• Title/Summary/Keyword: Coptidis rhizoma extract

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Composition of Methanol Extract from Hwangryeon (Coptidis rhizoma) and Antimicrobial Activity against Food Spoilage and Foodborne Disease Microorganisms

  • Lim, Mee-Kyoung;Kim, Mee-Ra
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2006
  • Hwangryeon (Coptidis rhizoma) was extracted by methanol and its antimicrobial activities against food spoilage and foodborne disease microorganisms were investigated by the paper-disc method. The microorganisms used in this experiment included 5 species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus) and 3 species of fungi (Fusarium solani, Aspergillus flavus, and Penicillium citreonigrum). The Hwangryeon extract showed antimicrobial effect against P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, and K. pneumonia. The minimum inhibitory concentration on S. aureus, S. typhimurium, and K. pneumoniae was 300 mg/mL, but on P. aeruginosa it was 200 mg/mL. In the methanol extracts from Hwangryeon, 190 compounds were separated by GC/MS. The extraction yields of phenols, furans, alcohols, acids and esters, ketones, and miscellaneous compounds were 28.10%, 2.67%, 1.79%, 12.89%, and 2.35%, respectively. The phenolic compounds, generally understood to be an antimicrobial active substance, was measured at 28.10%, a relatively remarkable amount.

Analysis and Stability test of the Extract of Coptidis Rhizoma and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix for Toxicity Study (황련과 단삼의 독성평가를 위한 성분분석 및 안정성 시험)

  • Lee, Mi-Kyoung;Lee, Jun-Seok;Kwack, Seung-Jun;Kim, Ji-Myoung;Kang, Tae-Suk;Lee, Je-Hyun;Woo, Mi-Hee;Choi, Jae-Sue;Bae, Ki-Hwan;Min, Byung-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.184-189
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    • 2009
  • A simple and reliable reverse phase HPLC method of Coptidis Rhizoma and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix were developed to determine pharmacologically active marker compounds. The water-extract of two natural medicines were evaluated by the HPLC methods. The stability test for two extract were examined for five months. However, no significant change in the content of the marker compounds of each extract observed during the time of investigation.

The Effect of Coptidis Rhizoma and Glycyrrhiza Uralensis on Lipid Deposition with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) (황련-감초 추출물의 지방축적 감소를 통한 비알콜성지방간 개선 효과)

  • Ahn, Sang Hyun;Kim, Ki Bong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2019
  • Objectives Coptidis Rhizoma and Glycyrrhiza Uralensis are herbs that treat obesity and dampness-phlegm. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of Coptidis Rhizoma and Glycyrrhiza Uralensis on lipid deposition with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods Male 6-week-old C57BL/6 male mice were divided into three groups: control group (Ctrl), high fat diet group (HFF), and high fat diet with Coptidis Rhizoma and Glycyrrhiza Uralensis extract administration group (CGT). Each 10 mice were allocated to each group (total of 30 mice). All mice were allowed to eat fat rich diet freely throughout the experiment. To examine the effect of Coptidis Rhizoma and Glycyrrhiza Uralensis, we observed weight changes, total cholesterol and glucose levels, lipid blot distributions, PGC-1, p-$I{\kappa}B$, and p-JNK. Results Body weights for all mice were measured and analyzed the difference between the groups. Weight gain was significantly lower in CGT group than the HFF group. Total cholesterol and glucose levels were significantly lower in CGT group. The distribution of lipid blots and positive reaction of PGC-1 were significantly lower in CGT group. The positive reaction of p-$I{\kappa}B$ in hepatic tissues was significantly lower in CGT group. The positive reaction of p-JNK in hepatic tissues was significantly lower in CGT group. Conclusions Coptidis Rhizoma and Glycyrrhiza Uralensis have the effect of improving non - alcoholic fatty liver induced insulin resistance through regulation of lipid metabolism.

Effects of Coptidis Rhizoma Herbal Acupuncture Extract on the Acute Gastric Mucosal Lesion Progression Induced by Compound 48/80 in Rats

