• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cytotoxicity

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An experimental study on the cytotoxicity of orthodontic wires (교정용 호선의 세포독성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Lim, Yong-Kyu;Yang, Won-Sik
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.26 no.5 s.58
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    • pp.591-599
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    • 1996
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the cytotoxicity of orthodontic wires after doing various treatments to the wires. 018x025 inch Stainless steel(A) and Co-Cr(B) wires were used and each of them were divided into 4 groups. A-1 and B-1 groups were as received state, and A-2 and B-2 groups were heat treated. A-3 and B-3 groups were electropolished after heat treatment, and A-4 and B-4 groups were soldered with Ag-solder. Each group had 3 wires and these were sterilized with Ethylene Oxide gas. We used human gingival fibroblast cell culture and agar overlay technique to investigate the cytotoxicity of each group of wires. The cytotoxicity of wire was assessed using reaction index (zone index/lysis index). The findings of this study were as follows. 1. Both of the stainless steel wire and Co-Cr wire showed no cytotoxicity in as received state. 2. Heat treatment or electropolishing of the wires had no effect on the cytotoxicity of the wires 3. Soldered stainless steel wires showed a little wider zone of discoloration than soldered Co-Cr wires, but the zone index and cytotoxicity(reaction index) was not different. 4. Soldered wires showed moderate cytotoxicity in both of the wires.

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CYTOTOXICITY OF DENIAL CAST BASE METAL ALLOYS ON HUMAN ORAL KERATINOCYTES (구강점막 상피세포에 대한 치과 주조용 비귀금속 합금의 세포독성)

  • Choi, Young-Jin;Yook, Jong-In;Chung, Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.717-729
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    • 1999
  • Although many studies on the cytotoxicity of the dental cast base metal alloys and their components have been carried out, the results are rather conflicting because of the different type of cells used and the various experimental procedures taken. Recently a number of scientists have claimed that it would be preferable to focus on the use of cells from relevant specific location of the human bodies. Consequently, the primary cultured oral keratinocyte derived from oral mucous along with nickel chloride and several of widely used dental cast base metal alloys(two Ni-Cr alloys and one Co-Cr alloy)in domestic were selected for this study, from which 1) The amounts of released metal ions were determined using atomic absorption spectrometry, 2) The cytotoxicity of nickel chloride and dental cast base metal alloys was evaluated via MTT assay, and finally, 3) The amounts of released metal ions and the cytotoxicity of nickel chloride were correlated with the cytotoxicity of dental cast base metal alloys And, the results were summarized as follows; 1. Nickel ion from Ni-Cr alloys and Cobalt ion from Co-Cr alloys resulted in maximum releasing rate during first 2h hours, followed by a decrease in releasing rate with time. Chromium ion were found to be minimal in all alloys. 2. In cytotoxic test. with $40{\mu}M,\;80{\mu}M$ of nickel chloride, there were observed an increase in the relative cell number compared to control samples after 24 hours. With $160{\mu}M$, there was found to be no difference in the relative cell number with control, except that 48 hour showed a increase in relative cell number. With $320{\mu}M$, the relative cell number remained constant and decreased after 48 hours, and with $640{\mu}M$, a continuing decrease in relative cell number was observed throughout test period. 3 The sensitivity of primary cultured oral epithelium to nickel was lower compared to the cells used in other studies. 4. CB-80 Soft and Regalloy showed no cytotoxicity to primary cultured oral epithelium and New crown resulted in a slight cytotoxicity. In conclusion, it was shown that the primary cultured oral keratinocytes could be applied successfully as testing cells in cytotoxicity test. Futhermore, the dental cast base metal alloys used in this study were found to be biocompatible.

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The Harman and Norharman Reduced Dopamine Content and Induced Cytotoxicity in PC12 Cells

