• Title, Summary, Keyword: Filler

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Implementation of Location Based Services Using Satellite DMB System (위성 DMB 시스템을 이용한 위치 기반 서비스 구현)

  • Kwon, Seong-Geun;Lee, Suk-Hwan;Kim, Kang-Wook;Kwon, Ki-Ryong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, the implementation of location based services (LBS) using S-DMB (satellite-digital multimedia broadcasting) system was proposed. In S-DMB System, the frequency of transmitted signal is about 2 GHz which has a characteristics of strong straightness but weak diffraction so that there are many shade areas such as indoors and underground spaces. Therefore the signal transmitted from the satellite should be retransmitted by the earth repeaters called as gap filler. Because each gap filler has its own identification value, the gap filler ID introduces the area in which the gap filler was installed. Generally, the 51st data symbols of S-DMB pilot signal transmitted from the satellite are padded by dummy value and gap filler ID is embedded in this pilot symbol by the gap filler when S-DMB signals are retransmitted by gap fillers. So using gap filler ID of S-DMB system, LBS such as region registration, distance and time to destination, alarm of local area information could be implemented. In the experiment to prove the performance of the proposed LBS system using the gap filler ID of the S-DMB system, the firmware of S-DMB chip composing of RF and baseband parts was lightly modified so that application processor was able to manipulate the gap filler ID and the its related regional information.

Effects of filler addition to bonding agents on shear bond strength

  • Oh, Young;Park, Kyung-Won;Oh, Myoung-Hwan;Um, Chung-Moon
    • Proceedings of the KACD Conference
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    • pp.559.2-559
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    • 2001
  • Fanning et al.(1995) suggested that the incorporation of filler particles into a system's adhesive could increase the shear bond strength by improving the mechanical properties. In this study, shear bond strengths of experimental filled adhesives with varying filler levels were tested to determine the optimal filler level. The diametrile tensile strength and thickness of each experimental adhesive were also examined to evaluate if there is a relation between shear bond strength and mechanical properties of adhesive.(omitted)

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Sound Quality analysis for Fuel Filler Door open system (연료주입구 Door open 음의 음질분석)

  • Park, D.C.;Lee, D.H.;Jung, S.G.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1467-1472
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    • 2000
  • This paper describes an investigative study for Fuel Filler Door open sound. Using statistical method of analyzing jury preference data, we extract important factor for subjective feeling and also define sound quality index and sound quality guideline for development of fuel filler system.

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Filler-Polymer Interactions in Filled Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Compounds

  • Park, Sung-Seen
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2001
  • Formation of bound rubber depends on the filler-polymer interactions including physical adsorption, chemisorption, and mechanical interaction. Bound rubbers consist of tightly and loosely bound ones. Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) is composed of styrene, 1,2-, cis-1,4-, and trans-1,4-units. Filler-polymer interactions of each components of SBR with fillers, carbon black and silica, were studied by analysis of microstructure of the bound rubber. Filler-polymer interaction of the 1,2-unit with the fillers was found to be stronger than those of the other components and this phenomenon was shown more clearly in the tightly bound rubber.

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Advancements in Polymer-Filler Derived Ceramics

  • Greil, Peter
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2012
  • Microstructure tailoring of filler loaded preceramic polymer systems offers a high potential for property improvement of Si-based ceramics and composites. Advancements in manufacturing of bulk materials by controlling microstructure evolution during thermal induced polymer-ceramic transforma-tion and polymer-filler reactions will be presented. Rate controlled pyrolysis, multilayer gradient laminate design and surface modification by gas solid reaction are demonstrated to yield ceramic components of high fractional density and superior mechanical properties. Emerging fields of applications are presented.

