• Title, Summary, Keyword: Delamination

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The Relationship Between Delamination Element and Delamination Growth (층간분리 요소와 층간분리 성장의 관계)

  • 송삼홍;김철웅;홍정화;김태수;황진우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.113-116
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    • 2003
  • The investigation of delamination growth behavior in hybrid composite material such as FRMLs should be considered delamination growth rate, dA_D/da$ using the delamination shape factor, $f_S$ instead of traditional fracture mechanics parameters. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between delamination element (i. e. delamination width, b, delamination contour, c, delamination shape factor, $f_S$ and delamination growth rate, dA_D/da$) and delamination growth in FRMLs under cyclic bending moment. The delamination shape formed along the fatigue crack between aluminum layer and glass fiber/epoxy layer are measured by scanning method. The details of study are as follow : ⅰ) Relationship between crack length, a and delamination width, b. ⅱ) Variation of delamination growth rate, dA_D/da$ was attendant on delamination shape factors, $f_{S1}$, $f_{S2}$, $f_{S3}$. The test result indicated the delamination growth behavior depends in delamination element such as delamination width, b, delamination shape factors, $f_{S1}$, $f_{S2}$, $f_{S3}$.

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The Effect of Delamination Shape Factor, $f_s$ on the Delamination Growth Rate, $dA_D/da$ in FRMLs (층간분리 형상계수($F_s$)가 FRMLs의 층간분리 성장률($dA_D/da$)에 미치는 영향)

  • 송삼홍;이원평;김광래;김철웅
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.398-404
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    • 2003
  • Most previous researches for the hybrid composite materials such as FRMLs(Al/AFRP, Al/GFRP) have evaluated the fatigue delamination behavior using the traditional fracture mechanism. However, most previous researches have not generally been firmed yet. Because delamination growth behavior in hybrid composite should be consider delamination growth rate, $dA_D$/da using the delamination shape factors, fs instead of traditional fracture mechanic parameters. The major purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between delamination shape factor, fs and delamination growth rate, $dA_D$ . And a propose parameter on the delamination aspect ratio, b/a. The details of the study are as follow : 1) Relationship between crack length, a and delamination width,b. 2) Relationship between delamination aspect ration, b/a and delamination area rate,($(A_D)_{N}(A_D)_{ALL}$. 3) Variation of delamination growth rate, $dA_D/da$ was attendant on delamination shape factors, $fs_1$, $fs_2$, $fs_3$. The test results indicated the delamination growth rate depends on delamination shape factors.

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Evaluation of Delamination Behavior in Hybrid Composite Using the Crack Length and the Delamination Width (균열길이와 층간분리 폭의 관계를 이용한 하이브리드 복합재의 층간분리 거동 평가)

  • 송삼홍;김철웅
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2004
  • Although the previous researches evaluated the fatigue behavior of glass fiber/epoxy laminates using the traditional fracture mechanism, their researches were not sufficient to do it: the damage zone of glass fiber/epoxy laminates was occurred at the delamination zone instead of the crack-metallic damages. Thus, previous researches were not applicable to the fatigue behavior of glass fiber/epoxy laminates. The major purpose of this study was to evaluate delamination behavior using the relationship between crack length and delamination width in hybrid composite material such as Al/GFRP laminate. The details of investigation were as follows : 1) Relationship between crack length and delamination width, 2) Relationship between delamination aspect ratio and delamination area rate, 3) Variation of delamination growth rate is attendant on delamination shape factors. The test results indicated that the delamination growth rate depends on delamination width delamination aspect ratio and delamination shape factors.