  • Mou, Jong-Cheng;Lee, Sena;Kim, Myung-Gyou;Seo, Il-Bok;Leem, Kang-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : Coptidis Rhizoma has been used for stomach disease. However, its property is so cold that it might be avoided to prescribe for the elderly and the infirm having indigestion or diarrhea. Accordingly, the present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of Coptidis Rhizoma herbal acupuncture extract against acute gastric mucosal lesions induced by compound 48/80 in rats. Methods : The Coptidis Rhizoma herbal acupuncture (CRHA) was injected in Choksamni and Chungwan 1 h before compound 48/80 treatment. The animals were sacrificed under anesthesia 3 h after compound 48/80 treatment. The stomachs were removed and the amount of gastric adherent mucus, gastric mucosal hexosamine, SOD, XO, TBARS and histological examination were performed. Results : The decline of gastric adherent mucus, gastric mucosal hexosamine and the histological defects of gastric mucus were significantly protected by CRHA treatment. Gastric adherent mucus in control group was reduced to $38.2{\pm}5.0%$. CRHA groups significantly protected the loss of mucus to $77.5{\pm}4.9%$. Mucosal hexosamine content showed similar patterns. Mucosal hexosamine content in control group was reduced to $45.2{\pm}6.2%$. CRHA groups significantly protected the loss of mucus to $83.0{\pm}7.0%$. The changes of gastric mucosal SOD and TBARS were recovered by CRHA treatment as well. Conclusions : CRHA showed the protective effects on the acute gastric mucosal lesions induced by compound 48/80 in rats. These results suggest that CRHA may have protective effects on the gastritis.

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Coptidis Rhizoma Extract (황련(黃連) 추출물의 항염효능에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeon-Woo;Han, Hyo-Sang;Lee, Young-Jong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : This research has been done to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Coptidis Rhizoma extracts. Method : Coptidis Rhizoma was extracted by $100^{\circ}C$ water. The extract (CC : Extract of Coptis chinensis rhizome) was used to examine its effects on the cell viability of mouse macrophage Raw 264.7 cell line. Also the production of nitric oxide (NO), the c-jun N-terminalkinase (JNK) activation and the production of cytokines such as (IL)-5 were evaluated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. After the CC and LPS were applied to Raw 264.7 cells which were cultured for 24 hours, the MTT assay was performed. Result : The CC extracts didn't affect the viability of macrophage cells. However, the extracts inhibited the NO production and the JNK activation significantly in LPS-stimulated macrophage cells treated with 100 and $200{\mu}g/mL$ concentrations. The CC extract, also, impeded the production of inflammation-related factors and cytokines such as KC, VEGF, MCP-1, GM-CSF, IL-$1{\alpha}$, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-12p40 in LPS-stimulated macrophage cells at the concentration higher than $25{\mu}g/mL$. The production of basic-FGF concentration of 50 and $100{\mu}g/mL$, the production of IP-10 at $100{\mu}g/mL$, and the production of IFN-${\gamma}$ at $25{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Conclusion : The CC prepared using $100^{\circ}C$ water showed the significant anti-inflammatory effect such as the inhibition not only on the production of NO, KC, VEGF, MCP-1, GM-CSF, IL-$1{\alpha}$, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-12p40 in LPS-stimulated macrophage cells at or higher than the concentration of $25{\mu}g/mL$, but also on the JNK activation at 100 and $200{\mu}g/mL$.

Antimicrobal Activity of Sutellaria baicalensis·Coptidis rhizoma Extract on the Preservation of Makgeolli (황금·황련 추출물의 항균활성이 막걸리 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Soon-Hi;Lee, Seul;Jin, Hyo-Sang
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.974-979
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    • 2012
  • This research was carried out to find herbal preservatives for Makgeolli, as Makgeolli loses its commercial value due to overproduced acidic materials. When Makgeolli was kept at $25^{\circ}C$ to find the changes in acidity, total microbial cell number, yeast cell number, and bacterial species variety, a sudden increase of acidity as well as the disappearance of yeast cells occurred at day 6, and Makgeolli was changed to complete off-flavor. Acetobacter pasteurianus is the main acidifier in Makgeolli and shows a synergy effect in acid formation when cultured in combination with Lactobacillus casei. Among 12 herbs, the ethanol extract of Sutellaria baicalensis showed antimicrobial activity against A. pasteurianus, whereas the ethanol extract of Coptidis rhizoma showed antimicrobial activity against L. casei. Makgeolli added with Sutellaria baicalensis extracts demonstrated a lower acidity than that with Coptidis rhizoma extracts, which indicates that the inhibition of an acetic acid former is more important than that of a lactic acid former in Makgeolli preservation. Sutellaria baicalensis extracts prolonged the shelf life of Makgeolli by 1~2 weeks at a minimal inhibitory concentration ($0.63mg/m{\ell}$) during storage at $10^{\circ}C$.

