• Title, Summary, Keyword: Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic(GFRP)

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Bonding Performance of Glulam Reinforced with Textile Type of Glass- and Aramid-Fiber, GFRP and CFRP

  • Kim, Keon-Ho;Hong, Soon-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.156-162
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    • 2011
  • To evaluate the bonding performance of reinforced glulam, the textile type of glass fiber and aramid fiber, and the sheet type of glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) and carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) were used as reinforcements. The reinforced glulam was manufactured by inserting reinforcement between the outmost and middle lamination of 5ply glulam. The types of adhesives used in this study were polyvinyl acetate resins (MPU500H, and MPU600H), polyurethane resin and resorcinol resin. The block shear strengths of the textile type in glass fiber reinforced glulam using MPU500H and resorcinol resin were higher than 7.1 N/$mm^2$, and these glulams passed the wood failure requirement of Korean standards (KS). In case of the sheet types, GFRP reinforced glulams using MPU500H, polyurethane resin and resorcinol resin, and CFRP reinforced glulams using MPU500H and polyurethane resin passed the requirement of KS. The textile type of glass fiber reinforced glulam using resorcinol resin after water and boiling water soaking passed the delamination requirement of KS. The only GFRP reinforced glulam using MPU500H after water soaking passed the delamination requirement of KS. We conclude that the bonding properties of adhesive according to reinforcements are one of the prime factors to determine the bonding performance of the reinforced glulam.

Analysis of steel-GFRP reinforced concrete circular columns

  • Shraideh, M.S.;Aboutaha, R.S.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.351-364
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents results from an analytical investigation of the behavior of steel reinforced concrete circular column sections with additional Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymers (GFRP) bars. The primary application of this composite section is to relocate the plastic hinge region from the column-footing joint where repair is difficult and expensive. Mainly, the study focuses on the development of the full nominal moment-axial load (M-P) interaction diagrams for hybrid concrete sections, reinforced with steel bars as primary reinforcement, and GFRP as auxiliary control bars. A large parametric study of circular steel reinforced concrete members were undertaken using a purpose-built MATLAB(c) code. The parameters considered were amount, location, dimensions and mechanical properties of steel, GFRP and concrete. The results indicate that the plastic hinge was indeed shifted to a less critical and congested region, thus facilitating cost-effective repair. Moreover, the reinforced concrete steel-GFRP section exhibited high strength and good ductility.

Finite element analysis for joining glass fiber reinforced plastic and aluminium alloy sheets (유리섬유 강화 플라스틱과 알루미늄 합금 접합을 위한 유한요소해석)

  • Cho, Hae-Yong;Kim, Dongbum
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.78-84
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    • 2015
  • Self-piercing rivet(SPR) is mechanical joining methods and which can be joining dissimilar materials. Unlike conventional riveting, SPR also needs no pre-drilled holes. During plastically deformation, SPR pierces upper sheet and joins it to under sheet. SPR has been mainly applied to the joining the automobile body and some materials, such as glass fiber reinforced polymer and aluminum alloy, which represent the sheet-formed materials for lightweight automobile. Glass fiber reinforced plastic(GFRP) has been considered as a partial application of the automobile body which is lighter than steels and stronger than aluminium alloys. It is needed SPR to join Al alloy sheets and GFRP ones. In this paper, in order to design the rivet and anvil, which are suitable for GFRP, the joinability was examined through simulations of SPR joining between GFRP and Al alloy sheets. For this study, AutoCAD was used for the modeling and the simulated using commercial FEM code DEFORM-2D. The simulated results for SPR process joining between GFRP and Al alloys were confirmed by the same conditions as experimental trials.

Experimental Study of Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic-Steel Connection for Decorative Column (의장적 기둥의 설계를 위한 유리섬유강화플라스틱과 철의 접합부 강도의 실험적 연구)

  • Hwang, Kyung-Ju;Choi, Chui-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2013
  • For the artistic column used by Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic(GFRP), the connection of steel with GFRP were needed. Due to the fabricating characteristics of hand laminating, GFRP surfaces had to be connected. Because there were no existed data of these connection, experimental study has to be followed so that the structural strength and buckling mode could be investigated. In this paper, therefore, the axial tests of steel with GFRP were performed. The connection of GFRP's surfaces could be also tested as well. As a result, it could be figured out that the strength of these connections were determined by the adhesive strength.

충격속도에 따른 GFRP 및 AFRP의 충격흡수에너지 거동

  • 김철웅;송삼홍;오동준
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.74-74
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    • 2004
  • 탄소섬유강화 적층재(Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic, 이하 CFRP)는 강성도는 뛰어나지만 충격특성에는 취약한 단점이 있다. 따라서 충격저항과 충격에너지 흡수율이 상대적으로 우수한 유리섬유강화 적층재(Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic, GFRP) 및 아라미드섬유강화 적층재(Aramid Fbier Reinforced Plastic, 이하 AFRP)를 CFRP 적용분야에 대체하고 점차적으로 피로특성을 개선시켜 나간다면 특성이 더욱 개선된 제품을 사용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.(중략)

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The Strain Evaluation of the Notch tip Area for the CFRP/GFRP Hybrid Laminate Plate using the SENT Specimen (SENT시험편을 이용한 CFRP/GFRP 하이브리드 적층재의 노치선단부 변형률 평가)

