• Title, Summary, Keyword: Essential oils

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Convergence research on the possibility of development of oral care products using the anti-plaque activity of natural essential oils against Streptococcus mutans (천연에센셜오일의 Streptococcus mutans에 의한 치석형성 억제 활성을 이용한 구강관리제품 개발 가능성에 대한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Minhyung;Lee, So-Young;Min, Hee-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.7
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2018
  • This article intended to examine the anti-plaque activity of 4 essential oils of Lavender, Tea tree, Eucalyptus, Lemongrass against Streptococcus mutans. In the results of measuring the anti-plaque effect against Streptococcus mutans, Minimum anti-adhesive concentration of Lavender oil was 1.0% and that of Tea tree, Eucalyptus, lemongrass essential oils was 0.5 %. Also, it was confirmed that the essential oils have the effect of inhibiting acid generation by Streptococcus mutans. It was confirmed that pH of the concentration was lowered by the acid generation under the MAC by measuring pH of the solution after incubating Streptococcus mutans and the essential oils in the thermostatic bath varying their concentration. From these results, the essential oils, particularly, Tea tree, Eucalyptus, Lemongrass essential oils are the natural material inhibiting the plaque generation and the potential that they can be used to develop the oral care products was confirmed.

Production of Essential Oils by Tissue Culture of Schizonepeta tenuifolia (형개의 조직배양에 의한 정유생산)

  • Shin, Seung-Won;Kim, Geum-Sil;Chi, Hyung-Joon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 1994
  • The callus was induced from the seedlings of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Brig. (Labiatae) and the effects of culturing conditions on growth rate and essential oil formation of the callus were experimented. It was found in the experiments, that the proper culturing temperature is $23^{\circ}C$ and the addition of biosynthetic precursors(leucine, mevalonic acid lactone) inhibits the growth of the callus. The growth rate of the callus and the amount of essential oils of the callus in the medium containing NAA were higher than the medium containing 2,4-D. The essential oils from the callus and the leaves of the cultivated Schizonepeta tenuifolia showed different GC pattern, but pulegone was found in both oils.

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Potential use of essential oils to control the leaf-cutting ants; Atta sexdens rubropilosa and Acromyrmex subterraneus molestans (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

  • Ribeiro, Rafael C.;Fouad, Hany A.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 2016
  • The present study was developed in order to evaluate the effect of five essential oils on the workers of the leaf-cutting ants; Atta sexdens rubropilosa and Acromyrmex subterraneus molestans by contact with a treated surface and ingestion with a treated leaves.. The essential oils of cinnamon, clove and mustard had generally more effective with 5, 10 and 15% concentrations after 24, 48, 72 and 96 h against workers of A. sexdens rubropilosa and A. subterraneus molestans in contact bioassay, but mustard was the most effective in ingestion bioassay on both species. On the other hand, there was no significant difference among the essential oils with 1% concentration and control after 24, 48 and 72 h of treatment in contact and ingestion bioassays against workers of A. sexdens rubropilosa . However, Andiroba oil had less efficiency values in all concentrations been used. Therefore, the essential oils of mustard, cinnamon and clove have contact and ingestion effects on workers of A. sexdens rubropilosa and A. subterraneus molestans, and may be promising on the leaf-cutting ant control.

In vitro Evaluation of Antidermatophytic Activity of Egyptian Bee Propolis in Combination with Plant Essential Oils in Sheep Hoof Plate: An Experimental Model

  • Mahmoud, Yehia A.G.
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2003
  • Bee propolis ethanolic extract with some plant essential oils was investigated for its antidermatophytic properties. The tested plant essential oils included jasmine, clove, lemon, Arabian jasmine, mint, rosa, olive and basil. The antidermatophytic activity has been compared to Naftifine-HCl and Clotrimazole used for dermatophyte treatment. Experimental model has been tested using sheep hoof plate for the in vitro tests to stimulate human nails. Mint, clove and basil with 4 mg/ml of bee propolis have a comparable efficacy to those of Naftifine-HCl and Clotrimazole. There is a great necessity for new effective low price and safe antidermatophyte agents to avoid recurrent infection. Propolis synergistic could be of great importance with essential oils of plants in dermatophyte therapy.

Effects of dietary essential oils on growth performance and cholesterol metabolism in chickens

  • Lee, Kyung-Woo;Anton C. Beynen;Lee, Bong-Duk
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2003
  • Dietary antibiotics at low, subtherapeutic levels have been shown to improve growth performance in farm animals. However, there is a trend to look for alternatives to dietary antibiotics, due to occurrence of antibiotic-resistance bacteria. The present review explored the essential oils as the possible alternative to dietary antibiotics. The antimicrobial activities of essential oils originating from plants have been well documented while their toxicological effects are seen only at very high doses. Hypocholesterolemic effect has been reported in chickens. Essential oils may stimulate the digestion process. In conclusion, dietary essential oils may be used as alternatives to antibiotics, but whether their effects on growth performance are a consequence of antimicrobial activity needs to be studied further.

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Activities of Essential Oils from Perilla frutescens var. acuta against Antibiotic-Susceptible and -Resistant Vibrio and Salmonella Species

  • Lim, Hye-Rim;Shin, Seung-Won
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.296-302
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    • 2011
  • We determined the inhibitory activity of the essential oil fraction obtained by steam distillation from the fresh and dried leaves of Perilla frutescens var. acuta against some pathogenic Salmonella and Vibrio spp. The activities of compounds isolated from the essential oils, apiol and myristicin, were also tested and the results were compared with those of the essential oil fraction. The Perilla essential oil fraction and its main components showed significant inhibition against antibiotic-susceptive and antibiotic-resistant strains of the tested Salmonella and Vibrio strains. Synergistic or additive effects were identified by combing the oils with ampicillin by checkerboard-titer tests. We conclude that essential oils from P. frutescens can be useful in the treatment of Salmonella and Vibrio infections and as safe additives to food materials for the prevention of contamination of food by these bacteria. This is especially important because of the rapid increase in antibiotic-resistant strains, which could cause severe symptoms in humans.

