• Title/Summary/Keyword: Exercise capacity

Search Result 87, Processing Time 0.106 seconds

The Change in Exercise Capacity, Cardiac Structure and Function in Pre-Metabolic Syndrome Adults

  • Shin, Kyung-A;Kim, Young-Joo;Park, Sae-Jong;Oh, Jae-Keun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.321-328
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study divided a group of healthy adults aged 20 or older who had a health examination at J General Hospital in Gyeonggi Province into three groups according to the degrees of metabolic syndrome risk factors. They include the normal group (n=58), the pre-metabolic syndrome group (n=112) and the metabolic syndrome group (n=32). They were compared in exercise capacity and cardiac structure and function and impacts of exercise capacity on the cardiac diastolic function. All the groups took echocardiography to have their cardiac structures and functions examined and an exercise stress test to have their exercise capacity measured. The research findings were as follows: There were differences in exercise capacity, cardiac structure, and diastolic heart function among three groups. Between exercise capacity and diastolic heart function was found to be related. It turned out exercise capacity affected the cardiac diastolic functions. In conclusion, there were significant differences in exercise capacity between the normal group and the metabolic syndrome group and in the cardiac structure and function among the normal, metabolic syndrome, and pre-metabolic syndrome group. In addition, METs (metabolic equivalents) and heart rate recovery of exercise capacity turned out to affect cardiac diastolic functions.

Effects of Red Ginseng on Exercise Capacity and Peripheral Fatigue in Mice

  • Kim, Daehyun;Lee, Byounggwan;Kim, Heejin;Kim, Mikyung
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.175-184
    • /
    • 2021
  • Objective: Fatigue can decrease both quality of life and work efficiency. Ginseng is one of the most popular herbal treatments for improving personal health, with applications in treating fatigue. However, the exact mechanisms of anti-fatigue effects are still unclear. Thus, we investigated the effect of red ginseng powder (RGP) on exercise capacity and peripheral fatigue using both behavioral and molecular experiments in mice. Design: Four-groups behavioral and molecular experiment. Methods: Male 6-weeks-old ICR mice were treated with distilled water, 100, and 200 mg/kg RGP for 5 days via oral administration. The exercise capacity of each animal group was measured by locomotor activity, rota-rod, hanging wire, and cold swimming tests. Additionally, after performing the treadmill to induce fatigue, lactate expression and molecular experiments were investigated using mice gastrocnemius. Results: Mice treated with RGP exhibited increased exercise capacity in the behavioral tests. Additionally, RGP induced a dose-dependent decrease in lactate levels after high-intensity exercise, and Monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 4 expression increased in groups treated with RGP. However, there was no significant change in MCT1. Conclusions: These results suggest that RGP exerts several anti-fatigue properties by lower lactate and improved exercise capacity. Increased MCT4 expression may also affect lactate transport. Thus, this study suggests that the anti-fatigue properties of RGP might be associated with MCT4 activity.

Meta-analysis on the Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program on Exercise Capacity/Tolerance and General Health Status (만성 폐쇄성 폐질환 환자를 위한 호흡재활 중재가 운동 능력 및 내구성, 일반적 건강상태에 미치는 효과에 대한 메타분석)

  • 오현수
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.743-752
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to combine the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) on exercise capacity/tolerance and general health status of COPD patients based on the primary research results examined the effects of PRP, Method: Seventeen studies were selected by the sampling criteria established to include the studies that reported enough statistics necessary to conduct meta-analysis. Result: According to the study results, the most effective indicators for exercise capacity/tolerance were exercise time (such as cycling time or treadmill walking time) and ground walking distance within given time (6 minutes or 12 minutes), whereas effects on such indicators as VE and VO$_2$ were not statistically significant. PRP induced significant effect on patients' general health status, frequently measured by physical, psycho-emotional, and holistic indicators, the enhancement on psycho-emotional dimension resulted from PRP was more prominent than those of the other dimensions. From the results, it was noted that the place where PRP was given and the contents of PRP exercised their influence on the outcome variables. Which body part was trained was also one of the important factors that influence on the patients' perception of dyspnea during exercise as well as on exercise capacity/tolerance. Conclusion: PRP including exercise training significantly improved the exercise capacity and general health status of COPD patients.

