• Title, Summary, Keyword: Essential oils

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Citron Essential Oils Alleviate the Mediators Related to Rosacea Pathophysiology in Epidermal Keratinocytes

  • Jeon, Hyeon Woo;Na, Eui Young;Yun, Sook Jung;Lee, Seung-Chul;Lee, Jee-Bum
    • Annals of dermatology
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.653-661
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    • 2018
  • Background: Citron is well known for an abundance of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory ingredients such as vitamin C, polyphenol compounds, flavonoids, and limonoids. Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of citron essential oils on rosacea mediators in activated keratinocytes in vitro. Methods: Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) were stimulated with $1{\alpha}$, 25-dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$ ($VD_3$) and interleukin 33 (IL-33) with LL-37 to induce rosacea mediators such as kallikrein 5 (KLK5), cathelicidin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). These mediators were analyzed by performing reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR), quantitative real-time PCR, immunocytofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after NHEKs were treated with citron seed and unripe citron essential oils. Results: The messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels of KLK5 and LL-37 induced by $VD_3$ were suppressed by citron seed and unripe citron essential oils. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of VEGF and TRPV1 induced by IL-33 with LL-37 were also suppressed by citron essential oils. Conclusion: These results show that citron essential oils have suppressive effects on rosacea mediators in activated epidermal keratinocytes, which indicates that the citron essential oils may be valuable adjuvant therapeutic agents for rosacea.

Application of Volatile Antifungal Plant Essential Oils for Controlling Pepper Fruit Anthracnose by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides

  • Hong, Jeum Kyu;Yang, Hye Ji;Jung, Heesoo;Yoon, Dong June;Sang, Mee Kyung;Jeun, Yong-Chull
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2015
  • Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides has been destructive during pepper fruit production in outdoor fields in Korea. In vitro antifungal activities of 15 different plant essential oils or its components were evaluated during conidial germination and mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides. In vitro conidial germination was most drastically inhibited by vapour treatments with carvacrol, cinnamon oil, trans-cinnamaldehyde, citral, p-cymene and linalool. Inhibition of the mycelial growth by indirect vapour treatment with essential oils was also demonstrated compared with untreated control. Carvacrol, cinnamon oil, trans-cinnamaldehyde, citral and eugenol were among the most inhibitory plant essential oils by the indirect antifungal efficacies. Plant protection efficacies of the plant essential oils were demonstrated by reduced lesion diameter on the C. gloeosporioides-inoculated immature green pepper fruits compared to the inoculated control fruits without any plant essential oil treatment. In planta test showed that all plant essential oils tested in this study demonstrated plant protection efficacies against pepper fruit anthracnose with similar levels. Thus, application of different plant essential oils can be used for ecofriendly disease management of anthracnose during pepper fruit production.

Antibacterial Effects of Natural Essential Oils from Ginger and Mustard against Vibrio Species Inoculated on Sliced Raw Flatfish

  • Yoo, Mi-Ji;Kim, Yong-Suk;Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.462-465
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    • 2006
  • In order to extend the shelf life of sliced raw flatfish, the antimicrobial effects of natural essential oil from mustard and a mixture of ginger and mustard essential oils were tested at various temperatures. In addition, volatile components of the mixed essential oils were analyzed using gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The viable cell counts of Vibrio parahaemolyticus treated with mixed essential oils from ginger and mustard was 0.7-1.3 log CFU/g lower than those of other treatments during storage at $5^{\circ}C$. During storage at $20^{\circ}C$, the viable cell counts of V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus 01, and V. vulnificus 02 treated with the essential oils increased slightly from 6.53-6.64 log CFU/g at initial stages to 6.77-7.72 log CFU/g after 24-hr of storage, however they were 1.38-1.97 log CFU/g lower than those of the control group (8.74-9.10 log CFU/g). These results show that the growth of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus inoculated on sliced raw flatfish could be inhibited by treatment with natural essential oils from ginger and mustard at $5^{\circ}C$ of storage. However, the antibacterial effects of the essential oils on Vibrio species observed in this study were not sufficient to merit their use in sliced raw flatfish at temperatures exceeding $20^{\circ}C$.

Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils Extracted from Korean Endemic Citrus Species

  • Baik, Jong-Seok;Kim, Sang-Suk;Lee, Jung-A;Oh, Tae-Heon;Kim, Ji-Young;Lee, Nam-Ho;Hyun, Chang-Gu
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.74-79
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition of 14 kinds of citrus oils and to test their biological activities. Citrus essential oils were obtained by steam distillation from immature fruits collected from Jeju Island and were analyzed using gas chromatograph (GC)-flame ionization detectors (FID) and GC-MS. Limonene (55.4% to 91.7%), myrcene (2.1% to 32.1%), ${\alpha}$-pinene (0.6% to 1.6%) and linalool (0.4% to 6.9%) were the major components in most citrus species. To evaluate in vitro antibacterial activity, all essential oils were tested against Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Nine out of fourteen citrus oils exhibited antibacterial activity against P. acnes, but not against S. epidermidis. The effects of the citrus oils on DPPH radical scavenging, superoxide radical anion scavenging, nitric oxide radical, and cytotoxicity were also assessed. Three essential citrus oils, Joadeung, Dongjunggyul, and Bujiwha, exhibited potent inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production. Two essential oils, Dongjunggyul and Joadeung, showed potent free radical scavenging activities in the DPPH assay. For future applications in cosmetic products, we also performed MTT assays in a human dermal fibroblast cell line. The majority of the essential oils showed no cytotoxicity. The results indicate that citrus essential oils can be useful natural agents for cosmetic application.

Cytotoxic Evaluation of Plant Essential Oils in Human Skin and Lung Cells

  • Ahn, Changhwan;Park, Mi-Jin;Kim, Jae-Woo;Yang, Jiyoon;Lee, Sung-Suk;Jeung, Eui-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.166-177
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    • 2018
  • Plant essential oils are defined as fragrant volatile oils extracted from leaves, stems, fruits, flowers, and roots of a plant. Such oils are composed of multiple components and multiple functions. By accumulation of inductive information, various plant essential oils have been studied for using in therapeutic medicine for various diseases. Despite of the apparent advantages of essential oils as a source of therapeutic medicines, plant essential oils have many limitations, including cytotoxic side effects. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the toxicity and the mechanisms of cytotoxicity of such oils. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity to human-derived cell lines of 10 plant essential oils provided by National Institute of Forest Science (i.e., Larix kaempferi; Abies holophylla; Zanthoxylum ailanthoides; Pinus parviflora; Tsuga sieboldti; Chamaecyparis pisifera; Cryptomeria japonica; Pinus densiflora; Illicium anisatum; Pinus thunbergii). Cytotoxicity evaluations were accomplished by using CCK-assays and PCR-based cytotoxicity-related marker gene analyses with A549 cell line, and the Detroit551 cell line which are lung and skin cell line. The genes were analyzed included caspase-3 has a role in cell apoptosis, and the other cyclinA, cyclinB, cyclinD, and cyclinE regulated cell cycling for the cell proliferation. By examining the five cytotoxicity-related marker genes by performing real-time PCR and examined the cytostatic gene regulation associated with the various essential oils. The results of this study showed that the degree of cytotoxicity and the cytostatic gene regulation which could give precious information for using the plant essential oil for the clinical usages.

Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils from Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai with Different Harvesting Area (채취지역에 따른 미역취 정유의 화학적 성분)

  • Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.257-265
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the volatile flavor composition of essential oils from Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai with different harvesting area. The essential oils obtained by the hydrodistillation extraction method from the aerial parts of the plants were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ninety-five (91.61%) volatile flavor compounds were identified in the essential oils from the S. virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai harvested in Koheung, Jeolanamdo. The major compounds were hexadecanoic acid (29.22%), 7-hexyl eicosane (9.12%), spathulenol (7.701%), 3,8-dimethyl decane (6.48%), caryophyllene oxide (4.52%) and α-copaene (4.23%). Fifty-seven (97.43%) volatile flavor compounds were identified in the essential oils from the S. virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai harvested in Seoguipo, Jejudo. The major compounds were 2-carene (40.95%), α-copaene (10.77%), α-muurolene (5.81%), and spathulenol (3.11%). The chemical composition of the essential oils was significantly different in quality and quantity with the different harvesting area. The quantitative variations of hexadecanoic acid, 7-hexyl eicosane, spathulenol, 3,8-dimethyl decane, caryophyllene oxide, 2-carene, and α-copaene according to different harvesting area can serve as a quality index of the S. virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai essential oils in food industries.