  • Yang, Yoo-Jung;Lim, Sung-Cil;Lee, Myung-Koo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.106-112
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    • 2008
  • The effects of harman and norharman on dopamine content and L-DOPA-induced cytotoxicity were investigated in PC12 cells. Harman and norharman decreased the intracellular dopamine content for 24 h. The $IC_{50}$ values of harman and norharman were 20.4 ${\mu}M$ and 95.8 ${\mu}M$, respectively. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity and TH mRNA levels were also decreased by 20 ${\mu}M$ harman and 100 ${\mu}M$ norharman. Under the same conditions, the intracellular cyclic AMP levels were decreased by harman and norharman. In addition, harman and norharman at concentrations higher than 80 ${\mu}M$ and 150 ${\mu}M$ caused cytotoxicity at 24 h in PC12 cells. Non-cytotoxic ranges of 10-30 ${\mu}M$ harman and 50-150 ${\mu}M$ norharman inhibited L-DOPA (20-50 ${\mu}M$)-induced increases of dopamine content at 24 h. Harman at 20-150 ${\mu}M$ and norharman at 100-300 ${\mu}M$ also enhanced LDOPA (20-100 ${\mu}M$)-induced cytotoxicity at 24 h. These results suggest that harman and norharman decrease dopamine content by reducing TH activity and aggravate L-DOPA-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells.

A Study on the Cytotoxic Effect of Heavy metals (Cd, Ni, Zn) on Cultured Mouse Fibroblast L929 Cell line (생쥐 배양섬유 모세포주 L929에 미치는 중금속(Cd, Ni, Zn)류의 세포독성에 관한 연구)

  • 이종빈;나명석;황영진;위성욱;최진희;김선희;유춘만;김재민
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 1997
  • The study on the cytotoxicity of heavy metals was carried out to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of those on mouse L929 fibroblast cell in 96-well microtiter plates. The cytotoxicity was assayed by the neutral red, tetrazolium MTT, total protein, micronuclei test. The cytotoxicity of the heavy metals by neutral red and tetrazolium MTT was showed in order, cadmium > zinc > nickel for the cationic metals tested. The effect of metal-metal interaction on the cytotoxicity showed a marked reduction of cadmium toxicity by zinc, to a lesser degree, by nickel. The amount of total protein in treated group added heavy metals was less than that of the control and treated cadmium alone was less than those of combination with nickel or zinc. At midpoint cytotoxicity values of heavy metals, the frequency of micronuclei on the cell treated heavy metals was more than that of control and treated cadmium alone was more than those of combination with nickel or zinc. From those results, it could be suggested that the heavy metals decreased the viability of mouse fibroblast L929 cells in a concentration-dependent manner and have cytogenic toxic effects, but mixed group decreased the cytotoxic and cytogenic toxicity on L929 cells.

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The Effects of Anti-Alzheimer on CT105-induced PC 12 Cells by Corynoxeine Isolated from Uncariae Ramulus et Uncus (pCT105로 원격 유도된 PC12 세포에서 조구등으로부터 분리한 corynoxeine의 항치매 효과)

  • Kang Hyung Won;Kim Sang Tae;Lyu Yeoung Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1111-1119
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we investigated that the effects of corynoxeine on the apoptosis by inducible CT105 in PC 12 cells and neuronpathogenic agent as CT105 confirmed with apoptosis, DNA fragmentation, neurite outgrowth and immunocytochemistry analysis This study examines whether corynoxeine have an anti-alzhmeimer agent by inhibition of apoptosis by CT105 and induces neurite outgrowth. Cytotoxicity was assessed in PC12 cell cultures by DNA fragmentation and measuring lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the culture media. The treatment of corynoxeine in exposure of cultures to CT105 and provided complete protection against cytotoxicity. CT105-induced cytotoxicity was blocked by apoptotsis, repaired by DNA fragmentation, neurite outgrowth and exposure to CT105 expression and regenerated with neurite outgrowth and immunocytochemistry by corynoxeine. These results indicate that in neuronal cell cultures, damage of T105, repaired excitotoxicity by corynoxeine and CT105-induced cytotoxicity is blocked primarily by the activation of anti-apoptosis.

Cytotoxic Effect of Aromatic and Aliphatic Compounds Produced by Streptomyces sp. Isolated in Korea (한국 Streptomyces SP.로부터 분리한 방향족 화합물과 지질 화합물의 세포독성 연구)

  • Shin, Suck-Woo;Ryeom, Kon
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.215-221
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    • 1997
  • In an effort to screen new selective antitumor agents from the broth of soil microorganism, cytotoxicity oriented screening was performed against tumor cells and 3 compounds (Compound 1, 2 and 3) were isolated from Sreptomyces parvullus ISP 5048 and their chemical structures were determined. Among these compounds, Compound 2 showed the highest cytotoxicity against P388Dl and L1210. While the $IC_{50}$/ values of compound 2 against P388Dl and L1210 were 0.073$\mu$g/ml and 0.07$\mu$g/ml, respectively, and the $IC_{50}$/ value of Compound 3 was 0.17$\mu$g/ml against human lung cancer cells, A549, the cytotoxicity of Compound 2 and 3 against normal cell line, Vero E6 cell was about 4- and 8-fold lower than that of adriamycin. Based on the chemical analysis data, Compound 3 was octacosamicine A, a known antibiotic, which was reported by Dobasih et al. (1988). Taken together the results demonstrated that Compound 2 and Compound 3 has the possibility to be developed as antitumor agent because of its potent cytotoxicity as well as high selectivity against various cancer cell lines.

