• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dry eye syndrome

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The literatual Study on the etiology of dry eye syndrome (안구건조증의 병인(病因)에 대한 문헌적 고찰)

  • Yoon, Seong-Sik;Seo, Hyung-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.188-195
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    • 2009
  • Objective : The object of this literatual study is to investigate the etiology of dry eye syndrome Methods : We have selected data related to etiology of dry eye syndrome on the literature of Oriental Medicine. And we analyzed the study. Results : Treatment and etiology concerning dry eye syndrome derived diverse opinion according to medical era and practitioner. It was a good opportunity to speculate the etiology and similar symptoms of dry eye syndrome. Conclusions : Through literatual Study, we basically understood the etiology of dry eye syndrome. In the study of the etiology, it seems that further clinical studies on treatment of dry eye syndrome via oriental medicine.

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Clinical Observation on 3 Cases of Dry Eye Syndrome (안구 건조증 환자의 치험 3례)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Jeon, Ju-Hyun;Kim, Young-Il
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.237-245
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    • 2007
  • Objective : The Dry Eye Syndrome is characterized by reduction of the stability of the tearfilm and a set of alterations of the eye surface which could relate to tear quality, normal makeup of tearfilm and alterations in blinking or regular closing of eyelids. We treated 3 patients who was suffering with severe Dry Eye Syndrome and assessed the effectiveness of Oriental Medicine in the treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome. Methods : The patients were treated by acupunture, Gi Guk Yang Hyeol-decoction(Qijuyangxie-decoction). The improvement of the symptom was judged the subjective symptoms by the change of Ocular Surface Disease Index. Result : We observed in 2 cases of the patient significant decrease in the frequency of subjective symptoms, 1 case was not treated. Conclusion: The Oriental Medicine had effective results in Dry Eye syndrome. We need to have more observation and examination of Dry Eye syndrome.

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Effects of Acupuncture Therapy on Dry Eye Syndrome: 43 Case Series (안구건조증 환자 43례의 침치료 효과에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Woo;Lee, Eun-Kyoung;Jeon, Ju-Hyun;Kim, Jung-Ho;Kim, Young-Il;Kim, Jung-Il
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acupuncture therapy on dry eye syndrome. Methods : We investigated 43 cases of patients with dry eye syndrome. They were treated with acupuncture therapy twice or three times a week. Symptoms score, number of dry eye symptoms, Ocular surface disease index were compared between eyes before and after treatment to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture therapy. Results : After 24 times treatment, symptom score, number of dry eye symptoms, Ocular surface disease index were significantly decreased. Conclusions : Acupuncture therapy was effective to improve symptoms of dry eye syndrome patients. There should be more observation about patients with dry eye syndrome and further study will be needed.

Evaluating the Effects of Dry Eye Syndrome on Ocular Fatigue and Attentiveness (건성안증후군의 눈 피로도와 주의집중력에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Kyung-Hee;Lee, Hyun-Joo;Kim, Se-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Vision Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.533-539
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of dry eye syndrome on ocular fatigue and attentiveness. Methods: This study targeted 512 subjects who did not have an abnormal visual function, did not wear contact lens, had corrective eyesight over 0.8, and were between 19 and 83 year olds (mean age of 40.27 years). General characteristics (i.e., sex, age, drinking, and smoking status), dry eye syndrome, the score of a survey on ocular fatigue, and sub-factors of attentiveness were tested and analyzed. Results: Among the subjects, 312 were women and the mean age of them was 40.27 years. The number of drinkers was 260 and there were more drinkers than non-drinkers. There were 438 non-smokers, which was more than smokers. Dry eye syndrome showed positive correlations with age, sex, smoking, drinking, and eye fatigue. Attentiveness showed significant differences with BET, NAR, OET, and RED, which were sub-factors, had significant effects on dry eye syndrome. Conclusion: People with dry eye syndrome showed lower attentiveness than those who without it and higher dry eye syndrome increased ocular fatigue.

