitations. Productivity analysis and prediction, one of the related research subjects, must be considered when evaluating approaches to reducing construction duration and costs. The aim of this research is to present a quantified impact analysis of construction delay factors on construction productivity of a steel staircase system, which has been widely applied to high rise building construction. It is also expected to improve the process by managing the factors, ultimately achieving an improvement in construction productivity. To achieve the research objectives, this paper analyzed different delay factors affecting construction duration by means of multiple regression analysis focusing on steel staircase systems, which have critical effects on the preceding and subsequent processes in structure construction. Statistical analysis on the multiple linear regression model indicated that the environment, labor and material delay factors were statistically significant, with 0.293, 0.491, and 0.203 as the respective quantified impacts on productivity.

An Analysis and Improvement of Free Form Building's Construction Productivity - Focused on Exposed Concrete Work - (비정형 건축물 공사의 생산성 분석 및 향상방안 - 노출콘크리트 공사를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Eun-Young;Kim, Yea-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.38-46
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    • 2014
  • The Global's top five Design Firms selected from BauNetz a German architectural magazine in 2007 designed free form building design which was 25% of the overall design by 2006-2010. Free form building is a landmark of the city and the country so its social and economic impacts are very large. In case of Korea, free form buildings such as Tribowl in Incheon, KINTEX Exhibition hall 2 and Dongdaemun Design Plaza have increased. However, those the increase in design trends and, the needs due to the lack of free form building design and construction management experience, free form building projects can't be expected to profitability and have a number of problems after completion. Especially, there are many excessive quality problems and the rising cost due to design changes frequently and lack of experience and data. Thus an initial plan regardless of considering of free form building's characteristics can be a huge risk because of the difference with the plan and actual projects, yet there aren't free form building project's performance data and case studies related to productivity. In this study, through selection of low-construction productivity works and an analysis of the work process and productivity data, hope to propose an actual field productivity of free form building and the ways to improve productivity.

An Analysis on the Labor and Capital Productivity of the Construction Industry

  • Choi, Min Soo;Kim, Moo Han
    • Architectural research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the reality of labor and capital productivity in the construction industry through an industry-level approach and to analyze the relationship between labor and capital productivity using a Cobb-Douglas production function. According to the research results, the construction industry has shown a very high capital productivity, while labor productivity has kept up a low level during the 1980s and 1990s. The reason was because of the lack of skillful construction workers and the decrease of capital. Meanwhile, the construction productivity has greatly increased since 2000 when there was no change in wages. This was because of a large inflow of low-wage foreign workers while the amount of value added has dramatically increased due to the liberalized sale price of apartment buildings. According to the analysis by the Cobb-Douglas production function, the elasticity coefficient of V/L to K/L in the construction industry had decreased from 1.1663 in the $1^{st}$ period(1971-1988) to 0.4465 in the $2^{nd}$ period(1989-1997), and to 0.1664 in the $3^{rd}$ period(1998-2003). Such a result means that the allocation of labor has gradually increased while the allocation of capital has decreased. Moreover there was a big increase in allocation of labor after 1998 due to the excessive deterioration of capital. In conclusion, in order to raise the construction productivity and to avoid labor-intensive production methods, investment for capital should be more increased. In particular, new machinery and equipment that can actually substitute human labor in construction sites should be more developed and applied to construction sites.

Deriving Critical Management Factors based on Case Studies of Multi-trade MEP Ceiling Rack Prefabrication (복합공종 MEP 천정 선조립 공법 사례조사를 통한 단계별 중점관리사항 도출)

  • Lee, Dongmin;Jang, Sejun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • 2015.11a
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    • pp.76-77
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    • 2015
  • In construction industry, management of construction factors such as cost, schedule, quality and safety is the most important key for delivering successful projects. According to the Smart Market Report, a magazine specialized in construction industry, recently said 'Off-site Prefabrication' is a significant trend related with construction productivity in global construction industry. It is a kind of practice shift from On-site to Off-site. A lot of general contractors in oversea have been using 'Multi-trade MEP Ceiling Rack Prefabrication' method for getting benefits such as decreased cost & schedule and increased labor productivity. Thus, in this paper, critical management factors at each phase from design to installation was derived by researching case studies. Forwardly, it can be a basic guideline for applying Multi-trade MEP Ceiling Rack Prefabrication in Korea construction industry.

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