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Antimicrobial activity and toxicity of Quisqualis indica

  • Jahan, Fatima N.;Rahman, Mohammad S.;Hossain, Mahboob;Rashid, Mohammad A.
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2008
  • The plant Quisqualis indica (Compositae) has ehnopharmcological reputation of being used as a healing agent in Bangladesh. In this study, preliminary screenings were conducted to look at the antimicrobial susceptibility and cytotoxicity of the plant extract. The extractives of the plant were subjected to screening for inhibition of microbial growth by the disc diffusion method. The zones of inhibition demonstrated by the n-hexane, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform and aqueous soluble partitionates of the methanolic extract ranged from 8 - 15 mm, 8 - 18 mm, 12 - 20 mm and 10 - 16 mm, respectively at a concentration of 400 ${\mu}g$/disc. All the extractives were also subjected to brine shrimp lethality bioassay for primary cytotoxicity evaluation. Here, the carbon tetrachloride soluble materials demonstrated the highest cytotoxicity with $LC_{50}$ of 0.826 ${\mu}g$/ml, while n-hexane, chloroform and aqueous soluble partitionates of the methanolic extract revealed the $LC_{50}$ of 1.254, 3.866 and 5.366 ${\mu}g$/ml, respectively. This is the first report of the antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity Q. indica.

Anti-cell Adhesive Effect of Phenylacetylshikonin Analogues Related to their Cytotoxicity in A549 Cells

  • Kim, Seon-Hee;Song, Gyu-Yong;Sok, Dai-Eun;Ahn, Byung-Zun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.155-157
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    • 1997
  • An attempt to estabilish the relationship between anti-cell adhesive action of phenylacetylshikonin analogues and their cytotoxicity against A549 cells was done. In the one hour incubation with A549 cells,${\alpha}$-methoxyphenylacetyl-(9), ${\alpha}$-acetoxyphenylacetyl-(13), 3,4-methylenedioxyphenylacetyl-(15) and 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)-phenylacetylshikonin (17) analogues showed a high anti-cell adhesive activity $(IC_100; value, 4-8{\mu}g/ml)$, while halophenylacetyl- and dimethoxy- or trimethoxyphenylacetyl analogues expressed no activity at $40{\mu}g/ml$, indicating that the presence of a bulky group at $ C^I-{\alpha}$ and a polar group at C-4 of phenylacetyl moiety may be important. A similar structure activity relationship exists for the 48 hr cytotoxocity $(ED_{50})$ of phenylacetylshikonin analogues in A 549 cells, but not in either K562 or L1210 cells. Furthermore, the difference between $IC_{100}$ values for anti-cell adhesive activity and$ED_{50}$ values for cytotoxicity of potent compound in A549 cells was not so great (1.5 to 3 times). Based on these observations, it is proposed that the anti-cell adhesive action of phenylacetylshikonins might be responsible for their cytotoxicity in A549 cells.

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The Cell Regenerative Effect of Benzoic Acid Derivatives Against Chomium Trioxide-Induced Cytotoxicity (벤조산 유도체의 Chromium Trioxide 독성에 대한 세포 재생효과)

  • Han, Du-Seok;Choi, Byung-Nam;Lee, Jae-Sug;Choi, Hwa-Jung;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.361-369
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    • 2008
  • In order to evaluate the cytotoxicity of chromium trioxide, and the cell regenerative effect of phenolic acid against chromium trioxide-induced cytotoxicity, cell viability, cell adhesion activity, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, and morphological changes of cells were performed in these cultures. The toxicity of chromium trioxide (${IC}_{50}$, 44.0 ${\mu}M$) was high according to the toxic criteria. Cell regeneration of benzoic acid derivatives against ${IC}_{50}$ value of chromium trioxide in cell morphology was increased in concentration-dependent manner. These results suggest that benzoic acid derivatives may be used as a cell regenerative agent against chromium-mediated cytotoxicity.