Effects of Storage Conditions on Essential Oil of Artemisia princeps Pampan. cv. ssajuari (ssajuarissuk) (저장조건에 따른 싸주아리쑥 정유의 휘발성 성분 변화)

  • Chung, Mi-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.840-847
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we identified the volatile compounds of Artemisia princeps Pampan. cv. ssajuari (ssajuarissuk) essential oils and analyzed changes in the contents of volatile compounds under four different storage conditions, such as exposure to air at $20^{\circ}C$ and $40^{\circ}C$. Sixty-five volatile compounds consisting of 6 monoterpene hydrocarbons, 23 oxygenated monoterpenes, 16 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, 6 oxygenated sesquiterpenes, 1 diterpene, 6 benzene derivatives, and 7 non-isoprenoid compounds were identified on the basis of their mass spectra characteristics and retention indices from original ssajuarissuk essential oils. Identified compounds constituted 90.56% of the total peak area. Borneol (10.29%) was the most abundant compound in the original ssajuarissuk essential oils, followed by 1,8-cineole (9.06%), viridiflorol (8.99%), spathulenol (8.73%), $\alpha$-thujone (5.28%), and camphor (4.39%). After six months storage at $40^{\circ}C$ with the cap opened for 3 min everyday, the total amount of volatile compounds in essential oil as determined by the percentage peak area decreased by 84.93%. The total levels of cis-sabinene hydrate, camphor, 4-terpineol, humulene oxide, $\beta$-caryophyllene oxide, and caryophyllene alcohol increased significantly. For ssajuarissuk essential oils stored under experimental conditions, changes in the contents of volatile compounds in essential oils were accelerated by temperature and contact with the atmosphere.

Antimicrobial Activity of Some Essential Oils Against Microorganisms Deteriorating Fruit Juices

  • Helal G.A.;Sarhan M.M.;Shahla A.N.K. Abu;El-Khair E.K. Abou
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.219-229
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    • 2006
  • Seventeen microbial species including 10 fungal taxa, two yeasts and five bacteria, were isolated from freshly prepared orange, guava and banana juices kept in open bottles at room temperature for 7 days. Eight different essential oils, from local herbs, were tested for their antimicrobial activity against these test organisms. The essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum basilicum and Origanum majorana were found to be highly effective against these microorganisms. Aspergillus niger, A. flavus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the most prevalent microorganisms in juice, showed the highest resistance against these essential oils. GC-MS analysis showed that while e-citral, a'-myrcene, and z-citral represent the major components (75.1 %) of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus; bezynen,l-methyl-4-(2-propenyl), 1,8-cineole and trans-a'-bisabolene were the main components (90.6%) of Ocimum basilicum; whereas 3-cyclohexen-l-0l,4-methyl-l(l-methylethyl)-(CAS), c-terpinene and trans-caryophyllene represent the major components (65.1%) of Origanum majorana. These three essential oils were introduced into juices by two techniques namely, fumigation and direct contact. The former technique showed more fungicidal effect than the latter one against A. flavus, A. niger, and S. cerevisiae. The essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus by comparison to other test oils showed the strongest effect against these fungi with a minimum inhibitory concentration of $1.5\;{\mu}l/ml$ medium and a sublethal concentration of $1.0\;{\mu}l/ml$. The antimicrobial activity of this oil is thermostable at $121^{\circ}C$ for 30 min.

Production of Essential Oils by Cell Culture of Codonopsis lanceolata (세포배양에 의한 더덕 정유의 생산)

  • Shin, Seung-Won;Choi, Eun-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.164-167
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    • 1995
  • The essential oils from the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata and the cultivated callus were analysed and compared by gaschromatography-mass spectrometry. In the experimental study of cell culture, it appeared that 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid in the culture medium induced higher production of essential oils in the callus than indole acetic acid. The growth of callus was inhibited by illumination of the light. The production of essential oil in cultured cells was increased by the addition of biosynthetic precursors. The essential oils from the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata and the cultured callus showed different compositions. Tetradecanoic acid, 1,1,-dimethoxyl 4-methoxy phenol, 9,12-octadecanoic acid and hexadecanoic acid were identified as main components of the cultured callus oil.

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The Effect of Essential Oils on Antimicrobial Activity (에센셜 오일이 항균 활성에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Sang-Nam;Kang, Yun-Jung
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.104-114
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    • 2020
  • We investigated the best antibiotics using blending oils after screening 11 kinds of essential oil known as antibiotics from plants. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum killing concentration (MBC) were found to be essential for essential oils B and E to inhibit target bacteria. All gram-positive bacteria containing S. aureus used in this experiment were shown highly antibiotic activity. And only A. baumanii in gram-positive bacteria and C. albicans in fungi were shown highly antibiotic activity. The essential oils used in our experiments showed better antibiotic activity compared to major studies using natural antibiotics with excellent antibiotic activity and essential oils from natural medicine. It is not known what mechanism of antimicrobial activity the essential oil used in the test has, but it is interpreted as a synthetic inhibitory mechanism of cell wall compared with other previous studies. From these results, it is expected that some substances or functional products with antibiotic activity will be developed.