• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fatigue

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A Study on the Fatigue Life Prediction and Evaluation of Rubber Components for Automobile Vehicle (자동차 방진고무부품의 피로수명 예측 및 평가)

  • Woo, Chang-Su;Kim, Wan-Doo;Kwon, Jae-Do
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 2005
  • The fatigue analysis and lifetime evaluation are very important in design procedure to assure the safety and reliability of the rubber components. Fatigue lifetime prediction methodology of the rubber component was proposed by incorporating the finite element analysis and fatigue damage parameter from fatigue test. Finite element analysis of 3D dumbbell specimen and rubber component were performed based on a hyper-elastic material model determined from material test. The Green-Lagrange strain at the critical location determined from the FEM was used for evaluating the fatigue damaged parameter of the natural rubber. Fatigue life of the rubber component are predicted by using the fatigue damage parameter at the critical location. Predicted fatigue lifes of the rubber component agreed fairly well the experimental fatigue lives.

Review of the Prevalence of Chronic Fatigue Worldwide

  • Son, Chang-Gue
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: To obtain the features of prevalence of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome worldwide. Methods: All research reports for prevalence of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome were selected from PubMed, KMbase and KISS database, and the prevalence were analyzed according to the symptoms and countries. Results: A total of 39 articles from 13 other countries and 4 articles from Korea met the criteria of this study. The prevalence of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome was about 10% and 1% respectively. The prevalence for Korean was 17.7% and 1.4% respectively, however the data have a limitation due to the lack of well-designed studies. Conclusions: This report can provide essential information to build a strategy for development of therapeutics against chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome using traditional Korean medicine.

Retardation Behavior of Fatigue Crack Growth and Fatigue Life Prediction of Thin Sheet Al 2024-T3 Alloy (박판 Al 2024-T3 합금재료의 피로균열성장지연거동과 피로수명예측)

  • Kim, S.G.
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Mechanical Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2011
  • Sheet aluminum alloys have been used in manufacturing of machine structures. In fatigue crack propagation behavior of thin sheet aluminum alloys, it is important that fatigue crack growth rate is affected by crack closure phenomenon. In this work, we analyzed the characteristics of fatigue crack propagation behavior in experiment of constant stress condition for thin sheet Al 2024-T3 alloys, and identified the retardation behavior of crack growth by comparing experimental results of thin and thick plate specimen. We attempt to operate the fatigue life estimating process using the fatigue related material constants from referred fatigue crack propagation analysis. And we analyzed the experimental and prediction results of fatigue life of thin sheet aluminum alloy in order to identify the relation between retardation behavior of fatigue crack growth and crack closure phenomenon.

Prediction and Application of Fatigue Life on Characteristics of Fatigue Crack Propagation of Thin Sheet Alloy (박판합금재료의 피로균열 전파특성에 대한 피로수명예측과 활용)

  • Lee, Ouk-Sub;Kim, Seung-Gwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2007
  • In fatigue life prediction, it is important that fatigue life is affected by crack closure phenomenon in thin sheet Al alloy. In this research, we attempt to (1)analyze the characteristics of fatigue crack propagation in constant loading condition for thin sheet Al 2024-T3 alloy which is generally used in transportation structures, (2)identify the crack closure phenomenon in thin sheet comparing experimental results of thin and thick sheet specimen under same fatigue loading condition. In using the fatigue related material constants from these fatigue crack propagation analysis, we attempt to (3)operate the fatigue life estimating process with considering crack closure phenomenon and (4)analyze the experimental and prediction results of fatigue life in thin sheet Al alloy.

ASSESSMENT OF THERMAL FATIGUE IN MIXING TEE BY FSI ANALYSIS

  • Jhung, Myung Jo
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2013
  • Thermal fatigue is a significant long-term degradation mechanism in nuclear power plants. In particular, as operating plants become older and life time extension activities are initiated, operators and regulators need screening criteria to exclude risks of thermal fatigue and methods to determine significant fatigue relevance. In general, the common thermal fatigue issues are well understood and controlled by plant instrumentation at fatigue susceptible locations. However, incidents indicate that certain piping system Tee connections are susceptible to turbulent temperature mixing effects that cannot be adequately monitored by common thermocouple instrumentations. Therefore, in this study thermal fatigue evaluation of piping system Tee-connections is performed using the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analysis. From the thermal hydraulic analysis, the temperature distributions are determined and their results are applied to the structural model of the piping system to determine the thermal stress. Using the rain-flow method the fatigue analysis is performed to generate fatigue usage factors. The procedure for improved load thermal fatigue assessment using FSI analysis shown in this study will supply valuable information for establishing a methodology on thermal fatigue.

