• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Electrostatics

검색결과 39건 처리시간 0.033초

오손액 변화에 따른 실리콘 고무의 정전기 대전열화 특성 (Properties of Electrostatic Electrification Degradation due to Contaminant Difference of Silicone Rubbers)

  • 이성일
    • 한국전기전자재료학회논문지
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.587-592
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the electrification voltage of electrostatics for silicone rubber sample($4cm{\times}4cm{\times}0.103cm$) following immersion with contaminants of 2 ml, 5 ml, 10 ml for six hours has been measured in through the applied voltage of 10 kV DC at temperature of $80^{\circ}C{\sim}110^{\circ}C$, humidity of 50%~90%. The results of this study are as follows. In case the contaminants is constant, it found that the electrification voltage of electrostatic decreased with increasing temperature and humidity to $35^{\circ}C$, 90%. In case of 2 ml of contaminants concentration, it found that the electrification voltage of electrostatic decreased with increasing temperature and humidity to $35^{\circ}C$, 50%. In case of the sample at temperature of $15^{\circ}C$ and humidity of 50%, it found that the electrification voltage of electrostatic decreased with increasing contaminants to 10 ml.

A hybrid CSS and PSO algorithm for optimal design of structures

  • Kaveh, A.;Talatahari, S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.783-797
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    • 2012
  • A new hybrid meta-heuristic optimization algorithm is presented for design of structures. The algorithm is based on the concepts of the charged system search (CSS) and the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithms. The CSS is inspired by the Coulomb and Gauss's laws of electrostatics in physics, the governing laws of motion from the Newtonian mechanics, and the PSO is based on the swarm intelligence and utilizes the information of the best fitness historically achieved by the particles (local best) and by the best among all the particles (global best). In the new hybrid algorithm, each agent is affected by local and global best positions stored in the charged memory considering the governing laws of electrical physics. Three different types of structures are optimized as the numerical examples with the new algorithm. Comparison of the results of the hybrid algorithm with those of other meta-heuristic algorithms proves the robustness of the new algorithm.

Electret-based microgenerators under sinusoidal excitations: an analytical modeling

  • Nguyen, Cuong C.;Ranasinghe, Damith C.;Al-Sarawi, Said F.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.335-347
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    • 2018
  • The fast-growing number of mobile and wearable applications has driven several innovations in small-scale electret-based energy harvesting due to the compatibility with standard microfabrication processes and the ability to generate electrical energy from ambient vibrations. However, the current modeling methods used to design these small scale transducers or microgenerators are applicable only for constant-speed rotations and small sinusoidal translations, while in practice, large amplitude sinusoidal vibrations can happen. Therefore, in this paper, we formulate an analytical model for electret-based microgenerators under general sinusoidal excitations. The proposed model is validated using finite element modeling combined with numerical simulation approaches presented in the literature. The new model demonstrates a good agreement in estimating both the output voltage and power of the microgenerator. This new model provides useful insights into the microgenerator operating mechanism and design trade-offs, and therefore, can be utilized in the design and performance optimization of these small structures.

APPLIED SYMMETRICAL PRINCIPLE TO SOLVE SCHWARZ-CHRISTOFFEL PARAMETER PROBLEM

  • YUAN, MEI;PENG, HUIQING;LEI, YUN
    • Proceedings of the Jangjeon Mathematical Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.599-616
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    • 2018
  • This paper adopted symmetry theory to solve the Schwarz-Christoffel parameter problem for axisymmetric polygons. Numerical conformal mappings were performed to shift the upper half-plane onto polygonal domains. Once the constraint conditions of the problem were treated in a special way such as added or deleted a little area, it turns to be a solution of a singular integral.In this paper, an auxiliary point was suggested to attach to the polygon that obeyed the principle of symmetry, which can accelerate the solving process of the singular integral. After that, several numerical examples, along with an application related to electrostatics, are provided to verify its feasibility and simplification. When the distance from the auxiliary point to polygon is controlled under 1E-08, the accuracy can be controlled within 1E-09, accuracy and consequences of the calculation basically meet the ordinary requirement.

