• Title, Summary, Keyword: Expanded metal

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Low vacuum characteristics of the capacitance diaphragm gauges and the resonance silicon gauges (용량형 격막식 게이지와 공진형 실리콘 게이지의 저진공 특성)

  • ;;;I. Arakawa
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 2003
  • Two capacitance diaphragm gauges(CDG) and two resonance silicon gauges(RSG) were calibrated using an ultrasonic interferometer as a national low vacuum standard in KRISS. The CDG has superior pressure resolution and is rugged as well as resistant to over-pressure because of all-metal inner components. Meanwhile, the RSG is a new type of MEMS sensor that has excellent calibration stability and is resistant to mechanical shocks. The calibration uncertainties were analyzed according to the ISO procedures. Results showed that the maximum difference of the expanded uncertainties was $9\times10^{-3}$Pa at the generated pressure of 100 Pa for the two different types. It is remarkable that the RSG can be used as a transfer standard at low vacuum since their accuracies were found to be within 0.5 %.

A study on selective hybrid-structure film fabricated by 355nm UV-pulsed laser processing (355nm UV 레이저를 이용한 선택적 하이브리드 구조 필름의 제작에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Myung-Ju;Lee, Sang-Jun;Shin, Bo-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.2979-2984
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    • 2015
  • This paper has presented a new foaming technology of selective hybrid-structured polymer film with expanded pores. The porous structure of closed pore was firstly fabricated by applying the 355nm UV-pulsed laser to 0.1mm thick film that was uniformly mixed with PP pellets, copper powder, and CBA (Chemical Blowing Agent). In order to expand pore size of closed-cell shape, LAMO(Laser Aided Micro pore Opening) processing was conducted to heat the copper powder, and then the bigger pore size of closed-cell more than existing pore size was successfully formed because of rapid conduction of heated metal powder. From the experimental results, various process parameters such as laser fluence, intensity, scan rate, spot size and density of powder and CBA were considerably considered to reveal the correlation among the pore characteristics. In the future, a function experiment will be carried out to use the hybrid film of industrial applications.

A study on Seoul Milk's commercial advertising storytelling though the Nudge effects (넛지효과를 통해서 본 서울우유의 상업광고 스토리텔링 연구)

  • Park, Yoon-Sung;Ham, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 2020
  • In the past, commercial advertisements were produced mainly by advertisements that introduced functions, descriptions, or brands that the product had. However, the current advertising market appeals to the product by projecting emotion into the product in line with the consumer's expanded role of storytelling. Nudge effects can help you make the right choice in an economic and behavioral sense. Storytelling, which includes these nudge effects, allows people to communicate with people, thereby allowing consumers and businesses to move in the direction they want. This study understands the concept of nudge effect through commercial advertisement of Seoul Milk and studies the impact of corporate commercial advertisement on the analysis of the interactions between nudge effect and storytelling on the company's perception change as a consumer. The purpose of this study is to study the influence of the nudge effect. The results of this study have affected the perception of the entity, affected by the ripple effect of the nudge effects.

Study on accuracy of panorama and CBCT through length measurement of wisdom teeth (사랑니 길이 측정을 통한 파노라마와 CBCT의 정확도 연구)

  • Jeong, Cheonsoo;Kim, Chongyeal
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2013
  • Panorama of dental radiation generators can observe the wide anatomical structures of oral and maxillofacial areas but there can be distortion of lengths, angles, or shapes. CBCT can diagnose 3D images and get the ones whose errors by superposition and interference are remarkably smaller between anatomical structures. But the quality of the images by movement of subjects can be lowered as it takes long to diagnose them. And if there are impermeable radiation objects like metal in mouths, impermeable radiation lines can radially appear with the objects as center. This study tries to analyze accuracy of panorama and CBCT and get useful anatomical information in dental treatment by comparing the length of wisdom teeth which were measured by Panorama and CBCT with the teeth which were actually extracted and analyzing distortion of the teeth. The test result could be found that Panorama is expanded by average 7.3% as the errors of Panorama and Digital Vernier Caliper range from 110.7% to 103.9%. The length of wisdom teeth which were measured in CBCT and Digital Vernier Caliper could be found that the error range is 1.3%. And the length of wisdom teeth which were measured in Panorama and Digital Vernier Caliper has found that the error range shows 7.3%. So it could be found that the images of CBCT is about 6% more exact than those of Panorama. It could be found that CBCT shows the more exact images than those of Panorama. But because the examination expenses of CBCT are higher than those of Panorama and exposure dose of CBCT is much more than that of Panorama, it is thought to find proper ways in examination.

Flotation for Recycling of a Waste Water Filtered from Molybdenite Tailings (몰리브덴 선광광미 응집여과액 재활용을 위한 부유선별 특성)

  • Park, Chul-Hyun;Jeon, Ho-Seok;Han, Oh-Hyung;Kim, Byoung-Gon;Baek, Sang-Ho;Kim, Hak-Sun
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2010
  • Froth flotation using the residual water in the end of flotation process has been performed through controlling of pH. IEP (isoelectric point) of molybdenite and quartz in distilled water was below pH 3 and pH 2.7, respectively and the stabilized range was pH 5~10. In case of a suspension in reusing water, zeta potential of molybdenite decreased to below -10 mV or less at over pH 4 due to residual flocculants. As result of pH control, flotation efficiency in the alkaline conditions was deteriorated by flocculation, resulting from expanded polymer chain, ion bridge of the divalent metal cations ($Ca^{2+}$), and hydrophobic interactions between the nonpolar site of polymer/the hydrophobic areas of the particle surfaces. However, the weak acid conditions (pH 5.5~6) improved the efficiency of flotation as hydrogen ions neutralize polymer chains and then weakened its function. In cleans after rougher flotation, the Mo grade of 52.7% and recovery of 90.1% could be successfully obtained under the conditions of 20 g/t kerosene, 50 g/t AF65, 300 g/t $Na_2SiO_3$, pH 5.5 and 2 cleaning times. Hence, we developed a technique which can continuously supply waste water filtered from tailings into the grinding-rougher-cleaning processes.

