• Title, Summary, Keyword: Food wastes

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Changes of Microbiological Distribution in Food Waste for Animal Feed (동물 사료화를 위한 음식물 쓰레기의 미생물 분포 변화)

  • 김판경;박승춘;김명희;오태광;손천배
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.156-161
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    • 1998
  • This study investigated the microbiological changes and distribution of bacteria producing enzyme in order to change food wastes to animal feed during 6 days at room temperature. Food wastes were divided as follows: one is untreated food wastes containing 80% water content and another wastes containing 40% water content adiusted by wheat bran. During the fermentation of food wastes, Lactobacillus sp. and Streptococcus sp. were grown the top position among investigated microorganisms in both of food wastes. Numbers of total microorganisms were much more than untreated wastes during fermentation of flood wastes with 40% water content. But, Streptococcus sp. and Enterobacteriaceae from 4 to 6 days were not detected in treated wastes with 40% water contents. This fact indicated that the adiustment of water content in food waste was effective in fermentation. However, the numbers of microorganisms producing pretense were low in both treated and untreated food wastes. These results suggested that flood wastes should be treated as food wastes with 40% water content to maintain a lot of fermentative microorganisms such as Lactobacillus sp., Streptococcus sp. and yeasts together with pretense to make final animal feed.

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A Study on Practical Applications of Environmental Education related to Food Waste Collected from Elementary School Foodservices(I) (초등학교 급식에서 배출되는 음식물쓰레기의 환경교육적 활용(I) - 음식물쓰레기 현황 및 환경교육적 활용 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • 서현창;김인호;이태근
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.130-143
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted as a preliminary step to establish a model for the practical application of environmental education related to food wastes collected from elementary school foodservices. Methods of treatment and present recycling status of food wastes in elementary schools in Kyonggido were surveyed. The consciousness of dieticians who have been serving for elementary school foodservices was also analyzed through the survey questions concerning environmental education for the reduction and recycling of food wastes. The results derived from this survey were as follows: The major portion of food wastes from elementary school foodservices was constituted with vegetables and soup, and an average amount of food wastes per day was highest in June and July. Therefore environmental education related to reduction of wastes was needed in the first semester of school terms, and the possible reduction of food wastes achieved through the proper planning of school foodservice menu was also needed. In most cases food wastes were collected and treated by animal growing farmers or composted by machines in school. In operating composting machines microorganism inoculant was mostly used but dieticians pointed out the problem of a nasty odor, insects, and high energy consumption. This situation means it has not been operated efficiently and suggests an efficiency problem of machine composting in elementary schools because composting itself is based on the aerobic digestion and high temperature fermentation which kills insects and harmful microorganisms. Elementary school dieticians in Kyonggido were aware that food wastes cause main pollution problem, and that food wastes are valuable resources which can be recycled, and recycling of food wastes is inevitable. But more than half of the schools surveyed have not been reused food wastes in school, so a proper model for recycling and reuse of food wastes in school grounds was thought to be needed. Environmental education programs related to food wastes have not been peformed in more than half of the schools surveyed. It was concluded that the following three plans will be helpful to reduce school food wastes. First, environmental education should be enforced, second, teachers' and dieticians' intensive teaching concerning food wastes should be needed, and finally establishment of a model for recycling and reuse of food wastes in school grounds and its application to environmental education would offer a valuable field experience to school students.

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A Study on the Effects of Salinity and Washing in on Aerobic Composting of Food Wastes

  • Park, Seok-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.207-209
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    • 2004
  • This study was performed to estimate the effects of salinity and washing of food wastes on temperature, pH, and salinity in aerobic composting of food wastes. Weight ratios of food wastes to water in washing were 1:0(Control), 1:1(W-1), 1:2(W-2), 1:3(W-3) and 1:4(W-4), respectively. Ratios of food wastes to wood chips in reactor of Control, W-1, W-2, W-3 and W-4 were 5kg:5L, respectively. Reactors were operated for 24 days with 1 hour stirring by 1 rpm and 2 hours aeration per day. The increase in the ratio of food wastes to water used in washing resulted in the decrease of the highest reaction temperature and the elongation of the high temperature reaction period. The lowering of the ratio of food wastes to water used in washing resulted in faster pH increase The final salinities of Control, W-1, W-2, W-3 and W-4 were 0.95%, 0.73%, 0.65%, 0.57% and 0.41%, respectively.

