• Title, Summary, Keyword: Contact-free linear stage

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A Driving Algorithm for a Switched Reluctance type Contact-Free Linear Stage (Switched Reluctance 형 비접촉 선형 스테이지를 위한 구동 알고리즘)

  • Lee Sang-Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2006
  • Recently in the field of precision positioning device, the contact-free stages are gaining focuses with their outstanding performances by eliminating mechanical frictions. This paper presents the driving algorithm for contact-free linear stage based on switched reluctance principle. The proposed driving algorithm has a similar structure of that of switched reluctance motor but this study has its own originality in terms of reducing the normal farces and force ripple at the same time. The simulation and experiment are executed to verify the proposed algorithm.

Magnetically Suspended Contact-Free Linear Actuator for Precision Stage

  • Lee, Sang-Heon;Baek, Yoon-Su
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.708-717
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    • 2003
  • With the development of precision manufacturing technologies, the importance of precision positioning devices is increasing. Conventional actuators, dual stage or mechanically contacting type, have limitation in coping with performance demands. As a possible solution, magnetic suspension technology was studied. Such a contact-free system has advantages in terms of high accuracy, low production cost and easy adaptability to high precision manufacturing processes. This paper deals with magnetically suspended multi-degrees of freedom actuator which can realize large linear motion. In this paper, the operating principle is explained with the magnetic force analysis, and the equations of motion are derived. Experimental results of the implemented system are also given.

Metal forming analysis using meshfree-enriched finite element method and mortar contact algorithm

  • Hu, Wei;Wu, C.T.
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.237-255
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, a meshfree-enriched finite element method (ME-FEM) is introduced for the large deformation analysis of nonlinear path-dependent problems involving contact. In linear ME-FEM, the element formulation is established by introducing a meshfree convex approximation into the linear triangular element in 2D and linear tetrahedron element in 3D along with an enriched meshfree node. In nonlinear formulation, the area-weighted smoothing scheme for deformation gradient is then developed in conjunction with the meshfree-enriched element interpolation functions to yield a discrete divergence-free property at the integration points, which is essential to enhance the stress calculation in the stage of plastic deformation. A modified variational formulation using the smoothed deformation gradient is developed for path-dependent material analysis. In the industrial metal forming problems, the mortar contact algorithm is implemented in the explicit formulation. Since the meshfree-enriched element shape functions are constructed using the meshfree convex approximation, they pose the desired Kronecker-delta property at the element edge thus requires no special treatments in the enforcement of essential boundary condition as well as the contact conditions. As a result, this approach can be easily incorporated into a conventional displacement-based finite element code. Two elasto-plastic problems are studied and the numerical results indicated that ME-FEM is capable of delivering a volumetric locking-free and pressure oscillation-free solutions for the large deformation problems in metal forming analysis.

Transverse flux circumferential induction method as a driving principle of the contact-free revolving stage (비접촉 회전 스테이지에의 구동 원리로서의 횡자속 원주형 유도 방법)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jun;Jung, Kwang-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.72-79
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    • 2005
  • Compared with linear induction principle, the transverse flux circumferential induction principle is suggested as a driving mechanism of the revolving stage, which can rotate contactlessly without any supporting structure. The stage realizes the integrated motion of levitation, rotation, and planar perturbation, using the two-axis forces, normally directed force of the air-gap and tangential force, of the induction drivers mounted on the stator uniformly. In this paper, the force generating mechanism of the stage is described in detail. First, the various core shapes generating the transverse flux are analyzed to guarantee the proper thrust force. And the vector force intensity of the circumferential induction driver constituting the stage is compared with that of the linear induction driver. Especially it is shown that the magnetic force of the suggested system can be modeled with the linear equivalent model, including the test verification.

Permanent Magnet Biased Linear Magnetic Bearing for High-Precision Maglev Stage (초정밀 자기부상 스테이지의 위치제어를 위한 영구자석형 선형 자기베어링의 개발)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Chang, Jee-Uk;Kim, Oui-Serg;Han, Dong-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2001
  • The active magnetic bearing has many advantages - an active positioning, no contact and lubrication free motion - and is widely used in high precision motion stages. But, the conventional magnetic bearings composed of electromagnets only are power consuming due to their bias current and have the excessive heat generation, which can make the repeatability of the positioning system worse. To overcome this drawback, we developed a novel permanent magnet (PM) biased linear magnetic bearing for a high precision magnetically levitated stage. The permanent magnets provide a bias flux and generate a bias force, and the electromagnet increases or reduces a flux of the permanent magnets and gives a levitation force. This paper presents a theoretical magnetic circuit analysis, FEM analysis and experimental data from the 1-DOF tests, and compares the theoretical power consumption of the electromagnetic bearings and the PM biased linear magnetic bearings. The PM biased linear magnetic bearing presented in this paper gives better load capacity but lower power consumption than a conventional electromagnetic bearing and will be adopted in our 6-DOF high precision linear positioning maglev stage.

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