• 제목/요약/키워드: Cytotoxicity

검색결과 4,596건 처리시간 0.13초

Exploring Structure-Activity Relationships for the In vitro Cytotoxicity of Alkylphenols (APs) toward HeLa Cell

  • Kim, Myung-Gil;Shin, Hye-Seoung;Kim, Jae-Hyoun
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • 제5권1호
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2009
  • In vitro cytotoxicity of 23 alkyl phenols (APs) on human cervical cancer cell lines (HeLa) was determined using the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity assay. Two different sets of descriptors were used to construct the calibration model based on Genetic Algorithm-Multiple Linear Regression (GA-MLR) based on the experimental data. A statistically robust Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR) model was achieved ($R^2$=95.05%, $Q^2_{LOO}$=91.23%, F=72.02 and SE= 0.046) using three Dragon descriptors based on Me (0D-Constitutional descriptor), BELp8 (2D-Burden eigenvalue descriptor) and HATS8p (3D-GETAWAY descriptor). However, external validation could not fully prove its validity of the selected QSAR in characterization of the cytotoxicity of APs towards HeLa cells. Nevertheless, the cytotoxicity profiles showed a finding that 4-n-octylphenol (4-NOP), 4-tert-octyl-phenol (4-TOP), 4-n-nonylphenol (4-NNP) had a more potent cytotoxic effect than other APs tested, inferring that increased length and molecular bulkiness of the substituent had important influence on the LDH cytotoxicity.

Screening for Cytotoxicity of Crude Extracts from Fruit on Leukaemia Cells in Citrus and Related Genera

  • Soo
    • 한국자원식물학회지
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    • 제10권3호
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 1997
  • The present study has been undertaken to characterize availability of citrus as a medicinal plant with antineoplastic property. The crude extracts from 40 species of fruits with 12 species of the local Citrus in Cheju island were evaluated on their potential activities against mouse P388 lymphocytic leukaemia in vitro. The percent cytotoxicity varied from 25.40 to 97.94% at a concentration of $100{\mu}g/mL$. Among 40 spp., 8 species showed high toxicity more than 90% against P388 cells and Cheongkyool(C. nippokoreana) exhibited the most cytotoxicity as 97.94%($IC_{50}=20.2{\mu}g/mL$). Nine varieties of C. junos were showed insiginicant cytotoxicity. In trifoliate orange, immature fruit was stronger than mature and peel extract showed higher cytotoxicity($IC_{50}=18{\mu}g/mL$) than the other tissues. Hexane fraction from methanol(MeOH) extract of trifoliate orange showed highly significant inhibition of cell growth($IC_{50}=3.9{\mu}g/mL$). In addition, its cytotoxicity increased remarkably from 3.95 to $0.40{\mu}g/mL$ as exposure time legthened. Cytotoxic activities of crude extracts were decreased considerably during a six months storage period. It was apparent that there is considerable variation in cytotoxicity, depending upon species, maturity and storage time of extracts. There was no meaningful cytotoxic difference between archicitrus and metacitrus in the genus Citrus.

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Structure-Activity Relationship of Triterpenoids Isolated from Mitragyna stipulosa on Cytotoxicity

  • Tapondjou, Leon Azefack;Lontsi, David;Sondengam, Beiham Luc;Choudhary, Muhammad Iqbal;Park, Hee-Juhn;Choi, Jong-Won;Lee, Kyung-Tae
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • 제25권3호
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    • pp.270-274
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    • 2002
  • Chromatographic separation of the stem bark extract of Mitragyna stipulosa afforded triterpene derivatives ursolic acid (1), quinovic acid (2), quinivic acid $3-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranoside$ (3, quinovin glycoside C), quinovic acid 3-O-[$(2-O-sulfo)-{\beta}-D-quinovopyranoside$] (4, zygophyloside D) and quinovic acid $3-O-{\beta}-D-quinovopyranosyl-27-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranosyl$ ester (5, zygophyloside B). These five compounds were subjected to the cytotoxicity on MTT assay system. Compound 1 among tested showed the most potent cytotoxicity. Quinovic acid showed less potent cytotoxicity than ursolic acid and sugar linkages to 2 decreased the cytotoxicity. Compound 4 more potent than 3 with indicate that the sulfonyl group significantly enhances the activity. This indicates that the glycosidic linkage in ursane-type triterpenoids has mainly negative effect on cytotoxicity unlike in oleanane-type glycosides.

