• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ecosystem & Environment

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Improvement of Cooperation Charge on Conservation of Ecosystem Reflected Natural Capitals Valuation - Focused on Forest Area - (자연자산의 가치를 반영한 생태계보전협력금 제도 개선 방안 - 산림지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Jin-Han;Lee, Dong-Kun;Tanaka, Riwako;Kim, Jung-Taek;Jeon, Seong-Woo;Lee, Woo-Kyun;Kim, Joon-Soon;Jung, Tae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.203-213
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    • 2014
  • In Korea, a cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem is imposed to prevent indiscriminate development. The total amount of this charge is determined by multiplying the size of the destroyed area by a value per unit area and the area index within 5 billion won. Since 2001, the charge per unit area has been determined to be $250won/m^2$. In this study, we estimated the unit value of ecosystem services per year using benefit transfer method, with a focus on forest resources. According to our results, forest resources have a value of about $3,500won/m^2$ per year. When the non-use value is subtracted, that figure becomes approximately $1,300won/m^2$. If this value incorporates the unit value of the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem, it will increase. To comply with the original intent of the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem, the fund must be used to improve ecosystem services, including the restoration of a destroyed area or the purchase of new land.

Species Composition of Fish Eggs and Larvae in Spring and Autumn around Dokdo in the East Sea of Korea (독도 주변해역에서 봄과 가을철 어란과 자치어의 종조성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung;Yoo, Jae-Myung;Lee, Eun-Kyung
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.443-448
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    • 2002
  • A study on the ichthyoplankton assemblage was conducted around Dokdo in the East Sea in September 1999 and May 2000. Sixteen species of fish larvae including eggs were collected during the surveys. Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) eggs and larvae were comprised of 2.0% and 94.5% of total samples in number, respectively. Muller's pearlside (Maurolicus muelleri) eggs and larvae were comprised of 95.0% and 3.2%, respectively. The other species mostly composed of warm water species were less than 2% of total samples in number. The number of species and abundance of the fish lawae and eggs were higher in September than in May. Although there were limited data on the ichthyoplankton around Dokdo in summer and winter, this study area seems to be used for the spawning or nursery ground of fishes.

The Current Status of Ecosystem Diversity in Korean and Conservation Strategy (우리 나라 생태계 다양성 현황과 보전전략)

  • Lee, Sang-Don;Jung, Eung Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.259-269
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    • 2002
  • 보전전략은 규모가 큰 지역을 설정하여야 하는 데 그 이유는 광역보전지역은 다양한 생물지리학적인 분포를 포함할 수 있기 때문이다. 이런 관점에서 본 보고서는 우리 나라의 다섯 개의 중요한 생태계에 대하여 기술하였다. 다섯 개의 생태계는 산림생태계, 담수생태계, 연안 및 해양 생태계와 도서생태계 그리고 비무장지대생태계이다. 각각의 생태계 보전전략에 대해 물리적인 측면과 생물지리적 측면에서 기술되었으며 생태계 보전방안은 생태계의 기능과 가치뿐만 아니라 자연시스템을 유지하고 복원하는 데 매우 유리하다. 생태계 보전을 위해 1) 지역주민에게 인센티브를 제공하고, 2) 연구와 교육 및 홍보의 기능을 강화하며, 3) 지역정보와 기술을 상호 교환하고, 4) 국제협력 증진을 도모, 5) 보전지역을 조성하기 위한 예산확보를 제안하였다.

Establishing Diagnosis Systems for Impaired Stream Ecosystem using Stream/River Ecosystem Survey and Health Assessment (수생태계 현황 조사 및 건강성 평가결과를 활용한 수생태계 훼손원인 진단체계 구축)

