• Title, Summary, Keyword: Doenjang

Search Result 417, Processing Time 0.126 seconds

Change in the Physicochemical Properties of Doenjang Treated with Phosphate and Gas Absorber during Storage (인산염과 가스흡수제 첨가 된장의 저장 중 이화학적 변화)

  • Lee, Jung-Suck;Song, Kyung-Bin
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.803-807
    • /
    • 2006
  • Browning of commercial Doenjang product during storage and marketing is a main concern in the industry. There have been many studies on the improvement on the quality of Doenjang during storage. In this study, phosphate and gas absorber treatment was introduced in manufacturing of Doenjang to improve the color of commercial Doenjang during storage. Doenjang treated with Phosphate and 9as absorber (sample C). Doenjang teated with Phosphate only (sample B), and the control (sample A) were prepared and their physicochemical and sensory properties were determined during storage at $30^{\circ}C$ for 28 days. Sample C was the best in terms of color as well as sensory evaluation resulting in preventing browning of Doenjang during storage. These result suggest that commercial production of Doenjang should introduce phosphate and gas absorber treatment to improve the quality of Doenjang, and to prevent undesirable browning reaction during storage and marketing.

Proteases and Antioxidant Activities of Doenjang, Prepared with Different Types of Salts, during Fermentation (소금 종류를 달리하여 제조한 된장들의 발효 중 protease 역가 및 항산화 활성 변화)

  • Shim, Jae Min;Lee, Kang Wook;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Jeong Hwan
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.303-310
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this study, doenjang samples were prepared with different types of salts (12%, w/w): purified salt (PS), 3-year aged solar salt (SS3), 1-year aged solar salt (SS1), and bamboo salt melted 3 times (BS). Whole-soybean mejus were fermented with starters consisting of 2 Bacillus strains, a yeast, and a fungus (starter doenjang), and control mejus were fermented with organisms present naturally in rice straw (non-starter doenjang). The whole-soybean mejus were dried, and then mixed with cooked soybeans and the respective salts. The doenjang samples were fermented for 13 weeks at 25℃. The protease (acid, neutral, and alkaline) activities, fibrinolytic activities, and antioxidant capacities of the samples were examined every week. BS doenjang showed the highest acid protease (6.46 ± 0.20 unit/g) and fibrinolytic activities (0.61 unit/ml). Among the starter doenjang samples, those made with SS and BS showed the highest total phenolic contents after 91 days of fermentation. For antioxidant activities, SS3 doenjang showed higher activities than the other doenjang samples, as evaluated by ABTS, DPPH, and FRAP assays. These results suggest that solar salt, especially aged for 3 years, is better than purified salt in terms of producing better functionalities of doenjang.

Fermentation Properties of Low-Salted Doenjang Supplemented with Licorice, Mustard, and Chitosan (감초, 겨자 및 키토산을 첨가한 저염 된장의 발효 특성)

  • Lim, Seong-Il;Song, Sun-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.42 no.3
    • /
    • pp.323-328
    • /
    • 2010
  • After supplemention with the licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), mustard (Brassica juncea), and chitosan as food additives to low-salted doenjang containing 30% lower salt than control doenjang (12.7% salt), fermentation properties of doenjang were investigated for 40 days. Adding the licorice, mustard, and chitosan to low-salted doenjangs containing 10.2% and 8.9% of salt did not affect the acidity, viable cell count, or color of doenjang. A white pellicle-forming strain was detected at the surface of low-salted doenjangs (10.2% and 8.9% salt) but not the control doenjang and low-salted doenjangs added with mixed additives (licorice, mustard, and chitosan). The amino nitrogen content of 8.9% salted doenjang added with mixed additives at 20 days was 332 mg% and this value was similar to that of 12.7% salted doenjang at 40 days. In sensory evaluation, the 8.9% salted doenjang added the additives had the highest score in overall palatability. These results indicate that salt contents of doenjang could be lowered to 8.9% by adding licorice, mustard, and chitosan, resulting in improved palatability, shortened fermentation period, and inhibited abnormal fermentation.