Antioxidant Effect of Poncirin and Cytotoxicity on Cultured Human Skin Fibroblast Damaged by Methyl Mercury

  • ;;최유선
    • 대한의생명과학회지
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    • 제13권4호
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2007
  • In order to evaluate on the cytotoxicity of methyl mercury (MM) and antioxidant effect of phenolic compound, poncirin against MM-induced cytotoxicity, XTT assay was performed to determine the cell viability after human skin fibroblasts (Detroit 51) were grown in the media containing various concentrations of methylmercuric chloride (MMC). And also, the antioxidant effect of poncirin on the cytotoxicity induced by MMC was examined by cell viability and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity in these cultures. MMC decreased cell viability in dose-dependent manner in these cultures and the midcytotoxicity value was determined at concentration of 30 ${\mu}M$ MMC after human skin fibroblasts were treated with $10\sim50{\mu}M$ MMC for 72 hours, respectively. MMC was highly toxic on cultured human skin fibroblasts by toxic criteria. MMC-mediated cytotoxicity was related with oxidative stress by the diminution of toxic effect according to the treatment of vitamin E. In the antioxidant effect of poncirin, it showed vitamin E-like DPPH radical scavenging activity at 90 ${\mu}g/ml$ poncirin and also, remarkably increased cell viability compared with MMC-treated group. From these results, it is suggested that MMC-mediated cytoxicity was highly toxic and was related with oxidative stress in cultured human skin fibroblasts, and also phenolic compound such as poncirin showed the protection on MMC-induced cytotoxicity by antioxidant effect in these cultures.

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Sulforhodamine B Assay to Determine Cytotoxicity of Vibrio vulnificus Against Human Intestinal Cells

  • Lee, Byung-Cheol;Choi, Sang-Ho;Kim, Tae-Sung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • 제14권2호
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    • pp.350-355
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    • 2004
  • Sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay is a rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive method for measuring cell proliferation and chemosensitivity. However, the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay is generally used to measure cytototoxicity of infectious microorganisms against host cells. In this study, we investigated the possibility of applying the SRB assay to determine cytotoxicity for infectious microorganisms, and compared the results with those obtained by the LDH release assay. We used Vibrio vulnificus as a model of infectious microorganisms. The SRB assay showed that V vulnificus strongly induced cytotoxic activity against human intestinal cells, Caco-2 and INT-407 cells. The degree of cytotoxicity closely correlated with infection time and number ratios of V. vulnificus to intestinal cells (MOI, multiplicity of infection). Furthermore, cytotoxicity values obtained by SRB assay correlated well with results obtained by the LDH release assay, and both assays gave a linear response with respect to MOI Heat-inactivation of V. vulnificus for 35 min at $60^{\circ}C$ did not induce cytotoxic activity, indicating that viability of V. vulnificus is crucial for cytotoxic activity against intestinal cells. Although both assays are suitable as cytotoxicity endpoints, the SRB assay is recommended for measuring cytotoxicity of infectious microorganisms against host cells because of its significantly lower cost and more stable endpoint than the LDH release assay.

노루궁뎅이 버섯 열수 추출물의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화성, 항돌연변이성, cytotoxicity 분석 (Physicochemical Characteristics and Antioxidant activity, Antimutagenicity, and Cytotoxicity of Hot-water Extract of Hericium erinaceus)

  • 김세령;김미라
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • 제28권5호
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    • pp.569-577
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    • 2012
  • The physicochemical characteristics and biological activities, including antioxidant activity, antimutagenicity, and cytotoxicity of hot-water extract of fruiting body of Hericium erinaceus, were investigated in this study. Hot-water extract of fruiting body of Hericium erinaceus contained carbohydrate (7.86%), protein (10.91%), and ${\beta}$-glucan (3.62%). Water solubility of hot-water extract was 42.58%. Antioxidant activities of the extract were evaluated by ABTS assay and FRAP assay. The $IC_{50}$ value was 312.21 ${\mu}g/mL$ in ABTS assay. Antimutagenic activity of the extract was evaluated by Ames test. Antimutagenicity of hot-water extract (5 mg/mL) on Salmonella Typhimurium TA100 mutagenated by sodium azide (0.15 ${\mu}g/mg$) was 69.2%. Cytotoxicity of hot-water extract was also evaluated by MTT and SRB assay. The cytotoxicity was highest (83.95%) on Hep3B treated with 2,000 ${\mu}g/mL$ of hot-water extract in SRB assay. Therefore, it is suggested that hot-water extract of fruiting body of Hericium erinaceus has high antioxidant activity, antimutagenicity, and cytotoxicity.

대두발효식품의 암세포주에 대한 세포독성 조사

  • 정건섭;윤기도;권동진;홍석산;최신양
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • 제25권5호
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    • pp.477-482
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the cytotoxicity of Korean traditional fermented soybean products using the MTT assay, we extracted soybean, Kanjang, Doenjang, Kochujang, and Chongkukjang with water, methanol, and hexane. Primary testing of cytotoxicity of 14 extracts was done for P388D1(mouse lympoid neoplasm) and L1210(mouse leukemia) cell lines. Doenjang methanol extract, Kochujang hexane extract, Chongkukjang methanol extract, and Chongkukjang hexane extract showed cytotoxicity of 86.1, 94.3, 83. 6, and 81.1%, respectively against P388D1, and showed cytotoxicity of 69.4, 96.9, 51.4, and 95.1%, respectively against L1210. All the other extracts showed less than 50% cytotoxicity. Methanol extracts of Doenjang and Chongkukjang showed dose-dependent cytotoxicity against P388DI, L1210, SNU-16 (human stomach cancer), HepG2(human hepatic cancer), WiDr(human colon cancer) cell lines, and IC$_{50}$ of Doenjang methanol extract was 67.7, 90.4, 1338.0, 706.4, and 371.2 $\mu$g/ml, respectively, and IC$_{50}$ of Chongkukjang methanol extract was 107.1, 228.3, 756.2, 1346.0, and 327.0 $\mu$g/ml, respectively.

