• Title, Summary, Keyword: Electrotherapy

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The Effects of Music on Patients with Chronic Back Pain (만성요통 환자에게 미치는 음악의 적용 효과)

  • Lee, Jun-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: We investigated the effects of music on pain, blood pressure, and pulse in patients with chronic back pain. We tried to find some change of satisfaction of treatment and a sense. Method: We recruited total 30 patients with chronic back pain, who had pain from lumbago for more than six months. Subjects received electrotherapy and electrotherapy with music one at a time during me test, and subjects received one in the morning and the other one in the afternoon. We compared the test results between the electrotherapy and electrotherapy with music. Visual Analogue Scale was used to check the effect on pain. Blood pressure and pulse were checked, too. The gathered informatio was analyzed by t-test, independent sample t-test, and chi-square test. Results: There was statistically not significant difference between electrotherapy and electrotherapy with the music in VAS(Visual Analogue Scale)(p>0.05). There were statistically some significant differences between two groups in systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and the pulse(p<0.05). Subject group showed statistically higher scores of satisfaction(p<0.05). There was significant difference between two groups(p<0.05) in the tingling and vibration sense. Conclusion: we found that the lumbago patients who are treated by electrotherapy with the music did not have additional difference in relief of pain, but electrotherapy with music can get better effects on their blood pressure, the pulse, satisfaction, and tingling-vibration sense. This means that the patients receive their treatment comfortably with rest. Therefore, We consider that it is desirable to play music to lumbago patients to offer the better treatment service to the patients.

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Effects of Kinesiotape on Range of Motion and Pain in Frozen Shoulder Patients (동결견 환자에 대한 키네시오 테이프 적용이 관절가동범위 및 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Byong-Kyu;Oh, Kyung-Hwan;Lee, Jae-Gab
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.869-877
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to assess the efficacy of Kinesiotape for the frozen shoulder patients. The subjects of this study were 17 patients with frozen shoulder who visited the out-patient department of the physical therapy, Pyongchon Sacret Heart Hospital, Hallim University, from July. 3, 2000 through August 12, 2000. To find out the effect of kinesiotape therapy, we sampled 8 patients treated with electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise (control group), and 9 patients treated with electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise with kinesiotape(experimental group). All patients were treated 3 days a week for 5 weeks. The results after 5-week treatment, compared with before treatment, were as follows: 1. The increase in range of motion in the electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise with kinesiotape after 5-week treatment was very significant(p<0.01). 2 The increase in range of motion in the electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise after 5-week treatment was significant (p<0.05). 3. The pain of decrease in the electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise with kinesiotape after 5-week treatment was very significant (p<0.01). 4. The pain of decrease in the electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise with kinesiotape 5-week treatment was significant(p<0.05). 5. The electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise with kinesiotape was more effective in increasing the range of motion on shoulder than the electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise after 5-week treatment(p<0.01). 6. The pain of decrease in between electrotherapy. therapeutic exercise with kinesiotape electrotherapy and therapeutic exercise after 5-week treatment was no significant.

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Comparison of the Mulligan Method and Electrotherapy in Pain Reduction and ROM Increase in Patients With Frozen Shoulder (동결견 환자의 관절범위 회복과 통증감소에 있어서 Mulligan 치료와 전기치료의 효과 비교)

  • Yoon, Jung-Gyu;Park, Ho-Joon;Chung, Bo-In
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.66-75
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    • 2000
  • A single subject experimental design (alternating treatment design) was used to compare the effects of Mulligan method and electrotherapy on the pain and limitation of range of motion in patients with frozen shoulder. In the Mulligan method sessions, the physiotherapist performed a posterior and caudal glide on the patient while the patient was performing shoulder flexion and abduction. In the electrotherapy sessions, the patient received ultrasound and interference current treatments. Mulligan method and electrotherapy were alternately performed on each patient. Pain was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of motion (ROM) was measured by modified finger ladder. The results showed that both Mulligan method and electrotherapy were effective in pain reduce and ROM increase, but Mulligan method was superior to electrotherapy in ROM increase while electrotherapy was superior to Mulligan method in pain reduce.