Thermal-mechanical Fatigue Life Prediction of 12Cr Forged Steel Using Strain Range Partitioning method (변형률분할법에 의한 12Cr 단조강의 열피로 수명예측)

  • 하정수;옹장우;고승기
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1192-1202
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    • 1994
  • Fatigue behavior and life prediction were presented for thermal-mechanical and isothermal low cycle fatigue of 12Cr forged steel used for high temperature applications. In-phase and out-of-phase thermal-mechanical fatigue test at 350 to 600.deg. C and isothermal low cycle fatigue test at 600.deg. C were conducted using smooth cylindrical hollow specimen under strain-control with total strain ranges from 0.006 to 0.015. Cyclic softening behavior was observed regardless of thermal-mechanical and isothermal fatigue tests. The phase difference between temperature and strain in thermal-mechanical fatigue resulted in significantly shorter fatigue life for out-of-phase than for in-phase. The difference in fatigue lives was dependent upon the magnitudes of inelastic strain ranges and mean stresses. Increase in inelastic strain range showed a tendency of intergranular cracking and decrease in fatigue life, especially for out-of-phase thermal-mechanical fatigue. Thermal-mechanical fatigue life prediction was made by partitioning the strain ranges of the hysteresis loops and the results of isothermal low cycle fatigue tests which were performed under the combination of slow and fast strain rates. Predicted fatigue lives for out-of-phase using the strain range partitioning method showed an excellent agreement with the actual out-of-phase thermal-mechanical fatigue lives within a factor of 1.5. Conventional strain range partitioning method exhibited a poor accuracy in the prediction of in-phase thermal-mechanical fatigue lives, which was quite improved conservatively by a proposed strain range partitioning method.

Fatigue and its Related Factors in Patients on Hemodialysis (혈액투석환자의 피로와 관련 요인에 관한 연구)

  • 김혜령
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.53-72
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    • 1996
  • The Purpose of this study was to identify characteristics of fatigue and the relationship between fatigue and related factors in patients on hemodialysis. This study was a survey study using a cross-sectional design. The subjects for this study were 101 patients on hemodialysis who were registered in the six hemodialysis clinics among a total of eleven clinics in Seoul. The period of data collection was from February 28, 1995 to May 2, 1995. Data were collected through an interview with a structured packet and the physiological data. The tools used in this study were the Visual Analogue Scale-Fatigue developed by Lee et al(1990) and translated by Lee(1991), the fatigue interview schedule developed by this researcher, Zung's self rating depression scale(Zung, 1965), the self-efficacy scale developed by Sherer et al(1982) and the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire(NSSQ) translated by Oh(1984). The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics(mean, standard deviation, frequency, range), Pearson correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows ; 1. Characteristics of Fatigue of hemodialysis patients : 1) 79 of 101 hemodialysis patients complained fatigue. 2) The mean fatigue score as measured by the VAS-F was 36.2mm. 3) The mean duration of fatigue was 2.9 hours 2. Characteristics of fatigue related factors : 1) The physiologic factor which included Hgb, Hct, BUN, creatinine, potassium and interdialytic weight gain deviated from normal range. 2) The psychological factor which included depression and self-efficacy was about the same level as for patients with other chronic diseases. 3) The environmental factor which included social support had wide variation. 3. The relationship between fatigue and related factors : 1) Interdialytic weight gain in the physiologica factor was the only valuable with fatigue (p<.05) 2) The relationship between fatigue and the psychological factor of depression showed a positive and strong correlation(p<.05). According to the findings of this study, fatigue was highly correlated with the depression. This indicates that nurses should try to assess and control psychological factors when patients complain of fatigue rather than just considering physiological factors. Nursing has to develop effective nursing interventions to reduce fatigue in patients with chronic diseases using the relationship between fatigue and physiological, psychological and environmental factors.