Chemical composition changes in fermented Doenjang depend on Doenjang koji and its mixture (된장 koji 및 그 혼합에 따른 된장 숙성 과정중의 화학성분 변화)

  • Joo, Hyun-Kyu;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Oh, Kyun-Teak
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.35 no.5
    • /
    • pp.351-360
    • /
    • 1992
  • In order to improve the qualities of Doenjang were investigated on the enzyme activity in the koji and changes in chemical composition, flavors and sensory envaluation of Doenjang which were prepared with Rh. delemar koji, Asp. oryzae koji and traditional Meju with mixed koji and soybean as the ratio of optimum mixture. Asp. oryzae koji was indicated highest activities ${\alpha}$ and ${\beta}-amylase$ as 312 mg/ml, 235 mg/ml while Rh. delemar the lowest activities as 16 mg/ml, 38 mg/ml in aging for 40 days amino type ntrogen was the highest in the Asp. oryzae and Rh. delmear mixture koji(D group), Asp. oryzae(A group), and Asp. oryzae koji and Rh. delemar koji(C group) as 460 mg%, 440 mg% and 426 mg% in aging for 40 days. The main flavor components of Doenjang were detected as fellows phenol-2-kmethoxy, 4H-pyran-4-one-3-hydroxy-2-methyl, benzenthanol, 1-octan-3-ol, tetra-methyl pryrazine, 1,3,6 cyclooctatrien. Asp. oryzae(A) and Asp. oryzae koji with Rh. delemar koji mixture(C), group were the most excellent in taste, flavor color for fermented Doenjang at 40 days.

  • PDF

Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Doenjang Made with Various Concentrations of Salt Solution (염수 농도를 달리하여 제조한 전통 된장의 특성)

  • Byun, Myung-Woo;Nam, Tan-Gong;Lee, Gyu-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.44 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1525-1530
    • /
    • 2015
  • Doenjang made with various concentrations of salt solution such as 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18% for making low-salt Doenjang. Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Doenjang made with various concentrations of salt solution were analyzed. As a result, salt contents of Doenjang made with various concentrations of salt solution were 6.09~13.47%. Amino-type nitrogen showed a higher value when prepared with lower salt solution. The pH value increased with lower concentration of salt solution, whereas total acidity decreased with lower concentration of salt solution. The pH values and total acidity of Doenjang made with more than 16% salt solution were not statistically different. The reducing sugar content ranged from 1.39~6.30 mg/g, and higher salt content was associated with higher reducing sugar content. In the sensory descriptive analysis, Doenjang had the most salty taste at a salt concentration of 18%, whereas Doenjang at concentrations of 15%, 16%, and 17% did not show any statistical differences. In the consumer acceptance test, Doenjang made with 17% and 18% salt solution showed the highest score, followed by Doenjang made with 15% and 16% salt solution. In conclusion, the salty taste of Doenjang made with 16% salt solution might be used to make low-salt Doenjang. However, consumer acceptance of these Doenjangs was lower than that of Doenjang made with 17% and 18% salt solution.

Antioxidative Materials in Domestic Meju and Doenjang 1.Lipid Oxidation and Browning during Fermentation of Meju and Doenjang (재래식 메주 및 된장중의 항산화성 물질에 관한 연구 1. 메주 발효 및 된장 숙성중의 지질산화와 갈변)

  • 이종호;김미혜;임상선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.148-155
    • /
    • 1991
  • Lipid oxidation and browning during fermentation of domestic Meju and Doenjang were examined in order to elucidate the antioxidative effects of browning products and phenol compounds from Meju and Doenjang. Peroxide values of lipids from Meju were detectable and slightly increased until 3 weeks of fermentation, but started to be decreased after 3 weeks of fermentation and notdetectable after 6 weeks. Peroxides were not detected in Doenjang during the whole fermentation, but started to be decreased after 3 weeks of period of 22 weeks fermentation. Carbonyl value were increased during the whole period of Meju fermentation, but started to be decreased at the early stage of Doenjang fermentation. Hydrophilic fraction of browning products from Meju was much higher than lipophilic fraction and the former fraction was dramatically increased at the early stage of the fermentation. But the both fractions maintained high values during Doenjang fermentation. Hydrophilic browning products and phenol and phenol compound in Meju showed strong antioxidative against linoleic acid.

  • PDF

Physiological Activity in Doenjang Added with Various Mushrooms (버섯첨가된장의 생리활성 작용)

  • 이수진;이경임;이숙희;박건영
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.365-370
    • /
    • 2004
  • The study was carried out to evaluate the radical scavenging activity, and antimutagenic and anticancer effects in Korean soybean paste(doenjang) added with various mushrooms. Ganoderma lucidum doenjang(Gl-TD) showed significant inhibitory activity against the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, with an IC$\sub$50/ value of 245$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$. In contrast, the other doenjang varieties appeared to have weaker antioxidant activity. Four kinds of doenjang didn't have any antimutagenic activity against N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG) by adding of 5mg/plate, but exhibited a strong inhibitory effect(55∼70%) against aflatoxin B$_1$(AFB$_1$). Especially Phellinus linteus doenjang(Pl-TD) inhibited more than 70% of the mutagenicity induced by AFB$_1$ in Salmonella typhimurium TA100. On the other hand, the mushroom doenjang varieties showed relatively weak activity toward MNNG in SOS chromotest, their inhibitory rate ranging from 23% to 33%. Methanol extracts of Gl-TD and Pl-TD inhibited by 91∼92% the growth of AGS gastric cancer cells in a concentration of 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$.

