• Title, Summary, Keyword: Government-funded Research

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Effective Patent Strategies for the Protection of Research Results

  • Na, Dong Kyu
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.473-485
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    • 2015
  • Objective: This study provides strategies of how to effectively convert an invention, created at universities or government-funded research institutes, into a strong patent with the clear understanding of its unique technological characteristics. Background: Regardless of the amount of research funds available in our country and the decent number of intellectual property rights created using the funds, there was a deficit of more than KRW 6 trillion in the technology trade balance related with intellectual property rights in the year of 2014. One of the reasons was that the vast number of patents that were being produced by universities or by government-funded research institutes were merely performance-based patents, namely, so called "patents for patents". Another reason is that developed technology from research and development could not be transformed into a strong patent right properly due to the lack of related knowledge. Method: After reviewing various references mentioned on the patent strategies, the definition of a strong patent and the strategies of producing a strong patent for an invention drawn out from research performance will be supplied. Results: To produce a strong patent right at universities or government funded research institutes, one should use strategies for strong specifications, strategies of product patents and method patents, strategies of patent portfolios, strategies of know-how, strategies of inventions defined by numerical limitation and strategies of parameter inventions for a more strategic approach. Conclusion: Strong patent rights will be produced with the use of effective patent strategies provided in this study. Application: It is estimated that the results of this study will aid the establishment of strong patents for inventions developed by research performance at universities or government-funded research institutions.

Analysis of the Change in R&D Efficiency in a Government-Funded Research Institute in Korea : Cumulative DEA/Malmquist Analysis Approach (Cumulative DEA/Malmquist Index 기법을 이용한 정부출연 연구기관 연구개발 효율성 변화 분석)

  • Lee, Suchul;Lee, Dong Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2016
  • This paper presents a framework to analyze the change in the research and development (R&D) efficiency of government-funded research institutes (GRIs) in Korea. Cumulative data envelopment analysis/Malmquist index method is utilized to analyze the changes in R&D efficiency of GRIs. Data analysis of the R&D activities of 10 GRIs in Korea Research Council of Fundamental Science & Technology showed that the average R&D efficiency of the 10 GRIs improved from 2009 to 2013. However, the efficiency of a few GRIs decreased in terms of the catch-up index. The proposed framework can help management teams diagnose the current state of R&D activities and determine the efficacy of strategic actions by comparing efficiencies in the past.

A Study on Current Status and Improvement Tasks of Records Classification in Government-funded Research Institutes (정부출연연구기관의 기록분류 현황과 개선과제)

  • Lee, Mi-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.53
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    • pp.229-259
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the level of the classification system of the government-funded research institutes and to search the future direction of the classification scheme of these research institutes. As a result of analyzing the classification system and regulations of the 23 government-funded research institutes, it is found that the regulations of the records management of most institutions are basically based on other regulations before Public Records Act. In addition, there are not many institutions in which the record production system that reflects the Public Records Act is introduced, and the production and classification of the records are performed separately, and the classification scheme in which the organization classification and the functional classification are mixed is often used only as a reference tool for setting retention period. To overcome this situation, it is necessary to improve the regulation, classification scheme and system. The revision of the law at the national level and establishment of records management regulations at the institutional level should be made. A special classification scheme for 'research' which is a core function of the research institute should be designed and this classification scheme must be applied from the registration stage of records. The fact that the record management obligation is ignored and the production records are not properly managed is to deny the value of the research field records by themselves. I hope that the records management of government-funded research institutes will be moved in place as soon as possible and practical issues will be communicated to academia and good ideas for better development will be returned to the field of practice.

An Analysis on Effect of Government-funded Research Program - Case of Energy Conservation Technology Research Program - (정부연구개발사업의 파급효과 분석 - 에너지절약기술개발사업의 사례)

  • 허은녕;배위섭;이영수
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.152-166
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    • 2002
  • This study analyzes effects of the government-funded energy conservation technology research program using a simple calculation-based valuation method. Energy conservation amounts by 50 commercialized technologies are calculated and then transformed to energy conservation effect and pollution reduction effect. Export and import-substitution effects are also calculated. Empirical results show that effectiveness of the research program has been increasing rapidly after 1996 while research fund has not. We suggest rapid increase of government support of this program so that the goal of the research program can be reached.

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A Study on Meta Analysis of Preliminary Feasibility for Government R&D Programs to Improve Planning Project of the Government Funded Research Institutes (정부출연연구기관 주요사업 연구기획 강화를 위한 예비타당성조사 사업 메타분석연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.445-453
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    • 2017
  • The Korean government's recent R&D policy has focused on encouraging government-funded research institutes (GRIs) to develop mid-term, long-term, and large-scale R&D projects. It is necessary to prepare thoroughly for the new R&D strategy, but there is no systematic accumulation of planning expertise, and there has been continued demand for good examples of research planning. Therefore, this study analyzes the reports of preliminary feasibility for government R&D programs through a meta-analysis of detailed evaluation items and contents to help researchers enhance their project-planning ability. The evaluation items that can be applied to R&D planning for GRI were reviewed, and twelve detailed evaluation items were selected through content analysis. The results of this study could contribute to practical R&D project planning and the improvement of evaluations.