The Moisture Absorption Properties of Liquid Type Epoxy Molding Compound for Chip Scale Package According to the Change of Fillers (충전재 변화에 따른 Chip Scale Package(CSP)용 액상 에폭시 수지 성형물 (Epoxy Molding Compound)의 흡습특성)

  • Kim, Whan-Gun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.594-602
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    • 2010
  • Since the requirement of the high density integration and thin package technique of semiconductor have been increasing, the main package type of semiconductor will be a chip scale package (CSP). The changes of diffusion coefficient and moisture content ratio of epoxy resin systems according to the change of liquid type epoxy resin and fillers for CSP applications were investigated. The epoxy resins used in this study are RE-304S, RE310S, and HP-4032D, and Kayahard MCD as hardener and 2-methylimidazole as catalyst were used in these epoxy resin systems. The micro-sized and nano-sized spherical type fused silica as filler were used in order to study the moisture absorption properties of these epoxy molding compound (EMC) according to the change of filler size. The temperature of glass transition (Tg) of these EMC was measured using Dynamic Scanning Calorimeter (DSC), and the moisture absorption properties of these EMC according to the change of time were observed at $85^{\circ}C$ and 85% relative humidity condition using a thermo-hygrostat. The diffusion coefficients in these EMC were calculated in terms of modified Crank equation based on Ficks' law. An increase of diffusion coefficient and maximum moisture absorption ratio with Tg in these systems without filler can be observed, which are attributed to the increase of free volume with Tg. In the EMC with filler, the changes of Tg and maximum moisture absorption ratio with the filler content can be hardly observed, however, the diffusion coefficients of these systems with filler content show the outstanding changes according to the filler size. The diffusion via free volume is dominant in the EMC with micro-sized filler; however, the diffusion with the interaction of absorption according the increase of the filler surface area is dominant in the EMC with nano-sized filler.

Evaluation of mechanical Characteristic according to the Filler Metal by GTA welding Process using 7075 Aluminum Alloy (알루미늄 합금 7075의 용가재에 따른 GTA용접공정의 기계적 특성 평가)

  • Son, Yeong-San;Lim, Byung-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.521-526
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    • 2017
  • In the GTA welding process of Al 7075 alloy using different types of filler metals, the tensile test and micro-hardness test were conducted to evaluate the mechanical characteristics. Also, the radiographic test result showed that the weld met the criterion of level 1 in accordance with KS D 0242 for verifying the welding integrity and there were no welding defects. The tensile test result obtained using Al 7075 as a filler metal showed that the material was fractured in the weld zone. The tensile strengths of the materials using Al 7075 and ER 4043 as the filler metal were about 240MPa and 253MPa, their yield strengths were about 132MPa and 120MPa and their elongation percentages were 6.6% and 13%, respectively. The micro-hardness value of the deposited metal zone when using Al 7075 as the filler metal was Hv 132. However, the micro-hardness of the material using ER4043 as the filler metal was about 24% lower than that using Al 7075. When the chemical composition of the filler metal is the same as that of the material itself, fracture can occur in the deposited metal zone. Therefore, it is not desirable to use the same material as the filler metal for the welding of Al 7075 alloy. Moreover, the use of Al-Si based ER 4043 as a filler metal is more desirable than using the same material as a filler metal for welding Al 7075.

The Ability of L2 LSTM Language Models to Learn the Filler-Gap Dependency

  • Kim, Euhee
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we investigate the correlation between the amount of English sentences that Korean English learners (L2ers) are exposed to and their sentence processing patterns by examining what Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) language models (LMs) can learn about implicit syntactic relationship: that is, the filler-gap dependency. The filler-gap dependency refers to a relationship between a (wh-)filler, which is a wh-phrase like 'what' or 'who' overtly in clause-peripheral position, and its gap in clause-internal position, which is an invisible, empty syntactic position to be filled by the (wh-)filler for proper interpretation. Here to implement L2ers' English learning, we build LSTM LMs that in turn learn a subset of the known restrictions on the filler-gap dependency from English sentences in the L2 corpus that L2ers can potentially encounter in their English learning. Examining LSTM LMs' behaviors on controlled sentences designed with the filler-gap dependency, we show the characteristics of L2ers' sentence processing using the information-theoretic metric of surprisal that quantifies violations of the filler-gap dependency or wh-licensing interaction effects. Furthermore, comparing L2ers' LMs with native speakers' LM in light of processing the filler-gap dependency, we not only note that in their sentence processing both L2ers' LM and native speakers' LM can track abstract syntactic structures involved in the filler-gap dependency, but also show using linear mixed-effects regression models that there exist significant differences between them in processing such a dependency.