  • Kang, Ji Woong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this work is conduct the study on light weight and structural performance improvement of the composite wind power blade. GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic) pre-empted by CFRP(Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic), the major material of wind power blade, was identified the superiority of mechanical performance through the tensile and fatigue test. SENT(Single Edge Notched Tension) specimen fracture test was conducted on the specimen that laminated together 2 ply CFRP with 4 ply GFRP through DIC(Digital Image Correlation) analysis. The SENT specimen thickness and $a_0/W$ ratio is 1.45 mm and 0.2, respectively. The fracture test accomplished with displacement control with 0.1 mm/min at the room temperature. The experimental apparatus used for the fracture test consisted of a 50kN universal dynamic tester and CCD camera connected to a personal computer (PC), which was used to record images of the specimen surface. Following data acquisition, the images and load-displacements were transferred to the PC, on which the DIC software was implement. The experiment and DIC analysis results show that CFRP/GFRP laminated composite exhibits improvement of the strength, compared with that of the existing blade material. This study shows the result that the strength of CFRP rotor blade of wind turbine satisfies through the experimental and DIC method.

Nondestructive Evaluation of Hidden Damages in Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic by Using the Terahertz Spectroscopy

  • Kim, Do-Hyoung;Ryu, Chung-Hyeon;Park, Sung-Hyun;Kim, Hak-Sung
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.211-219
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    • 2017
  • In this work, the terahertz (THz) spectroscopy system was used for the detecting and evaluation of hidden damages in a glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP). The interaction between THz and the GFRP was analyzed including the effects of reflecting, scattering and absorption of THz radiations with respect to the type of hidden damage. Both the transmission and reflective configurations were used to investigate the hidden damages including the delamination, fiber fracture and moisture absorption. Finally, the hidden damages inside of the composite laminates were successfully imaged simultaneously based on the time-domain spectroscopy of THz radiation. Additionally, the moisture absorption damage in the GFRP could be detected by analyzing of the frequency domain spectrum. It is expected that the developed THz nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technique can be widely used to evaluate the health of the composite structures.

A Comparative Study on the Shear-Strengthening Effect of RC Beams Strengthened by FRP (FRP로 보강된 RC보의 전단보강효과 비교연구)

  • 심종성;김규선
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 1998
  • This study presents test results of RC beams strengthened by carbon fiber sheet(CFS), carbon fiber reinforced plastics(CFRP) or glass fiber reinforced plastics(GFRP) for increasing shear resistance. Nineteen specimens were tested, and the test was performed with different parameters including the type of strengthening materials(CFS, GFRP, CFRP), shear-strengthening methods(wing type, jacket type, strip type), strip-spacing, strengthening direction of FRP. The test results show that shear-damaged RC beams strengthened by FRP(CFS, GFRP, CFRP) have more improved the shear capacity. The mathematical model based on plastic theory was also developed to predict shear strength of shear-damaged RC beams strengthened by FRP. The predictions using the mathematical model. are agreed with the observations from the observed shear strengths for 19 test beams.

Moment Resistance Performance Evaluation of Larch Glulam Joints using GFRP-reinforced Laminated Plate and GFRP Rod (GFRP 보강적층판 및 GFRP rod를 이용한 낙엽송 집성재 접합부의 모멘트저항 성능평가)

  • Jung, Hong-Ju;Song, Yo-Jin;Lee, In-Hwan;Hong, Soon-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2016
  • Instead of metal connector generally used on the structural glued laminated timber rahmen joints, the GFRP reinforced laminated plates combining veneer and GFRP (Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic) and bonded type GFRP rod were used as the connectors. As a result of moment resistance performance evaluation on the joint part applied with these connectors, the yield moment of specimen using the GFRP reinforced laminated plates and GFRP rod pin was measured 4 % lower in comparison to the specimen (Type-1) using the metal connectors, but the initial rotational stiffness was measured 29% higher. Also, the yield moment and rotational stiffness of the specimen using the GFRP-reinforced laminated plates and wood (Eucalyptus marginata) pin showed were measured 11% and 56% higher in comparison to the Type-1 specimen, showing the best performance. It was also confirmed through the failure shape and perfect elasto-plasticity analysis that it showed ductility behavior, not brittle fracture, from the shear resisting force by the pin and the bonding strength increased and the unification of member was carried out. On the other hand, in case of the specimen bonded with GFRP rod, it was impossible to measure the bonding performance or it was measured very low due to poor bonding.

Repair and Strengthening of R/C Structure Using Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic Thin Panels (유리섬유보강 박판패널에 의한 철근콘크리트 구조물의 보수.보강공법)

  • 천의균;진형장;박석암;김행준
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.866-873
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    • 2000
  • Reinforced concrete structure can be strengthened by glass fiber reinforced plastic thin panels. The GFRP-Thin Panels are manufactured by pressing form and their application technique are similar to steel plates. The use of FGRP-Thin Panels presents several advantages. The advantages of this structural system are the case of application, the elimination of joint and corrosion at the epoxy-panel interface. This paper introduces the method of manufacturing about GFRP-Thin Panels, mechanical properties and the application of reinforced concrete structures.

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