A study on the Determinant Priority of Royalty between Government-funded research centers and Companies who were transferred the technology. ; Focused on the case of 'N' Center. (기술이전 협상에서 기술도입 기업의 기술료 결정 요인 중요도에 관한 연구 ; N 사업단 기술도입 기업 사례를 중심으로)

  • Baek, Jong-il;Hyun, Byung-hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.135-145
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to present meaningful information and policy implications concerning the determinants of royalties to the government-funded research centers and agencies. These groups are responsible for policies encouraging technology transfer from the public sector to the private sector. To identify key determinants of royalties in technology transfer, this study conducted AHP survey analysis (Survey period: 01/10~31/10, 2016) of 85 companies which were participants of the R&D project "Next Generation BioGreen21" of R.D.A in the "N"center from 2011 to 2015. Research results show that the critical factors include: 1)Technical considerations for determining the profitability of the technologies, 2)The interest and willingness of the management group, 3)Necessity and urgency of technology transfer. These findings suggest three main policy implications. First, the government-funded research centers and agencies should develop technologies that help companies improve their commercialization as well as the profitability in the near future. Second, government-funded research centers and agencies should consider reducing the administrative burden of the royalty payment for private companies. Third, public R&D projects should reflect the proper research schedule for technology development on the basis of the R&D time span of companies which transfer technology.

A Case Study on the Transfer of Technology from Government-funded Research Institute to Industry (공공연구성과의 산업체 기술이전 사례연구)

  • Suh, Sang-Hyuk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.187-197
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    • 2013
  • Public research institutes in Korea have been criticized for attaching great importance to developing new technologies than actively moving them to the industry. Despite the various effort to enhance the technology transfer and commercialization by Korean government and government-funded research institutes, the gap between R&D outcome and real world application does not seem to be reduced. In this context,this study investigates a successful case of TT by a research institute. The aim of this study is to draw the factors of successful and TT which may be applied to other government funded research institute. The finding suggest marketability of technology, commercialization-oriented attitude, technology complementary assets and technological absorption capacity, matching of goals between the partenars and finally the timely utilization of public support program of commercialization are important factors.

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Spin-offs from space technology to cultural life

  • Kim, Jong-bum
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we examine the points of similarity and difference between Korea, Japan, and the USA in terms of the spin-off effects of space technology on cultural life. In Japan and the USA, spin-off effects of space development research by government funded research centers are diffusive while in Korea they are interruptive. Spin-offs of research results impact cultural life via technology transfer and commercialization in businesses. This is because the Korean aerospace industry has progressed largely based on an overall system, but the promotion of internal parts and sub-systems, which can trigger technological development and spin-off effects in manufacturing, has been neglected. In the case of the KARI, the government funded research center, we argue that it is necessary for KARI to devote more resources to transfer (or promote spin-offs of) space technology to small and medium-sized businesses and other industries.

Toward Research Records Management in Government-funded Research Institutes (정부출연연구기관의 연구기록물 관리를 위한 수집 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Su Jin;Chung, Eunkyung
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.109-124
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to propose an approach to acquire research records effectively in context of government-funded research institutes via case studies and a questionnaire survey. For the case studies, a report from Joint Information Systems Committee JISC in UK, the University of Melbourne policy on the management of research data and records, a report from Canadian Association of Research Libraries(CARL) are analyzed. In addition, a survey questionnaire is conducted for forty nine government-funded research institutes and forty three responses out of 49 institutes are collected and analyzed. Based on the analyses on case studies and responses of the survey, an approach for research records management with four aspects is proposed: regulatory policy, best practices and manuals, professionals for research records, and outreach programs of individual reseach institutes for acquiring appropriate research records.

Diet of children under the government-funded meal support program in Korea

  • Kwon, Soo-Youn;Lee, Ki-Won;Yoon, Ji-Hyun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.4 no.6
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    • pp.515-521
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the diet of children under the government-funded meal support program. The 143 children (67 boys and 76 girls) participated in this study among $4^{th}-6^{th}$ elementary school students receiving free lunches during the summer vacation of 2007 and living in Gwanak-gu, Seoul, Korea. The subjects consisted of four groups supported by Meal Box Delivery (n = 26), Institutional Foodservice (n = 53), Restaurant Foodservice (n = 27), or Food Delivery (n = 37). A three-day 24-hour dietary recall and a self-administered survey were conducted. In addition, the children's heights and weights were measured. The average energy intake of the children was 1,400 kcal per day, much lower than the Estimated Energy Requirements of the pertinent age groups. The results also showed inadequate intake of all examined nutrients; of particular concern was the extremely low intake of calcium. On average, the children consumed eight dishes and 25 food items per day. The children supported by Meal Box Delivery consumed more various dishes and food items than the other groups. The percentage of children preferring their current meal support method was the highest in those supported by Meal Box Delivery and the lowest in those supported by Food Delivery. We requested 15 children among the 143 children participating in the survey to draw the scene of their lunch time. The drawings of the children supported by Institutional Foodservice showed more positive scenes than the other groups, especially in terms of human aspects. In conclusion, the overall diet of children under the government-funded meal support program was nutritionally inadequate, although the magnitude of the problems tended to differ by the meal support method. The results could be utilized as basic data for policy and programs regarding the government-funded meal support program for children from low-income families.