  • Lee, Jong-Won;Lee, Sang-Woo;Hwang, Soon-Jin;Jang, Min-Ho;Won, Doo-Hee;An, Kyung-Jin;Park, Hye-Jin;Lee, Junga
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2020
  • The Stream/River Ecosystem Survey and Health Assessment has been carried out regarding the ecological health of the streams by the Ministry of Environment (MOE), South Korea. However, the sources of impairment of the stream ecosystem and the interactions between the sources, stressors, and the responses of impaired streams have not been taken into consideration. The purpose of this study is to propose the establishment of diagnosis systems for the impaired stream ecosystem because of the need to incorporate the same in the making of the policy to enable the recovery and improvement of the health of the impaired streams or river ecosystem. First, we define the concept of a diagnosis of the impaired stream or river ecosystem through a literature review. Second, through case studies [e.g., US CADDIS (Causal Analysis/Diagnosis Decision Information System), AUS. Eco Evidence, EU WFD (Water Framework Directive)], we try to develop the diagnosis system for the making of policy. In this study, the diagnosis system that is proposed consists of eight steps including the basic data collection, detecting or suspecting impairment, defining the impaired stream reach, identifying the biological impaired cases and listing the candidate causes, illustrating the interactive conceptual diagrams between stressors and responses, investigating the stressors-responses in the field, verifying causes and identifying the probable causes of the impaired cases, and summarizing and proposing the restoration of the streams. The results of this study will support and enable efficient decision-making for sustainable stream restoration and management based on the diagnosis of the probable causes for the impaired complex and the diverse stream ecosystem.

Effects of Role-Play Method Related to the Global Warming and Ecosystem on High School Students' Knowledge Achievement as well as the Attitude towards Environment (역할극을 활용한 지구 온난화와 생태계 변화에 관한 수업이 고등학생들의 학업 성취도와 환경적 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Dong-Ryeul;Son, Yeon-A;Moon, Doo-Ho
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.12-24
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    • 2008
  • In this research, we have carried out an experiment with grade 10 students. Students will be choosing their roles and creating their own script in relation to the environmental problems such as the seriousness of global wanning and the mutation of ecosystem. Throughout this process, they will come up with a solution to the problem In addition, we will assess students' knowledge achievement as well as the changes in attitudes toward environment, and analyze whether the role-play method of education is efficient or not. According to the research result, we have confirmed that the method of role-play as a education tool was more efficient than the traditional lecturing method. Students experienced higher rate of knowledge acquisition and more optimistic effects on their attitudes toward the mutation of ecosystem and also the seriousness of the global wanning. Students also pointed out in the interview that the role-play allowed them to share their thoughts with other classmates, which were not carried out frequently in the traditional education system In addition, each member of groups could participate cooperatively with teammates, which ultimately helped them to develop scientific and introspective ways of thinking.

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Selection of Pollution-tolerant Plants and Restoration Planning to Recover the Forest Ecosystem Degraded by Air Pollution in the Industrial Complex

  • Lee, Chang-Seok;Moon, Jeong-Suk;Hwangbo, Jun-Kwon;You, Young-Han
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2002
  • To restore the forest ecosystem severely damaged by air pollution around industrial complexes, plants tolerant to the polluted environment were selected by transplant and pot culture experiments. A restoration plan by arranging those tolerant species was prepared based on the ecological diagnostic results on an area that requires restoration. Transplant experiment in Ulsan and Yeocheon areas, the representative industrial complexes in Korea, selected eight tolerant species of Quercus aliena, Q. acutissima, Q. dentata, Q. mongolica, Q. serrata, Ligustrum japonicum, Styrax japonica, and Poncirus trifoliata. Cultivation in the polluted soil transported from the Ulsan and Yeocheon industrial complexes chose five tolerant plants of Q. aliena, Q. acutissima, Q. serrata, Styrax japonica, and Alnus firma. A plan to restore the forest ecosystem of Mt. Dotjil, which experienced the severest ecosystem degradation in the Ulsan industrial complex, was prepared by applying those tolerant species along with treatment for soil amelioration. Arrangement of the tolerant species was designed by considering their ecological characteristics including distribution range on topography and shade tolerance. Soil amelioration was focused on the improvement of fertility and moisture conditions.

Comparative Study of a Startup Ecosystem in Seoul, Korea and Chengdu, China (한국과 중국 청두의 창업생태계 비교에 관한 연구: 질적 연구를 중심으로)