The Antimicrobial Activity of Chungyulsodokeum and Its Composition Oriental Medicines (淸熱消毒飮 및 구성약물의 항균활성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Wang Hui-wen;Jee Seon-young
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.143-153
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    • 2004
  • Antimicrobial activities against Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus were assayed through the hot water extracts and the ethanol extracts from Chungyulsodokeum and its composition oriental medicines. The stains were incubated on culture medium and activated. We observed the size of inhibition zone on the strains that is incubated in strilized filter paper disc with various concentration extracts of Chungyulsodokeum and its composition 1. The extracts of Chungyulsodokeum, Coptidis Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus showed antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus. 2. The extracts of Chungyulsodokeum, Coptidis Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix, Forsythiae Fructus Ghycyrrhizae Radix, showed antimiaobial activities against Staphylococcus epidermidis. 3. The extracts of Chungyulsodokeum, Coptidis Rhizoma, Paeoniae Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix, showed antimicrobial activities against Streptococcus mutans. 4. The extract of Coptidis Rhizoma showed antimicrobial activities against Candida albicans. 5. None of the extracts showed antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli. We observed antimicrobial activities of Chungyulsodokeum and its composition against Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus.

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Anti-inflammatory effect of chloroform fraction of Coptidis rhizoma on the production of inflammatory mediators from LPS-stimulated BV2 microglial cells (황련 클로로포름 분획물의 뇌신경소교세포로부터 염증매개물질 생성억제 효능 연구)

  • Park, Yong-Ki;Lee, Kyuong-Yeol
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : In the present study, we investigated anti-inflammatory effects of chloroform fraction of Coptidis rhizoma (CR-C) on the production of inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1${\beta}$) in LPS-stimulated BV2 microglial cells. Methods : Copriditis rhizoma was extracted with 80% methanol, and then extracted with chloroform. BV2 cells were pre-treated with CR-C, and stimulated with LPS. The cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. The production of NO and cytokines was measured by Griess assay and ELISA. The mRNA expression of inducible nirtic oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokines were determined by RT-PCR. Results : CR-C significantly inhibited the production of NO. TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-1${\beta}$ in a dose-dependent manner in LPS-stimulated BV2 cells. In addition, CR-C suppressed the mRNA expressions of iNOS and inflammatory cytokines induced by LPS stimulation. These results indicate that CR-C was involved in anti-inflammatory effects in activated microglia. Conclusion : The present study suggests that chloroform extract of Coptidis rhizoma can be useful as a potential anti-inflammatory agent for treatment of various neurodegenerative diseases.

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Coptidis Rhizoma Extract induces Apoptotic Cell Death in YD-10B Cell (황련(黃連)이 구강암 세포에서의 세포자멸사에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Geun;Park, Sook-Jahr;Kim, Sang-Chan;Jee, Seon-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.50-59
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was conducted that CRE (Coptidis Rhizoma Extract) induces apoptosis in YD-10B cells, human oral squamous carcinoma cell line. Methods : In this study, YD-10B cells were exposed to CRE (0.03-0.30 mg/ml), for 6-24 hours. We measured the effects of CRE on the changes of cell viability and cell membrane, TUNEL assay of CRE-treated YD-10B cell. Results : In this study, CRE caused a decrease of viability in YD-10B cells, human oral squamous carcinoma cell line. When YD-10B cells were treated with CRE, cells showed dose-dependent manner apoptotic cell death. Conclusions : These results suggest that CRE may be potential therapeutic approach in the clinical management of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

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Combined Treatment with Coptidis Rhizoma Extract and Arsenic Trioxide Enhanced Apoptosis through Diverse Pathways in H157 Cells

  • Youn, Myung-Ja;Kim, Yun-Ha;Kim, Hyung-Jin;Song, Je-Ho;Jeon, Ho-Sung;Yu, Dong-Hee;Sul, Jeong-Dug;So, Hong-Seob;Park, Rae-Kil
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1449-1459
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    • 2009
  • Coptidis rhizoma (huanglian) is an herb that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine that has recently been shown to possess anticancer activity. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the anticancer effects of this herb is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the anticancer activity of a combination of CR extract and arsenic trioxide, as well as the apoptotic pathway associated with its mechanism of action in human lung cancer H157 cells. Combined treatment of H157 cells with CR extract and arsenic trioxide resulted in significant apoptotic death. In addition, combined treatment with CR extract and arsenic trioxide acted in concert to induce a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (${\Delta}{\Psi}$), the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, and an increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic p53 and Bax protein, which resulted in activation of caspases and apoptosis. CR extract combined with arsenic trioxide also increased the lipid peroxidation, mRNA expression of DR4 and DR5 and caspase-8 activity. These data indicate that combined treatment with CR extract and arsenic trioxide enhanced apoptotic cell death in H157 cells through diverse pathways, including mitochondrial dysfunction and death receptors, particularly DR4 and DR5. Thus, this treatment may be an effective from of chemotherapy.