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The Effect of Electromagnetic Fields Shielding on Electromagnetic Fields Decrease in P. T Room (차폐천이 물리치료실 환경내 전자기장 감소에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim Chang-Hun;Kim Jin-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.69-82
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    • 2000
  • Physical therapists are exposured to radio-and microwave-frequency electromagnetic radiation by operating electrotherapy units. So there is few protection system in physical therapy room. Clinical pathology room and so on where various kins of electromagnetic instruments is used in hospital while protection failities like protection wall or protection glass is being used only in radiological room to reduce the damage of radiation. Acoording to Larsen's survey on female physical therapist in denmark. it was said that the percentage of congenital malfornation was $3.6\%$ and cadiac malformation made up $0.7\%$. It is likely that effect of electromagnetic fields on the result cannot be ruled out. Rita ouellet-Hellstron and Walter F. Steward insisted that the danger of abortion increase in the case of pregnant femeal physical therapist exposured to microwave diathermy. The intention of our study is arousing the necessity of microwave protection in P.T room and finding the proper method for physical therapist safe. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Each electrotherapy units are occurrenced the electromagnetic fields, and specially amply occurrenced in H.P,I.C.T 2 unit operating, M.W.D unit head on parallel, S.W.D unit head on parallel. all electrotherapy units are operating. 2. There were electric fields mount are consideration to species of electrotherapy units(p<.05). 3. There were magnetic fields mount are consideration to species of electrotherapy units(p<.05). 4. There were electric fields mount are consideration to distance of electrotherapy units(p<.05). 7. There were magnetic fields mount are consideration nut to distance of electrotherapy units(p>.05). 8. Before and after protection on magnetic fields mount are consideration to all distance(0m, 0.3m, 1m, 3m, 5m)(p<.05) 9. Before and after protection on electric fields mount are consideration to 0m, 1m, 3m distance(p<.05), and consideration not to 0.3m, 5m distance(p>.05) 10. After protection fellow the each electrotherapy units. distance, intencity to electromagnetic fields are reduced(p<.05).

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Effects of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation on Electrocephalogram

  • Lee, Jeongwoo;Lee, Hyejein;Park, Woongsik
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1687-1694
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    • 2019
  • Background: Although cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is reported to have positive effects on mental functions such as depression and sleep improvement, detailed studies regarding awakening, attention and concentration among brain waves reflecting brain activity are lacking. Objective: To examine the effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on various electroencephalograms (EEGs) reflecting brain activities. Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial (single blind) Methods: This study selected 30 healthy adult women in their 20s who volunteered for this experiment. A total of 30 subjects were randomly assigned to three groups (Sham group, 0.5 Hz CES group, and 100 Hz CES group). EEGs were measured before and after the single CES, and the results were compared and analyzed. Results: The relative theta, alpha, and gamma waves indicated no significant differences in the interaction effects between time and group. The relative fast alpha wave only showed significant differences in the interaction effects between time and group in P4. The relative slow beta wave only indicated statistically significant differences in the interaction effects between time and group in T3 and T4. The relative mid and fast beta waves showed statistically significant differences in the interaction effects between time and group in all areas. Conclusions: These results suggest that a CES of 0.5 Hz awakens consciousness and has a positive influence on brain activity, while a CES of 100 Hz has a positive influence on thinking activity accompanying mental load during concentrating on one subject.

