• Title, Summary, Keyword: Essential oils

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Antimicrobial Activities of Volatile Essential Oils from Korean Aromatic Plants

  • Shin, Kuk-Hyun;Chi, Hyung-Joon;Lim, Soon-Sung;Cho, Seon-Haeng;Moon, Hyung-In;Yu, Jae-Hyeun
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 1997
  • Volatile essential oils obtained by steam distillation from 55 plant parts of 42 species of representative aromatic plants newly collected in Korean peninsula have been evaluated for antimicrobial activity against 5 microorganisms. The essential oils derived from 15 plant parts and 9 plant parts were found to exhibit very strong antimicrobial activities by more than 95% inhibition at 100 ${\mu}g/ml$ against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. Essential oil components such as l-limonene, ${\beta}-myrcene$, linalool, ${\gamma}-terpinene$, ${\alpha},{\beta}-phellandrene$, 1,8-cineole, l-borneol and bornylacetate, as a whole, have primarily contributed to the manifestation of the antimicrobial activity.

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Allelopathic Effects of Volatile Substances from Chamaecyparis obtusa

  • Kil, Bong-Seop
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2000
  • The allelopathic effects of volatile substances from Chamaecyparis obtusa (S. et Z.) Endl. were examined on the germination and seedling growth of some plant species, and on the population growth of some microorganisms. The germination and seedling growth of the receptor plants were suppressed more severely by leaf and fruit essential oils than by those of other parts. Colonial growth of fungi was severely inhibited by essential oils extracted from leaves and fruits. The development of root hairs of the receptor plants was also severely inhibited by the essential oils. The cortical cells at the root tips of Lactuca sativa L. treated with essential oils showed contraction of the cytoplasm, resulting in plasma membranes becoming detached from the cell walls and the cells metamorphosing irregularly. Accumulation of lipid granules inside the contracted cytoplasm and degeneration of mitochondrial cristae were also observed.

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Antifungal Activity of Some Essential Oils and Their Major Constituents on 3 Plant Pathogenic Fungi (식물병원성 곰팡이에 대한 몇 가지 식물정유 및 주성분의 성장억제 효과)

  • Cho Hyun Ji;Shin Dongill
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1003-1008
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    • 2004
  • 11 plant essential oils are screened in vitro for their antifungal activities against Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani, which are causative agents of serious plant diseases. The radial growth of the test fungi were reduced in response to the oils. Among them, the essential oil from the bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum inhibited 3 tested fungi growth, strongly, followed by those of oregano and thyme. The major constituents of the three essential oils, cinnaldehyde, carvacrol and thymol were tested for their effects on the fungi. From the results obtained, cinnamaldehyde, the major constituents of C. zeylanicum bark esential oil, has potential to be developed as a biopesticide for controlling phytopathogenic fungi causing serious damages on the important crops cultivated in Korea.

Essential Oils: Biological Activity Beyond Aromatherapy

  • Kar, Shagufta;Gupta, Pawan;Gupta, Jeena
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2018
  • The essential oils are fragrant products whose complex compositions are obtained from various parts of plants by dry or steam distillation. Plants with variable biological activities have been explored worldwide. The presence of a large number of phenols, terpenes and other aromatic compounds make essential oils more precise in their mode of action. Because of this, they are known to possess many biological activities like antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory etc. In this article, we will review the published literature summarizing the chemistry of essential oils and their important biological activities.

Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activities of Cassia (Cinnamomum cassia) and Dill (Anethum graveolens L.) Essential Oils

  • Chung, Hai-Jung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.300-305
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    • 2004
  • Antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of essential oils of cassia (Cinnamomum cassia) and dill (Anethum graveolens L.) were investigated. Essential oils used in this study were added to soybean oil and stored at $65^{\circ}C$ for 9 days to examine their antioxidant activities using peroxide value (POV). The results showed that dill essential oil possessed a higher antioxidant activity than cassia essential oil. Strong antimicrobial activity was observed in cassia essential oil, whereas low activity was observed in dill essential oil against the test microorganisms. Heat stability and cell growth inhibitions were investigated with different concentrations of cassia oil. Results showed that cassia oil had thermal stability in a wide range of $70-160^{\circ}C$. Cassia inhibited cell growth of Bacillus cereus KCTC 1022, Micrococcus luteus A TCC 9341 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, but not great on Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 14028 at level of 200 ppm. In conclusion, the results indicate that dill essential oil could be a potential candidate for an antioxidative agent, while cassia essential oil could be suitable for use as an antimicrobial agent in the food industry.