Effects of an Inpatient Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program on Dyspnea, Exercise Capacity, and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients with Chronic Lung Disease (입원 호흡재활 프로그램이 만성 폐질환자의 호흡곤란, 운동능력과 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Chang-Kwan
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.343-352
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program on dyspnea, exercise capacity, and health related quality of life in inpatients with chronic lung disease. Method: This quasi experimental study was designed with a nonequivalent control group pre-post test time series. Twenty three patients were assigned to the experimental group and nineteen to the control group. The inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program was composed of upper and lower extremity exercise, breathing retraining, inspiratory muscle training, education, relaxation and telephone contacts. This program consisted of 4 sessions with inpatients and 4 weeks at home after discharge. The control group was given a home based pulmonary rehabilitation program at the time of discharge. The outcomes were measured by the Borg score, 6MWD and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire(CRQ). Results: There was a statistically significant difference in dyspnea between the experimental group and control group, but not among time sequence, or interaction between groups and time sequence. Also significant improvements in exercise capacity and health related quality of life were found only in the experimental group. Conclusions: An Inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program may be a useful intervention to reduce dyspnea, and increase exercise capacity and health related quality of life for chronic lung disease patients.

PNF Exercise, the Athletic Performances and the Ability of Exercise Capacity in Taekwondo (태권도 경기력 및 운동수행능력과 PNF운동)

  • Heo, Jun-Ho
    • PNF and Movement
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.21-27
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate PNF exercise, the athletic performances and the ability of exercise capacity in Taekwondo. Methods : This is a literature study with books and articles, seminar note and books for PNF international course. Results : The PNF exercise was efficient at improving flexibility and muscle strengthening in Taekwondo athletes. Kinematic characters of Yupchagi and Dollyuchagi in Taekwondo were analogous to Lower extremity Flexion-Abduction-Internal Rotation patterns in PNF, and the kinematic character of Apchagi was to analogous to Lower extremity Flexion-Adduction-External Rotation pattern in PNF. Movements of Upper extremities and Lower extremities during kicking were similar to PNF patterns. The PNF is efficient at improving athletic performances and the ability of exercise capacity in Taekwondo. Conclusion : The result of this study showed that PNF patterns and kicking that is one of the basic movement in Taekwondo have many similarities. With that PNF patterns was the training methods to improve flexibility and muscle strengthening, PNF patterns are considered to improve athletic performances and the ability of exercise capacity in Taekwondo.

  • PDF

The Effects of One Year Exercise Program on Exercise Capacity & Cognitive Function in Male Patients with Dementia (1년간의 복합 운동프로그램이 남성 치매환자의 운동능력과 인지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwak Yi-Sub;Um Sang-Yong
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.220-224
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of long-term exercise program on exercise capacity and cognitive function (MMSE) in male patients with dementia. 24 male patients were divided into two experimental groups : the exercise group (n=12) and the control group (n=12). The exercise group participated in regular exercise program for 12 months, and their exercise capacity (cardiopulmonary function, muscle strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, balance, agility) and MMSE (Mini-mental state examination) levels were evaluated at baseline (pre), after 6 months (mid) and after 12 months (post). The subjects carried on group-exercise of $VO_{2}max\;30\~60\%$, $30\~60$ minute a day, $2\~3$ times per week. Statistical techniques for data analysis was paired samples t-test. The level of statistical significance was ${\le}.05.$ The results of this study were summarized as follows: In the exercise group, there were significant differences in cardiopulmonary function, muscle strength, muscular endurance and MMSE at the times of pre & mid and pre & post, there were significant differences in balance and agility at the time of pre & post only, whereas there was no significant difference in flexibility following the long-term exercise. In the control group, there were no significant differences in all the times. Based on the results of this particular study, one year exercise program increases on the cognitive function & exercise capacity in male patients with dementia.

Effects of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Elderly Patients After Myocardial Infarction (노인 심근경색 환자에서의 심장재활의 효과)

  • KIM, JI HEE
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.9
    • /
    • pp.464-471
    • /
    • 2016
  • To investigate the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity in both elderly and younger patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Of the MI patients who received hospital-based CR between February 2012 and December 2015, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who continued a follow-up through the outpatient clinic. A total of 46 patients (18 elderly patients (${\geq}60years$) and 28 younger patient (< 60)) were included in this study. The subjects visited the clinic to perform aerobic exercises with ECG monitoring based on their initial exercise tolerance test outcome. The exercise capacity was measured by symptom-limited exercise tests before and after hospital-based CR. Before CR, the elderly group had a significantly lower exercise capacity in peak VO2, METs, anaerobic threshold, exercise time, respiratory exchange ratio (RER) than the younger group. After CR, elderly groups showed a significantly improved exercise capacity in exercise time, HRmax, HRrest, peak VO2, METs, anaerobic threshold, and RER. Both elderly and younger groups showed similar improvement of cardiopulmonary exercise capacity after hospital-based CR. There is a very low cardiac rehabilitation participation and referral rates with MI patients in Korea. It is considered necessary to further expand the participation of cardiac rehabilitation in elderly MI patients.