Analysis of Prevalence and Risk Factors for Dry Eye Syndrome in Korean Adults; Based on the 5th National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012) (한국 성인의 건성안 유병률과 위험요인 분석: 제5기 국민건강영양조사(2012)를 기반으로)

  • Jeon, Young-Woo;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Baek, Seung-Sun;Rhee, Kang-Oh;Lee, Tae-Yong;Lee, Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Vision Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of present study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for dry eye syndrome in Korean adults using data from the 5th National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012). Methods: We analyzed the prevalence and risk factors for dry eye syndrome according to characteristics of sociodemographic, systemic diseases, and health related behaviors of 5,698 adults, men 2,368(41.6%) and women 3330(58.4%), aged 19 years and older, who were diagnosed with the dry eye syndrome by ophthalmologists. Results: The prevalence of dry eye syndrome was 13.5% in this population. The prevalence of dry eye syndrome in the sociodemographic characteristics was significantly higher in women than in men, in 50 years and older than under 50 years people, and in urban area than in rural area residents. The prevalence of dry eye syndrome by systemic diseases was significantly higher in subjects with hypertension, dyslipidemia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, depressive disorder, and renal failure. The prevalence of dry eye syndrome by health related behaviors was higher in non-smokers, non-drinkers, and short time sleepers. The dry eye syndrome was more frequent in women (OR 2.29, CI 1.89-2.77), in 50 years and older people (OR 1.21, CI 1.01-1.46), and rural area resident s (OR 1.96, CI 1.56-2.47). After adjusting for all significant variables, independent risk factors for dry eye syndrome were renal failure (multi-variable odds ratio (OR) 2.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.48-5.69), thyroid disease (OR 1.62, CI 1.16-2.26), rheumatoid arthritis (OR 1.54, CI 1.01-2.33), dyslipidemia (OR 1.42, CI 1.13-1.78), depressive disorder (OR 1.36, CI 1.11-1.66), and osteoarthritis (OR 1.27, CI 1.02-1.57). Conclusion: The prevalence of dry eye syndrome in adults aged 19 and over was 13.5%. The dry eye syndrome was more frequent in women, 50 years and older people, and in urban residents, as a socio-demographic factor. Systemic disease factors related to dry eye were renal failure, thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, dyslipidemia, depressive disorder, osteoarthritis. We suggest that people with dry eye syndrome risk factors should be provided about dry eye symptoms through the education, so that they can be found early and appropriately treated dry eye.

Effectiveness of Upper Cervical Chuna and Release of Cranial Base on Dry Eye Syndrome, Two Cases Report (상부경추 추나 및 두개저 이완기법을 적용한 안구건조증 치험 2례)

  • Heo, Kwang-Ho;Park, Young-Hoi;Keum, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.299-307
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to report the effectiveness of upper cervical chuna and release of cranial base on patients with dry eye syndrome. The patients diagnosed as dry eye syndrome and treated with upper cervical chuna and release of cranial base. Outcomes were measured by ocular surface disease index(OSDI). After treatments, discomfort and ocular surface disease index decreased. These results suggest that upper cervical chuna and release of cranial base were effective on patients with dry eye syndrome.

Clinical Effects of Rg3 Ginseng Pharmacopuncture for Dry Eye Syndrome in Six Case Reports (안구건조증에 대한 Rg3진센약침의 임상적 효과 6례 보고)

  • Kang, Eun-jin;Park, Eun-young;Kim, Kyoung-min
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.929-938
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: To report the clinical application and effects of Rg3 ginseng (ginseng radix) pharmacopuncture in patients with dry eye syndrome. Methods: Six patients who suffered from dry eye syndrome were treated with Rg3 ginseng pharmacopuncture for 4 weeks. The Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) was used twice, at the start and end of treatment, to analyze the results. Results: After treatment with Rg3 ginseng pharmacopuncture, OSDI scores were improved in all six patients. Conclusion: Rg3 ginseng pharmacopuncture is an effective treatment for patients with the symptoms of dry eye syndrome.