A Comparison Study on Reinforcement Behaviors of Functional Fillers in Nitrile Rubber Composites

  • Seong, Yoonjae;Lee, Harim;Kim, Seonhong;Yun, Chang Hyun;Park, Changsin;Nah, Changwoon;Lee, Gi-Bbeum
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.306-313
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    • 2020
  • To investigate the reinforcing effects of functional fillers in nitrile rubber (NBR) materials, high-structure carbon black (HS45), coated calcium carbonate (C-CaCO3), silica (200MP), and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used as functional filler, and carbon black (SRF) as a common filler were used for oil-resistant rubber. The curing and mechanical properties of HS45-, 200MP-, and MWCNT-filled NBR compounds were improved compared to those of the SRF-filled NBR compound. The reinforcing effect also increased with a decrease in the particle size of the fillers. The C-CaCO3-filled NBR compound exhibited no reinforcing effect with increasing filler concentration because of their large primary particle size (2 ㎛). The reinforcing behavior based on 100% modulus of the functional filler based NBR compounds was compared by using several predictive equation models. The reinforcing behavior of the C-CaCO3-filled NBR compound was in accordance with the Smallwood-Einstein equation whereas the 200MP- and MWCNT-filled NBR compounds fitted well with the modified Guth-Gold (m-Guth-Gold) equation. The SRF- and HS45-filled NBR compounds exhibited reinforcing behavior in accordance with the Guth-Gold and m-Guth-Gold equations, respectively, at a low filler content. However, the values of reinforcement parameter (100Mf/100Mu) of the SRF- and HS45-filled NBR compounds were higher than those determined by the predictive equation model at a high filler content. Because the chains of SRF composed of spherical filler particles are similarly changed to rod-like filler particles embedded in a rubber matrix and the reinforcement parameter rapidly increased with a high content of HS45, the higher-structured filler. The reinforcing effectiveness of the functional fillers was numerically evaluated on the basis of the effectiveness index (��SRF/��f) determined by the ratio of the volume fraction of the functional filler (��f) to that of the SRF filler (��SRF) at three unit of reinforcing parameter (100Mf/100Mu). On the basis of their effectiveness index, MWCNT-, 200MP-, and HS45-filled compounds showed higher reinforcing effectiveness of 420%, 70%, and 20% than that of SRF-filled compound, respectively whereas C-CaCO3-filled compound exhibited lower reinforcing effectiveness of -50% than that of SRF-filled compound.

DEVELOPMENT OF TITANIUM-BASED BRAZING FILLER METALS WITH LOW-MELTING-POING

  • Onzawa, Tadao;Tiyama, Takashi
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.539-544
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    • 2002
  • Titanium and titanium alloy are excellent in corrosion resistance and specific intensity, and also in the biocompatibility. On the other hand, the brazing is bonding method of which productivity and reliability are high, when the complicated and precise structure of the thin plate is constructed. However, though conventional titanium-based brazing filler metal was excellent in bond strength and corrosion resistance, it was disadvantageous that metal structure and mechanical property of the base metal deteriorated, since the brazing temperature (about 1000 C) is considerably high. Authors developed new brazing filler metal which added Zr to Ti-Cu (-Ni) alloy which can be brazed at 900 C or less about 15 years ago. In this paper, the development of more low-melting-point brazing filler metal was tried by the addition of the fourth elements such as Ni, Co, Cr for the Ti-Zr-Cu alloy. As a method for finding the low-melting-point composition, eutectic composition exploration method was used in order to reduce the experiment point. As the result, several kinds of new brazing filler metal such as 37.5Ti-37.5-Zr-25Cu alloy (melting point 825 C) and 30Ti-43Zr-25Cu-2Cr alloy (melting point: 825 C) was developed. Then, the brazing joint showed the characteristics which were almost equal to the base metal from the result of obtaining metallic structure and strength of joint of brazing joint. However, the brazing filler metal composition of the melting point of 820 C or less could not be found. Consequentially, it was clarified that the brazing filler metal developed in this study could be practically sufficiently used from results such as metal structure of brazing joint and tensile test of the joint.

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