• Title/Summary/Keyword: FRAGSTATS

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Analysis of Landscape Structure on the Impervious Cover of the Gap-Stream Watershed using FRAGSTATS (FRAGSTATS 모델을 이용한 갑천 유역의 불투수면 변화에 따른 경관 구조 분석)

  • Choi, Jin-Young;Kang, Moon-Seong;Bae, Seung-Jong;Kim, Hak-Kwan;Chung, Se-Woong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2010
  • An impervious cover in the watershed management has been used as effective indicators. It is a very useful barometer to measure the impacts of watershed development on aquatic systems. Hence, it is necessary to survey the impervious cover of a watershed and to develop an impervious cover model (ICM) for supporting best management practices. The main objectives of this study were to investigate the spatial patterns of the impervious cover, to calculate landscape indices using FRAGSTATS, and to develop an ICM in the Gap-stream watershed and its six sub-watersheds. The results showed that the impervious cover of the Gap-stream watershed increased from 4.9 % in 1975 to more than 11.2 % in 2000, the number of impervious cover fragments increased from 662 to 3,578, and the landscape shape index increased from 27.0796 to 91.1982. Fragmentation was severe within the Yudeungcheon downstream and the Gapcheon downstream of six sub-watersheds. This paper presented the results derived landscape indices to define landscape patterns and structure for the Gap-stream watershed. Our results indicate that altered land use might be influenced changes in landscape structure.

Landscape Analysis of the Forest Fragmentations at Doam-Dam Watershed using the FRAGSTATS Model (FRAGSTATS 모형을 이용한 도암댐 유역의 산림 파편화 분석)

  • Heo, Sung-Gu;Kim, Ki-Sung;Ahn, Jae-Hun;Yoon, Jong-Suk;Lim, Kyoung-Jae;Choi, Joong-Dae;Shin, Yong-Chul;Lyou, Chang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.10-21
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    • 2007
  • The Doam-dam watershed, located at Kangwon Province, Korea, has been experiencing significant changes in land uses, conversion from forest to agricultural/urban areas, with human involvements. However, no thorough investigation of the landscape impacts of land use changes was performed at this watershed using the scientific analytical tool. Thus, the FRAGSTATS model was utilized to quantitatively analyze the landscape impacts of forest fragmentation in this study. To provide the detailed explanations for 11 landscape indices considered in this study, two artificial and simplified landscapes, before and after fragmentations, were constructed. Using these 11 indices, the landscape impacts of forest fragmentation in 19 subwatersheds of the Doam-dam watershed were analyzed. The S1 subwatershed, one of 19 subwatersheds of the Doam-dam watershed, was found to have experienced the significant forest fragmentation from 1985 to 2000 based on landscape analysis using the FRAGSTATS model. The results obtained in this study can be used to evaluate the water quality impacts of forest fragmentations/land use changes at watershed scale level, and establish environment-friendly land use planning based on the results obtained using landscape analytical tool, FRAGSTATS.

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A Study of the Landscape Analysis at Su-ji/Gi-heung in Young-in city using the FRAGSTATS Model (FRAGSTATS 모델을 이용한 용인시 수지/기흥 도시 녹지 변화 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Sun-Soon;Choi, Sun-Hee;Lee, Sang-Don
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.781-787
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the landscape changes at Su-ji and Gi-heung in Young-in city using FRAGSTATS Model. Landscape Indices obtained by this model can explain the structural change of urban green zone and fragmentation resulting from development. As results of this study, Gi-heung showed worse quality of landscape in 2007, comparing 2000. However, in Su-ji, there were several better landscape indices in the same 2007/2000 comparison, even though the little shrinking of green zone and separation of core area. It could assume that the reason was caused by conservation policy of urban green zone. This study could provide the useful methods for finding the problems and searching the alternatives considering the development of urban green zone.