Improvement of Lipid Oxidation Stability of Seasoned Pork and Formula Development of Seasoning Sauce for Pork Bulgogi with Doenjang and Onion Using Mixture Experimental Design

  • Oh, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Chang-Soon;Chang, Duk-Joon
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.772-779
    • /
    • 2008
  • The antioxidative effect of doenjang (fermented soybean paste) and onion added in the seasoned pork, bulgogi was evaluated and the optimum mixture ratio of ingredients in seasoning sauce has been established using mixture experimental design (MED). When the seasoned pork, bulgogi was prepared with soy sauce 12% (control), doenjang 9% (in replacement of soy sauce 9%) added group (DG), and doenjang 9% and onion 33.4% (in replacement of water 33.4%) added group (DOG), and stored at $-25^{\circ}C$ for 6 months, the peroxide value (POV) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value of control, DO, and DOG were all lower than that of control from the initial stage of storage. The antioxidative effect of seasoned pork was found to increase with the replacement of doenjang in seasoning sauce for pork bulgogi. Moreover, antioxidative effects in DOG increased more synergistically. Therefore, the lipid oxidation stability of pork bulgogi was improved by the addition of doenjang and onion onto the seasoning sauce. The optimum mixture ratio of seasoning sauce for pork bulgogi followed up by the MED was found to be doenjang 7.10%, soy sauce 9.46%, onion 19.72%, and water 42.58% with excellent sensory quality.

Changes in physicochemical characteristics and nutritional values of soybean, meju, and doenjang by varying sowing periods

  • Son, Yang-Ju;Kang, Sun-Hee;Ko, Jong-Min;Lee, Yeon-Kyung;Hwang, In-Kyeong;Kang, Hee-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.49 no.1
    • /
    • pp.56-62
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine how seeding time changes the properties of soybean products meju and doenjang. Soybeans were seeded on the last day of May (5L), on the mid day of June (6M), and on the last day of June (6L), respectively. The 5L soybeans experienced a distinguishing hot and humid climate at the ripening stage, and these climate conditions resulted in smaller seed sizes. Fermentation briskly progressed in all doenjang until 120 days, and the 5L doenjang exhibited the lowest fermentation efficiency. The 5L soybeans showed the highest GABA, polyphenol contents, and ACE inhibitory activity, and the 6M soybeans showed the highest radical scavenging activity among the groups tested. In doenjang, the functional properties generally increased as the aging time approached the $120^{th}$ day, and the 6M doenjang showed the highest functional properties at the $120^{th}$ day. Therefore, 6M soybeans had the most appropriate characteristics when producing doenjang.

Inhibitory effects of Doenjang, Korean traditional fermented soybean paste, on oxidative stress and inflammation in adipose tissue of mice fed a high-fat diet

  • Nam, Ye Rim;Won, Sae Bom;Chung, Young-Shin;Kwak, Chung Shil;Kwon, Young Hye
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.235-241
    • /
    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Doenjang, Korean traditional fermented soybean paste has been reported to have an anti-obesity effect. Because adipose tissue is considered a major source of inflammatory signals, we investigated the protective effects of Doenjang and steamed soybean on oxidative stress and inflammation in adipose tissue of diet-induced obese mice. MATERIALS/METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a low fat diet (LF), a high-fat diet (HF), or a high-fat containing Doenjang diet (DJ) or a high-fat containing steamed soybean diet (SS) for 11 weeks. RESULTS: Mice fed a DJ diet showed significantly lower body and adipose tissue weights than those in the HF group. Although no significant differences in adipocyte size and number were observed among the HF diet-fed groups, consumption of Doenjang alleviated the incidence of crown-like structures in adipose tissue. Consistently, we observed significantly reduced mRNA levels of oxidative stress markers (heme oxygenase-1 and $p40^{phox}$), pro-inflammatory adipokines (tumor necrosis factor alpha and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1), macrophage markers (CD68 and CD11c), and a fibrosis marker (transforming growth factor beta 1) by Doenjang consumption. Gene expression of anti-inflammatory adipokine, adiponectin was significantly induced in the DJ group and the SS group compared to the HF group. The anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammatory effects observed in mice fed an SS diet were not as effective as those in mice fed a DJ diet, suggesting that the bioactive compounds produced during fermentation and aging may be involved in the observed health-beneficial effects of Doenjang. CONCLUSIONS: Doenjang alleviated oxidative stress and restored the dysregulated expression of adipokine genes caused by excess adiposity. Therefore, Doenjang may ameliorate systemic inflammation and oxidative stress in obesity via inhibition of inflammatory signals of adipose tissue.