  • Kwak, Hyejin;Rhee, Mooweon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.131-154
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    • 2018
  • While strong investments on startup and venture ecosystem prosper worldwide, growing interest on nurturing startup ecosystem in Korea is also on its way. However, korean entrepreneurial ecosystem currently results few successful business models with those continuous development of itself compared to the one in China, which is breeding more than 50% of unicorns internationally. Accordingly, this study examined how people in the venture ecosystem, especially in IT industry feel about themselves and startup itself and compared startup ecosystem in Seoul, Korea to the one in Chengdu, China considering each of economic, social and administrational environment. The study tried to provide an implication about the future orientation of Korea's starup and venture ecosystem to policy makers and the ones inside the environment to make a better one. Therefore, the study choose Seoul, Korea and Chengdu, China as geological specimens of startup ecosystem and conduct qualitative study by interviewing selected ones who work in startup incubator, accelerator specified to IT industry and started their own business in IT industry funded by startup reward program. The study categorize the result in social, economic, and administrative parts and screens whether the interviewees from both Korea and China have similar opinions toward each of questions and can be translated to have tendency or not in each part of study. According to the study, the national recognition of startup should be moved from means of maintenance such as restaurants, franchise business to IT startup especially based on software business for the sustainable flourish in Korean venture ecosystem. Investors including accelerator, Angel investors and VCs should be less risk-aversion and therefore prefer stake purchase to solely giving subsidies. The role of governors should be limited to be a middleman of the network, connecting each people in need inside the ecosystem and their reward program should focus on nurturing the growing ones, not just multiplying the numbers of startups to expand the size of entrepreneurial ecosystem. Since this study indicated that entire revision of startup ecosystem should be applied to make a better one, it could be used to design future entrepreneurial infrastructure and the ways of activating startup ecosystem elsewhere in Korea.

Strategies and Policies for Developing ICT Ecosystems (ICT 생태계 구축을 위한 기업 전략 분석 및 정책 제안)

  • Yu, Jieun;Lee, Kibaek;Choi, Munkee;Zo, Hangjung
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.37B no.11
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    • pp.1058-1071
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    • 2012
  • This paper proposes policies for developing ICT ecosystems so that Korean ICT companies can have a competitive power under the changing ICT industry environment. It analyzes the changes of user characteristics, their consumption trends and ICT industry environment. It also examines problems of domestic ICT industry and overseas ICT policies. In addition, it investigates the ICT ecosystem strategies of Google and Apple based on the theory of business ecosystem. This study suggests government policies for establishing a smart ecosystem, incubating a strategic ecosystem, and maintaining a sustainable ecosystem. The findings of this study provide additional insights and guidelines for policy makers to develop effective ICT ecosystems.

Ecological Restoration on Degraded Ecosystem in the Tropical and Subtropical Region of China (중국 열대 및 아열대 훼손지 생태계 복원)

  • Jin Yong-Huan;Oh Koo-Kyoon;ZHAO Fuqiang
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.465-474
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    • 2004
  • Due to the rapid increase of human population and economic development, the natural ecosystem has been severely degraded. To restore the degraded ecosystem is extremely urgent and an important task in China. High biodiversity status in the natural ecosystem in tropical and subtropical regions in China has given high attention to the conservationists. The recent trends to the ecological restoration on degraded ecosystem in the tropical and subtropical regions of China were discussed for four different ecological recovery types: watershed ecosystems, wetlands, mining wastelands and mountain forests. The successful restoration case studies in tropical and subtropical regions of China were also discussed.

The classification of biotope type and characteristics of naturalized plant habitat on the coastal sand dune ecosystem

  • Lee, Jeom-Sook;Jeon, Ji-Young;Ihm, Byung-Sun;Myeong, Hyeon-Ho
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 2012
  • Coastal sand dune systems are particularly fragile and threaten the environment. However, these systems provide fundamental ecosystem services to the nearby urban areas, acting, for example, as protective buffers against erosion. In this paper, we attempt to classify the biotope types of coastal sand dune ecosystems and select an index for the assessment of the conservation value. The types of biotopes are categorized based on the vegetation map; floras are examined in order to research the effects of hinterlands on coastal sand dunes. In addition, a naturalization rate and an urbanization index for each biotope type in hinterlands are analyzed. In the ecosystem of coastal sand dunes, the urbanization index and naturalization rate shows a higher value in sand dunes with areas of road, residential, and idle land in farm villages, rice fields, and fields. On the contrary, a lower value in the urbanization index and naturalization rate is present when typical biotope types, such as sand dune vegetation and natural Pinus thunbergii forests, are widely distributed. Based on these results, urbanization index and naturalization rate should be used as critical indices for the assessment of the ecosystem of costal sand dunes.