A Study of the Antibiosis in Ayurvedic Oils (아유르베다 오일의 항균성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Myung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.1139-1145
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    • 2010
  • This thesis tried applying Ayurvedic hair and scalp care program and analyzing its effect. Ayurvedic treatment strengthens our immunity through natural healing power. I measured with MIC test and Halo test in order to examine the antibacterial efficacy against colonies which reside in head, when Ayurvedic base oils and essential oils were used on hair and scalp. Finally, I reached the results as follows. I examined the antibacterial efficacy of base oils and essential oils against Bacillus subtilis and Propionibacterium acnes, based on the MIC test with 9 kinds of base oil and 18 kinds of essential oil. By way of experiment, base oils did not show the antibacterial efficacy from all colonies, and in case of essential oils, such as Chamomile, Clary sage, Jasmine, Neroli and Rose oil, the antibacterial efficacy against two colonies did not appear by the measure of below 5%. It turned out that Thyme, Geranium, Lavender and Tea tree had an high effect on two colonies. According to the Halo test which experimented on 7 kinds of bacteria with the essential oils like Geranium, Lavender and Thyme and with the base oils like Sesame and Coconut, it went to prove that base oils was inefficient on antibiosis. It was examined that all of essential oils had the effect on antibiosis from 7 kinds of bacteria. Thyme showed the best efficacy of antibiosis in the MIC and the Halo test.

Evaluation of Sensory on Gochujang with Zanthoxylum piperitum and Chrysanthemum indicum Essential Oils

  • Seo, Ji-Eun;Chung, Mi-Sook;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-19
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    • 2009
  • Gochujang samples with essential oils were evaluated for sensory including taste and, smell during various storage periods with the aim of developing improved high value-added products. The sensory testing was performed on Gochujang with 0.005% Zanthoxylum piperitum and Chrysanthemum indicum essential oils, extracted through steam distillation. During storage at 4 and $20^{\circ}C$ for 8 weeks, sensory testing was performed at 0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks by trained panelists. Overall quality decreased in Gochujang samples containing Z.piperitum essential oil and increased in samples containing C.indicum essential oil, at 4 and $20^{\circ}C$. Samples stored at $4^{\circ}C$ were quality more then those stored at $20^{\circ}C$. Sensory evaluation was highest for Gochujang with C.indicum essential oil stored at $4^{\circ}C$. It is concluded that functional Gochujang can be developed by adding small quantities of essential oils. Increasing the amount of essential oil added is likely to affect the innate taste and flavor of Gochujang.

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Comparison of Chemical Compositions and Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oils from Three Conifer Trees; Pinus densiflora, Cryptomeria japonica, and Chamaecyparis obtusa

  • Lee, Jeong-Ho;Lee, Byung-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Hee;Lee, Sang-Hee;Hong, Soon-Kwang
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.391-396
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    • 2009
  • The chemical compositions, and antibacterial and antifungal effects of essential oils extracted from three coniferous species, Pinus densiflora, Cryptomeria japonica, and Chamaecyparis obtusa, were investigated. Gas chromatography mass analysis of the essential oils revealed that the major components and the percentage of each essential oil were 16.66% $\beta$-phellandrene and 14.85% $\alpha$-pinene in P. densiflora; 31.45% kaur-16-ene and 11.06% sabinene in C. japonica; and 18.75% bicyclo [2,2,1] heptan-2-ol and 17.41% 2-carene in Ch. obtusa. The antimicrobial assay by agar disc diffusion method showed that $2.2{\mu}g$ of Ch. obtusa oil inhibited most effectively the growth of Escherichia coli ATCC 33312 and Klebsiella oxytoca ATCC 10031, whereas the C. japonica oil gave weak antimicrobial activity. The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) values for bacterial strains were in the range of 5.45-21.8 mg/ml depending on essential oils, but most Gram-negative bacteria were resistant even at 21.8 mg oil/ml. P. densiflora oil showed the most effective antifungal activity and the MIC values for Cryptococcus neoformans B42419 and Candida glabrata YFCC 062CCM 11658 were as low as 0.545 and 2.18 mg/ml, respectively. Cryp. neoformans B42419 was the most sensitive to all essential oils in the range of 0.545-2.18 mg/ml. Our data clearly showed that the essential oils from the three conifers had effective antimicrobial activity, especially against fungi.