Fragmentation Analysis of Daejeon City's Green Biotope Using Landscape Index and Visualization Method (경관의 지수화 및 시각화 기법을 활용한 대전광역시 녹지비오톱 파편화 분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyo;Ra, Jung-Hwa;Lee, Soon-Ju;Kwon, Oh-Sung;Cho, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Eun-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.29-44
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to quantitatively and visually analyze the degree of green biotope fragmentation caused by road construction and other development work using FRAGSTATS and GUIDOS tool. Moreover, linking of the endangered species research, we mapped "Biotope Fragmentation Map" of Daejeon-city. The findings of the study are summarized as follows: First, as the result of FRAGSTATS, landscape indices : number of patch(NP), mean patch size (MPS), edge length(TE), mean nearest neighbor distance(MNN), edge shape(LSI) showed meaningful change from fragmentation. Moreover, the result of GUIDOS analysis, middle core-small core-bridge-branch-edge-islet-perforation showed increase of area percentage without large core. Lastly, analysis result of 'Biotope Fragmentation Map' revealed that changing site of large core's size appeared eighteen-site and designated as the special protection area appeared forty-one site. As the result of the two data, overlapping areas that showed both change of core size and revealed special protection areas revealed four site. For example, five species of endangered species appeared on the NO. 4 site in 'Biotope Fragmentation Map'. The findings of this study as summarized above are considered to play an important role in basic data preventing green biotope fragmentation at the planned level from various development work.

Spatial Characteristic Analysis for the Main Production Areas of Vegetables based on Landscape Indices (경관지수를 활용한 채소 주산지 공간적 분포 특성 분석)

  • Bae, Seung-jong;Kim, Dae-Sik;Kim, Soo-Jin;Oh, Yun-Gyeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.135-146
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study is to accurately understand the spatial distribution characteristics of the main production area for the three vegetable crops such as Chinese cabbage, radish, and hot pepper. We applied the 8 landscape indices such as TA, NP, PD, LPI, LSI, PLADJ, COHESION, and CONNECT to 35 cities and counties using FRAGSTATS. In the case of main production area for Chinese cabbage, six cities and counties in Gangwon province were revealed as a relatively high degree of aggregation by cultivation parcels than other area. In addition, Gangneung city and Hongcheon county have been analyzed to be the most aggregated area in the case of radish and hot pepper, respectively. In the future, the spatial analysis method used in this study would be helpful to develop an effective regional plan of the main production area.

Spatial Fragmentation Analysis of Upland Fields Using Farm Manager Registration Information (농업경영체 등록정보를 활용한 밭 경작지의 공간적 파편화 특성 분석)

  • Lee, Jimin;Yoo, Seung-Hwan;Oh, Yun-Gyeong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2018
  • As food consumption pattern changes (reduced rice consumption and increased consumption of fresh vegetables), managing upland fields became a greater priority. However, the agricultural infrastructure projects have been focused on rice farming, and the infrastructure level to support dry fields cultivation is insufficient. The purpose of this study was to spatial distribution analysis of these dry fields with farm manager registration information. Using FRAGSTATS, we analyzed landscape indices (TA/CA, NP, PD, LSI, LPI, PLADJ, COHESION, CONNECT, AI) of farmlands in which farmers in 13 regions (Si or Gun) cultivated dry-field crops. As results of this analysis, the total area of the fields in Naju-si, Hampyeong-gun and Suncheon-si were found to be wider, but the average area of a patch in Youngam-gun, Hampyeong-gun and Jangseong-gun were wider than other regions. On average, each farmer had farmlands containing of 1.7~2.4 patches and cultivated crops in fields of 0.2~0.5 ha. Farmlands of Hampyeong-gun, Youngam-gun, Naju-si showed high values in adjacency indices, however the farmlands of Suncheon and Gwangyang showed fragmented distribution with low values in adjacency indices. These results of fragmentation analysis of farmlands could be used when we establish the plan of an agricultural infrastructure project or select places for a collaborative agricultural management business promotion project.

Feasibility of Forest Land Conversion to Other Use by Considering Forest Fragmentation (산지전용타당성조사제도에서 산림파편화지수의 고려방안 연구)

  • Kim, Mina;Choi, Jaeyong;Lee, Sanghyuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze impacts of the forest fragmentation caused by development project. Furthermore, to investigate the applicability of landscape indicator when 'Feasibility of forest land conversion to other use' is conducted. The study site was consisted of golf course development and road construction. It is to compare before and after impacts of areal and linear development. As for the methods, selecting landscape indices, clustered into 3 Categories have been utilized. Category I was concerned with 'size of forest patches', II as 'shape of forest patches', and III as 'Core Area' These were calculated by FRAGSTATS, the program for analyzing fragmentation. The results showed that linear development caused more fragmented than areal development projects. Also, patch size, patch shape and core area are related to impacts of development, while Patch size decreased, patch shape and core area increased after development. Therefore, it is necessary to minimize the impacts of forest by considering fragmentation when development project is planned.

