• Title, Summary, Keyword: Essential oils

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Antioxidant and Whitening Activity of Essential Oils (Essential Oils의 항산화 활성 및 미백작용)

  • Lim, Hye-Won;Kim, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.265-271
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    • 2005
  • This study is performed to investigate the effects of citrus essential oils on melanin production in B16 melanoma cells and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in RBL 2H3 cells. Five kinds of citrus essential oil (bergamot, grapefruit, lemmon, mandarin, petigrain) did not have any influence on DPPH radical scavenger activity, cell growth and cytotoxicity in B16 melanoma cells. In purified tyrosinase assay, both mandarin and petigrain essential oils dose-dependently inhibited its activity, but bergamot did not. In $1{\mu}M\;{\alpha}-MSH-stimulated$ B16 melanoma cells, all of 5 citrus essential oils inhibited melanin production in $\underline{a}$ dose dependent manner. On the other hand, four kinds of citrus essential oil dose-dependently increased ROS generation in RBL 2H3 mast cells, but mandarin did not. From the above results, it is possible that citrus essential oils nay be developed to be anti-melanogenic agent on the basis of their inhibitory effect on MSH-induced melanin production. Hut we can not rule out the possibility of the induction of allergy and inflammation since citrus essential oils caused ROS generation in RBL 2H3 mast cells.

Variation in the Major Essential Oils Content under Different Leaf-Picking Time of Perilla frutescens spp. (紫蔬의 채엽시기별 주요 정유성분 함량변화)

  • 이상호
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.314-318
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to analyze the essential oils from different parts of Perilla frutescens spp. And to know change of the oil content by a diffenent leaf picking time. The analysis of the essential oils was done with gas chromatography(GC),and the results are as follows. Perilla frutescens spp. contained essential oils mostly in their leaves and stems, although their roots also contained the oils. It was suggested that the optimum leaf-picking time of perilla frutescens var. viridis Mak. on the basis of total essential oils was their flowering period around Aug. 24, and that of Perilla frutescens var. for acuta Kudo was Sep. 14. On the basis of perillaldegyde the optium leaf-picking time of Perilla frutescens var. viridis Mak. and Perilla frutescens var. acuta Kudo was Aug. 24. and Aug. 4. respectively.

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Inhibitory effect of Plant Essential Oils on Malassezia pachydermatis

  • Lee, Jeong-Hyun;Lee, Jae-Sug
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.184-188
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    • 2010
  • Effect of the plant essential oils on the growth of Malassezia pachydermatis was evaluated and the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum L., Melaleuca alternifolia (Maid. & Bet.) Cheel, and Rosa damascene Mill. were the most active against M. pachydermatis and their activity were high than that of itraconazole at 2 mg/mL. The major constituents of the three oils by GC-MS analysis were linalool (21.83%) and estragole (74.29%) for O. basilicum, a-terpinolene (17.96%) and terpinen-4-01 (45.54%) for M. alternifolia, and a-citronellol (59.98%) and geraniol (27.58%) for R. damascene. Results showed that these selected three oils could be effective toward controlling M. pachydermatis opportunistic infections.

Mutagenicity of the Essential Oils in Ames Test (Ames Test에 의한 정유의 돌연변이원성)

  • Park, Hee-Juhn
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.372-375
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    • 2002
  • Mutagenic acivity of essential oils was tested using Salmonella typhimurium TA100 in the presence or absence of 59 fraction prepared from the mouse liver. Growth inhibitory effect of the oils on the bacteria was measured to warrant the mutagenic effect. Most oils were (round to be very strongly toxic against the bacteria at a high dose $(2,000{\mu}g/plate)$. At lower doses than this concentration, the Curcuma longa oil was found to be the most mutagenic with S9 fraction whereas it was not mutagenic without the fraction suggesting that this oil could undergo activation for the mutagenicity by cytochrome P45O. However, the mutagenicity of the Eugenia caryohpylata oil was disappeared under S9 fraction. Other oils obtained from Cinnamomum cassia, Chrysanthemum sibiricum, Paeonia moutan the flower of Artemisia princeps var. Orientalis, Allium sativum, were not mutagenic. This result suggested that antimutagenicity assay on the essential oil is necessary for the biological available substances.