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삼백초(Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail) 열추출물의 항암 및 세포독성 저해 효과 (Effect of Water Extract from Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail Water Extracts on the Cancer Cells and Antioxidative Activity in Cytotoxicity)

  • 이인선
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • 제8권2호
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    • pp.213-216
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    • 2001
  • Chemoprevetive effect of Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail water extract on several tumor cells and Chinese hamster V79 cells were investigated. The water extracts of Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail showed a higher cytotoxicity effect on the human histiocytic leukemia cells(U937) and protective effects against the cytotoxicity of H$_2$O$_2$. These results suggest that Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail may useful as potential soures of chemopreventive and antioxidative agents.

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의치상 레진의 세포독성에 관한 연구 (CYTOTOXICITY OF DENTURE BASE RESINS)

  • 김성균;장익태;허성주;곽재영
    • 대한치과보철학회지
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    • 제40권4호
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    • pp.309-322
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of denture base resins. According to manufacturer's instructions, resin specimens were made. Group 1 : heat-polymerizing acrylic resin (Luciton $199^{(R)}$) Group 2 : heat-polymerizing acrylic resin containing polyhedraloligosilsesquioxane(POSS resin) Group 3 : auto-polymerizing acrylic resin (Repair $Acrylic^{(R)}$) Group 4 : direct relining auto-polymerizing acrylic resin (Tokuso $Rebase^{(R)}$). Fresh specimens 24 hrs. and 72 hrs. soaked specimens in distil)ed water were made. Responses with metabolic assay and mutagenesis assay to eluates from resin specimens were measured. Cultures with medium alone provided controls. Cytotoxicity was assessed with agar overlay test. The results were as follows; 1. Group 4 showed higher cytotoxicity than Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 in fresh, 24-an4 72-hour immersion caries (p<.05). Group 3 showed higher cytotoxicity than Group 2 in fresh cases and showed higher cytotoxicity than Group 1 and Group 2 in 24-and 72-hour immersion cases (p<.05) . Group 1 and Group 2 showed no significant difference. 2. All acrylic denture base resins skewed significant increase of cell activity as immersion time increased (p<.05). 3. Auto-polymerizing acrylic denture base resins skewed higher cytotoxicity than heat-polymerizing acrylic denture base resins (p<.05). 4. All acrylic denture base resins showed lower mutagenicity than controls (p<.05).

광중합형 glass ionomer cement를 포함한 수종 역충전재의 세포주와 검사법에 따른 독성 효과 (CYTOTOXIC EFFECT OF RETROGRADE FILLING MATERIALS INCLUDING GLASS IONMER CEMENT ACCORDING TO CELL LINES AND ASSAY METHODS)

  • 임미경;구대회
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • 제21권1호
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    • pp.403-424
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    • 1996
  • Cell culture methods have been used to assess the cytotoxicity of dental materials. Different paramaters are used to monitor cytotoxic effects. But it is difficult to compare each investigator's results with different methods. The objective of this study was to investigate cytotoxic effect of several retrograde filling materials according to cell lines and assay methods. Cytotoxicity of Bestalloy (Dogmyung, Korea), Prisma APH(Densply International Inc., U.S.A.), Clearfil FII (Kuraray Co., Japan), Fuji II (GC Co., Japan), Fuji II LC (GC Co., Japan) and IRM (Densply Co., U.S.A.) on L929, 3T3 and KB permanent cell lines was measured. Radiochromium, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release method and colorimetric assays, namely neutral red (NR) and MTT were used. Each material was mixed according to the manufacturer's instruction. They were tested as solid and extracted state. Cell culture media were added to each mixed or solid materials then the solution was collected and used as extract solutions. Solid Fuji II showed mild cytotoxicity on three cell lines using radiochromium release method. There was no difference in cytotoxicity of extract solution group using radiochromium release method. In colorimetric assay immediate Fuji II group and all the IRM groups showed severe cytotoxic effect. Difference in cyctotoxicity was due to rather kinds of cell lines than assay methods. Solid Fuji II and IRM showed mild cytotoxicity on three cell lines. But extract solutions had different cytotoxic effect according to cell lines using LDH release assay. Light-cured glass ionomer had mild to moderate degree of cytotoxicity on three cell lines. Cytotoxicity was affected by specimen prepaton. Susceptibility of each cell ines were also affected by assay emthods. It was suggested that cytotoxicity study using only one cell line and/or assay method might not accurately reflect the real toxic nature of dental biomaterials.

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