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Study on the Amounts of Kitchen Wastes and Method for Reduction of Its Wastes Disposed in Korean Style Restaurants (전국 한식제공 음식업소에서의 음식물 쓰레기량 실태 파악 및 감소방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kye, Seung-Hee;Moon, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.421-429
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    • 1996
  • This research was conducted to survey amounts of kitchen wastes disposed and to find method for reduction of the kitchen wastes. Questionnaires were developed. Survey was conducted in Korean style restaurants 1,292 in nationwide and recovery rate of questionnaires is 97.52%. Amounts of kitchen wastes disposed were calculated using programme developed in this research institute. As a results, wastes of food disposed in prepreparation phase large quantities is the vegetables. Wastes of fruits, fishes and shellfishes were disposed in large quantities, too. Amounts of wastes of boiled chicken with ginseng, Jeon-Gol, and rosted beef ribs in dishes were much due to refuse portion as bone. Wastes of kitchen are composed of food wastes 44%, dishes wastes 56% in nationwide in Korean style restaurants. Amounts of kitchen wastes disposed in Korean style restaurants are 28.33 kg in large city, 24 kg in small city and rural, respectively. Methods for the effective reduction of kitchen wastes in restaurants were suggested. Also, it is possible to utilize the kitchen waste as fertilizer or feed for animals but economic feasibility could cause problems.

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Household's main activities for decreasing food wastes (가정내 음식물 쓰레기 감량을 위한 소비자 특성별 행위와 요인분석)

  • Han, Jae-Hwan;Hwang, Yun-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2012
  • This study conducted an internet survey to explore consumers' behaviors for reducing food wastes and to examine factors affecting their actions. Consumer survey demonstrates that food preparers at home purchase foods two or three times a week on average and most of food wastes are generated in the process of cooking preparation. Results show that consumers who purchase foods at supermarket reduce food wastes by frequently buying a small amount of foods and checking the expiration date. Consumers with higher income diminish food wastes by purchasing appropriate amount of foods. Interestingly, if husband and wife work together for a living, they are more active for decreasing food wastes compared to a single worker.

Effect of Chaff on Aerobic Composting of Food Wastes (왕겨가 음식물쓰레기의 호기성 퇴비화에 미치는 영향)

  • 박석환
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to examine the effects of chaff as a bulking material on temperature, pH, weight and volume reduction and salinity in aerobic composting of food wastes. Volume ratios of food wastes to chaff in reactor of Control, Ch-1. Ch-2, Ch-3 and Ch-4 were 4:0, 4:1, 4:2, 4:3 and 4:4. respectively. Reactors were operated for 24 days with 1 hour stirring by 1 rpm and 2 hours aeration per day. The lowering of the volume ratio of food wasted to chaff resulted in the reaction at higher reaction temperature and the elongation of the high temperature reaction period. The lowering of the volume ratio of food wastes to chaff resulted in the more faster pH increase. The lowering of the volume ratio of food wastes to chaff resulted in the more faster reduction in the weight and the volume of wastes. Salinities were condensed by reaction days. The final salinity of Control and the final range of salinities of chaff mixtures were 2.79%, and 2.18~2.37%. respectively.

Effects of Chaff as Bulking Materials on Aerobic Composting of Food Wastes

  • Park, Seok-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.208-212
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to examine the effects of chaff as bulking materials on temperature, pH, weight and volume reduction and salinity in aerobic composting of food wastes. Volume ratios of food wastes to chaff in reactor Control, Ch-1, Ch-2, Ch-3 and Ch-4 were 4:0, 4:1, 4:2, 4:3 and 4:4, respectively. Reactors were operated for 24 days with 1 hour stirring by 1 rpm and 2 hours aeration per day. The lowering of the volume ratio of food wastes to chaff resulted in the ascending of the highest reaction temperature and the elongation of the high temperature reaction period. The lowering of the volume ratio of food wastes to chaff resulted in the more fast time of pH ascending. The lowering of the volume ratio of food wastes to chaff resulted in the more fast consistency in the weight and volume reduction rates. Salinities were condensed by reaction days. The final salinity of Control was 2.79%, and the final range of salinities of chaff mixtures was 2.18 - 2.37%.