Essential Oil Yields and Chemical Compositions of Chamaecyparis obtuse Obtained from Various Populations and Environmental Factors

  • Kang, Young Min;Min, Ji Yun;Choi, Myung Suk
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.285-292
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    • 2014
  • Essential oil yields and chemical compositions from 5 populations of Chamaecyparis obtusa with several environmental factors were investigated through essential oil extracted distillation apparatus and metabolite profiling by GC-MS analysis. Among the populations, content of essential oil at Gokseong was significantly higher than other populations. To compare the several environmental factors affecting on chemical composition and essential oil yields from C. obtuse at Gokseong, the environmental factors (soil condition, temperature, humidity, and moisture content) were measured during 1 year. The essential oils at Goksung based on humidity on March, July, and November was significantly different from other months. The essential oils at Goksung based on temperature on July and August was significantly different from other months. The essential oils at Goksung based on the moisture content on September were significantly different from other months. The percentage of T-N, OM, and yield of oil at Gokseong were significantly different on from other populations. The main constituents of C. obtusa at all populations were ${\alpha}$-pinene, ${\beta}$-pinene, ${\alpha}$-terpinene, ${\gamma}$-terpinene, terpinene-4-ol, isobonyl acetate, terpinyl acetate, and cedar acetate. Specially, Essential oil compositions (%) of ${\alpha}$-terpinene and cedar acetate were higher at Gokseong than at other populations. The chemical compositions of essential oils were variable depend on populations and environmental conditions. Therefore, this study might be used as fundamental research on study for selection of high productive terpenoids and for understanding about biosynthesis of essential oils in C. obtusa.

The Effects of Inhalation Method Using Essential Oils on the Preoperative Anxiety of Hystrectomy Patients (향기흡입법이 자궁적출술 환자의 수술전 불안에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh, Young-Hi;Jung, Hyang-Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.18-26
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of inhalation method using essential oils on the preoperative anxiety of hystrectomy patients, and to provide effective and holistic nursing care to them. The research design was a nonequivalent control group non synchronized design. The data were collected from February 1 to March 31, 2002 at D Medical Center in Busan. The subjects were forty one patients that were operated on under general anesthesia for hystrectomy. They were assigned to two groups, twenty one subjects in the experimental group and twenty subjects in the control group. The tool of the Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) was used to anxiety on all patients the day before surgery and the preoperative period. Then systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate levels were measured the day before surgery and the preoperative period. The experimental group received two treatments of inhalation method using essential oils of with lavender, ylang ylang, and bergamot oil. The data were analyzed by the $X^2$ test and the independent t-test. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. Hypothesis 1: It has been supported that the experimental group received inhalation method using essential oils might cause lower level of the preoperative VAS anxiety than that of the control group(t=-2.93, p=.006). 2. Hypothesis 2: It has been rejected that the experimental group received inhalation method using essential oils might cause lower level in the preoperative systolic blood pressure than the control group(t=-.120, p=.905). It has been rejected that the experimental group received inhalation method using essential oils might cause lower level in the preoperative diastolic blood pressure than the control group.(t=1.766, p=.085). 3. Hypothesis 3: It has been supported that the experimental group received inhalation method using essential oils might cause lower level in preoperative pulse rate than the control group(t=5.853, p=.000). According to these results, inhalation method using essential oils can be considered an effective nursing intervention that relieves the preoperative anxiety of hysterectomy patients and stabilizes vital sign partially.

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