Ligand Based CoMFA, CoMSIA and HQSAR Analysis of CCR5 Antagonists

  • Gadhe, Changdev G.;Lee, Sung-Haeng;Madhavan, Thirumurthy;Kothandan, Gugan;Choi, Du-Bok;Cho, Seung-Joo
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.10
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    • pp.2761-2770
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we have developed QSAR models for a series of 38 piperidine-4-carboxamide CCR5 antagonists using CoMFA, CoMSIA and HQSAR methods. Developed models showed good statistics in terms of $q^2$ and $r^2$ values. Best predictions obtained with standard CoMFA model ($r^2$ = 0.888, $q^2$ = 0.651) and combined CoMSIA model ($r^2$ = 0.892, $q^2$ = 0.665) with electrostatics and H-bond acceptor parameter. The validity of developed models was assessed by test set of 9 compounds, which showed good predictive correlation coefficient for CoMFA (0.804) and CoMSIA (0.844). Bootstrapped analysis showed statistically significant and robust CoMFA (0.968) and CoMSIA (0.936) models. Best HQSAR model was obtained with a $q^2$ of 0.662 and $r^2$ of 0.936 using atom, connection, hydrogen, donor and acceptor as parameters and fragment size (7-10) with optimum number of 6 components. Predictive power of developed HQSAR model was proved by test set and it was found to be 0.728.

Thermoelectric Seebeck and Peltier effects of single walled carbon nanotube quantum dot nanodevice

  • El-Demsisy, H.A.;Asham, M.D.;Louis, D.S.;Phillips, A.H.
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.21
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2017
  • The thermoelectric Seebeck and Peltier effects of a single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) quantum dot nanodevice are investigated, taking into consideration a certain value of applied tensile strain and induced ac-field with frequency in the terahertz (THz) range. This device is modeled as a SWCNT quantum dot connected to metallic leads. These two metallic leads operate as a source and a drain. In this three-terminal device, the conducting substance is the gate electrode. Another metallic gate is used to govern the electrostatics and the switching of the carbon nanotube channel. The substances at the carbon nanotube quantum dot/metal contact are controlled by the back gate. Results show that both the Seebeck and Peltier coefficients have random oscillation as a function of gate voltage in the Coulomb blockade regime for all types of SWCNT quantum dots. Also, the values of both the Seebeck and Peltier coefficients are enhanced, mainly due to the induced tensile strain. Results show that the three types of SWCNT quantum dot are good thermoelectric nanodevices for energy harvesting (Seebeck effect) and good coolers for nanoelectronic devices (Peltier effect).

공기 청정지역(Class 100 이하)에 적합한 정전기 제거장치의 개발 및 특성에 관한 연구(I) - LCD 제조 공정을 중심으로 - (A Study for Development and Characteristics of Electrostatic Eliminator Suitable for the Super Clean Room Less than Class 100(I))

  • 정용철;박훈규;이동훈
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2006
  • It is a well known fact that LCD is a central part of the IT industry which is important in the present and the future. But the biggest problem of LCD manufacturing is maintaining a cleaning room environment and administration. Therefore the purpose of this study is to first, prevent the yield depreciation and damage of products, and second, protect the worker ftom accidental electrostatic discharge during LCD manufacture. The soft x-ray ionizer is a type of electrostatic reducer device. It protects against electrostatic discharge in the cleaning room environment and is a necessary environmental factor during LCD production. The positive aspects of the soft x-ray are its shorter time and wider angle of exposure. But the negative aspect of the soft x-ray is its need for several shielding of protection from the harmful x-ray exposure. On this study, the development of the Air Nozzle-type ionizer to amend and refine some problems. For example, examined the electrostatic reduce device of a soft x-ray type and discovered the ion did not go inside well. also workers to be free from danger. An Air Nozzle-type ionizer is comprised of soft x-ray radiation and ionized air production. Air is injected through the nozzle after being ionized from radiation. It supplies air keeping the same pressure into the end foundation of ion production. The soft x-ray is the structure which radiates ionized air through the nozzle (21 holes) having micro holes of the ionizable radiation after ionizing the inside air by the ion production. A worker does not need a cover to protect against x-rays and the Air Nozzle-type ionizer is easy to set up and is more effective at eliminating electrostatic.