Effects of Monsoon Rainfalls on Surface Water Quality in a Mountainous Watershed under Mixed Land Use (토지이용이 다변화된 산림 유역의 수질에 미치는 몬순 강우의 영향)

  • Jo, Kyeong-Won;Lee, Hyun-Ju;Park, Ji-Hyung;Owen, Jeffrey S.
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2010
  • To provide baseline information essential for assessing environmental impacts of monsoon rainfalls in a mountainous watershed under mixed land use, we investigated spatiotemporal variations in water quality using a combined approach of seasonal water quality survey and intensive storm samplings. Biannual water sampling at nine locations encompassing major land use types showed generally lower electrical conductivity and Cl- concentrations during the typical wet period compared to the dry period, indicating rainfall-induced dilution of dissolved ions. Total metal concentrations, however, were significantly higher during the monsoon period, probably associated with rainfall-induced increases in suspended sediments. Intensive storm sampling during a small monsoon rainfall event (18 mm) and an extreme event (452 mm) showed rapid changes in both suspended sediments and dissolved solutes in an agricultural stream draining the Haean Basin where arable lands have expanded rapidly over the recent decades. By contrast, a nearby forest stream derived from North Korea showed little responses to the small event compared to larges changes during the extreme event. In the agricultural stream total Pb concentrations showed significant positive relationships with suspended sediments. Although limited sampling frequency and locations require a cautious interpretation, the overall results suggest that expansion of agricultural fields in steep mountainous watersheds can increase the susceptibility of soil erosion and its off-site environmental impacts under increasing rainfall variability and extremes.

Effect of Turbid Water on Fishes in the Streams of Imha Reservoir (임하호 유입지천에 서식하는 어류에 미치는 탁수의 영향)

  • Yu, Sam-Hwan;Kim, Jeong-Sook;Shin, Myung-Ja;Lee, Jong-Eun;Seo, Eul-Won
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1410-1416
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    • 2009
  • The present study aims to examine the effect of turbid water on fishes in streams which branch into a turbid water area (Yeongyang-gun) and a non-turbid water area (Cheongsong-gun), and finally flow into the Imha reservoir. In a comparison of water quality, the chemical status of the water showed higher pH, DO and SS in the turbid water area than in the non-turbid water area. Also, high density of clay minerals such as vermiculite (V) and illite (I), which is from clay mineral leakage during rainfall, was detected in turbid water, resulting in an increase of turbidity. Fishes inhabiting the turbid water showed irregular spaces in gill lamella, cell separation, edema, and clubbing in epithelial tissues. Also, the gill surface showed roughness and plenty of muddy debris substances inside the gills. The Bowman's space was expanded because of contraction of the glomerulus in the Bowman's space of the kidney tissues. Antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, CAT, GPX, and GST showed higher activities in the specific tissues, muscles and kidney, of fishes living in turbid water than in the non-turbid area. We suggested that; first, the antioxidant activities were increased due to removal of harmful radicals generated in fish bodies in the turbid water area, second, long-time exposure of these histological changes in the tissues might have induced secondary lesion accompanying the inaccurate physiological constancy of fishes.

Ex vivo Morphometric Analysis of Coronary Stent using Micro-Computed Tomography (미세단층촬영기법을 이용한 관상동맥 스텐트의 동물 모델 분석)

  • Bae, In-Ho;Koh, Jeong-Tae;Lim, Kyung-Seob;Park, Dae-Sung;Kim, Jong-Min;Jeong, Myung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 2012
  • Micro-computed tomography (microCT) is an important tool for preclinical vascular imaging, with micron-level resolution. This non-destructive means of imaging allows for rapid collection of 2D and 3D reconstructions to visualize specimens prior to destructive analysis such as pathological analysis. Objectives. The aim of this study was to suggest a method for ex vivo, postmortem examination of stented arterial segments with microCT. And ex vivo evaluation of stents such as bare metal or drug eluting stents on in-stent restenosis (ISR) in rabbit model was performed. The bare metal stent (BMS) and drug eluting stent (DES, paclitaxel) were implanted in the left or right iliac arteries alternatively in eight New Zealand white rabbits. After 4 weeks of post-implantation, the part of iliac arteries surrounding the stent were removed carefully and processed for microCT. Prior to microCT analysis, a contrast medium was loaded to lumen of stents. All samples were subjected to an X-ray source operating at 50 kV and 200 ${\mu}A$ by using a 3D isotropic resolution. The region of interest was traced and measured by CTAN analytical software. Objects being exposed to radiation had different Hounsfield unit each other with values of approximately 1.2 at stent area, 0.12 ~ 0.17 at a contrast medium and 0 ~ 0.06 at outer area of stent. Based on above, further analyses were performed. As a result, the difference of lengths and volumes between expanded stents, which may relate to injury score in pathological analysis, was not different significantly. Moreover, ISR area of BMS was 1.6 times higher than that of DES, indicating that paclitaxel has inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and prevent infiltration of restenosis into lumen of stent. And ISR area of BMS was higher ($1.52{\pm}0.48mm^2$) than that of DES ($0.94{\pm}0.42mm^2$), indicating that paclitaxel has inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and prevent infiltration of restenosis into lumen of stent. Though it was not statistically significant, it showed that the extent of neointema of mid-region of stents was relatively higher than that of anterior and posterior region in parts of BMS as showing cross-sectional 2-D image. suggest that microCT can be utilized as an accessorial tool for pathological analysis.