Development of the Delamination Evaluation Parameters (I) -The Delamination Aspect Ratio and the Delamination Shape Factors-

  • Song, Sam-Hong;Oh, Dong-Joon
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1932-1940
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    • 2004
  • Although the previous researches evaluated the fatigue behavior of Al/GFRP laminates using the traditional fracture mechanism, their researches were not sufficient to do it : the damage zone of Al/GFRP laminates was occurred at the delamination zone instead of the crack-metallic damages. Thus, previous researches were not applicable to the fatigue behavior of Al/GFRP laminates. The major purpose of this study was to evaluate delamination behavior using the relationship between crack length (a) and delamination width (b) in Al/GFRP laminate. The details of investigation were as follows: 1) Relationship between the crack length (a) and the delamination width (b), 2) Relationship between the delamination aspect ratio (b/a) and the delamination area rate ((A$\_$D/)/subN// (A$\_$D/)$\_$All/), 3) The effect of delamination aspect ratio (b/a) on the delamination shape factor (f$\_$s/) and the delamination growth rate (dA$\_$D// da). As results, it was known that the delamination aspect ratio (b/a) was decreased and the delamination area rate ((A$\_$D/)$\_$N// (A$\_$D/)$\_$All/) was increased as the normalized crack size (a/W) was increased. And, the delamination shape factors (f$\_$s/) of the ellipse-II(f$\_$s3/) was greater than of the ellipse-I(f$\_$s2/) but that of the triangle (f$\_$s1/) was less than of the ellipse-I(f$\_$s2/).

Influences of Fiber Laminate Orientation on the Behavior of Fatigue Delamination in GLARE (GLARE 의 섬유층 배향이 피로층간분리 거동에 미치는 영향)

  • 황진우;송삼홍;김철웅
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.479-482
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    • 2004
  • The behavior of fatigue delamination in a GLARE(Glass Fiber Reinforced Metal Laminates) under fatigue loading conditions investigated. The behavior of fatigue delamination was examined basing on investigation of the crack and delamination using a SAM (Scanning Acoustic Microscope). The crack and delamination behavior on the relationship among a-N, SAM images and crack length-delamination length were considered. The test results indicated the features of different fatigue delamination and crack growth according to each fiber orientation angle and also obtained to more increase delamination than crack through the relationship between crack length and delamination length in GLARE.

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Thermoelastic effect on inter-laminar embedded delamination characteristics in Spar Wingskin Joints made with laminated FRP composites

  • Mishra, P.K.;Pradhan, A.K.;Pandit, M.K.;Panda, S.K.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.439-447
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    • 2020
  • This paper presents two sets of full three-dimensional thermoelastic finite element analyses of superimposed thermo-mechanically loaded Spar Wingskin Joints made with laminated Graphite Fiber Reinforced Plastic composites. The study emphasizes the influence of residual thermal stresses and material anisotropy on the inter-laminar delamination behavior of the joint structure. The delamination has been pre-embedded at the most likely location, i.e., in resin layer between the top and next ply of the fiber reinforced plastic laminated wingskin and near the spar overlap end. Multi-Point Constraint finite elements have been made use of at the vicinity of the delamination fronts. This helps in simulating the growth of the embedded delamination at both ends. The inter-laminar thermoelastic peel and shear stresses responsible for causing delamination damage due to a combined thermal and a static loading have been evaluated. Strain energy release rate components corresponding to the Mode I (opening), Mode II (sliding) and Mode III (tearing) of delamination are determined using the principle of Virtual Crack Closure Technique. These are seen to be different and non-self-similar at the two fronts of the embedded delamination. Residual stresses developed due to the thermoelastic anisotropy of the laminae are found to strongly influence the delamination onset and propagation characteristics, which have been reflected by the asymmetries in the nature of energy release rate plots and their significant variation along the delamination front.

Delamination evaluation on basalt FRP composite pipe by electrical potential change