The Production of Essential Oils by Tissue Culture of Cnidium officinale (천궁의 세포배양에 의한 정유성분의 생산)

  • Shin, Seung-Won;Park, Bom-Moi
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 1994
  • Callus was derived from the shoots of Cnidium officinale. The growth rate of callus and the production of essential oils were studied under different culture conditions. The essential oils in the rhizome of Cnidium officinale and the cultivated callus were analyzed and compared by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. It appeared that NAA induced higher growth rate and production of essential oils than 2,4-D. The compositions of essential oils were influenced by the illumination. Butyl phthalide, cnidilide, senkyunolide, butylidene phthalide, ligustilide, grandisol, tricosane, 3-methylphenol and 2-pentylthiophene were identified in the cultivated callus.

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Development of Antibacterial Corrugating Liner Using Essential Oils Extracted from Chamaecyparis obtusa (정유의 항균 성분을 이용한 항균 라이너지 개발)

  • 김철환;양재경;박종열
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2001
  • Essential oils extracted from Chamaecyparis obtusa were applied to make antibacterial corrugating liner. The quantitative analysis of the essential oils was carried out by GC-MS, which showed that the monoterpenes as a basic component of the essential oils extracted from Chamaecyparis obtusa in the domestic mountain were greater in amount than those in China. The antibacterial activity was then examined with Tyromyces palustris and gram-negative/positive bacteria. The papers treated with the essential oils desplayed great resistance against T. Palustris and gram bacteria but the best results were obtained with the handsheet formed by softwood bleached kraft pulp rather than the liner by OCC. The low antibacterial activity of the liner was considered to be due to starch components which could be readily attacked by the fungi.

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Comparison Study of Effects of Useful Essential oils used on Children and Herb Medicine (소아(小兒) 다용(多用) 정유(精油)의 효능(效能) 및 본초약물(本草藥物)에 대(對)한 비교연구(比較硏究))

  • Min Sang-Yeon;Kim Jang-Hyeon
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-39
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    • 1998
  • Recently, Many people begin to be interested in aromatherapy and as the effects of aromatherapy(or essential oils) are being known widely. as aromatherapy is regarded as a new effective method of natural therapy in treatment of human Aromatherapy is defined, 'therapy that methods of inhalation, massage, drink is used, to medical effects, physical effects, psychologic effects.' In this paper, By investigating differences and commons between useful essential oils that are used frequently in children's aroma care and herb medicine, digesting several aromathrapy books and 'Boncho(Herbs)'books, I can obtain such conclusions. 1. Most essential oils mainly can cure skin trobles, psychological troubles. 2. Systemic curing ability of essential oils in human body are urination in reproductive system, sediation in psychological system, sweating in circulation system, anti-inflammation in respiratory system, tonic in digestive system, pain-killing in musclular system, stimulating-immunity in immune system, menstruation in OB & GY3. Herb medicine correspond to essential oils are Chamomile(母:菊: Moguk), Ginger(生畺: Saengang), Frankinsense(乳香: Yuhyang), Eucalyptus(按葉: Anyup), Rosemary(迷迭: Mizil), Rose(薔薇: Jangmi), Sandalwood(檀香: Danhyang), Thyme(麝香草: Sahyangcho) Ylang Ylang(依蘭: Eulan), Lemon(??皮: Ryungmongpi), Madarin(陣皮: Zinpi), Orange(枳殼: Zigak). 4. There are differences of curing ability in human between herb medicine and essential oils because of curing mechanism, but effect on human body are so simular.

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Hepatoprotective Essential Oils: A Review

  • Daoudi, Nour Elhouda;Bnouham, Mohamed
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.124-141
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: Several toxins and molecules are able to damage the liver, causing the hepato-toxicity. This disorder can be protected naturally, by some essential oils obtained from different plants. In this review we are cited some of these compounds that have been tested by their hepatoprotective effect. Methods: We reviewed 83 articles published between 1981 and 2018 in English via three databases Sciencedirect, Springer and PubMed. So, we have used the keywords: Hepatoprotective effect, liver disease, plants and essential oils. Results and conclusion: In this work, we classified the plants; contain the essential oils, in alphabetical order as a table containing the scientific, family names, information plants, the experimental assay and the results obtained from the hepatoprotective studies. We have described 27 species belonging to 12 families: Lamiaceae (7 species), Asteraceae (6 species), Umbellifereae (3 species), Apiaceae (3 species) are the main families which enclose the species that was studied. The study also includes the major compounds isolated from some of these essential oils. The most of those compounds belong to terpene class essentially cineol, carvacrol and thymol. Thus, the different essential oils that have been cited in this review were shown that have an antioxidant activity.