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The Degree of Fatigue Depending on Constitution in Middle-Aged Women (중년 여성의 체질별 피로 - 한방병원 내원환자를 중심으로 -)

  • Shin, Eun-Ju;Han, Seon-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the subjective degree of fatigue, the degree of fatigue depending on constitution, and the factors related to fatigue in middle-aged women. Method: Data were collected from 51 patients, registered at Oriental Medicine Hospital in J-city and K-city respectively. The instrument used in this study were the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue and the Questionnaire of Sasang Constitution Classification Ⅱ. Data analysis was done SPSS Result: The characteristics of constitution in middle-aged women could be divided into three: twenty six people of Soeumin, thirteen people of Taeumin, and twelve people of Soyangin. The degree of fatigue in middle-aged women: the average score 30.61 out of the total score 40. Subdivision of fatigue scores: common fatigue degree 7.71, distress due to fatigue 7.67, degree of daily activity fatigue 7.43, and fatigue frequency in the previous week 7.84. There were significant differences in the degree of fatigue depending on constitution in middle-aged women(p=.033). This study revealed weight, exercise, and drinking are important factors that can exert influence on the degree of fatigue. Also, there was a big difference in the degree of fatigue depending on constitution. Conclusion: In conclusion, fatigue is one of the difficult problems with middle-aged women. And this study revealed that change in the weight(especially loss of weight), physical exercise, and drinking are important factors that can exert influence on the degree of fatigue. Also, there was a big difference in the degree of fatigue depending on constitution. Therefore it is necessary to develop Korean nursing intervention to providing an appropriate environment where there is the harmony of the dual principles of the negative and positive, and patients can be taken care of properly.

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Characteristics of Fatigue in Sasang Constitution by Analyzing Questionnaire and Medical Devices Data (설문지와 의료기기 자료 분석을 통한 사상체질별 피로 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Koo;Ha, Ye-Jin;Park, Soo-Jeong;Choi, Na-Rae;Lee, Young-Seop;Joo, Jong-Cheon
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.306-319
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    • 2013
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to find correlations between gastrointestinal disorders, pain, sleep disorder, fatigue, and to figure out characteristics of fatigue in Sasang Constitution using medical devices data. Methods Sixty three subjects were divided into fatigue group and non-fatigue group, both groups had to undergo blood tests, questionnaire, Sasang constitutional analysis tool (SCAT), pulse wave analyzer examination, heart rate variability examination, nail fold capillary microscopic examination. Results 1) The results of questionnaire about fatigue, gastrointestinal disorder, pain, sleep disorder, quality of life had significant differences between fatigue and non-fatigue groups. 2) Soeumin had more serious gastrointestinal problem and Soyangin had more serious sleep disorder in fatigue groups than non-fatigue groups. 3) According to blood test results, there was no difference between fatigue and non-fatigue groups. 4) Elastic parameter of pulse wave analyzer and nail fold capillary microscopic examination showed significant differences between fatigue and non-fatigue groups in Soyangin. Conclusions We reach the conclusion that fatigue is usually accompanied by gastrointestinal disorder, pain, sleep disorder, deterioration in the quality of life. In Soeumin, treating gastrointestinal disorders can be helpful for treatment of fatigue. In Soyangin, improving sleep disorder may be more effective way to treat fatigue.

High Temperature Fatigue Behavior of A356 and A319 Heat Resistant Aluminum Alloys (A356 및 A319 내열 알루미늄 합금의 고온 피로 변형 거동)

  • Park, Jong-Soo;Sung, Si-Young;Han, Bum-Suck;Jung, Chang-Yeol;Lee, Kee-Ahn
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.467-469
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    • 2009
  • In this study, fatigue samples were prepared from cylinder head parts that are actually used in domestic (A) and foreign (B) automobiles; high-temperature, high-cycle, and low-cycle fatigue characteristics were then evaluated and compared. A study on the correlation between the microstructural factor and high temperature fatigue characteristic was attempted. The chemical compositions of the heat resistant aluminum alloys above represented A356 (A) and A319 (B), respectively. The result of the tensile strength test on material B at $250^{\circ}C$ was higher by 30.8MPa compared to material A. On the other hand, elongation was 8.5% higher for material A. At $130{\circ}C$, material B exhibited high fatigue life given high cycle fatigue under high stress, whereas material A showed high fatigue life when stress was lowered. With regard to the low-cycle fatigue result ($250^{\circ}C$) showing higher fatigue life as ductility is increased, material A demonstrated higher fatigue life. Through the observation of the differences in microstructure and the fatigue fracture surface, an attempt to explain the high-temperature fatigue deformation behavior of the materials was made.

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