  • Altabey, Wael A.
    • Advances in aircraft and spacecraft science
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.515-528
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    • 2017
  • Since composite structures are widely used in structural engineering, delamination in such structures is an important issue of research. Delamination is one of a principal cause of failure in composites. In This study the electrical potential (EP) technique is applied to detect and locate delamination in basalt fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) laminate composite pipe by using electrical capacitance sensor (ECS). The proposed EP method is able to identify and localize hidden delamination inside composite layers without overlapping with other method data accumulated to achieve an overall identification of the delamination location/size in a composite, with high accuracy, easy and low-cost. Twelve electrodes are mounted on the outer surface of the pipe. Afterwards, the delamination is introduced into between the three layers (0º/90º/0º)s laminates pipe, split into twelve scenarios. The dielectric properties change in basalt FRP pipe is measured before and after delamination occurred using arrays of electrical contacts and the variation in capacitance values, capacitance change and node potential distribution are analyzed. Using these changes in electrical potential due to delamination, a finite element simulation model for delamination location/size detection is generated by ANSYS and MATLAB, which are combined to simulate sensor characteristic. Response surfaces method (RSM) are adopted as a tool for solving inverse problems to estimate delamination location/size from the measured electrical potential changes of all segments between electrodes. The results show good convergence between the finite element model (FEM) and estimated results. Also the results indicate that the proposed method successfully assesses the delamination location/size for basalt FRP laminate composite pipes. The illustrated results are in excellent agreement with the experimental results available in the literature, thus validating the accuracy and reliability of the proposed technique.

Detection of Delamination Crack for Polymer Matrix Composites with Carbon Fiber by Electric Potential Method

  • Shin, Soon-Gi
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 2013
  • Delamination crack detection is very important for improving the structural reliability of laminated composite structures. This requires real-time delamination detection technologies. For composite laminates that are reinforced with carbon fiber, an electrical potential method uses carbon fiber for reinforcements and sensors at the same time. The use of carbon fiber for sensors does not need to consider the strength reduction of smart structures induced by imbedding sensors into the structures. With carbon fiber reinforced (CF/) epoxy matrix composites, it had been proved that the delamination crack was detected experimentally. In the present study, therefore, similar experiments were conducted to prove the applicability of the method for delamination crack detection of CF/polyetherethereketone matrix composite laminates. Mode I and mode II delamination tests with artificial cracks were conducted, and three point bending tests without artificial cracks were conducted. This study experimentally proves the applicability of the method for detection of delamination cracks. CF/polyetherethereketone material has strong electric resistance anisotropy. For CF/polyetherethereketone matrix composites, a carbon fiber network is constructed, and the network is broken by propagation of delamination cracks. This causes a change in the electric resistance of CF/polyetherethereketone matrix composites. Using three point bending specimens, delamination cracks generated without artificial initial cracks is proved to be detectable using the electric potential method: This method successfully detected delamination cracks.

Variation of Notch Shape on the Delamination Zone Behavior in Al/AFRP Laminates (노치형태 변화에 따른 Al/AFRP 적층재의 층간분리거동)

  • Song, Sam-Hong;Kim, Cheol-Woong
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.278-285
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    • 2001
  • Aluminum/Aramid Fiber Reinforced Plastic(Al/AFRP) laminates are applied to the fuselage-wing intersection. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the delamination zone behavior of Al/AFRP with a saw-cut and circular hole using average stress criterion and the effect of notch geometry. Mechanical tests were carried out to determine the cyclic-bending moment and delamination zone observed ultrasonic C-scan pictures. In case of Al/AFRP containing saw-cut specimen, the shape and size of the delamination zone formed along the fatigue crack. However, in case of Al/AFRP containing circular hole specimen, the shape and size of delamination zone formed two types. first type, delamination zone formed along the fatigue crack. Second type, not observed fatigue crack. Therefore, delamination zone was formed dependently of the circular hole shape.

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Experimental Study of Buckling Behavior of Composite Laminates with an Embedded Delamination (내재된 층간분리가 존재한 복합재 적층판의 좌굴거동에 대한 실혐 연구)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.2491-2500
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    • 1996
  • An experimental and analytical investigation is performed to study the buckling behavior of composite laminates with an embedded delamination. It is of particular interest to veryfy whether delamination growth cddurs with continuming deformation after buckling of composite laminates with an embedded delamination. Experiments are conducted for [0/sub 4///90/sub 8//0/sub 4/]/sub r/ laminates with delamination size in which local buckling mode governs buckling. Results show that delamination growth occurs in hgigher load after buckling and is accompanid by other damage mechanisms such as splitting. Also, it is found that transverse deformation before difurcation buckling is due to initial imperfection and structure such as plate with small bending stiffness is sensitive to that.