• Title/Summary/Keyword: GMN

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Effects of Glucomannan, Carrageenan, Carboxymethyl cellulose, and Transglutaminase-B on the Quality Properties of Pork Patties Containing Pork Skin Connective Tissue (Glucomannan, Carrageenan, Carboxymethyl cellulose 및 Transglutaminase-B 첨가가 돈육껍질결체조직 함유 돈육 패티의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jin, Sang-Keun;Yang, Han-Sul
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.307-313
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of glucomannan (GMN), carrageenan (CAR), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), and transglutaminase-B (TGB) on the quality and storage properties of pork patties manufactured with pork skin connective tissue during 21 d of storage at $4^{\circ}C$. Results showed that CIE color values like lightness, redness and yellowness did not differ significantly among the pork patties. Sensory attributes also did not differ between the treatments (P>0.05). However, cooking loss was significantly lower in the group with added GMN, CAR, CMC, and TGB compared to the control at 21 d of storage. The shear force value of GMN and TGB were lower than the control at 21 d of storage (P<0.05). The pork patties added with GMN and TGB had lower thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values than the control at 1 or 21 d of storage (P<0.05). Volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values of all treatment samples was lower than the control at 21 d of storage (P<0.05). Therefore, result of cooking loss suggested that the decrease in shear force in GMN and TGB were due to higher moisture retention. Also, the pork skin connective tissue with added GMN and TGB decreased lipid oxidation of pork patties.

A Study on Location-based Routing Technique for Improving the Performance of P2P in MANET (MANET에서 P2P 성능 향상을 위한 위치기반 라우팅 기법에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Hwanseok
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2015
  • The technology development of MANET and dissemination of P2P services has been made very widely. In particular, the development of many application services for the integration of P2P services in MANET has been made actively. P2P networks are commonly used because of the advantages of efficient use of network bandwidth and rapid information exchange. In P2P network, the infrastructure managing each node in the middle does not exist and each node is a structure playing a role as the sender and receiver. Such a structure is very similar to the structure of the MANET. However, it is difficult to provide reliable P2P service due to the high mobility of mobile nodes. In this paper, we propose location-based routing technique in order to provide efficient file sharing and management between nodes. GMN managing the group is elected after network is configured to the area of a certain size. Each node is assigned an identifier of 12 bit dynamically to provide routing which uses location information to the identifier. ZGT is managed in the GMN in order to provide management of group nodes and distributed cache information. The distributed cache technique is applied to provide a rapid retrieval of the sharing files in the each node. The excellent performance of the proposed technique was confirmed through experiments.

A Sophistication Framework for a Mother Company-Driven Global Manufacturing Network (모기업 주도적 글로벌 생산 네트워크를 위한 조정 프레임웍)

  • Park, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.65-85
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    • 2009
  • The main purpose of this paper is to propose a sophistication framework for a global manufacturing network (GMN) driven by a mother company to autonomously propagate and coordinate transaction data that are exchanged among manufacturing partners. The framework is based on conceptual fundamentals of previous research that provide a step toward ultimate successful collaboration in the supply chain and employs mobile agents for the coordination and propagation of transaction data. Maintaining the integrity of transaction data linked to a huge information web is difficult. With the sophistication functionalities of this framework, it becomes easy to effectively control the overall GMN operations and to accomplish the intended goals. The current level of sophistication focuses on the transaction data propagation. The sophistication level may be expanded up to business intelligence in the future.

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Gradient Optimized Gradient-Echo Gradient Moment Nulling Sequences for Flow Compensation of Brain Images

  • Jahng, Geon-Ho;Stephen Pickup
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 2000
  • Gradient moment nulling techniques require the introduction of an additional gradient on each axis for each order of motion correction to be applied. The additional gradients introduce new constraints on the sequence design and increase the demands on the gradient system. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate techniques for optimization of gradient echo gradient moment nulling sequences within the constraints of the gradient hardware. Flow compensated pulse sequences were designed and implemented on a clinical magnetic resonance imaging system. The design of the gradient moment nulling sequences requires the solution of a linear system of equations. A Mathematica package was developed that interactively solves the gradient moment nulling problem. The package allows the physicist to specify the desired order of motion compensation and the duration of the gradients in the sequence with different gradient envelopes. The gradient echo sequences with first, second, and third order motion compensation were implemented with minimum echo time. The sequences were optimized to take full advantage of the capabilities of the gradient hardware. The sequences were used to generate images of phantoms and human brains. The optimized sequences were found to have better motion compensation than comparable standard sequences.

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Magnetic Resonance Angiography using 3D Time-Of-Flight Method (Time of Flight 원리를 이용한 삼차원 자기공명 혈관조영술의 구현)

  • Yi, Y.;Ryu, T.H.;Kim, S.S.;Ahn, S.H.;Lee, M.W.;Jung, K.J.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1998 no.11
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    • pp.96-97
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    • 1998
  • 3D TOF MR Angiography is able to obtain thinner slice thickness, higher SNR, therefore higher spatial resolution than 2D TOF MR Angiography. Since it uses longer TR than 2D TOF MRA to allow stronger in-flow effect, the background tissue may not be fully saturated. Thus background tissue signal can be further suppressed by MTS(Magnetization Transfer Saturation). Flow-compensation was accomplished by GMN(Gradient Moment Nulling), and tracking saturation was used to suppress vein signal. The different flow signal at the entry of the slab and output of the slab can be compensated by TONE(Tilted Optimized Non-saturating Excitation) RF pulse.

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Dynamic Properties of Korean Subgrade Soils Using Resonant Column Test (공진주 시험기를 이용한 국내 노상토의 동적 물성치)

  • Kim, Dong-Su;Jeong, Chung-Gi;Hong, Seong-Yeong
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 1994
  • Resonant column test huts been widely used as a primary laboratory testing technique in investigating dynamic soil properties expressed in therms of shear and Young's moduli and material damping. In thin Paper, dynamic Properties of typical Korean subgrade boils are investigated at shearing strains between 10-4% and 10-1% using Stokoe-type resonant column teat. The elastic threshold strains(yte) above which shear modulus and damping ratio are affected by strain amplitude, are defined at strain amplitude of about 10-3%. Below yte", small-strain shear modulus (Gmn) increases with confining pressure (Qc) as proportional to (Qe)0.61, and small-strain damping ratio(Dmin) ranges between 1% and 5.7%. Above yte, normalized shear modulus reduction curve(G/Gma. versus log strain) can be quite well expressed with Ramberg Osgood stress -strain equation and match well the curve suggested for sand by Seed and Idriss.riss.

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