백서장기(白鼠臟器)에서의 Chromatin의 분리(分離)와 그 RNA 합성능(合成能)에 미치는 X-선전신조사(線全身照射)의 영향(影響)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (Studies on the Chromatin Isolated from the Organs of Animals Received Whole-body X-ray Irradiation)

  • 한수남
    • 대한핵의학회지
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 1967
  • 근년(近年) 고등동물세포(高等動物細胞)에 있어서 유전자(遺傳子)의 본체(本體)인 DNA에서 RNA를 경과(經過)해서 특이적(特異的)인 단백질(蛋白質)의 생합성(生合成)에 도달(到達)하는 경로(經路)에 대(對)해서는 많은 연구(硏究)에 의해서 확립(確立)되어졌으나 그 조절기구(調節機構)에 대(對)해서는 불명(不明)한 점(點)이 많다. 개체(個體), 기관(器管), 세포내구조(細胞內構造) 급(及) DNA의 준위(準位)에서의 방사선(放射線)의 장해(障害)에 대(對)해서도 연구(硏究)되고 있으나 소위(所謂) 방사선감수성(放射線感受性) 급(及) 비감수성(非感受性)의 각장기(各臟器)에서 분리(分離)한 Chromatin (DNA-Histone-잔여단백(殘餘蛋白)의 고차구조결합체(高次構造結合體)에 대(對)한 DNA, RNA, 전단백질(全蛋白質)과 유전수식체(遺傳修飾體)라고 생각되는 Histon-단백(蛋白)의 화학조성(化學組成)을 검출(檢出)했으며 겸(兼)해서 chromatin의 생물활성(生物活性)인 RNA 합성능(合成能)(priming activity)에 대(對)한 방사선(放射線)의 영향(影響)을 조사(調査)하는데 의의(意義)가 있다. 전리방사선(電離放射線) 조사(照射)에 의해서 생체(生體)의 DNA의 합성조해(合成阻害)가 잘 알려진 사실(事實)이나 분화(分化)한 생체조직(生體組織)에서의 DNA의 합성(合成)보다도 일반대사(一般代謝)에 중요(重要)한 역할(役割)을 한다는 것도 생각된다. 세포(細胞)의 대사(代謝)는 내분비계등(內分泌系等)의 "Effector-DNA-RNA-단백합성(蛋白合成)이라는 정보유전기구(情報遺傳機構)에 의해서 제어(制禦)되어 있다. 이 연구(硏究)는 방사선생물학상(放射線生物學上) 중요(重要)한 것은 논할(論) 필요(必要)도 없으며 방사선동위원소표지화합물(放射線同位元素標識化合物)을 사용(使用)하여 생화학적(生化學的)으로 추구(推究)하였다.

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한국의 LPG 충전소에 있어서 작업복의 정전기에 의한 화재 및 폭발 위험성에 관한 연구 (A Study on Hazards Assessment of Electrostatic Firing Explosion of Working Wears at LPG Stations in Korea)

  • 조영두;구자혁;최광석;서대원;정재희
    • 한국가스학회지
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.20-24
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    • 2000
  • 한국의 Liquid Petroleum Gas 충전소에 있어서 안전관리자의 정전기에 대한 안전 의식을 설문 조사했다. 또한, 위험요소로 판단된 일반 작업복과 순면 작업복의 정전기에 의한 화재 폭발 위험성을 평가했다. 설문 조사에 의하면, 충전소에서는 정전기 예방 측면의 효율적인 교육 및 인식 부족으로 인해 무분별한 작업복을 착용하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 현재 착용하고 있는 일반 작업복의 경우, 실험에 의한 대전 전하량이 동복 1.79$\mu$C 춘추복 1.44$\mu$C, 하복 1.02$\mu$C로 한국공업규격 (KS K-7807) 에서 정전기 재해 위험 가능성에 대해 언급한 0.60$\mu$C를 크게 상회하여 위험성이 존재했다. 반면. 순면 작업복의 경우는 대전량이 0.52$\mu$C에서 0.42$\mu$C의 범위로 안전한 것으로 나타났다. 따라서, 향후 시각적, 체험적 교육을 병행한 정전기 교육의 질적 향상이 요구되며, 정전기에 의한 재해를 방지하기 위해 착용하는 작업복에 대한 관련 기술 기준의 제정이 요구된다.

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