Analysis of the content of essential oils from Ssajuari and Sajabalssuk according to storage period (강화산 애엽(艾葉)의 보관기간에 따른 정유성분의 변화)

  • Choi, Ho-Young;Ham, In-Hye;Choi, Cheol-Han;Bang, Chan-Sung;Lee, Byung-Hee;Cheng, Hae-Gon;Bu, Young-Min;Kim, Ho-Cheol
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2007
  • Objective : The content of essential oils from Ssajuari and Sajabalssuk was analyzed based on storage period. A total of eight samples old Ssajuari (harvested in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004), fresh Ssajuari (harvested in 2004), old Sajabalssuk (harvested in 2002), and fresh Sajabalssuk (harvested in 2004) was analyzed. Methods : The analysis of the content of essential oils from Ssajuari and Sajabalssuk was conducted by GC/MS. Results : The main essential oils of Ssajuari were ${\beta}$-thujone and 1.8-cineole. The ${\alpha},{\beta}$-thujone and 1,8-cineole were increased but the caryophyllene oxide was decreased. in accordance with storage period. The main essential oils of fresh Sajabalssuk were trans-${\beta}$-caryophyllene, terpinen-4-ol. The main essential oils of old Sajabalssuk was ${\beta}$-thujone and 1,8-cineole like Ssajuari. But 1,8-cineole was higher than that of Ssajuari samlpes. Conclusion : All samples had trans-sabinene hydrate, 1,8-cineole, terpinen-4-ol and caryophyllene oxide. According to stored year, ${\beta}$-thujone, ${\alpha}$-thujone were increased but terpinen-4-ol, caryophyllene oxide were decreased.

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Potential Roles of Essential Oils on Controlling Plant Pathogenic Bacteria Xanthomonas Species: A Review

  • Bajpai, Vivek K.;Kang, So-Ra;Xu, Houjuan;Lee, Soon-Gu;Baek, Kwang-Hyun;Kang, Sun-Chul
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.207-224
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    • 2011
  • Diseases caused by plant pathogenic bacteria constitute an emerging threat to global food security. Xanthomonas is a large genus of Gram-negative bacteria that cause disease in several host plants leading to considerable losses in productivity and quality of harvests. Despite the ranges of controlling techniques available, the microbiological safety of economically important crops and crop plants including fruits and vegetables continues to be a major concern to the agriculture industry. On the other hand, many of the currently available antimicrobial agents for agriculture are highly toxic, non-biodegradable and cause extended environmental pollution. Besides, the use of antibiotics has provoked an increased resistance among the bacterial pathogens and their pathovars. Thus, novel efficient and safe remedies for controlling plant bacterial diseases are necessary. There has been an increasing interest worldwide on therapeutic values of natural products such as essential oils, hence the purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the published data on the antibacterial efficacy of essential oils that could be considered suitable for application in agriculture as biocontrol measures against plant pathogenic bacteria of Xanthomonas species. The current knowledge on the use of essential oils to control Xanthomonas bacteria in vitro and in vivo models has been discussed. A brief description on the legal aspects on the use of essential oils against bacterial pathogens has also been presented. Through this review, a mode of antibacterial action of essential oils along with their chemical nature and the area for future research have been thoroughly discussed.

The Quantitative Changes of Major Compounds from Aster koraiensis Nakai Essential Oil by Harvesting Time (수확 시기에 따른 벌개미취 정유의 주요 화합물 함량 변화)

  • Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.194-202
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    • 2014
  • This study investigates the chemical compositions of Aster koraiensis Nakai essential oils and the quantitative changes of major terpene compounds according to various harvesting times. The essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of Aster koraiensis Nakai are being analyzed by GC and GC-MS. The essential oil compositions of Aster koraiensis Nakai are characterized byhigher contents of sesquiterpene compounds. Ninety-seven volatile flavor compounds are being identified in the essential oils from Aster koraiensis Nakai harvested in 2010, and caryophyllene oxide (8.38%), aristolene (7.08%), epiglobulol (5.57%), and ethyl furanone (4.73%) are the most abundant compounds. Ninety-five compounds are identified in the essential oils from the plants harvested in 2011, and aristolene (11.56%), calarene (9.33%), phytol (8.28%), ethyl furanone (7.63%), and epiglobulol (7.18%) are the most abundant compounds. Ninety-five compounds are being identified in the essential oils from the plants harvested in 2012, and calarene (15.3%), aristolene (14.24%), ethyl furanone (7.21%), phytol (6.98%) are the major compounds. The contents of aristolene, ${\alpha}$-caryophyllene, ${\alpha}$-muurolene, ${\alpha}$-calacorene, aromadendrene oxide, and calarene increase significantly from 2010 to 2012. The contents of ${\alpha}$-cubebene, isocaryophyllene, and diepi-${\alpha}$-cedrene epoxide decrease significantly from 2010 to 2012. The quantitative changes of aristolene and calarene according to harvesting time can be served as a quality index of the Aster koraiensis Nakai essential oils.

Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils from Zanthoxylum piperitum A.P. DC. and Zanthoxylum schinifolium

  • Choi, Soo-Im;Chang, Kyung-Mi;Lee, Yong-Soo;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to investigate the potential use of Zanthoxylum schinifolium and Zanthoxylum piperitum A.P. DC. as a source of antimicrobial agents against food borne pathogens. Essential oils of Z. schinifolium and Z. piperitum A.P. DC. were collected by steam distillation and analyzed by GC-MS. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oils was examined using the agar diffusion and micro-dilution assays. The effectiveness of Z. schinifolium essential oil was greater against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus than other pathogens, and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were 1.25, 2.5, and 1.25, 2.5, and $1.25\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Z. piperitum A.P. DC. essential oil was the most effective against all pathogens tested except for Escherichia coli O157:H7, and the MIC values against B. cereus, Salmonella choleraesuis, and V. parahaemolyticus were 1.25, 2.5, and $1.25\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Limonene, the major component of Z. piperitum A.P. DC. essential oils, had the highest inhibitory activity toward V. parahaemolyticus with a MIC value of $0.15\;{\mu}g/mL$. Meanwhile, citronellal and geranyl acetate, major components of both essential oils, displayed antibacterial activity against only B. cereus with MIC values of 1.25 and $5\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Therefore, these essential oils could be useful as antimicrobial agents against foodborne pathogens.

Comparison of biological activities of essential oils from Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Boswellia carteii Birew and Juniperus rigida Sieb. by a supercritical fluid extraction system (초임계 추출 공법을 이용해 회향, 유향 및 노간주나무로부터 분리한 정유 성분의 생리활성 비교)

  • Lee, Hyun-Soo;Mun, Chul-Hyung;Park, Jin-Hong;Kim, Dae-Ho;Yoo, Jae-Eun;Park, Young-Sik;Ryu, Lee-Ha;Choi, Keun-Pyo;Lee, Hyeon-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2003
  • Essential oils from Fennel fruit(Foeniculum vulgare Mill), Olibanum resin(Boswellia carteii Birew) and Needl Juniperus stem(Juniperus rigida Sieb.) were extracted by a supercritical fluid extraction system(SFE) and biological activity of each essential oils were observed. SFE technique was applied for the isolation and purification of nonpolar biologically active essential oils from each samples. The quantitative analysis of essential oils was carried out by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer(GC/MS). About 60% of the growth of AGS and A549 cells were inhibited by adding 1.0g/l of the crude essential oils and below 40% was observed by the control. Cytotoxicity on human normal lung cell(HEL299) was scored as $15{\sim}18%$ for the crude essential oils and 12% for control, respectively. It meant that the essential oils were more effective than the control in anti-mutagenecity tested by CHO V79 cells. The effect of the essential oils on the growth of nerve cells, PC12 was observed as follows: The viable cell density was about two times higher than control.

Studies on Compositions and Antifungal Activities of Essential Oils from Cultivars of Brassica juncea L. (갓 정유의 조성 및 항진균작용에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Chan-Ah;Shin, Seung-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.140-144
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    • 2001
  • The composition of essential oils in the leaves of three cultivars (Ban-Chung-Gat, Chung-Gat and Dolsan-Gat) of Brassica juncea L. were analyzed and their antifungal activity were investigated in this study. Allyl isothiocyanate, 2-phenyl ethyl isothiocyanate, 4-isothiocyanato-1-butene, 5-methyl isothiazole, benzene acetaldehyde, benzene propane nitrile and beta-ionone have been identified in all of the experimented oils. The main component of the oils from Ban-Chung-Gat and Chung-Gat was 2-phenyl ethyl isothiocyanate while allyl isothiocyanate was the representing compound in the oil of Dolsan-Gat. The antifungal activities of the oils were tested by micro broth dilution method and disc diffusion method. As the result the oils exhibited significant inhibiting activities against Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, Trichoderma viride, Candida albicans, C. utilis, C. tropicalis, Cryptococcus neoformans, Trichosporon mucoides, Trichophyton tonsurans and Geotrichum capitatum.

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