Analysis of Fragmentation and Heterogeneity of Tancheon Watershed by Land Development Projects (개발에 따른 탄천유역의 파편화 및 이질성분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Yi, Hyun-Yi;Kim, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.120-129
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    • 2007
  • Rapid urbanization has transformed the spatial pattern of urban land use or cover. This paper concentrates that changed characteristics of landscape structure in the Tancheon Watershed, from 1995 to 2003 were investigated using land cover map. We used FRAGSTATS software to calculate landscape indices to characterize the landscape structure. We found that built up area has been increased rapidly during the study period, while cultivated area and forest area have been decreased rapidly in the same period. From 1995 to 2003, built up area was increased from 19.73% to 39.62% and cultivated area and forest area was decreased 17.60% to 5.97% and 58.31% to 49.41%. Number of patches, mean euclidean nearest-neighbor distance, contagion index, Shannon's diversity index increased considerably from 1995 to 2003, also suggesting the landscape in the study area became more fragmented and heterogeneous. but because of continuously fragmentation, landscape became homogeneity. The study demonstrates that landscape metrics can be a useful indicator in landscape monitoring and landscape assessment.

Land Use Changes and Climate Patterns in Southeast Korea (우리나라 동남부 지역의 토지 이용과 기후 패턴 변화 분석)

  • Park, Sun-Yurp;Tak, Han-Myeong
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2013
  • Landscape structure changes over the past three decades were determined with land use and land cover(LULC) maps, and their relationships with mean air temperature time series were the analyzed for the Busan metropolitan area and South Kyeongsang Province, Korea. The geometric structures of the LULC data were quantitatively represented based on FRAGSTATS, a spatial pattern analysis program for quantifying landscape structure. FRAGSTATS-derived landscape metrics confirmed that there were major changes in LULC and landscape fragmentation in the region. Meteorological observation records showed that mean air temperature had increased from $14.1^{\circ}C$ in the 1990's to $14.8^{\circ}C$ in the 2000's in Busan. For South Kyeongsang Province, they increased from $13.2^{\circ}C$ to $13.9^{\circ}C$ during the same time period. These long-term temperature changes are correlated with typical spatial pattern changes of LULC in the southeastern region of the country. Spatial metrics analysis showed that urban area expanded from 9.7% to 26.8% of Busan while forest and agricultural land decreased by 9.6% and 14.9%, respectively over the past thirty years. The significant urbanization are tightly associated with deforestation, removal of agricultural land, and fast temperature increases since the 1990's. The urban area of South Kyeongsang Province rapidly increased, and it became 12 times as large as it was. The degree of temperature increases differed among three different sub-regions. The temperature increasing rate was lowest in the coastal region while the colder mountainous region had the highest figure.

Temporal-Spatial Analysis of Landscape Diversity using FRAGSTATS (FRAGSTATS를 활용한 경관다양성의 시공간적 분석)

  • Kwon, Oh-Sung;Ra, Jung-Hwa;Ku, Ji-Na;Kim, Jin-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2015
  • This research selected Daegu Metropolitan City representing a combination of natural space and urban space for this case study. To achieve this, a prerequisite was to set up an optimal block size to evaluate landscape diversity of the research site by using a RPR-Area Curve. Further, landscape diversity evaluation was conducted based on land cover map by using FRAGSTATS to analyze spatio-temporal changes. Notably, this research regarded it as the most significant to set forth criteria in order to apply landscape diversity to the development plans of the newtown and outskirt of a city under high pressure development. Results derived from this research are summarized as follows. According to the results derived from establishing the optimal block size, a size about $2km^2$ was analyzed to measure landscape diversity of the research site. Also, according to the results derived from land diversity evaluation based on land cover map, land diversity was highly measured around urban stream such as Nakdong River and Geumho River, and in particular, the value of landscape diversity was measured considerably high around the urban parks. Results derived from analysis on spatio-temporal changes of land diversity demonstrated that a certain level of urban development exerted a positive effect on an increase in land diversity, but consistent urban development lowered a value of landscape diversity. Results derived from regression analysis to set forth the optimal urban space showed that an urban area of a space about $2km^2$ exerted a positive effect at a rate of about 0~43.3% and a negative effect at a rate about 43.3~100%. In conclusion, the results of this research are considered to provide important basic data for future urban and landscape planning. Nonetheless, as only the layout on the 2D plane was analyzed in this research, further research in future is required to complexly consider diverse factors such as height of structure and change in visible real area arising from geographical features.