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Study on the Support Policy for Recycling Food Wastes into Feed & Compost (음식물류 폐기물의 사료화 및 퇴비화 등 자원화 지원정책에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn Sang-Sun
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.52-63
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    • 2005
  • Korea has recently implemented two m메or policies on organic wastes, including food wastes. One is the Volume-Based waste Fee System (VBWFS). which went effect nationwide in January 1995, and the other is a ban on the landfill of organic wastes, such as food wastes. organic sludge, and animal manure, in accordance with the Waste Management Act. These two policies have brought about remarkable positive effects, including the reduction of organic wastes at source, and the development of technology for recycling food wastes into feed and compost. However, they have caused obstacles to carry out the policy on food wastes, in areas of legal and technological infrastructures for recycling. Therefore, this study intends to find problems of policies for recycling food wastes, and to suggest ways to resolve them.

Effects of Washing of Food Wastes on Aerobic Composting (음식물쓰레기의 세척이 호기성 퇴비화에 미치는 영향)

  • 박석환
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2004
  • This study was performed to estimate the effects of washing of food wastes on temperature, pH, weight and volume reduction and salinity in aerobic composting of food wastes. Weight ratios of food wastes to water in washing were 1:0(Control), 1:1 (W-1), 1:2(W-2), 1:3(W-3) and :4(W-4), respectively. Ratios of food wastes to wood chips in reactor of Control, W-1, W-2, W-3 and W-4 were 5 kg:5 1, respectively. Reactors were operated for 24 days with 1 hour stirring by 1 rpm and 2 hours aeration per day. The increase in the ratio of food wastes to water used in washing resulted in the decrease of the highest reaction temperature and the elongation of the high temperature reaction period. The lowering of the ratio of food wastes to water used in washing resulted in faster pH increase and the steady state in the weight reduction rate and the volume reduction rate of composts. The final salinities of Control, W-1, W-2, W-3 and W-4 were 0.95%, 0.73%, 0.65%, 0.57% and 0.41%, respectively.

Isolation of Aerobic Bacteria and Its Efficacy for the Treatment of Korean Food-Wastes (한식 잔반처리를 위한 호기성 미생물의 분리 및 그 분해효과)

  • 김광현;김지연;이광배
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.510-517
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    • 1999
  • For the treatment of Korean food-wastes, three mesophilic and one thermophilic bacteria were isolated from soil and fermented fertilizers. The thermophilic Streptomyces sp. strain WF021 produced two enzymes which were a protease and a lipase at 55$^{\circ}C$. The mesophilic Bacillus sp. strain WF024 produced four enzymes which were a protease, a lipase, a amylase and a cellulase when the strain was grown both at 3$0^{\circ}C$ and 55$^{\circ}C$. The Bacillus sp. PY123 had produced three enzymes which were a protease, a cellulase and a lipase at 3$0^{\circ}C$. The Bacillus sp. strain CM1 produced three enzymes which were a protease, a amylase, and a cellulase at 3$0^{\circ}C$. The bacteria were grown in media containing 6% NaCl at least and did not have antagonism each other. The four isolates treated much more food-wastes than referance strains did. In a flask without aeration, three reference strains treated 15.4% of food-wastes, while four isolates treated 23.7% of food-wastes. In a flask with aeration, food-wastes were treated 67.3% by four isolates, and 64.3% by three reference strains, but 53.9% without bacteria. However, food-wastes were treated about 78% in a 200$\ell$-reactor made by Siwon Co., while 65.8% in a 20$\ell$-reactor made by Sanyo Co.

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