Ashitaba and red ginseng complex stimulates exercise capacity by increasing mitochondrial biogenesis (미토콘드리아 생합성 촉진을 통한 신선초와 홍삼 복합물의 운동수행능력 증가 효과)

  • Kim, Changhee;Kim, Mi-Bo;Lee, Seung-Ho;Kim, Ye-Jin;Hwang, Jae-Kwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.49 no.6
    • /
    • pp.685-692
    • /
    • 2017
  • Mitochondrial biogenesis-a process that leads to an increment in the number and density of mitochondria, improves physical performance and body health by enhancing exercise capacity. In the present study, we investigated the stimulatory effect of Ashitaba and red ginseng complex (ARC) on exercise capacity in L6 skeletal muscle cells and mice. In L6 skeletal muscle cells, ARC increased the mitochondrial contents and ATP production by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-$1{\alpha}$) and up-regulating the mRNA expression of nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF-1) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM). In the animal experiments, mice treated with ARC showed an increment in exercise capacity as compared with mice treated with Ashitaba extract or red ginseng extract alone. These studies indicate that ARC might serve as a potential natural candidate for enhancing exercise capacity by stimulation of mitochondrial biogenesis.

Association of Metabolic Syndrome with Exercise Capacity and Heart Rate Recovery after Treadmill Exercise Test

  • Shin, Kyung-A
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.305-311
    • /
    • 2011
  • Heart rate recovery (HRR) immediately after a treadmill exercise test is a function of vagal reactivation. A delayed heart rate recovery is associated with an increased risk for overall cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of this study is to find out if metabolic syndrome is associated with autonomic nerve function and exercise capacity in healthy adults. We measured the treadmill exercise capacity (METs) and heart rate recovery in 119 subjects through a medical checkup at $J$ General Hospital. The metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. The value for the HRR was defined as the difference between the heart rate obtained during the peak exercise and the heart rate obtained at first minute during the recovery period. The subjects with the metabolic syndrome had significantly lower exercise duration ($9.6{\pm}1.5$ vs $8.7{\pm}1.4$), METs ($11.6{\pm}1.7$ vs $10.4{\pm}2.5$), and HRR ($37.5{\pm}14.3$ vs $27.1{\pm}8.9$). The waist circumference in subjects with the metabolic syndrome was more strongly correlated with HRR ($r$=-.517, $P$ <.001) than in normal subjects. Furthermore, delayed HRR was associated with high resting heart rate and increased waist circumference ($P$=.032, $P$ <.001, respectively). In conclusion, delayed HRR during the first minute after a treadmill exercise test was associated with the metabolic syndrome risk factors. Delayed HRR was also associated with high resting heart rate and increased waist circumference.

Experimental Study on the Cannabis Fructus on Exercise Capacity and Cognitive Function in Vascular Dementia Rat Model (마자인(麻子仁)이 치매병태모델의 운동과 인지기능에 미치는 실험적 연구)

  • Bae, Kil-Joon;Song, Min-Yeong;Choi, Jin-Bong;Kim, Seon-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-15
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Cannabis Fructus on exercise capacity and cognitive function in chronic hypoperfusion induced vascular dementia rat model. Methods Vascular dementia rat models were induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion through bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (BCCAO). All rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal group; control group; CF I group (feeding Cannabis Fructus 100 mg/kg); CF II group (feeding Cannabis Fructus 300 mg/kg). In order to study the effects of oral administration of Cannabis Fructus on vascular dementia rat models, corner turn test, hole board test, radial arm maze test, passive avoidance test were taken and Acetylcholine (ACh) activity, Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, serum of Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein level were measured. Also histological findings of the liver, kidney, brain and the change of Tau immunoreactive neurons in hippocampus were observed. Results CF I and CF II showed significant improvement in corner turn test, hole board test, radial arm maze test, passive avoidance test, Acetylcholine (ACh) activity, Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, the serum of Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein level and the change of Tau immunoreactive neurons in hippocampus. CF I showed more significant effect than CF II in these tests. However in histological observations of the liver and kidney both CF I and CF II showed glomerular injury and hepatotoxicity. Conclusions These results suggest that Cannabis Fructus was helpful in improving exercise capacity and cognitive function on Chronic hypoperfusion induced Vascular Dementia rats. However Cannabis Fructus affects the liver and kidney, therefore suggest that this is an area for further study.