Trend of Clinical Trials for Intradermal Acupuncture Treatment on Dry Eye Syndrome (건성안 증후군의 피내침 치료에 대한 임상연구 동향)

  • Song, Ji-Hoon;Park, Soo-Yeon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.12-22
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to review the trend of clinical trials conducted with the intradermal acupuncture treatment on dry eye syndrome. Methods : Through 4 foreign online databases(PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and CNKI) and 3 domestic online databases(NDSL, RISS, and OASIS), we searched for clinical studies performed acupuncture treatment for dry eye syndrome from 2000 to 2020. Only randomized controlled trials(RCT) were selected and analyzed with the research method. Results : A total of 4 studies were reviewed. Cuanzu(攢竹, BL2), Taiyang(太陽, EX-HN5), and Sibai(四白, ST2) were the most frequently used acupoints in the studies. Among the evaluation indexes, Schirmer I test(SIT), tear film break-up time(BUT) were the most frequently used outcomes. In the most of the 4 studies, intradermal acupuncture treatment showed significant therapeutic effects for dry eye syndrome. Conclusions : These results suggest that it is necessary to develop more detailed standards for intradermal acupuncture treatment method as the method of intradermal acupuncture is getting more diverse, and objective tools are needed to evaluating dry eye syndrome.

What is the meaning of hs-CRP and HbA1c in patients with dry eye syndrome in diabetes?

  • Kang, Ji-Hun;Shin, Sang-Yol
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.185-190
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of systemic chronic inflammatory state on dry eye syndrome as a local chronic inflammatory condition. From June 16, 2016 to December 31, 2016, 726 patients who visited the general health examination center were screened using the Schirmer's test and the metabolic syndrome screening test. A total of 214 patients who were studied for hs-CRP and HbA1c were simultaneously selected for the study as well. Dry eye syndrome significantly increased in higher age groups (p<0.001) and women (p=0.020); there was no significant relationship with fasting plasma glucose, hs-CRP. In addition, as HbA1c increased the risk for dry eye syndrome also increased (β=1.960, p=0.025). Therefore, dry eye syndrome may not caused by microvascular changes in the lacrimal gland due to chronic inflammatory conditions. In diabetic patients, long-term blood glucose control may be more important than short-term blood glucose control. The high prevalence of dry eye syndrome in diabetic patients is thought to be due to autonomic dysfunction rather than microvascular changes caused by chronic inflammation.

Dry Eye Syndrome and Ocular Fatigue according to the Status of Contact Lens Wearing and Management among Female University Students (여대생의 콘택트렌즈 착용 및 관리 실태에 따른 안구건조증과 눈 피로)

  • Her, Sun;Kim, Kye Ha
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.259-269
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine dry eye syndrome and ocular fatigue according to the status of contact lens wearing and management among female university students. Methods: The subjects were 195 female university students wearing contact lenses. Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) and Virtual Reality Symptom Questionnaire (VRSQ) were used to determine the level of dry eye syndrome and ocular fatigue. The SPSS/WIN 21.0 program was used for analysis of data. Results: Significant differences in the level of dry eye syndrome were observed according to the period of case solution change (F=3.36, p=.037) and the reasons for the change of lens (F=4.56, p=.004). In ocular fatigue, significant differences were observed according to the price of lens (F=3.53, p=.031), rinse in storing lens in a case (t=-2.57, p=.011), and learning about contact lens (t=-2.01, p=.046). A significant positive correlation was observed between dry eye syndrome and ocular fatigue in the subjects. Conclusion: The results of this study show that some subjects have problems in wearing and management of contact lenses. Therefore, an education program related to contact lenses should be provided to contact lens wearers to improve the status of wearing and management of contact lenses.