The Effects of Alphabet Exercise with SSP Electrotherapy on Lateral Ankle Sprain (족관절 염좌에 SSP 전자침 요법을 병행한 동기침법의 효과)

  • Kim Gi-Yeol;Woo Kyung-Ha
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2004
  • The multiple acupuncture techniques have been used to relieve the pain of lateral ankle sprain. Recently, early functional rehabilitation is emphasized in rehabilitative concepts using active ROM, facilitated proprioception, alphabet exercise and so forth. Similarly, in oriental rehabilition medicine, traditional movement technique called 'Dong-Ki' has been used to relieve pain of ankle sprain. So we used 'Dong-Ki' technique with SSP(silver spike point) electrotherapy transformed from alphabet exercise and evaluated the effects in method of randomized controlled trials. 27 outpatients with lateral ankle sprains were randomized into two groups : 15 samples and 12 controls. Sample group was treated with 'Dong-Ki' technique(writing his name with foot) with SSP electrotherapy to relieve pain during additionally. 'Dong-Ki'. Outcomes were measured by 10cm VAS and ankle circumference(cm). In terms of VAS, Sample group had inclination of pain relieving but not significantly meaningful. In terms of ankle circumference measurement, Sample group showed significantly improved.

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Electric Therapy System Based on Discontinuous Conduction Mode Boost Circuit

  • Chen, Wenhui;Lee, Hyesoo;Jung, Heokyung
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.245-253
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    • 2020
  • The human body and nervous system transmit information through electric charges. After the electric charge transmits information to the brain, we can feel pain, numbness, comfort, and other feelings. Electric therapy is currently used widely in clinical practice because the field of examination is more representative of electrocardiogram, and in the field of treatment is more representative of electrotherapy. In this study, we design a system for neurophysiological therapy and conduct parameter calculation and model selection for the components of the system. The system is based on a discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) boost circuit, and controlled and regulated by a single-chip microcomputer. The system does not only have a low cost but also fully considers the safety of use, convenience of the human-computer interface, adjustment sensitivity, and waveform diversity in the design. In future, it will have strong implications in the field of electrotherapy.

Immediate Effects of Frequency-dependent Electrotherapy on the Gait and Ankle Range of Motion of Chronic Stroke Patients (주파수에 따른 전기치료가 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 보행 및 발목 관절가동범위에 즉각적으로 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Kyun-Hee;Kim, Tae-Hyun;Park, Shin-Jun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2019
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current therapy were applied to the plantar flexor of the stroke patients, and the immediately effects on gait and ankle ROM were investigated. TENS group (n=15) and ICT group (n=15) were applied to the paretic side plantar flexor, respectively. After 60 minutes of application, evaluation of the gait and passive ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) using smartphone. After 60 minutes of application, immediate post evaluation was carried out. Two electrotherapy methods showed a significant increase in gait speed, cadence, and ankle ROM. Two electrotherapy methods were intervention methods that could increase the gait and ankle ROM of stroke patients. More subjects will be needed to pinpoint differences between the two electrotherapy methods.

The Effects of Alphabet Exercise with SSP Electrotherapy on Lateral Ankle Sprain (족관절 염좌에 SSP 전자침 요법을 병행한 동기침법(動氣鍼法)의 효과)

  • Shim, Woo-Jin;Ryu, Su-Min;Shin, Hyun-Dae;Woo, Kyung-Ha
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 2003
  • The multiple acupuncture techniques have been used to relieve the pain of lateral ankle sprain. Recently, early functional rehabilitation is emphasized in rehabilitative concepts using active ROM, facilitated proprioception, alphabet exercise and so forth. Similarly, in oriental rehabilition medicine, traditional movement technique called "Dong-Ki" has been used to relieve pain of ankle sprain. So we used "Dong-Ki" technique with SSP(silver spike point) electrotherapy transformed from alphabet exercise and evaluated the effects in method of randomized controlled trials. Methods : 27 outpatients with lateral ankle sprains were randomized into two groups : 15 samples and 12 controls. Sample group was treated with "Dong-Ki" technique(writing his name with foot) with SSP electrotherapy to relieve pain during additionally. "Dong-KI". Outcomes were measured by 10cm VAS and ankle circumference(cm). Results : In terms of VAS, Sample group had inclination of pain relieving but not significantly meaningful. In terms of ankle circumference measurement, Sample group showed significantly improved.

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